2016 State Report for County-Level Data: Employment

Acknowledgements

Special thanks to the following individuals who have contributed to the success of this effort: Deb Brucker, Erin Dame, Adam Lavoie, Kate Filanoski, Karen Volle, and Anna Brennan-Curry.

Funding for this publication is made possible by:

The Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Disability Statistics and Demographics (StatsRRTC), funded by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Administration for Community Living National Institute on Disability, Independent Living, and Rehabilitation Research (NIDILRR), grant number 90RTGE0001-01-00; and the Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Employment Policy and Measurement (EPM-RRTC), also funded by NIDILRR, grant number 90RT5037-03-00. The information developed by the StatsRRTC and EPM-RRTC does not necessarily represent the policies of the Department of Health and Human Services, and you should not assume endorsement by the Federal Government (Edgar, 75.620 (b)).

The StatsRRTC and EPM-RRTC are part of the Institute on Disability at the University of New Hampshire. The Institute on Disability/UCED (IOD) was established in 1987 to provide a university-based focus for the improvement of knowledge, policies, and practices related to the lives of people with disabilities and their families and is New Hampshire’s University Center for Excellence in Disability (UCED). Located within the University of New Hampshire, the IOD is a federally designated center authorized by the Developmental Disabilities Act. Through innovative and interdisciplinary research, academic, service, and dissemination initiatives, the IOD builds local, state, and national capacities to respond to the needs of individuals with disabilities and their families.

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2016 Minnesota Report for County-Level Data: Employment

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on

Disability Statistics and Demographics

A NIDILRR-Funded Center

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Introduction

The State Reports for County-Level Data on Employment are designed to provide the users of disability statistics with the employed count and employment rate for civilians with disabilities, ages 18 to 64 years and living in the community, for any given state and county in the United States (U.S.). This report is intended to be an online complement to Section 2: Employment of the Annual Disability Statistics Compendium and Annual Disability Statistics Supplement, providing greater detail within each state. The State Reports for County-Level Data on Employment can be used to compare county-level statistics between counties in any given state or states. The following report provides county-level statistics for Minnesota.

The proportion of the civilian non-institutionalized population with disabilities who are employed, sometimes called the employment rate or employment-to-population ratio, presented in the State Reports for County-Level Data is a useful tool for advocates, researchers, and policy-makers to plan and provide services and supports for the employment of people with disabilities. In this report, the employment of people with disabilities is presented as the number of employed civilians with disabilities, ages 18 to 64 years and living in the community, in a given state and county per total state and county populations, respectively. Counts and percentages (the employment rate) are provided in tables and maps.

The data for this report come from the American Community Survey 5-year data. The American Community Survey (ACS) is a national survey developed by the U.S. Census Bureau to provide information on a number of topics about social, economic, and demographic characteristics of the U.S. population. ACS 5-year data is collected over a longer period of time than 1-year data, providing larger sample sizes and increased reliability for less populated areas and small population subgroups. All of the statistics in this report use the ACS 5-year data which includes data from 2016, the year of the report, and data from the four previous years. In the ACS, people are identified as having a disability based on responses to a series of six questions asking about having difficulties with vision, hearing, ambulation, cognition, self-care, and independent living (see glossary for further details). 

 

 

 

In the ACS, people are also asked a series of questions designed to identify their employment status. Based on the answers, individuals were classified into one of five groups:

  • People who worked at any time during the reference week;
  • People on temporary layoff who were available for work;
  • People who did not work during the reference week but who had jobs or businesses from which they were temporarily absent (excluding layoff);
  • People who did not work during the reference week, but who were looking for work during the last four weeks and were available for work during the reference week; and
  • People not in the labor force. 

In the ACS, people are identified as being employed if they responded as having worked during the past week. 

Specific to Minnesota, the state chosen for this report, sentences providing interpretation and context for employment statistics are included on the following page. A short glossary of terms is also provided at the end of the report explaining the statistics that are illustrated in each sentence.

Additional Resources. The Annual Disability Statistics Compendium and its complement, the Annual Disability Statistics Supplement, are summaries of statistics about people with disabilities, available both in hard copy and online at https://www.disabilitycompendium.org

Help navigating any of the resources described here can be found in the Frequently Asked Questions section at https://www.disabilitycompendium.org/faq. Assistance interpreting and locating additional statistics is available via our toll-free number, 866.538.9521, or by email, disability.statistics@unh.edu. For more information about our research projects, please visit https://www.researchondisability.org.

Suggested Citation. Boege, S.L., Lauer, E.A., & Houtenville, A.J., 2019. 2016 State Report for Minnesota County-Level Data: Employment. Durham, NH: University of New Hampshire, Institute on Disability.

Interpretation

The following statements are designed to help understand the 2016 county-level employment statistics from Minnesota that are presented:

 

  • For people with disabilities: 
    • The employment rate for people with disabilities in Minnesota was 45.7%.
    • The range, also known as the difference between largest and smallest values, of employment rates for people with disabilities across Minnesota counties was 35.0%.
      • The county with the greatest employment rate for people with disabilities was Swift (64.2%).
      • The county with the smallest employment rate for people with disabilities was Carlton (29.2%).
    • The median, also known as the middle-most, employment rate for people with disabilities across all counties in Minnesota was 48.1%.

 

  • For people without disabilities:
    • The employment rate for people without disabilities in Minnesota was 82.9%.
    • The range, also known as the difference between largest and smallest values, of employment rates for people without disabilities across Minnesota counties was 15.4%.
      • The county with the greatest employment rate for people without disabilities was Dodge (89.4%).
      • The county with the smallest employment rate for people without disabilities was Clearwater (74.0%).
    • The median, also known as the middle-most, employment rate for people without disabilities across all counties in Minnesota was 83.7%.
Employment of Civilians with and without Disabilities Ages 18 to 64 Years Living in the Community for Minnesota, by County: 2016
County Disability No Disability   County Disability No Disability
Total Employed % [1] Total Employed % [2] Total Employed % [1] Total Employed % [2]
    Minnesota     286,438 130,871 45.7 3,077,047 2,550,651 82.9       Grant           302     107 35.4     2,963     2,468 83.3
     Aitkin         1,254     489 39.0     6,955     5,165 74.3     Hennepin       62,191  27,089 43.6   722,596   596,278 82.5
      Anoka        17,792   8,567 48.2   197,939   166,430 84.1      Houston          747     341 45.6    10,258     8,806 85.8
     Becker         1,850     812 43.9    16,838    13,807 82.0      Hubbard        1,294     599 46.3     9,983     7,880 78.9
    Beltrami        2,731     989 36.2    24,635    18,319 74.4      Isanti         2,515   1,406 55.9    20,874    17,040 81.6
     Benton         2,679   1,070 39.9    21,517    18,228 84.7      Itasca         3,224   1,206 37.4    22,763    17,438 76.6
    Big Stone         280     129 46.1     2,441     2,107 86.3      Jackson          401     214 53.4     5,416     4,672 86.3
   Blue Earth       3,328   1,809 54.4    40,826    33,082 81.0      Kanabec        1,520     591 38.9     7,892     6,199 78.5
      Brown         1,005     553 55.0    13,735    11,907 86.7     Kandiyohi       2,387   1,254 52.5    22,490    18,787 83.5
     Carlton        2,029     593 29.2    19,096    15,308 80.2      Kittson          250     134 53.6     2,179     1,823 83.7
     Carver         3,094   1,809 58.5    57,164    48,834 85.4    Koochiching        983     435 44.3     6,591     4,916 74.6
      Cass          2,073     833 40.2    13,596    10,198 75.0   Lac qui Parle       429     230 53.6     3,376     2,881 85.3
    Chippewa          511     268 52.4     6,370     5,594 87.8       Lake            590     239 40.5     5,493     4,306 78.4
     Chisago        3,248   1,321 40.7    29,453    24,723 83.9 Lake of the Woods     235      99 42.1     2,086     1,824 87.4
      Clay          3,142   1,397 44.5    35,984    30,189 83.9     Le Sueur        1,208     641 53.1    15,274    13,015 85.2
   Clearwater         658     224 34.0     4,207     3,114 74.0      Lincoln          235     107 45.5     2,784     2,438 87.6
      Cook            298     107 35.9     2,804     2,286 81.5       Lyon          1,259     681 54.1    14,361    12,144 84.6
   Cottonwood         579     358 61.8     5,609     4,441 79.2     Mahnomen          345     122 35.4     2,515     1,882 74.8
    Crow Wing       3,750   1,482 39.5    32,099    25,848 80.5     Marshall          501     276 55.1     4,849     4,067 83.9
     Dakota        17,863   8,768 49.1   239,836   205,093 85.5      Martin         1,134     615 54.2    10,241     8,641 84.4
      Dodge           804     370 46.0    11,210    10,021 89.4      McLeod         1,825   1,041 57.0    19,147    16,595 86.7
     Douglas        1,775     996 56.1    19,158    16,338 85.3      Meeker         1,064     549 51.6    12,108     9,982 82.4
    Faribault         708     331 46.8     7,090     6,026 85.0    Mille Lacs       1,934     821 42.5    12,872    10,258 79.7
    Fillmore          994     508 51.1    10,609     9,105 85.8     Morrison        1,824     866 47.5    17,418    14,661 84.2
    Freeborn        1,759     870 49.5    15,532    13,082 84.2       Mower         2,120     991 46.7    20,242    16,540 81.7
     Goodhue        2,270     966 42.6    24,856    20,777 83.6      Murray           402     199 49.5     4,217     3,528 83.7
Employment of Civilians with and without Disabilities Ages 18 to 64 Years Living in the Community for Minnesota, by County: 2016
County Disability No Disability   County Disability No Disability
Total Employed % [1] Total Employed % [2] Total Employed % [1] Total Employed % [2]
    Nicollet        1,830     821 44.9    19,309    16,485 85.4     Traverse          210      87 41.4     1,579     1,308 82.8
     Nobles         1,057     491 46.5    11,486     9,193 80.0      Wabasha          916     406 44.3    11,569     9,961 86.1
     Norman           322     137 42.5     3,341     2,697 80.7      Wadena         1,091     447 41.0     6,246     4,919 78.8
     Olmsted        6,948   3,870 55.7    83,996    71,393 85.0      Waseca         1,144     593 51.8     9,413     8,164 86.7
   Otter Tail       3,437   1,622 47.2    28,898    23,531 81.4    Washington      10,184   5,396 53.0   141,475   118,792 84.0
   Pennington         916     499 54.5     7,526     6,533 86.8     Watonwan          459     235 51.2     5,733     4,963 86.6
      Pine          2,497   1,078 43.2    13,733    10,565 76.9      Wilkin           515     323 62.7     3,236     2,737 84.6
    Pipestone         449     217 48.3     4,639     3,794 81.8      Winona         2,767   1,506 54.4    31,119    25,042 80.5
      Polk          1,891     909 48.1    16,592    13,739 82.8      Wright         5,112   2,554 50.0    72,621    62,423 86.0
      Pope            625     319 51.0     5,486     4,517 82.3  Yellow Medicine      516     234 45.3     5,139     4,366 85.0
     Ramsey        33,135  12,564 37.9   303,735   244,235 80.4                                                                
    Red Lake          227     108 47.6     2,062     1,746 84.7                                                                
     Redwood          761     392 51.5     7,736     6,343 82.0                                                                
    Renville          732     366 50.0     7,797     6,505 83.4                                                                
      Rice          2,608   1,318 50.5    36,702    30,370 82.7                                                                
      Rock            439     192 43.7     4,719     4,009 85.0                                                                
     Roseau           775     445 57.4     8,464     7,300 86.2                                                                
      Scott         4,967   2,619 52.7    80,590    69,389 86.1                                                                
    Sherburne       3,645   2,014 55.3    51,962    44,440 85.5                                                                
     Sibley           701     361 51.5     7,958     6,928 87.1                                                                
    St. Louis      15,075   5,546 36.8   110,517    85,976 77.8                                                                
     Stearns        8,653   4,431 51.2    89,090    74,531 83.7                                                                
     Steele         1,749     787 45.0    19,537    16,462 84.3                                                                
     Stevens          547     340 62.2     5,514     4,368 79.2                                                                
      Swift           600     385 64.2     4,760     3,985 83.7                                                                
      Todd          1,545     787 50.9    12,221     9,851 80.6                                                                
Count of Employed Civilians with Disabilities Ages 18 to 64 Years Living in the Community for Minnesota, by County: 2016

Employment Rate for Civilians with Disabilities Ages 18 to 64 Years Living in the Community for Minnesota, by County: 2016

Discussion

There are a number of concepts and factors which complicate the interpretation of the estimates presented in this report. These concerns affect all statistics from population-based surveys. The estimates included in this document should be interpreted the following limitations in mind and generalized with caution. In each point, a link to the U.S. Census Bureau website describing the limitation or concept in greater detail in the ACS has been provided.

Additional links to resources for the ACS:

Glossary

American Community Survey (ACS) — The American Community Survey is a large, continuous demographic survey conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau that will provide accurate and up-to-date profiles of America’s communities every year. Annual and multiyear estimates of population and housing data are generated for small areas, including tracts and population subgroups. This information is collected by mailing questionnaires to a sample of addresses. See the U.S. Census Bureau website for additional details.

The Six Disability Questions in the American Community Survey:

  1. Is this person deaf or does he/she have serious difficulty hearing? (yes or no)
  2. Is this person blind or does he/she have serious difficulty seeing even when wearing glasses? (yes or no)
  3. (If person 5 years old or over) Because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition, does this person have serious difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions? (yes or no)
  4. (If person 5 years or old over) Does this person have serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs? (yes or no)
  5. (If person 5 years old or over) Does this person have difficulty dressing or bathing? (yes or no)
  6. (If person 15 years old or over) Because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition, does this person have difficulty doing errands alone such as visiting a doctor’s office or shopping? (yes or no)

Average — The sum of all of the values in a sample divided by the number of values in the sample.

Civilian — A person not in active-duty military.

Employed – Individuals were asked a series of questions designed to identify their employment status. Based on the answers, individuals were classified into one of five groups: (1) people who worked at any time during the reference week; (2) people on temporary layoff who were available for work; (3) people who did not work during the reference week but who had jobs or businesses from which they were temporarily absent (excluding layoff); (4) people who did not work during the reference week, but who were looking for work during the last four weeks and were available for work during the reference week; and (5) people not in the labor force. People who responded as having worked during the past week were considered "employed".

Employment Rate — The number of individuals that are employed as a percent of the civilian non-institutional population.

Living in the Community – A person lives in the community, if the person is not living in an institution, such as jail, prison, nursing home, and hospital. A college dormitory is not considered an institution.

Median — The middle-most value of a sample that separates the upper half of the values from the lower half of the values. 

Non-Institutionalized Population — Describes individuals who are residing in the community and who are not living in institutions such as jails, prisons, nursing homes, hospitals, etc.

Population — The total number of inhabitants in a defined geographic area including all races, classes, and groups.

Range — The difference between the largest and smallest values in a sample. In a sample, when the smallest value is subtracted from the largest value the resulting value is called the range. 

Sampling Variability — The variation of a statistic when estimated from repeated samples.

United States Census Bureau — An agency within the United States Federal Statistical System tasked with producing data about the American people and economy. Their primary task is to conduct the United States Census every ten years.

About the Center

Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Disability Statistics and Demographics (StatsRRTC)

Led by the University of New Hampshire, the StatsRRTC is a collaborative effort involving the following partners: American Association of People with Disabilities, Center for Essential Management Services, Council of State Administrators of Vocational Rehabilitation, Kessler Foundation, Mathematica Policy Research, and Public Health Institute.

The StatsRRTC is funded by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Community Living, National Institute on Disability, Independent Living and Rehabilitation Research under grant number 90RTGE00010100, from 2018–2023.

Employment Policy and Measurement Rehabilitation Research and Training Center (EPM-RRTC)

Led by the University of New Hampshire, the EPM-RRTC is a collaborative effort involving the following partners: Association of University Centers on Disability, Hunter College, Kessler Foundation, Mathematica Policy Research, and the University of Chicago.

The EPM-RRTC is funded by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Community Living, National Institute on Disability, Independent Living and Rehabilitation Research under grant number 90RT503701, from 2015–2020.

Contact Information
University of New Hampshire, Institute on Disability
10 West Edge Drive, Suite 101
Durham, NH 03824
Toll-Free Telephone/TTY: 866-538-9521
E-mail: Disability.Statistics@unh.edu
https://www.researchondisability.org