Section 2: Employment

This section presents statistics on employment participation and full-time, year-round employment. For both categories of employment, data are presented concerning people with disabilities, people without disabilities, and the employment gap (difference in employment rate) between these two populations. The principal source of these data is the U.S. Census Bureau, specifically the American Community Survey.



Table 2.1: Civilians with Disabilities Ages 18-64 Years Living in the Community for the U.S.
Table 2.2: Civilians without Disabilities Ages 18-64 Years Living in the Community for the U.S.

In 2013, of the 20,714,303 individuals with disabilities ages 18 to 64 years living in the community, 7,031,023 individuals were employed—an employment rate of 34.0 percent. In contrast, of the 175,827,326 individuals without disabilities ages 18 to 64 years living in the community, 130,487,197 individuals were employed—an employment rate of 74.2 percent. The employment rate for people with disabilities was highest in North Dakota (52.8 percent) and lowest in the Puerto Rico (22.2 percent).


Table 2.3: Civilians with Hearing Disabilities Ages 18-64 Living in the Community for the U.S.

In 2013, of the 4,140,213 individuals with hearing disabilities ages 18 to 64 years living in the community, 2,080,228 individuals were employed—an employment rate of 50.2 percent. The employment rate for people with hearing disabilities was highest in Wyoming (70.0 percent) and lowest in Puerto Rico (28.7 percent).


Table 2.4: Civilians with Vision Disabilities Ages 18-64 Living in the Community for the U.S.

In 2013, of the 3,886,268 individuals with vision disabilities ages 18 to 64 years living in the community, 1,537,721 individuals were employed—an employment rate of 40.0 percent. The employment rate for people with vision disabilities was highest in Wyoming (58.6 percent) and lowest in the Puerto Rico (27.6 percent).


Table 2.5: Civilians with Cognitive Disabilities Ages 18-64 Years Living in the Community for the U.S.

In 2013, of the 8,652,119 individuals with cognitive disabilities ages 18 to 64 years living in the community, 2,050,529 individuals were employed—an employment rate of 23.7 percent. The employment rate for people with cognitive disabilities was highest in North Dakota (48.6 percent) and lowest in the Puerto Rico (14.3 percent).


Table 2.6: Civilians with Ambulatory Disabilities 18-64 Living in the Community for the U.S.

In 2013, of the 10,398,470 individuals with ambulatory  disabilities ages 18 to 64 years living in the community, 2,482,199 individuals were employed—an employment rate of 23.9 percent. The employment rate for people with ambulatory  disabilities was highest in Wyoming (38.0 percent) and lowest in West Virginia (17.0 percent).


Table 2.7: Civilians with Self-Care Disabilities Ages 18-64 Years Living in the Community for the U.S.

In 2013, of the 3,688,107 individuals with self-care disabilities ages 18 to 64 years living in the community, 560,044 individuals were employed—an employment rate of 15.2 percent. The employment rate for people with ambulatory disabilities was highest in Wyoming (30.3 percent) and lowest in the Puerto Rico (7.8 percent).


Table 2.8: Civilians with Independent Living Disabilities Ages 18-64 Years Living in the Community for the U.S.

In 2013, of the 7,236,800 individuals with independent living disabilities ages 18 to 64 years living in the community, 1,107,671 individuals were employed—an employment rate of 15.3 percent. The employment rate for people with independent living disabilities was highest in  North Dakota (29.4 percent) and lowest in Puerto Rico (7.7 percent).


Table 2.9: Employment Gap - Civilians Ages 18-64 Years Living in the Community for the U.S.

In 2013, the employment rate for individuals with disabilities ages 18 to 64 years living in the community was 33.9 percent, while the employment rate for individuals without disabilities ages 18 to 64 years living in the community was 74.2 percent—an employment gap of 40.3 percentage points. The employment gap was greatest in Maine (47.6 percentage points) and smallest in Alaska (27.4 percentage points).

Table 2.10: Change in Employment Gap - Civilians Ages 18-64 Years Living in the Community for the U.S.

In 2013, the employment gap between individuals with and without disabilities ages 18 to 64 years living in the community was 40.3 percent, while the comparable measure was 40.8 in 2011.


Table 2.11: Full-Time, Year-Round - Civilians with Disabilities Ages 18-64 Years Living in the Community for the U.S.
Table 2.12: Full-Time, Year-Round - Civilians without Disabilities Ages 18-64 Years Living in the Community for the U.S.

In 2013, of the 22,041,350 individuals with disabilities ages 16 to 64 years living in the community, 4,363,112 individuals were employed full time, year-round—a full-time, year-round employment rate of 19.8 percent. In contrast, of the 186,436,955 individuals without disabilities ages 16 to 64 years living in the community, 94,135,536 individuals were employed full-time, year- round—a full-time, year-round employment rate of 50.5 percent. The full-time, year-round employment rate for people with disabilities was highest in North Dakota (34.8 percent) and lowest in Puerto Rico (13.3 percent).


Table 2.13: Full-Time, Year-Round Gap - Civilians Ages 18-64 Years Living in the Community for the U.S.

In 2013, the full-time, year-round employment rate for individuals with disabilities ages 16 to 64 years living in the community was 19.8 percent, while the full-time, year- round employment rate for individuals without disabilities ages 16 to 64 years living in the community was 50.5 percent—a full-time, year-round employment gap of 30.7 percentage points. The full-time, year-round employment gap was greatest in the District of Columbia (37.5 percentage points) and smallest in Puerto Rico (21.0 percentage points).

 


2012 Disability Compendium

Funding for this project
is made possible by:

The Research and Training Center on Disability Statistics and Demographics (StatsRRTC), which is funded by the U.S. Department of Education, National Institute for Disability and Rehabilitation Research, under cooperative agreements H133B080012.

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