2016 State Report for County-Level Data: Employment

Acknowledgements

Special thanks to the following individuals who have contributed to the success of this effort: Deb Brucker, Erin Dame, Adam Lavoie, Kate Filanoski, Karen Volle, and Anna Brennan-Curry.

Funding for this publication is made possible by:

The Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Disability Statistics and Demographics (StatsRRTC), funded by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Administration for Community Living National Institute on Disability, Independent Living, and Rehabilitation Research (NIDILRR), grant number 90RTGE0001-01-00; and the Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Employment Policy and Measurement (EPM-RRTC), also funded by NIDILRR, grant number 90RT5037-03-00. The information developed by the StatsRRTC and EPM-RRTC does not necessarily represent the policies of the Department of Health and Human Services, and you should not assume endorsement by the Federal Government (Edgar, 75.620 (b)).

The StatsRRTC and EPM-RRTC are part of the Institute on Disability at the University of New Hampshire. The Institute on Disability/UCED (IOD) was established in 1987 to provide a university-based focus for the improvement of knowledge, policies, and practices related to the lives of people with disabilities and their families and is New Hampshire’s University Center for Excellence in Disability (UCED). Located within the University of New Hampshire, the IOD is a federally designated center authorized by the Developmental Disabilities Act. Through innovative and interdisciplinary research, academic, service, and dissemination initiatives, the IOD builds local, state, and national capacities to respond to the needs of individuals with disabilities and their families.

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2016 Arkansas Report for County-Level Data: Employment

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on

Disability Statistics and Demographics

A NIDILRR-Funded Center

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Introduction

The State Reports for County-Level Data on Employment are designed to provide the users of disability statistics with the employed count and employment rate for civilians with disabilities, ages 18 to 64 years and living in the community, for any given state and county in the United States (U.S.). This report is intended to be an online complement to Section 2: Employment of the Annual Disability Statistics Compendium and Annual Disability Statistics Supplement, providing greater detail within each state. The State Reports for County-Level Data on Employment can be used to compare county-level statistics between counties in any given state or states. The following report provides county-level statistics for Arkansas.

The proportion of the civilian non-institutionalized population with disabilities who are employed, sometimes called the employment rate or employment-to-population ratio, presented in the State Reports for County-Level Data is a useful tool for advocates, researchers, and policy-makers to plan and provide services and supports for the employment of people with disabilities. In this report, the employment of people with disabilities is presented as the number of employed civilians with disabilities, ages 18 to 64 years and living in the community, in a given state and county per total state and county populations, respectively. Counts and percentages (the employment rate) are provided in tables and maps.

The data for this report come from the American Community Survey 5-year data. The American Community Survey (ACS) is a national survey developed by the U.S. Census Bureau to provide information on a number of topics about social, economic, and demographic characteristics of the U.S. population. ACS 5-year data is collected over a longer period of time than 1-year data, providing larger sample sizes and increased reliability for less populated areas and small population subgroups. All of the statistics in this report use the ACS 5-year data which includes data from 2016, the year of the report, and data from the four previous years. In the ACS, people are identified as having a disability based on responses to a series of six questions asking about having difficulties with vision, hearing, ambulation, cognition, self-care, and independent living (see glossary for further details). 

 

 

 

In the ACS, people are also asked a series of questions designed to identify their employment status. Based on the answers, individuals were classified into one of five groups:

  • People who worked at any time during the reference week;
  • People on temporary layoff who were available for work;
  • People who did not work during the reference week but who had jobs or businesses from which they were temporarily absent (excluding layoff);
  • People who did not work during the reference week, but who were looking for work during the last four weeks and were available for work during the reference week; and
  • People not in the labor force. 

In the ACS, people are identified as being employed if they responded as having worked during the past week. 

Specific to Arkansas, the state chosen for this report, sentences providing interpretation and context for employment statistics are included on the following page. A short glossary of terms is also provided at the end of the report explaining the statistics that are illustrated in each sentence.

Additional Resources. The Annual Disability Statistics Compendium and its complement, the Annual Disability Statistics Supplement, are summaries of statistics about people with disabilities, available both in hard copy and online at https://www.disabilitycompendium.org

Help navigating any of the resources described here can be found in the Frequently Asked Questions section at https://www.disabilitycompendium.org/faq. Assistance interpreting and locating additional statistics is available via our toll-free number, 866.538.9521, or by email, disability.statistics@unh.edu. For more information about our research projects, please visit https://www.researchondisability.org.

Suggested Citation. Boege, S.L., Lauer, E.A., & Houtenville, A.J., 2019. 2016 State Report for Arkansas County-Level Data: Employment. Durham, NH: University of New Hampshire, Institute on Disability.

Interpretation

The following statements are designed to help understand the 2016 county-level employment statistics from Arkansas that are presented:

 

  • For people with disabilities: 
    • The employment rate for people with disabilities in Arkansas was 30.5%.
    • The range, also known as the difference between largest and smallest values, of employment rates for people with disabilities across Arkansas counties was 31.7%.
      • The county with the greatest employment rate for people with disabilities was Cleveland (44.8%).
      • The county with the smallest employment rate for people with disabilities was Fulton (13.1%).
    • The median, also known as the middle-most, employment rate for people with disabilities across all counties in Arkansas was 27.7%.

 

  • For people without disabilities:
    • The employment rate for people without disabilities in Arkansas was 73.6%.
    • The range, also known as the difference between largest and smallest values, of employment rates for people without disabilities across Arkansas counties was 17.8%.
      • The county with the greatest employment rate for people without disabilities was Saline (81.0%).
      • The county with the smallest employment rate for people without disabilities was Marion (63.2%).
    • The median, also known as the middle-most, employment rate for people without disabilities across all counties in Arkansas was 71.3%.
Employment of Civilians with and without Disabilities Ages 18 to 64 Years Living in the Community for Arkansas, by County: 2016
County Disability No Disability   County Disability No Disability
Total Employed % [1] Total Employed % [2] Total Employed % [1] Total Employed % [2]
  Arkansas   264,545 80,592 30.5 1,496,805 1,102,153 73.6   Garland      9,476  3,155 33.3    45,829    33,498 73.1
  Arkansas     2,324    793 34.1     8,546     6,507 76.1    Grant       1,587    470 29.6     9,243     6,748 73.0
   Ashley      2,422    566 23.4     9,750     6,887 70.6    Greene      5,146  1,286 25.0    21,114    15,971 75.6
   Baxter      4,068    996 24.5    17,221    12,665 73.5  Hempstead     2,492    569 22.8    10,114     7,199 71.2
   Benton     11,388  4,331 38.0   135,297   104,522 77.3  Hot Spring    4,311  1,731 40.2    14,478    10,742 74.2
   Boone       3,722  1,016 27.3    17,829    13,028 73.1    Howard      1,190    330 27.7     6,546     4,829 73.8
  Bradley      1,512    389 25.7     4,930     3,386 68.7 Independence   3,875    966 24.9    17,910    13,441 75.0
  Calhoun        827    257 31.1     2,339     1,785 76.3    Izard       1,408    261 18.5     5,535     3,867 69.9
  Carroll      2,294    600 26.2    13,347     9,934 74.4   Jackson      1,686    426 25.3     6,347     4,466 70.4
   Chicot      1,247    336 26.9     4,651     3,008 64.7  Jefferson     7,478  2,074 27.7    33,449    23,148 69.2
   Clark       2,406    944 39.2    12,094     8,348 69.0   Johnson      2,435    712 29.2    13,096     9,203 70.3
    Clay       1,843    636 34.5     6,843     5,057 73.9  Lafayette       951    170 17.9     3,128     2,028 64.8
  Cleburne     2,122    504 23.8    11,840     8,330 70.4   Lawrence     1,889    477 25.3     7,950     5,513 69.3
 Cleveland       859    385 44.8     4,044     2,686 66.4     Lee        1,136    216 19.0     3,584     2,350 65.6
  Columbia     2,160    762 35.3    12,740     8,805 69.1   Lincoln        968    275 28.4     4,097     2,706 66.0
   Conway      2,346    781 33.3     9,959     7,180 72.1 Little River   1,444    238 16.5     5,841     4,006 68.6
 Craighead     9,786  3,351 34.2    53,899    41,086 76.2    Logan       2,336    520 22.3    10,418     7,290 70.0
  Crawford     6,579  1,737 26.4    30,110    22,102 73.4    Lonoke      5,192  2,135 41.1    37,052    28,471 76.8
 Crittenden    4,857  1,793 36.9    24,415    17,402 71.3   Madison      1,326    281 21.2     7,925     5,892 74.3
   Cross       2,101    446 21.2     7,922     5,999 75.7    Marion      1,923    425 22.1     7,201     4,549 63.2
   Dallas        982    284 28.9     3,196     2,434 76.2    Miller      4,105  1,249 30.4    21,557    16,110 74.7
   Desha       1,395    455 32.6     5,599     3,560 63.6 Mississippi    5,034  1,431 28.4    20,700    14,751 71.3
    Drew       2,330    769 33.0     9,124     6,162 67.5    Monroe        879    275 31.3     3,448     2,494 72.3
  Faulkner     8,098  2,754 34.0    69,454    51,875 74.7  Montgomery    1,229    448 36.5     3,788     2,598 68.6
  Franklin     2,042    515 25.2     8,148     5,798 71.2    Nevada      1,060    211 19.9     3,851     2,700 70.1
   Fulton      1,308    172 13.1     5,339     3,851 72.1    Newton        866    175 20.2     3,648     2,562 70.2
Employment of Civilians with and without Disabilities Ages 18 to 64 Years Living in the Community for Arkansas, by County: 2016
County Disability No Disability   County Disability No Disability
Total Employed % [1] Total Employed % [2] Total Employed % [1] Total Employed % [2]
  Ouachita     2,653    718 27.1    11,755     8,458 72.0                                                          
   Perry       1,145    297 25.9     4,923     3,452 70.1                                                          
  Phillips     2,487    632 25.4     8,743     5,559 63.6                                                          
    Pike       1,431    468 32.7     4,908     3,631 74.0                                                          
  Poinsett     3,032    731 24.1    11,045     7,835 70.9                                                          
    Polk       2,682    660 24.6     8,461     5,924 70.0                                                          
    Pope       5,837  1,807 31.0    33,582    23,989 71.4                                                          
  Prairie        761    220 28.9     3,974     3,027 76.2                                                          
  Pulaski     29,631  9,428 31.8   212,247   159,628 75.2                                                          
  Randolph     1,927    399 20.7     8,102     6,030 74.4                                                          
   Saline      9,457  3,953 41.8    58,344    47,258 81.0                                                          
   Scott         956    193 20.2     5,169     3,689 71.4                                                          
   Searcy        874    272 31.1     3,537     2,433 68.8                                                          
 Sebastian    13,877  4,533 32.7    63,676    47,331 74.3                                                          
   Sevier      1,058    293 27.7     8,738     6,571 75.2                                                          
   Sharp       1,817    248 13.6     7,243     4,962 68.5                                                          
St. Francis    2,704    763 28.2    11,115     7,845 70.6                                                          
   Stone       1,509    356 23.6     5,287     3,517 66.5                                                          
   Union       4,111  1,204 29.3    19,646    13,964 71.1                                                          
 Van Buren     1,978    438 22.1     7,275     4,708 64.7                                                          
 Washington   12,059  4,288 35.6   128,210    94,482 73.7                                                          
   White       6,998  1,788 25.6    41,021    28,397 69.2                                                          
  Woodruff       872    189 21.7     3,029     2,077 68.6                                                          
    Yell       2,249    636 28.3    10,290     7,857 76.4                                                          
                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                   
Count of Employed Civilians with Disabilities Ages 18 to 64 Years Living in the Community for Arkansas, by County: 2016

Employment Rate for Civilians with Disabilities Ages 18 to 64 Years Living in the Community for Arkansas, by County: 2016

Discussion

There are a number of concepts and factors which complicate the interpretation of the estimates presented in this report. These concerns affect all statistics from population-based surveys. The estimates included in this document should be interpreted the following limitations in mind and generalized with caution. In each point, a link to the U.S. Census Bureau website describing the limitation or concept in greater detail in the ACS has been provided.

Additional links to resources for the ACS:

Glossary

American Community Survey (ACS) — The American Community Survey is a large, continuous demographic survey conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau that will provide accurate and up-to-date profiles of America’s communities every year. Annual and multiyear estimates of population and housing data are generated for small areas, including tracts and population subgroups. This information is collected by mailing questionnaires to a sample of addresses. See the U.S. Census Bureau website for additional details.

The Six Disability Questions in the American Community Survey:

  1. Is this person deaf or does he/she have serious difficulty hearing? (yes or no)
  2. Is this person blind or does he/she have serious difficulty seeing even when wearing glasses? (yes or no)
  3. (If person 5 years old or over) Because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition, does this person have serious difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions? (yes or no)
  4. (If person 5 years or old over) Does this person have serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs? (yes or no)
  5. (If person 5 years old or over) Does this person have difficulty dressing or bathing? (yes or no)
  6. (If person 15 years old or over) Because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition, does this person have difficulty doing errands alone such as visiting a doctor’s office or shopping? (yes or no)

Average — The sum of all of the values in a sample divided by the number of values in the sample.

Civilian — A person not in active-duty military.

Employed – Individuals were asked a series of questions designed to identify their employment status. Based on the answers, individuals were classified into one of five groups: (1) people who worked at any time during the reference week; (2) people on temporary layoff who were available for work; (3) people who did not work during the reference week but who had jobs or businesses from which they were temporarily absent (excluding layoff); (4) people who did not work during the reference week, but who were looking for work during the last four weeks and were available for work during the reference week; and (5) people not in the labor force. People who responded as having worked during the past week were considered "employed".

Employment Rate — The number of individuals that are employed as a percent of the civilian non-institutional population.

Living in the Community – A person lives in the community, if the person is not living in an institution, such as jail, prison, nursing home, and hospital. A college dormitory is not considered an institution.

Median — The middle-most value of a sample that separates the upper half of the values from the lower half of the values. 

Non-Institutionalized Population — Describes individuals who are residing in the community and who are not living in institutions such as jails, prisons, nursing homes, hospitals, etc.

Population — The total number of inhabitants in a defined geographic area including all races, classes, and groups.

Range — The difference between the largest and smallest values in a sample. In a sample, when the smallest value is subtracted from the largest value the resulting value is called the range. 

Sampling Variability — The variation of a statistic when estimated from repeated samples.

United States Census Bureau — An agency within the United States Federal Statistical System tasked with producing data about the American people and economy. Their primary task is to conduct the United States Census every ten years.

About the Center

Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Disability Statistics and Demographics (StatsRRTC)

Led by the University of New Hampshire, the StatsRRTC is a collaborative effort involving the following partners: American Association of People with Disabilities, Center for Essential Management Services, Council of State Administrators of Vocational Rehabilitation, Kessler Foundation, Mathematica Policy Research, and Public Health Institute.

The StatsRRTC is funded by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Community Living, National Institute on Disability, Independent Living and Rehabilitation Research under grant number 90RTGE00010100, from 2018–2023.

Employment Policy and Measurement Rehabilitation Research and Training Center (EPM-RRTC)

Led by the University of New Hampshire, the EPM-RRTC is a collaborative effort involving the following partners: Association of University Centers on Disability, Hunter College, Kessler Foundation, Mathematica Policy Research, and the University of Chicago.

The EPM-RRTC is funded by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Community Living, National Institute on Disability, Independent Living and Rehabilitation Research under grant number 90RT503701, from 2015–2020.

Contact Information
University of New Hampshire, Institute on Disability
10 West Edge Drive, Suite 101
Durham, NH 03824
Toll-Free Telephone/TTY: 866-538-9521
E-mail: Disability.Statistics@unh.edu
https://www.researchondisability.org