2016 State Report for County-Level Data: Employment

Acknowledgements

Special thanks to the following individuals who have contributed to the success of this effort: Deb Brucker, Erin Dame, Adam Lavoie, Kate Filanoski, Karen Volle, and Anna Brennan-Curry.

Funding for this publication is made possible by:

The Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Disability Statistics and Demographics (StatsRRTC), funded by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Administration for Community Living National Institute on Disability, Independent Living, and Rehabilitation Research (NIDILRR), grant number 90RTGE0001-01-00; and the Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Employment Policy and Measurement (EPM-RRTC), also funded by NIDILRR, grant number 90RT5037-03-00. The information developed by the StatsRRTC and EPM-RRTC does not necessarily represent the policies of the Department of Health and Human Services, and you should not assume endorsement by the Federal Government (Edgar, 75.620 (b)).

The StatsRRTC and EPM-RRTC are part of the Institute on Disability at the University of New Hampshire. The Institute on Disability/UCED (IOD) was established in 1987 to provide a university-based focus for the improvement of knowledge, policies, and practices related to the lives of people with disabilities and their families and is New Hampshire’s University Center for Excellence in Disability (UCED). Located within the University of New Hampshire, the IOD is a federally designated center authorized by the Developmental Disabilities Act. Through innovative and interdisciplinary research, academic, service, and dissemination initiatives, the IOD builds local, state, and national capacities to respond to the needs of individuals with disabilities and their families.

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2016 Alabama Report for County-Level Data: Employment

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on

Disability Statistics and Demographics

A NIDILRR-Funded Center

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Introduction

The State Reports for County-Level Data on Employment are designed to provide the users of disability statistics with the employed count and employment rate for civilians with disabilities, ages 18 to 64 years and living in the community, for any given state and county in the United States (U.S.). This report is intended to be an online complement to Section 2: Employment of the Annual Disability Statistics Compendium and Annual Disability Statistics Supplement, providing greater detail within each state. The State Reports for County-Level Data on Employment can be used to compare county-level statistics between counties in any given state or states. The following report provides county-level statistics for Alabama.

The proportion of the civilian non-institutionalized population with disabilities who are employed, sometimes called the employment rate or employment-to-population ratio, presented in the State Reports for County-Level Data is a useful tool for advocates, researchers, and policy-makers to plan and provide services and supports for the employment of people with disabilities. In this report, the employment of people with disabilities is presented as the number of employed civilians with disabilities, ages 18 to 64 years and living in the community, in a given state and county per total state and county populations, respectively. Counts and percentages (the employment rate) are provided in tables and maps.

The data for this report come from the American Community Survey 5-year data. The American Community Survey (ACS) is a national survey developed by the U.S. Census Bureau to provide information on a number of topics about social, economic, and demographic characteristics of the U.S. population. ACS 5-year data is collected over a longer period of time than 1-year data, providing larger sample sizes and increased reliability for less populated areas and small population subgroups. All of the statistics in this report use the ACS 5-year data which includes data from 2016, the year of the report, and data from the four previous years. In the ACS, people are identified as having a disability based on responses to a series of six questions asking about having difficulties with vision, hearing, ambulation, cognition, self-care, and independent living (see glossary for further details). 

 

 

 

In the ACS, people are also asked a series of questions designed to identify their employment status. Based on the answers, individuals were classified into one of five groups:

  • People who worked at any time during the reference week;
  • People on temporary layoff who were available for work;
  • People who did not work during the reference week but who had jobs or businesses from which they were temporarily absent (excluding layoff);
  • People who did not work during the reference week, but who were looking for work during the last four weeks and were available for work during the reference week; and
  • People not in the labor force. 

In the ACS, people are identified as being employed if they responded as having worked during the past week. 

Specific to Alabama, the state chosen for this report, sentences providing interpretation and context for employment statistics are included on the following page. A short glossary of terms is also provided at the end of the report explaining the statistics that are illustrated in each sentence.

Additional Resources. The Annual Disability Statistics Compendium and its complement, the Annual Disability Statistics Supplement, are summaries of statistics about people with disabilities, available both in hard copy and online at https://www.disabilitycompendium.org

Help navigating any of the resources described here can be found in the Frequently Asked Questions section at https://www.disabilitycompendium.org/faq. Assistance interpreting and locating additional statistics is available via our toll-free number, 866.538.9521, or by email, disability.statistics@unh.edu. For more information about our research projects, please visit https://www.researchondisability.org.

Suggested Citation. Boege, S.L., Lauer, E.A., & Houtenville, A.J., 2019. 2016 State Report for Alabama County-Level Data: Employment. Durham, NH: University of New Hampshire, Institute on Disability.

Interpretation

The following statements are designed to help understand the 2016 county-level employment statistics from Alabama that are presented:

 

  • For people with disabilities: 
    • The employment rate for people with disabilities in Alabama was 27.6%.
    • The range, also known as the difference between largest and smallest values, of employment rates for people with disabilities across Alabama counties was 34.0%.
      • The county with the greatest employment rate for people with disabilities was Shelby (42.2%).
      • The county with the smallest employment rate for people with disabilities was Wilcox (8.2%).
    • The median, also known as the middle-most, employment rate for people with disabilities across all counties in Alabama was 24.7%.

 

  • For people without disabilities:
    • The employment rate for people without disabilities in Alabama was 71.7%.
    • The range, also known as the difference between largest and smallest values, of employment rates for people without disabilities across Alabama counties was 29.6%.
      • The county with the greatest employment rate for people without disabilities was Shelby (79.0%).
      • The county with the smallest employment rate for people without disabilities was Wilcox (49.4%).
    • The median, also known as the middle-most, employment rate for people without disabilities across all counties in Alabama was 69.7%.
Employment of Civilians with and without Disabilities Ages 18 to 64 Years Living in the Community for Alabama, by County: 2016
County Disability No Disability   County Disability No Disability
Total Employed % [1] Total Employed % [2] Total Employed % [1] Total Employed % [2]
 Alabama   424,918 117,155 27.6 2,510,647 1,801,134 71.7   Elmore     7,349   2,274 30.9    39,210    29,033 74.0
 Autauga     5,455   1,916 35.1    27,513    21,360 77.6  Escambia    3,889     727 18.7    16,913    10,647 63.0
 Baldwin    12,653   3,494 27.6   103,514    77,844 75.2   Etowah    11,448   2,503 21.9    50,982    36,288 71.2
 Barbour     2,479     554 22.3    11,264     7,652 67.9  Fayette     2,661     566 21.3     7,129     5,265 73.9
   Bibb      1,752     376 21.5    10,901     7,363 67.5  Franklin    3,187   1,053 33.0    15,528    10,465 67.4
  Blount     4,475   1,169 26.1    29,515    19,189 65.0   Geneva     2,959     744 25.1    12,599     8,913 70.7
 Bullock     1,017     178 17.5     5,366     3,738 69.7   Greene     1,217     153 12.6     3,819     1,941 50.8
  Butler     2,063     508 24.6     9,676     6,816 70.4    Hale      1,814     235 13.0     7,018     4,335 61.8
 Calhoun    13,390   3,420 25.5    57,481    40,875 71.1   Henry      1,881     633 33.7     8,067     5,907 73.2
 Chambers    3,127     700 22.4    17,196    12,459 72.5  Houston    10,101   2,556 25.3    51,703    38,115 73.7
 Cherokee    2,865     709 24.7    12,313     8,900 72.3  Jackson     4,925   1,140 23.1    26,304    18,438 70.1
 Chilton     4,432   1,333 30.1    21,919    15,191 69.3 Jefferson   55,556  16,102 29.0   352,470   263,365 74.7
 Choctaw     1,848     491 26.6     5,869     3,537 60.3   Lamar      1,515     334 22.0     6,589     4,401 66.8
  Clarke     1,805     373 20.7    12,807     7,169 56.0 Lauderdale   7,405   2,228 30.1    48,980    34,739 70.9
   Clay      1,018     228 22.4     6,831     4,845 70.9  Lawrence    3,945     699 17.7    16,652    11,261 67.6
 Cleburne    1,832     526 28.7     6,803     4,920 72.3    Lee      11,338   3,930 34.7    91,733    63,467 69.2
  Coffee     4,557   1,495 32.8    24,712    18,266 73.9 Limestone    7,541   2,338 31.0    46,384    33,791 72.9
 Colbert     5,642   1,380 24.5    26,756    19,440 72.7  Lowndes     1,412     370 26.2     4,818     3,003 62.3
 Conecuh     1,377     219 15.9     5,878     3,275 55.7   Macon      1,847     316 17.1    10,887     6,791 62.4
  Coosa      1,248     201 16.1     5,292     3,319 62.7  Madison    22,981   8,539 37.2   197,064   149,435 75.8
Covington    3,869     993 25.7    17,676    12,485 70.6  Marengo     2,588     476 18.4     9,040     5,849 64.7
 Crenshaw    1,574     458 29.1     6,665     4,859 72.9   Marion     3,903   1,182 30.3    13,578    10,006 73.7
 Cullman     6,486   1,917 29.6    41,714    28,364 68.0  Marshall    8,229   1,811 22.0    47,094    34,154 72.5
   Dale      5,086   1,620 31.9    22,652    15,782 69.7   Mobile    33,923   8,866 26.1   213,782   153,077 71.6
  Dallas     4,373   1,000 22.9    20,008    12,376 61.9   Monroe     1,430     306 21.4    11,399     5,695 50.0
  DeKalb     5,818   1,238 21.3    36,230    25,370 70.0 Montgomery  20,892   6,085 29.1   119,648    88,334 73.8
Employment of Civilians with and without Disabilities Ages 18 to 64 Years Living in the Community for Alabama, by County: 2016
County Disability No Disability   County Disability No Disability
Total Employed % [1] Total Employed % [2] Total Employed % [1] Total Employed % [2]
  Morgan    10,227   2,674 26.1    61,645    44,910 72.9                                                         
  Perry      1,533     206 13.4     4,215     2,095 49.7                                                         
 Pickens     2,700     610 22.6     8,753     5,885 67.2                                                         
   Pike      2,831     824 29.1    18,972    12,671 66.8                                                         
 Randolph    1,668     372 22.3    11,444     7,618 66.6                                                         
 Russell     5,612   1,497 26.7    29,381    20,576 70.0                                                         
  Shelby    12,097   5,099 42.2   115,647    91,375 79.0                                                         
St. Clair    7,863   2,363 30.1    43,880    33,555 76.5                                                         
  Sumter     1,580     316 20.0     6,888     3,727 54.1                                                         
Talladega    8,662   2,070 23.9    39,298    26,755 68.1                                                         
Tallapoosa   3,794     649 17.1    20,190    13,402 66.4                                                         
Tuscaloosa  14,115   4,027 28.5   121,242    81,716 67.4                                                         
  Walker     9,231   2,258 24.5    29,524    20,088 68.0                                                         
Washington   2,292     649 28.3     7,741     4,704 60.8                                                         
  Wilcox     1,061      87  8.2     5,291     2,612 49.4                                                         
 Winston     3,475     792 22.8    10,595     7,336 69.2                                                         
                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                 
Count of Employed Civilians with Disabilities Ages 18 to 64 Years Living in the Community for Alabama, by County: 2016

Employment Rate for Civilians with Disabilities Ages 18 to 64 Years Living in the Community for Alabama, by County: 2016

Discussion

There are a number of concepts and factors which complicate the interpretation of the estimates presented in this report. These concerns affect all statistics from population-based surveys. The estimates included in this document should be interpreted the following limitations in mind and generalized with caution. In each point, a link to the U.S. Census Bureau website describing the limitation or concept in greater detail in the ACS has been provided.

Additional links to resources for the ACS:

Glossary

American Community Survey (ACS) — The American Community Survey is a large, continuous demographic survey conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau that will provide accurate and up-to-date profiles of America’s communities every year. Annual and multiyear estimates of population and housing data are generated for small areas, including tracts and population subgroups. This information is collected by mailing questionnaires to a sample of addresses. See the U.S. Census Bureau website for additional details.

The Six Disability Questions in the American Community Survey:

  1. Is this person deaf or does he/she have serious difficulty hearing? (yes or no)
  2. Is this person blind or does he/she have serious difficulty seeing even when wearing glasses? (yes or no)
  3. (If person 5 years old or over) Because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition, does this person have serious difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions? (yes or no)
  4. (If person 5 years or old over) Does this person have serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs? (yes or no)
  5. (If person 5 years old or over) Does this person have difficulty dressing or bathing? (yes or no)
  6. (If person 15 years old or over) Because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition, does this person have difficulty doing errands alone such as visiting a doctor’s office or shopping? (yes or no)

Average — The sum of all of the values in a sample divided by the number of values in the sample.

Civilian — A person not in active-duty military.

Employed – Individuals were asked a series of questions designed to identify their employment status. Based on the answers, individuals were classified into one of five groups: (1) people who worked at any time during the reference week; (2) people on temporary layoff who were available for work; (3) people who did not work during the reference week but who had jobs or businesses from which they were temporarily absent (excluding layoff); (4) people who did not work during the reference week, but who were looking for work during the last four weeks and were available for work during the reference week; and (5) people not in the labor force. People who responded as having worked during the past week were considered "employed".

Employment Rate — The number of individuals that are employed as a percent of the civilian non-institutional population.

Living in the Community – A person lives in the community, if the person is not living in an institution, such as jail, prison, nursing home, and hospital. A college dormitory is not considered an institution.

Median — The middle-most value of a sample that separates the upper half of the values from the lower half of the values. 

Non-Institutionalized Population — Describes individuals who are residing in the community and who are not living in institutions such as jails, prisons, nursing homes, hospitals, etc.

Population — The total number of inhabitants in a defined geographic area including all races, classes, and groups.

Range — The difference between the largest and smallest values in a sample. In a sample, when the smallest value is subtracted from the largest value the resulting value is called the range. 

Sampling Variability — The variation of a statistic when estimated from repeated samples.

United States Census Bureau — An agency within the United States Federal Statistical System tasked with producing data about the American people and economy. Their primary task is to conduct the United States Census every ten years.

About the Center

Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Disability Statistics and Demographics (StatsRRTC)

Led by the University of New Hampshire, the StatsRRTC is a collaborative effort involving the following partners: American Association of People with Disabilities, Center for Essential Management Services, Council of State Administrators of Vocational Rehabilitation, Kessler Foundation, Mathematica Policy Research, and Public Health Institute.

The StatsRRTC is funded by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Community Living, National Institute on Disability, Independent Living and Rehabilitation Research under grant number 90RTGE00010100, from 2018–2023.

Employment Policy and Measurement Rehabilitation Research and Training Center (EPM-RRTC)

Led by the University of New Hampshire, the EPM-RRTC is a collaborative effort involving the following partners: Association of University Centers on Disability, Hunter College, Kessler Foundation, Mathematica Policy Research, and the University of Chicago.

The EPM-RRTC is funded by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Community Living, National Institute on Disability, Independent Living and Rehabilitation Research under grant number 90RT503701, from 2015–2020.

Contact Information
University of New Hampshire, Institute on Disability
10 West Edge Drive, Suite 101
Durham, NH 03824
Toll-Free Telephone/TTY: 866-538-9521
E-mail: Disability.Statistics@unh.edu
https://www.researchondisability.org