2016 State Report for County-Level Data: Employment

Acknowledgements

Special thanks to the following individuals who have contributed to the success of this effort: Deb Brucker, Erin Dame, Adam Lavoie, Kate Filanoski, Karen Volle, and Anna Brennan-Curry.

Funding for this publication is made possible by:

The Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Disability Statistics and Demographics (StatsRRTC), funded by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Administration for Community Living National Institute on Disability, Independent Living, and Rehabilitation Research (NIDILRR), grant number 90RTGE0001-01-00; and the Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Employment Policy and Measurement (EPM-RRTC), also funded by NIDILRR, grant number 90RT5037-03-00. The information developed by the StatsRRTC and EPM-RRTC does not necessarily represent the policies of the Department of Health and Human Services, and you should not assume endorsement by the Federal Government (Edgar, 75.620 (b)).

The StatsRRTC and EPM-RRTC are part of the Institute on Disability at the University of New Hampshire. The Institute on Disability/UCED (IOD) was established in 1987 to provide a university-based focus for the improvement of knowledge, policies, and practices related to the lives of people with disabilities and their families and is New Hampshire’s University Center for Excellence in Disability (UCED). Located within the University of New Hampshire, the IOD is a federally designated center authorized by the Developmental Disabilities Act. Through innovative and interdisciplinary research, academic, service, and dissemination initiatives, the IOD builds local, state, and national capacities to respond to the needs of individuals with disabilities and their families.

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Copyright 2019. Institute on Disability. University of New Hampshire.      

 

 

 

2016 Georgia Report for County-Level Data: Employment

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on

Disability Statistics and Demographics

A NIDILRR-Funded Center

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Introduction

The State Reports for County-Level Data on Employment are designed to provide the users of disability statistics with the employed count and employment rate for civilians with disabilities, ages 18 to 64 years and living in the community, for any given state and county in the United States (U.S.). This report is intended to be an online complement to Section 2: Employment of the Annual Disability Statistics Compendium and Annual Disability Statistics Supplement, providing greater detail within each state. The State Reports for County-Level Data on Employment can be used to compare county-level statistics between counties in any given state or states. The following report provides county-level statistics for Georgia.

The proportion of the civilian non-institutionalized population with disabilities who are employed, sometimes called the employment rate or employment-to-population ratio, presented in the State Reports for County-Level Data is a useful tool for advocates, researchers, and policy-makers to plan and provide services and supports for the employment of people with disabilities. In this report, the employment of people with disabilities is presented as the number of employed civilians with disabilities, ages 18 to 64 years and living in the community, in a given state and county per total state and county populations, respectively. Counts and percentages (the employment rate) are provided in tables and maps.

The data for this report come from the American Community Survey 5-year data. The American Community Survey (ACS) is a national survey developed by the U.S. Census Bureau to provide information on a number of topics about social, economic, and demographic characteristics of the U.S. population. ACS 5-year data is collected over a longer period of time than 1-year data, providing larger sample sizes and increased reliability for less populated areas and small population subgroups. All of the statistics in this report use the ACS 5-year data which includes data from 2016, the year of the report, and data from the four previous years. In the ACS, people are identified as having a disability based on responses to a series of six questions asking about having difficulties with vision, hearing, ambulation, cognition, self-care, and independent living (see glossary for further details). 

 

 

 

In the ACS, people are also asked a series of questions designed to identify their employment status. Based on the answers, individuals were classified into one of five groups:

  • People who worked at any time during the reference week;
  • People on temporary layoff who were available for work;
  • People who did not work during the reference week but who had jobs or businesses from which they were temporarily absent (excluding layoff);
  • People who did not work during the reference week, but who were looking for work during the last four weeks and were available for work during the reference week; and
  • People not in the labor force. 

In the ACS, people are identified as being employed if they responded as having worked during the past week. 

Specific to Georgia, the state chosen for this report, sentences providing interpretation and context for employment statistics are included on the following page. A short glossary of terms is also provided at the end of the report explaining the statistics that are illustrated in each sentence.

Additional Resources. The Annual Disability Statistics Compendium and its complement, the Annual Disability Statistics Supplement, are summaries of statistics about people with disabilities, available both in hard copy and online at https://www.disabilitycompendium.org

Help navigating any of the resources described here can be found in the Frequently Asked Questions section at https://www.disabilitycompendium.org/faq. Assistance interpreting and locating additional statistics is available via our toll-free number, 866.538.9521, or by email, disability.statistics@unh.edu. For more information about our research projects, please visit https://www.researchondisability.org.

Suggested Citation. Boege, S.L., Lauer, E.A., & Houtenville, A.J., 2019. 2016 State Report for Georgia County-Level Data: Employment. Durham, NH: University of New Hampshire, Institute on Disability.

Interpretation

The following statements are designed to help understand the 2016 county-level employment statistics from Georgia that are presented:

 

  • For people with disabilities: 
    • The employment rate for people with disabilities in Georgia was 31.4%.
    • The range, also known as the difference between largest and smallest values, of employment rates for people with disabilities across Georgia counties was 45.1%.
      • The county with the greatest employment rate for people with disabilities was Forsyth (45.5%).
      • The county with the smallest employment rate for people with disabilities was Wheeler (0.4%).
    • The median, also known as the middle-most, employment rate for people with disabilities across all counties in Georgia was 27.2%.

 

  • For people without disabilities:
    • The employment rate for people without disabilities in Georgia was 73.2%.
    • The range, also known as the difference between largest and smallest values, of employment rates for people without disabilities across Georgia counties was 24.9%.
      • The county with the greatest employment rate for people without disabilities was Oconee (78.7%).
      • The county with the smallest employment rate for people without disabilities was Twiggs (53.8%).
    • The median, also known as the middle-most, employment rate for people without disabilities across all counties in Georgia was 69.6%.
Employment of Civilians with and without Disabilities Ages 18 to 64 Years Living in the Community for Georgia, by County: 2016
County Disability No Disability   County Disability No Disability
Total Employed % [1] Total Employed % [2] Total Employed % [1] Total Employed % [2]
   Georgia    670,053 210,699 31.4 5,528,733 4,044,603 73.2 Chattahoochee     584     157 26.9     3,352     2,011 60.0
   Appling      1,722     386 22.4     8,824     6,048 68.5   Chattooga     2,148     329 15.3    11,661     8,259 70.8
  Atkinson        709     232 32.7     4,218     3,012 71.4   Cherokee     11,695   4,843 41.4   130,705   102,446 78.4
    Bacon       1,008     243 24.1     5,191     3,996 77.0    Clarke       7,624   2,918 38.3    80,856    50,639 62.6
    Baker         352     133 37.8     1,695     1,139 67.2     Clay          323      23  7.1     1,238       732 59.1
   Baldwin      3,316     765 23.1    25,766    15,643 60.7    Clayton     17,971   5,408 30.1   150,563   107,556 71.4
    Banks       1,569     461 29.4     9,453     6,782 71.7    Clinch         733     142 19.4     3,147     1,931 61.4
   Barrow       5,513   1,880 34.1    39,689    29,021 73.1     Cobb       31,828  13,605 42.7   436,512   342,998 78.6
   Bartow       8,546   2,811 32.9    54,020    40,364 74.7    Coffee       3,895   1,332 34.2    19,696    13,531 68.7
  Ben Hill      1,873     477 25.5     8,146     4,792 58.8   Colquitt      3,464     827 23.9    23,308    16,254 69.7
   Berrien      2,084     663 31.8     9,031     5,739 63.5   Columbia      8,097   2,910 35.9    75,638    54,523 72.1
    Bibb       12,777   3,524 27.6    78,785    53,741 68.2     Cook        1,669     409 24.5     8,300     5,965 71.9
  Bleckley      1,251     208 16.6     6,343     3,696 58.3    Coweta       7,350   2,507 34.1    75,840    58,301 76.9
  Brantley      2,834     752 26.5     8,226     5,301 64.4   Crawford      1,058     160 15.1     6,561     4,324 65.9
   Brooks       1,809     465 25.7     7,501     4,965 66.2     Crisp       2,194     590 26.9    11,321     7,557 66.8
    Bryan       1,628     578 35.5    18,381    13,544 73.7     Dade        1,249     484 38.8     9,029     6,812 75.4
   Bulloch      5,554   1,748 31.5    45,027    28,531 63.4    Dawson       1,313     484 36.9    12,299     8,921 72.5
    Burke       2,061     431 20.9    11,375     7,725 67.9    DeKalb      43,011  14,749 34.3   429,883   323,426 75.2
    Butts       1,791     443 24.7    10,951     7,629 69.7    Decatur      2,394     629 26.3    12,733     8,509 66.8
   Calhoun        397     115 29.0     2,256     1,493 66.2     Dodge       2,103     487 23.2     9,737     6,941 71.3
   Camden       3,465   1,415 40.8    26,089    18,592 71.3     Dooly       1,170     270 23.1     6,390     4,574 71.6
   Candler        967     306 31.6     5,311     3,699 69.6   Dougherty     7,742   1,734 22.4    47,529    30,740 64.7
   Carroll     10,643   2,788 26.2    60,379    43,365 71.8    Douglas      9,476   3,419 36.1    76,421    58,405 76.4
   Catoosa      4,815   1,865 38.7    34,635    26,833 77.5     Early         608     131 21.5     5,253     3,365 64.1
  Charlton      1,212     151 12.5     6,523     4,371 67.0    Echols         263      61 23.2     2,199     1,595 72.5
   Chatham     18,100   6,298 34.8   156,681   115,950 74.0   Effingham     4,310   1,428 33.1    29,991    23,334 77.8
Employment of Civilians with and without Disabilities Ages 18 to 64 Years Living in the Community for Georgia, by County: 2016
County Disability No Disability   County Disability No Disability
Total Employed % [1] Total Employed % [2] Total Employed % [1] Total Employed % [2]
   Elbert       1,890     337 17.8     9,452     6,298 66.6    Jackson      4,818   1,312 27.2    32,645    24,295 74.4
   Emanuel      2,218     474 21.4    10,802     7,198 66.6    Jasper       1,166     211 18.1     6,979     5,018 71.9
    Evans         793     360 45.4     4,931     3,485 70.7  Jeff Davis     1,334     280 21.0     7,349     4,949 67.3
   Fannin       2,521     550 21.8    11,017     7,606 69.0   Jefferson     1,368     274 20.0     7,698     4,751 61.7
   Fayette      3,932   1,424 36.2    61,188    45,824 74.9    Jenkins        661      98 14.8     4,683     2,894 61.8
    Floyd       7,472   2,076 27.8    49,625    35,878 72.3    Johnson        893     175 19.6     5,129     3,541 69.0
   Forsyth      6,724   3,057 45.5   115,191    89,750 77.9     Jones       2,219     734 33.1    14,811    10,892 73.5
  Franklin      2,700     646 23.9    10,262     6,804 66.3     Lamar       1,386     292 21.1     9,942     6,210 62.5
   Fulton      54,668  16,183 29.6   603,147   447,790 74.2    Lanier       1,100     131 11.9     4,812     3,278 68.1
   Gilmer       2,828     916 32.4    13,732     9,829 71.6    Laurens      2,817     643 22.8    24,688    15,064 61.0
  Glascock        222      50 22.5     1,531     1,155 75.4      Lee        1,354     481 35.5    15,717    12,263 78.0
    Glynn       6,810   2,279 33.5    41,776    31,680 75.8    Liberty      4,545   1,763 38.8    30,386    20,336 66.9
   Gordon       6,244   2,022 32.4    27,710    20,586 74.3    Lincoln        589     202 34.3     3,945     2,690 68.2
    Grady       2,671     678 25.4    11,900     7,963 66.9     Long        1,638     533 32.5     8,225     5,000 60.8
   Greene       1,009     192 19.0     7,910     5,450 68.9    Lowndes      7,794   2,403 30.8    61,775    41,774 67.6
  Gwinnett     33,701  13,963 41.4   517,338   393,037 76.0    Lumpkin      2,377     768 32.3    17,608    12,790 72.6
  Habersham     2,971     939 31.6    20,692    14,644 70.8     Macon       1,524     314 20.6     5,816     3,775 64.9
    Hall       10,433   3,715 35.6   102,784    77,569 75.5    Madison      2,978     900 30.2    14,187     9,915 69.9
   Hancock        274      21  7.7     3,530     1,995 56.5    Marion         913     117 12.8     4,265     2,656 62.3
  Haralson      3,222     697 21.6    13,710     9,847 71.8   McDuffie      1,585     568 35.8    10,772     7,231 67.1
   Harris       2,984   1,142 38.3    16,900    12,905 76.4   McIntosh      2,306     616 26.7     6,139     4,530 73.8
    Hart        2,333     494 21.2    11,870     8,560 72.1  Meriwether     2,483     789 31.8    10,039     6,497 64.7
    Heard       1,327     381 28.7     5,660     4,144 73.2    Miller         410      94 22.9     2,846     2,007 70.5
    Henry      12,654   3,672 29.0   120,318    88,565 73.6   Mitchell      2,065     561 27.2     9,809     6,426 65.5
   Houston      9,563   2,899 30.3    80,670    59,230 73.4    Monroe       2,010     437 21.7    13,972    10,010 71.6
    Irwin       1,189     212 17.8     4,062     2,795 68.8  Montgomery       856     203 23.7     4,387     3,017 68.8
Employment of Civilians with and without Disabilities Ages 18 to 64 Years Living in the Community for Georgia, by County: 2016
County Disability No Disability   County Disability No Disability
Total Employed % [1] Total Employed % [2] Total Employed % [1] Total Employed % [2]
   Morgan       1,442     514 35.6     9,019     6,695 74.2    Talbot         636     208 32.7     3,289     2,264 68.8
   Murray       3,310     588 17.8    20,771    14,952 72.0  Taliaferro       270      35 13.0       915       546 59.7
  Muscogee     21,341   7,468 35.0    94,104    67,930 72.2   Tattnall      1,851     542 29.3     8,979     6,522 72.6
   Newton       8,765   2,480 28.3    53,998    40,032 74.1    Taylor         744      75 10.1     4,147     2,568 61.9
   Oconee       1,550     684 44.1    19,204    15,109 78.7    Telfair        925      97 10.5     6,410     4,052 63.2
 Oglethorpe     1,331     439 33.0     7,501     5,514 73.5    Terrell        550      92 16.7     4,475     2,892 64.6
  Paulding      9,370   3,436 36.7    83,965    65,291 77.8    Thomas       4,148     962 23.2    22,157    15,519 70.0
    Peach       2,196     831 37.8    15,154     9,740 64.3     Tift        3,834   1,335 34.8    20,962    14,250 68.0
   Pickens      2,463     752 30.5    15,086    10,950 72.6    Toombs       1,938     338 17.4    13,666     9,335 68.3
   Pierce       2,014     446 22.1     9,144     6,425 70.3     Towns         880     334 38.0     4,933     3,204 65.0
    Pike        1,151     291 25.3     9,420     6,800 72.2   Treutlen        641     143 22.3     3,120     2,444 78.3
    Polk        3,743   1,033 27.6    20,497    14,758 72.0     Troup       6,135   2,006 32.7    35,137    25,865 73.6
   Pulaski      1,082     361 33.4     4,703     3,000 63.8    Turner         915     295 32.2     3,455     2,409 69.7
   Putnam       1,409     575 40.8    11,046     8,106 73.4    Twiggs         796      81 10.2     4,282     2,305 53.8
   Quitman        275      36 13.1       881       539 61.2     Union       1,840     548 29.8     9,323     6,141 65.9
    Rabun       1,190     245 20.6     7,951     5,454 68.6     Upson       2,270     428 18.9    13,010     8,809 67.7
  Randolph        568     178 31.3     3,481     2,256 64.8    Walker       7,042   1,742 24.7    33,407    24,656 73.8
  Richmond     20,035   5,532 27.6    99,639    67,682 67.9    Walton       6,070   2,070 34.1    45,991    34,155 74.3
  Rockdale      4,072   1,185 29.1    49,381    34,757 70.4     Ware        3,304     900 27.2    16,280    11,588 71.2
   Schley         456     145 31.8     2,483     1,708 68.8    Warren         378      57 15.1     2,807     1,894 67.5
   Screven      1,106     297 26.9     7,201     4,881 67.8  Washington     1,494     354 23.7     9,717     6,709 69.0
  Seminole        615      79 12.8     4,272     2,566 60.1     Wayne       2,443     427 17.5    13,779     9,130 66.3
  Spalding      5,825   1,340 23.0    31,353    21,342 68.1    Webster        262      92 35.1     1,304       956 73.3
  Stephens      2,815     688 24.4    12,358     8,365 67.7    Wheeler        472       2  0.4     2,322     1,394 60.0
   Stewart        506     111 21.9     1,876     1,098 58.5     White       2,352     855 36.4    14,095     9,492 67.3
   Sumter       2,400     770 32.1    15,931    10,354 65.0   Whitfield     5,693   1,853 32.5    56,192    41,183 73.3
Employment of Civilians with and without Disabilities Ages 18 to 64 Years Living in the Community for Georgia, by County: 2016
County Disability No Disability   County Disability No Disability
Total Employed % [1] Total Employed % [2] Total Employed % [1] Total Employed % [2]
   Wilcox         806     201 24.9     3,127     2,142 68.5                                                            
   Wilkes         803     102 12.7     4,760     3,342 70.2                                                            
  Wilkinson       779     162 20.8     4,683     3,008 64.2                                                            
    Worth       1,942     407 21.0    10,600     7,509 70.8                                                            
                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                       
Count of Employed Civilians with Disabilities Ages 18 to 64 Years Living in the Community for Georgia, by County: 2016

Employment Rate for Civilians with Disabilities Ages 18 to 64 Years Living in the Community for Georgia, by County: 2016

Discussion

There are a number of concepts and factors which complicate the interpretation of the estimates presented in this report. These concerns affect all statistics from population-based surveys. The estimates included in this document should be interpreted the following limitations in mind and generalized with caution. In each point, a link to the U.S. Census Bureau website describing the limitation or concept in greater detail in the ACS has been provided.

Additional links to resources for the ACS:

Glossary

American Community Survey (ACS) — The American Community Survey is a large, continuous demographic survey conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau that will provide accurate and up-to-date profiles of America’s communities every year. Annual and multiyear estimates of population and housing data are generated for small areas, including tracts and population subgroups. This information is collected by mailing questionnaires to a sample of addresses. See the U.S. Census Bureau website for additional details.

The Six Disability Questions in the American Community Survey:

  1. Is this person deaf or does he/she have serious difficulty hearing? (yes or no)
  2. Is this person blind or does he/she have serious difficulty seeing even when wearing glasses? (yes or no)
  3. (If person 5 years old or over) Because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition, does this person have serious difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions? (yes or no)
  4. (If person 5 years or old over) Does this person have serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs? (yes or no)
  5. (If person 5 years old or over) Does this person have difficulty dressing or bathing? (yes or no)
  6. (If person 15 years old or over) Because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition, does this person have difficulty doing errands alone such as visiting a doctor’s office or shopping? (yes or no)

Average — The sum of all of the values in a sample divided by the number of values in the sample.

Civilian — A person not in active-duty military.

Employed – Individuals were asked a series of questions designed to identify their employment status. Based on the answers, individuals were classified into one of five groups: (1) people who worked at any time during the reference week; (2) people on temporary layoff who were available for work; (3) people who did not work during the reference week but who had jobs or businesses from which they were temporarily absent (excluding layoff); (4) people who did not work during the reference week, but who were looking for work during the last four weeks and were available for work during the reference week; and (5) people not in the labor force. People who responded as having worked during the past week were considered "employed".

Employment Rate — The number of individuals that are employed as a percent of the civilian non-institutional population.

Living in the Community – A person lives in the community, if the person is not living in an institution, such as jail, prison, nursing home, and hospital. A college dormitory is not considered an institution.

Median — The middle-most value of a sample that separates the upper half of the values from the lower half of the values. 

Non-Institutionalized Population — Describes individuals who are residing in the community and who are not living in institutions such as jails, prisons, nursing homes, hospitals, etc.

Population — The total number of inhabitants in a defined geographic area including all races, classes, and groups.

Range — The difference between the largest and smallest values in a sample. In a sample, when the smallest value is subtracted from the largest value the resulting value is called the range. 

Sampling Variability — The variation of a statistic when estimated from repeated samples.

United States Census Bureau — An agency within the United States Federal Statistical System tasked with producing data about the American people and economy. Their primary task is to conduct the United States Census every ten years.

About the Center

Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Disability Statistics and Demographics (StatsRRTC)

Led by the University of New Hampshire, the StatsRRTC is a collaborative effort involving the following partners: American Association of People with Disabilities, Center for Essential Management Services, Council of State Administrators of Vocational Rehabilitation, Kessler Foundation, Mathematica Policy Research, and Public Health Institute.

The StatsRRTC is funded by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Community Living, National Institute on Disability, Independent Living and Rehabilitation Research under grant number 90RTGE00010100, from 2018–2023.

Employment Policy and Measurement Rehabilitation Research and Training Center (EPM-RRTC)

Led by the University of New Hampshire, the EPM-RRTC is a collaborative effort involving the following partners: Association of University Centers on Disability, Hunter College, Kessler Foundation, Mathematica Policy Research, and the University of Chicago.

The EPM-RRTC is funded by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Community Living, National Institute on Disability, Independent Living and Rehabilitation Research under grant number 90RT503701, from 2015–2020.

Contact Information
University of New Hampshire, Institute on Disability
10 West Edge Drive, Suite 101
Durham, NH 03824
Toll-Free Telephone/TTY: 866-538-9521
E-mail: Disability.Statistics@unh.edu
https://www.researchondisability.org