2016 State Report for County-Level Data: Employment

Acknowledgements

Special thanks to the following individuals who have contributed to the success of this effort: Deb Brucker, Erin Dame, Adam Lavoie, Kate Filanoski, Karen Volle, and Anna Brennan-Curry.

Funding for this publication is made possible by:

The Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Disability Statistics and Demographics (StatsRRTC), funded by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Administration for Community Living National Institute on Disability, Independent Living, and Rehabilitation Research (NIDILRR), grant number 90RTGE0001-01-00; and the Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Employment Policy and Measurement (EPM-RRTC), also funded by NIDILRR, grant number 90RT5037-03-00. The information developed by the StatsRRTC and EPM-RRTC does not necessarily represent the policies of the Department of Health and Human Services, and you should not assume endorsement by the Federal Government (Edgar, 75.620 (b)).

The StatsRRTC and EPM-RRTC are part of the Institute on Disability at the University of New Hampshire. The Institute on Disability/UCED (IOD) was established in 1987 to provide a university-based focus for the improvement of knowledge, policies, and practices related to the lives of people with disabilities and their families and is New Hampshire’s University Center for Excellence in Disability (UCED). Located within the University of New Hampshire, the IOD is a federally designated center authorized by the Developmental Disabilities Act. Through innovative and interdisciplinary research, academic, service, and dissemination initiatives, the IOD builds local, state, and national capacities to respond to the needs of individuals with disabilities and their families.

Institute on Disability / UCED

UNH.png

10 West Edge Drive, Suite 101 | Durham, NH 03284              603.862.4320 | relay: 711 | contact.iod@unh.edu | https://www.iod.unh.edu

Stay Connected:
facebook.png instragram.png linkedin.png Twitter.jpg youtube.png       

 

Copyright 2019. Institute on Disability. University of New Hampshire.      

 

 

 

2016 Puerto Rico Report for County-Level Data: Employment

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on

Disability Statistics and Demographics

A NIDILRR-Funded Center

NIDILIRR.jpg

Introduction

The State Reports for County-Level Data on Employment are designed to provide the users of disability statistics with the employed count and employment rate for civilians with disabilities, ages 18 to 64 years and living in the community, for any given state and county in the United States (U.S.). This report is intended to be an online complement to Section 2: Employment of the Annual Disability Statistics Compendium and Annual Disability Statistics Supplement, providing greater detail within each state. The State Reports for County-Level Data on Employment can be used to compare county-level statistics between counties in any given state or states. The following report provides county-level statistics for Puerto Rico.

The proportion of the civilian non-institutionalized population with disabilities who are employed, sometimes called the employment rate or employment-to-population ratio, presented in the State Reports for County-Level Data is a useful tool for advocates, researchers, and policy-makers to plan and provide services and supports for the employment of people with disabilities. In this report, the employment of people with disabilities is presented as the number of employed civilians with disabilities, ages 18 to 64 years and living in the community, in a given state and county per total state and county populations, respectively. Counts and percentages (the employment rate) are provided in tables and maps.

The data for this report come from the American Community Survey 5-year data. The American Community Survey (ACS) is a national survey developed by the U.S. Census Bureau to provide information on a number of topics about social, economic, and demographic characteristics of the U.S. population. ACS 5-year data is collected over a longer period of time than 1-year data, providing larger sample sizes and increased reliability for less populated areas and small population subgroups. All of the statistics in this report use the ACS 5-year data which includes data from 2016, the year of the report, and data from the four previous years. In the ACS, people are identified as having a disability based on responses to a series of six questions asking about having difficulties with vision, hearing, ambulation, cognition, self-care, and independent living (see glossary for further details). 

 

 

 

In the ACS, people are also asked a series of questions designed to identify their employment status. Based on the answers, individuals were classified into one of five groups:

  • People who worked at any time during the reference week;
  • People on temporary layoff who were available for work;
  • People who did not work during the reference week but who had jobs or businesses from which they were temporarily absent (excluding layoff);
  • People who did not work during the reference week, but who were looking for work during the last four weeks and were available for work during the reference week; and
  • People not in the labor force. 

In the ACS, people are identified as being employed if they responded as having worked during the past week. 

Specific to Puerto Rico, the state chosen for this report, sentences providing interpretation and context for employment statistics are included on the following page. A short glossary of terms is also provided at the end of the report explaining the statistics that are illustrated in each sentence.

Additional Resources. The Annual Disability Statistics Compendium and its complement, the Annual Disability Statistics Supplement, are summaries of statistics about people with disabilities, available both in hard copy and online at https://www.disabilitycompendium.org

Help navigating any of the resources described here can be found in the Frequently Asked Questions section at https://www.disabilitycompendium.org/faq. Assistance interpreting and locating additional statistics is available via our toll-free number, 866.538.9521, or by email, disability.statistics@unh.edu. For more information about our research projects, please visit https://www.researchondisability.org.

Suggested Citation. Boege, S.L., Lauer, E.A., & Houtenville, A.J., 2019. 2016 State Report for Puerto Rico County-Level Data: Employment. Durham, NH: University of New Hampshire, Institute on Disability.

Interpretation

The following statements are designed to help understand the 2016 county-level employment statistics from Puerto Rico that are presented:

 

  • For people with disabilities: 
    • The employment rate for people with disabilities in Puerto Rico was 22.1%.
    • The range, also known as the difference between largest and smallest values, of employment rates for people with disabilities across Puerto Rico counties was 33.4%.
      • The county with the greatest employment rate for people with disabilities was Santa Isabel (38.9%).
      • The county with the smallest employment rate for people with disabilities was Vieques (5.5%).
    • The median, also known as the middle-most, employment rate for people with disabilities across all counties in Puerto Rico was 17.1%.

 

  • For people without disabilities:
    • The employment rate for people without disabilities in Puerto Rico was 53.3%.
    • The range, also known as the difference between largest and smallest values, of employment rates for people without disabilities across Puerto Rico counties was 38.2%.
      • The county with the greatest employment rate for people without disabilities was Culebra (73.7%).
      • The county with the smallest employment rate for people without disabilities was Maricao (35.5%).
    • The median, also known as the middle-most, employment rate for people without disabilities across all counties in Puerto Rico was 47.3%.
Employment of Civilians with and without Disabilities Ages 18 to 64 Years Living in the Community for Puerto Rico, by County: 2016
County Disability No Disability   County Disability No Disability
Total Employed % [1] Total Employed % [2] Total Employed % [1] Total Employed % [2]
 Puerto Rico   381,262 84,265 22.1 1,747,289 930,871 53.3     Dorado       3,203    453 14.1    19,842  10,709 54.0
   Adjuntas      2,379    296 12.4     9,029   3,546 39.3    Fajardo       3,158    820 26.0    16,472   9,546 58.0
    Aguada       6,384  1,262 19.8    19,143   9,969 52.1    Florida       1,337    310 23.2     6,187   2,633 42.6
  Aguadilla      6,697  1,280 19.1    25,829  12,417 48.1    Guayama       5,279    906 17.2    19,461   8,206 42.2
 Aguas Buenas    4,149    635 15.3    12,578   5,929 47.1   Guayanilla     1,833    269 14.7    10,054   4,054 40.3
   Aibonito      3,578    471 13.2    11,415   5,405 47.3    Guaynabo      7,966  2,611 32.8    49,454  32,725 66.2
   Arecibo       7,535    964 12.8    46,320  21,345 46.1     Gurabo       6,712  2,294 34.2    22,930  14,772 64.4
    Arroyo       2,435    443 18.2     8,750   3,325 38.0    Guánica      2,987    466 15.6     7,270   2,896 39.8
   Añasco       3,461    715 20.7    13,873   7,681 55.4    Hatillo       1,622    234 14.4    23,729  11,734 49.5
 Barceloneta     3,753    761 20.3    11,120   4,496 40.4  Hormigueros     1,986    435 21.9     7,379   4,296 58.2
 Barranquitas    4,201    445 10.6    14,136   5,691 40.3    Humacao       2,951    528 17.9    30,530  14,648 48.0
   Bayamón     22,546  7,445 33.0    89,976  58,182 64.7    Isabela       6,744  1,166 17.3    20,099   9,087 45.2
  Cabo Rojo      3,389    484 14.3    26,046  12,245 47.0     Jayuya       2,095    140  6.7     7,334   2,957 40.3
    Caguas      16,336  4,691 28.7    66,340  41,262 62.2  Juana Díaz     5,112  1,195 23.4    24,234  13,361 55.1
    Camuy        3,870    588 15.2    16,762   7,932 47.3     Juncos       4,975    711 14.3    19,910  10,358 52.0
  Canóvanas     4,565    773 16.9    24,517  13,391 54.6     Lajas        2,286    296 12.9    11,980   4,481 37.4
   Carolina     17,843  6,389 35.8    80,957  54,253 67.0     Lares        3,432    300  8.7    13,595   5,779 42.5
   Cataño       2,668    504 18.9    13,260   6,967 52.5  Las Marías       301     40 13.3     5,180   2,345 45.3
    Cayey        7,655  2,282 29.8    20,589  12,236 59.4  Las Piedras     3,808    317  8.3    20,154   9,823 48.7
    Ceiba          592     40  6.8     6,687   3,325 49.7     Loíza       2,792    549 19.7    14,614   7,401 50.6
    Ciales       1,961    252 12.9     8,791   3,163 36.0    Luquillo      2,057    484 23.5     9,250   5,149 55.7
    Cidra        6,818  1,896 27.8    19,452  11,360 58.4    Manatí       3,927    624 15.9    20,627  10,161 49.3
    Coamo        5,457  1,640 30.1    19,288   9,617 49.9    Maricao         291    101 34.7     3,629   1,290 35.5
   Comerío      3,265    668 20.5     9,257   3,933 42.5    Maunabo       1,051    103  9.8     5,844   2,237 38.3
   Corozal       3,998    595 14.9    17,693   7,167 40.5   Mayagüez      9,458  1,907 20.2    39,476  17,855 45.2
   Culebra          53     20 37.7       834     615 73.7      Moca        5,303    697 13.1    18,359   8,159 44.4
Employment of Civilians with and without Disabilities Ages 18 to 64 Years Living in the Community for Puerto Rico, by County: 2016
County Disability No Disability   County Disability No Disability
Total Employed % [1] Total Employed % [2] Total Employed % [1] Total Employed % [2]
   Morovis       3,602    760 21.1    16,486   7,102 43.1     Yauco        5,633    920 16.3    17,510   7,795 44.5
   Naguabo       1,328     93  7.0    14,703   6,889 46.9                                                          
  Naranjito      3,740    825 22.1    14,473   6,761 46.7                                                          
   Orocovis      5,051    888 17.6     8,749   3,636 41.6                                                          
   Patillas      1,615    240 14.9     9,414   3,614 38.4                                                          
  Peñuelas      1,753    179 10.2    11,807   4,995 42.3                                                          
    Ponce       11,271  1,813 16.1    77,193  36,900 47.8                                                          
 Quebradillas    3,332    568 17.0    11,816   5,531 46.8                                                          
   Rincón       2,295    586 25.5     6,325   3,633 57.4                                                          
 Río Grande     5,790  1,337 23.1    25,696  15,460 60.2                                                          
Sabana Grande    3,560    555 15.6    10,414   4,809 46.2                                                          
   Salinas       3,352    851 25.4    14,146   6,673 47.2                                                          
 San Germán     1,671    276 16.5    17,763   8,039 45.3                                                          
   San Juan     31,144  8,664 27.8   186,733 113,507 60.8                                                          
 San Lorenzo     5,035    612 12.2    19,606  10,352 52.8                                                          
San Sebastián   5,575    955 17.1    17,623   7,246 41.1                                                          
 Santa Isabel    2,853  1,111 38.9    10,889   6,034 55.4                                                          
   Toa Alta      8,105  2,016 24.9    39,770  24,583 61.8                                                          
   Toa Baja     10,203  2,936 28.8    41,155  25,732 62.5                                                          
Trujillo Alto    6,006  1,758 29.3    37,614  24,701 65.7                                                          
    Utuado       2,647    302 11.4    15,836   6,183 39.0                                                          
  Vega Alta      3,153    517 16.4    19,834   9,140 46.1                                                          
  Vega Baja      7,353  1,218 16.6    26,485  12,605 47.6                                                          
   Vieques         381     21  5.5     4,926   2,729 55.4                                                          
   Villalba      2,769    443 16.0    11,998   6,367 53.1                                                          
   Yabucoa       3,791    326  8.6    18,090   7,741 42.8                                                          
Count of Employed Civilians with Disabilities Ages 18 to 64 Years Living in the Community for Puerto Rico, by County: 2016

Employment Rate for Civilians with Disabilities Ages 18 to 64 Years Living in the Community for Puerto Rico, by County: 2016

Discussion

There are a number of concepts and factors which complicate the interpretation of the estimates presented in this report. These concerns affect all statistics from population-based surveys. The estimates included in this document should be interpreted the following limitations in mind and generalized with caution. In each point, a link to the U.S. Census Bureau website describing the limitation or concept in greater detail in the ACS has been provided.

Additional links to resources for the ACS:

Glossary

American Community Survey (ACS) — The American Community Survey is a large, continuous demographic survey conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau that will provide accurate and up-to-date profiles of America’s communities every year. Annual and multiyear estimates of population and housing data are generated for small areas, including tracts and population subgroups. This information is collected by mailing questionnaires to a sample of addresses. See the U.S. Census Bureau website for additional details.

The Six Disability Questions in the American Community Survey:

  1. Is this person deaf or does he/she have serious difficulty hearing? (yes or no)
  2. Is this person blind or does he/she have serious difficulty seeing even when wearing glasses? (yes or no)
  3. (If person 5 years old or over) Because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition, does this person have serious difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions? (yes or no)
  4. (If person 5 years or old over) Does this person have serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs? (yes or no)
  5. (If person 5 years old or over) Does this person have difficulty dressing or bathing? (yes or no)
  6. (If person 15 years old or over) Because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition, does this person have difficulty doing errands alone such as visiting a doctor’s office or shopping? (yes or no)

Average — The sum of all of the values in a sample divided by the number of values in the sample.

Civilian — A person not in active-duty military.

Employed – Individuals were asked a series of questions designed to identify their employment status. Based on the answers, individuals were classified into one of five groups: (1) people who worked at any time during the reference week; (2) people on temporary layoff who were available for work; (3) people who did not work during the reference week but who had jobs or businesses from which they were temporarily absent (excluding layoff); (4) people who did not work during the reference week, but who were looking for work during the last four weeks and were available for work during the reference week; and (5) people not in the labor force. People who responded as having worked during the past week were considered "employed".

Employment Rate — The number of individuals that are employed as a percent of the civilian non-institutional population.

Living in the Community – A person lives in the community, if the person is not living in an institution, such as jail, prison, nursing home, and hospital. A college dormitory is not considered an institution.

Median — The middle-most value of a sample that separates the upper half of the values from the lower half of the values. 

Non-Institutionalized Population — Describes individuals who are residing in the community and who are not living in institutions such as jails, prisons, nursing homes, hospitals, etc.

Population — The total number of inhabitants in a defined geographic area including all races, classes, and groups.

Range — The difference between the largest and smallest values in a sample. In a sample, when the smallest value is subtracted from the largest value the resulting value is called the range. 

Sampling Variability — The variation of a statistic when estimated from repeated samples.

United States Census Bureau — An agency within the United States Federal Statistical System tasked with producing data about the American people and economy. Their primary task is to conduct the United States Census every ten years.

About the Center

Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Disability Statistics and Demographics (StatsRRTC)

Led by the University of New Hampshire, the StatsRRTC is a collaborative effort involving the following partners: American Association of People with Disabilities, Center for Essential Management Services, Council of State Administrators of Vocational Rehabilitation, Kessler Foundation, Mathematica Policy Research, and Public Health Institute.

The StatsRRTC is funded by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Community Living, National Institute on Disability, Independent Living and Rehabilitation Research under grant number 90RTGE00010100, from 2018–2023.

Employment Policy and Measurement Rehabilitation Research and Training Center (EPM-RRTC)

Led by the University of New Hampshire, the EPM-RRTC is a collaborative effort involving the following partners: Association of University Centers on Disability, Hunter College, Kessler Foundation, Mathematica Policy Research, and the University of Chicago.

The EPM-RRTC is funded by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Community Living, National Institute on Disability, Independent Living and Rehabilitation Research under grant number 90RT503701, from 2015–2020.

Contact Information
University of New Hampshire, Institute on Disability
10 West Edge Drive, Suite 101
Durham, NH 03824
Toll-Free Telephone/TTY: 866-538-9521
E-mail: Disability.Statistics@unh.edu
https://www.researchondisability.org