Section 11: Special Education

This section presents statistics on Special Education programs, specifically on children served under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), Part B. These data concern the number of children with disabilities served (by age and by type of disability), mainstream education of children with disabilities, dropout and graduation rates, and state grant awards. The principal source of this data is the Office of Special Education Programs’ Data Accountability Center, which produces IDEA 618 Data Tables.


Table 11.1: Special Education—Students Ages 6 to 21 Served under IDEA, Part B, as a Percentage of Population

In the fall of 2012, there were 67,529,839 students ages 6 to 21 in the United States. Of these students ages 6 to 21, 5,693,441 or 8.4 percent received special education services under IDEA, Part B. Hawaii had the smallest percentage (6.3 percent), while New Jersey had the largest percentage (11.6 percent).


Table 11.2: Special Education—Children and Students Served under IDEA, Part B, by Age

Of the 6,429,431 youth ages 3 to 21 who received special education  services under IDEA, Part B, in the fall of 2012, 735,890 (or 11.4 percent) were 3 to 5 years old; 2,631,472 (or 40.9 percent) were 6 to 11 years old; 2,700,531 (or 42.0 percent) were 12 to 17 years old; and 361,538 (or 5.6 percent) were 18 to 21 years old.


Table 11.3a: Special Education—Students Ages 6 to 21 Served under IDEA, Part B, by Select Diagnostic Categories
Table 11.3b: Special Education—Students Ages 6 to 21 Served under IDEA, Part B, by Select Diagnostic Categories:
Table 11.3c: Special Education—Students Ages 6 to 21 Served under IDEA, Part B, by Select Diagnostic Categories:
Table 11.3d: Special Education—Students Ages 6 to 21 Served under IDEA, Part B, by Select Diagnostic Categories:

The 5,693,441 students ages 6 to 21 who received special education services under IDEA, Part B, in the fall of 2012 were in the following diagnostic categories: 2,268,098 (or 39.8 percent) in specific learning disability, 1,032,729 (or 18.1 percent) in speech or language impairment, 415,697 (or 7.3 percent) in intellectual disabilities, 359,389 (or 6.3 percent) in emotional disturbance, 124,722 (or 2.2 percent) in multiple disabilities, 68,069 (or 1.2 percent) in hearing impairments, 52,052 (or 0.9 percent) in orthopedic impairments, 757,904(or 13.3 percent) in other health impairments, 24,987 (or 0.4 percent) in visual impairments, 440,592 (or 7.7 percent) in autism, 1,281 (or 0.02 percent) in deaf-blindness, 25,020 (or 0.4 percent) in traumatic brain injury, and 122,901 (or 2.1 percent) in developmental delay.


Table 11.4: Special Education—Educational Environment—Students Ages 6 to 21 Served under IDEA, Part B, that Spent 40 Percent or More Time Inside Regular Class

Of the 5,693,441 youth ages 6 to 21 who received special education  services under IDEA, Part B, in the fall of 2012, 4,604,585 (or 80.9 percent) spend 40 percent or more of their time in the regular classroom. The District of Columbia had the smallest percentage (68.2 percent), while North Dakota had the largest percentage (92.5 percent).


Table 11.5: Special Education—Students Ages 14 to 21 Served under IDEA, Part B, Left School, by Reason

Of the 386,015  students ages 14 to 21 who exited IDEA, Part B, special education services in 2011-2012, 247,596 graduated with a diploma, 53,564 received a certificate, 77,797 dropped out, and 7,058 died/aged out of service.


Table 11.6: Special Education—Graduation Rate among Students Ages 14 to 21 Served under IDEA, Part B

Of the 376,452 students ages 14 to 21 who exited IDEA, Part B, special education services in 2011-2012 by either graduating with a diploma, receiving a certificate of completion, dropping out, dying, or aging out of service, 64.6 percent graduated with a diploma. Mississippi had the smallest percentage (27.8 percent), while Minnesota had the largest percentage (88.3 percent).


Table 11.7: Special Education—Dropout Rate among Students Ages 14 to 21 Served under IDEA, Part B

Of the 376,452 students ages 14 to 21 who exited IDEA, Part B, special education services in 2011-2012 by either graduating with a diploma, receiving a certificate of completion, dropping out, dying, or aging out of service, 19.7 percent dropped out. Tennessee had the smallest percentage (7.3 percent), while South Carolina had the largest percentage (46.2 percent).


Table 11.8: Special Education—Change in Graduation Rate among Students Ages 14 to 21 Served under IDEA, Part B

From the school year beginning in fall 2011 to the school year beginning in fall 2012, the graduation rate among students ages 14 to 21 served under IDEA, Part B, increased in the U.S. by 0.5 percentage points. The graduation rate increased the most in New Mexico (by 6.3 percentage points) and decreased the most in Arizona (by 9.0 percentage points).


Table 11.9: Special Education—Change in Dropout Rate among Students Ages 14 to 21 Served under IDEA, Part B

From the school year beginning in fall 2011 to the school year beginning in fall 2012, the dropout rate among students ages 14 to 21 served under IDEA, Part B, increased in the U.S. by 0.4 percentage points. The dropout rate increased the most in Arizona (by 8.9 percentage points) and decreased the most in the New Mexico (by 8.4 percentage points).

 


2012 Disability Compendium

Funding for this project
is made possible by:

The Research and Training Center on Disability Statistics and Demographics (StatsRRTC), which is funded by the U.S. Department of Education, National Institute for Disability and Rehabilitation Research, under cooperative agreements H133B080012.

Stay Connected

Like the IOD on Facebook    Follow the IOD on Twitter    Check out our YouTube Channel

Institute on Disability
10 West Edge Drive, Suite 101
Durham, NH 03824
603.862.4320 | relay: 711 | contact.iod@unh.edu
www.iod.unh.edu

© 2014. Institute on Disability.
University of New Hampshire.

Institute on Disability, University of New Hampshire
Web Content Accessibility