2016 State Report for County-Level Data: Employment

Acknowledgements

Special thanks to the following individuals who have contributed to the success of this effort: Deb Brucker, Erin Dame, Adam Lavoie, Kate Filanoski, Karen Volle, and Anna Brennan-Curry.

Funding for this publication is made possible by:

The Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Disability Statistics and Demographics (StatsRRTC), funded by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Administration for Community Living National Institute on Disability, Independent Living, and Rehabilitation Research (NIDILRR), grant number 90RTGE0001-01-00; and the Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Employment Policy and Measurement (EPM-RRTC), also funded by NIDILRR, grant number 90RT5037-03-00. The information developed by the StatsRRTC and EPM-RRTC does not necessarily represent the policies of the Department of Health and Human Services, and you should not assume endorsement by the Federal Government (Edgar, 75.620 (b)).

The StatsRRTC and EPM-RRTC are part of the Institute on Disability at the University of New Hampshire. The Institute on Disability/UCED (IOD) was established in 1987 to provide a university-based focus for the improvement of knowledge, policies, and practices related to the lives of people with disabilities and their families and is New Hampshire’s University Center for Excellence in Disability (UCED). Located within the University of New Hampshire, the IOD is a federally designated center authorized by the Developmental Disabilities Act. Through innovative and interdisciplinary research, academic, service, and dissemination initiatives, the IOD builds local, state, and national capacities to respond to the needs of individuals with disabilities and their families.

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2016 Tennessee Report for County-Level Data: Employment

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on

Disability Statistics and Demographics

A NIDILRR-Funded Center

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Introduction

The State Reports for County-Level Data on Employment are designed to provide the users of disability statistics with the employed count and employment rate for civilians with disabilities, ages 18 to 64 years and living in the community, for any given state and county in the United States (U.S.). This report is intended to be an online complement to Section 2: Employment of the Annual Disability Statistics Compendium and Annual Disability Statistics Supplement, providing greater detail within each state. The State Reports for County-Level Data on Employment can be used to compare county-level statistics between counties in any given state or states. The following report provides county-level statistics for Tennessee.

The proportion of the civilian non-institutionalized population with disabilities who are employed, sometimes called the employment rate or employment-to-population ratio, presented in the State Reports for County-Level Data is a useful tool for advocates, researchers, and policy-makers to plan and provide services and supports for the employment of people with disabilities. In this report, the employment of people with disabilities is presented as the number of employed civilians with disabilities, ages 18 to 64 years and living in the community, in a given state and county per total state and county populations, respectively. Counts and percentages (the employment rate) are provided in tables and maps.

The data for this report come from the American Community Survey 5-year data. The American Community Survey (ACS) is a national survey developed by the U.S. Census Bureau to provide information on a number of topics about social, economic, and demographic characteristics of the U.S. population. ACS 5-year data is collected over a longer period of time than 1-year data, providing larger sample sizes and increased reliability for less populated areas and small population subgroups. All of the statistics in this report use the ACS 5-year data which includes data from 2016, the year of the report, and data from the four previous years. In the ACS, people are identified as having a disability based on responses to a series of six questions asking about having difficulties with vision, hearing, ambulation, cognition, self-care, and independent living (see glossary for further details). 

 

 

 

In the ACS, people are also asked a series of questions designed to identify their employment status. Based on the answers, individuals were classified into one of five groups:

  • People who worked at any time during the reference week;
  • People on temporary layoff who were available for work;
  • People who did not work during the reference week but who had jobs or businesses from which they were temporarily absent (excluding layoff);
  • People who did not work during the reference week, but who were looking for work during the last four weeks and were available for work during the reference week; and
  • People not in the labor force. 

In the ACS, people are identified as being employed if they responded as having worked during the past week. 

Specific to Tennessee, the state chosen for this report, sentences providing interpretation and context for employment statistics are included on the following page. A short glossary of terms is also provided at the end of the report explaining the statistics that are illustrated in each sentence.

Additional Resources. The Annual Disability Statistics Compendium and its complement, the Annual Disability Statistics Supplement, are summaries of statistics about people with disabilities, available both in hard copy and online at https://www.disabilitycompendium.org

Help navigating any of the resources described here can be found in the Frequently Asked Questions section at https://www.disabilitycompendium.org/faq. Assistance interpreting and locating additional statistics is available via our toll-free number, 866.538.9521, or by email, disability.statistics@unh.edu. For more information about our research projects, please visit https://www.researchondisability.org.

Suggested Citation. Boege, S.L., Lauer, E.A., & Houtenville, A.J., 2019. 2016 State Report for Tennessee County-Level Data: Employment. Durham, NH: University of New Hampshire, Institute on Disability.

Interpretation

The following statements are designed to help understand the 2016 county-level employment statistics from Tennessee that are presented:

 

  • For people with disabilities: 
    • The employment rate for people with disabilities in Tennessee was 30.2%.
    • The range, also known as the difference between largest and smallest values, of employment rates for people with disabilities across Tennessee counties was 32.2%.
      • The county with the greatest employment rate for people with disabilities was Robertson and Williamson (43.4%).
      • The county with the smallest employment rate for people with disabilities was Hancock (11.2%).
    • The median, also known as the middle-most, employment rate for people with disabilities across all counties in Tennessee was 26.5%.

 

  • For people without disabilities:
    • The employment rate for people without disabilities in Tennessee was 74.9%.
    • The range, also known as the difference between largest and smallest values, of employment rates for people without disabilities across Tennessee counties was 19.7%.
      • The county with the greatest employment rate for people without disabilities was Sevier (80.0%).
      • The county with the smallest employment rate for people without disabilities was Grundy (60.3%).
    • The median, also known as the middle-most, employment rate for people without disabilities across all counties in Tennessee was 72.0%.
Employment of Civilians with and without Disabilities Ages 18 to 64 Years Living in the Community for Tennessee, by County: 2016
County Disability No Disability   County Disability No Disability
Total Employed % [1] Total Employed % [2] Total Employed % [1] Total Employed % [2]
Tennessee  545,573 164,961 30.2 3,451,906 2,585,980 74.9  Franklin    3,800     955 25.1    20,948    14,920 71.2
 Anderson    7,694   2,061 26.8    37,181    27,533 74.1   Gibson     4,299   1,072 24.9    23,867    17,987 75.4
 Bedford     4,326   1,259 29.1    22,848    18,145 79.4   Giles      2,700     681 25.2    14,608    10,540 72.2
  Benton     1,998     574 28.7     7,249     4,880 67.3  Grainger    2,970     644 21.7    10,763     7,723 71.8
 Bledsoe     1,951     546 28.0     5,787     4,041 69.8   Greene     8,619   2,202 25.5    32,120    23,647 73.6
  Blount     9,307   2,564 27.5    66,366    50,520 76.1   Grundy     1,820     389 21.4     5,872     3,540 60.3
 Bradley    10,177   3,318 32.6    52,821    38,595 73.1  Hamblen     6,436   1,250 19.4    30,555    21,820 71.4
 Campbell    5,445   1,167 21.4    18,385    12,531 68.2  Hamilton   25,681   8,625 33.6   192,824   146,231 75.8
  Cannon     1,488     378 25.4     6,877     5,134 74.7  Hancock     1,101     123 11.2     2,806     1,863 66.4
 Carroll     2,854     618 21.7    13,755     9,677 70.4  Hardeman    2,239     347 15.5    10,916     7,294 66.8
  Carter     6,488   1,899 29.3    27,493    19,425 70.7   Hardin     2,529     566 22.4    12,368     8,338 67.4
 Cheatham    3,504   1,079 30.8    21,315    16,975 79.6  Hawkins     7,005   1,684 24.0    26,638    18,560 69.7
 Chester     1,066     357 33.5     9,457     6,475 68.5  Haywood     1,663     378 22.7     9,079     6,553 72.2
Claiborne    3,730     505 13.5    15,797    10,551 66.8 Henderson    2,815     659 23.4    13,713     9,848 71.8
   Clay      1,008     129 12.8     3,338     2,163 64.8   Henry      3,871   1,190 30.7    14,405    10,424 72.4
  Cocke      4,452   1,205 27.1    16,530    11,658 70.5  Hickman     3,023     896 29.6    10,870     8,063 74.2
  Coffee     5,508   1,819 33.0    25,877    19,537 75.5  Houston     1,095     346 31.6     3,614     2,459 68.0
 Crockett    1,558     415 26.6     6,877     5,044 73.3 Humphreys    2,044     651 31.8     8,645     5,990 69.3
Cumberland   6,540   1,655 25.3    23,834    16,978 71.2  Jackson     1,445     311 21.5     5,372     3,444 64.1
 Davidson   46,092  18,168 39.4   398,918   316,142 79.2 Jefferson    5,728   1,673 29.2    25,735    19,466 75.6
  DeKalb     2,078     387 18.6     9,350     6,714 71.8  Johnson     2,003     284 14.2     7,359     5,085 69.1
 Decatur     1,214     322 26.5     5,296     3,766 71.1    Knox     31,618  10,818 34.2   254,362   194,643 76.5
 Dickson     4,789   1,285 26.8    25,886    19,497 75.3    Lake        745     127 17.0     2,184     1,536 70.3
   Dyer      3,932   1,078 27.4    18,479    13,944 75.5 Lauderdale   3,244     685 21.1    11,184     7,781 69.6
 Fayette     2,970     919 30.9    20,452    14,876 72.7  Lawrence    3,771     825 21.9    20,423    14,709 72.0
 Fentress    2,168     601 27.7     8,117     5,383 66.3   Lewis      1,442     339 23.5     5,410     4,120 76.2
Employment of Civilians with and without Disabilities Ages 18 to 64 Years Living in the Community for Tennessee, by County: 2016
County Disability No Disability   County Disability No Disability
Total Employed % [1] Total Employed % [2] Total Employed % [1] Total Employed % [2]
 Lincoln     3,904   1,385 35.5    15,814    11,727 74.2   Sevier     9,303   2,840 30.5    47,848    38,282 80.0
  Loudon     3,846   1,098 28.5    24,045    16,991 70.7   Shelby    65,634  20,849 31.8   514,211   380,955 74.1
  Macon      2,484     672 27.1    11,001     8,265 75.1   Smith      1,972     466 23.6     9,528     7,227 75.9
 Madison     8,472   2,362 27.9    51,561    37,453 72.6  Stewart     1,377     347 25.2     6,375     4,226 66.3
  Marion     3,389   1,095 32.3    13,552     9,688 71.5  Sullivan   16,581   4,480 27.0    76,141    56,644 74.4
 Marshall    2,682     710 26.5    16,268    12,133 74.6   Sumner    11,414   4,372 38.3    93,029    74,335 79.9
  Maury      7,262   2,056 28.3    44,977    34,628 77.0   Tipton     5,171   1,466 28.4    31,895    24,316 76.2
  McMinn     4,991   1,191 23.9    25,950    17,761 68.4 Trousdale      758     215 28.4     4,049     2,978 73.5
 McNairy     2,658     427 16.1    12,271     7,748 63.1   Unicoi     2,454     647 26.4     8,053     5,817 72.2
  Meigs      1,565     219 14.0     5,380     3,460 64.3   Union      2,064     437 21.2     9,519     5,999 63.0
  Monroe     3,810     965 25.3    22,690    14,801 65.2 Van Buren      697     114 16.4     2,637     1,871 71.0
Montgomery  15,214   5,994 39.4    93,298    65,776 70.5   Warren     4,139     826 20.0    19,463    14,596 75.0
  Moore        463     176 38.0     3,218     2,519 78.3 Washington  11,989   3,870 32.3    67,067    51,411 76.7
  Morgan     2,299     506 22.0     8,977     5,900 65.7   Wayne      1,575     369 23.4     7,331     5,305 72.4
  Obion      2,961     817 27.6    15,090    10,562 70.0  Weakley     2,954     780 26.4    18,502    12,615 68.2
 Overton     1,909     317 16.6    10,739     7,899 73.6   White      2,882     439 15.2    12,222     8,509 69.6
  Perry        847     216 25.5     3,624     2,372 65.5 Williamson   6,556   2,845 43.4   117,395    92,152 78.5
 Pickett       472     127 26.9     2,334     1,757 75.3   Wilson     8,271   3,288 39.8    68,166    53,271 78.1
   Polk      1,628     262 16.1     8,240     5,895 71.5                                                         
  Putnam     5,475   1,165 21.3    41,160    28,371 68.9                                                         
   Rhea      4,194   1,328 31.7    14,920    11,123 74.6                                                         
  Roane      6,093   1,328 21.8    24,962    17,565 70.4                                                         
Robertson    5,368   2,329 43.4    35,862    27,921 77.9                                                         
Rutherford  16,579   6,306 38.0   171,339   135,094 78.8                                                         
  Scott      3,272     818 25.0     9,740     6,496 66.7                                                         
Sequatchie   1,902     414 21.8     6,538     4,798 73.4                                                         
Count of Employed Civilians with Disabilities Ages 18 to 64 Years Living in the Community for Tennessee, by County: 2016

Employment Rate for Civilians with Disabilities Ages 18 to 64 Years Living in the Community for Tennessee, by County: 2016

Discussion

There are a number of concepts and factors which complicate the interpretation of the estimates presented in this report. These concerns affect all statistics from population-based surveys. The estimates included in this document should be interpreted the following limitations in mind and generalized with caution. In each point, a link to the U.S. Census Bureau website describing the limitation or concept in greater detail in the ACS has been provided.

Additional links to resources for the ACS:

Glossary

American Community Survey (ACS) — The American Community Survey is a large, continuous demographic survey conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau that will provide accurate and up-to-date profiles of America’s communities every year. Annual and multiyear estimates of population and housing data are generated for small areas, including tracts and population subgroups. This information is collected by mailing questionnaires to a sample of addresses. See the U.S. Census Bureau website for additional details.

The Six Disability Questions in the American Community Survey:

  1. Is this person deaf or does he/she have serious difficulty hearing? (yes or no)
  2. Is this person blind or does he/she have serious difficulty seeing even when wearing glasses? (yes or no)
  3. (If person 5 years old or over) Because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition, does this person have serious difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions? (yes or no)
  4. (If person 5 years or old over) Does this person have serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs? (yes or no)
  5. (If person 5 years old or over) Does this person have difficulty dressing or bathing? (yes or no)
  6. (If person 15 years old or over) Because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition, does this person have difficulty doing errands alone such as visiting a doctor’s office or shopping? (yes or no)

Average — The sum of all of the values in a sample divided by the number of values in the sample.

Civilian — A person not in active-duty military.

Employed – Individuals were asked a series of questions designed to identify their employment status. Based on the answers, individuals were classified into one of five groups: (1) people who worked at any time during the reference week; (2) people on temporary layoff who were available for work; (3) people who did not work during the reference week but who had jobs or businesses from which they were temporarily absent (excluding layoff); (4) people who did not work during the reference week, but who were looking for work during the last four weeks and were available for work during the reference week; and (5) people not in the labor force. People who responded as having worked during the past week were considered "employed".

Employment Rate — The number of individuals that are employed as a percent of the civilian non-institutional population.

Living in the Community – A person lives in the community, if the person is not living in an institution, such as jail, prison, nursing home, and hospital. A college dormitory is not considered an institution.

Median — The middle-most value of a sample that separates the upper half of the values from the lower half of the values. 

Non-Institutionalized Population — Describes individuals who are residing in the community and who are not living in institutions such as jails, prisons, nursing homes, hospitals, etc.

Population — The total number of inhabitants in a defined geographic area including all races, classes, and groups.

Range — The difference between the largest and smallest values in a sample. In a sample, when the smallest value is subtracted from the largest value the resulting value is called the range. 

Sampling Variability — The variation of a statistic when estimated from repeated samples.

United States Census Bureau — An agency within the United States Federal Statistical System tasked with producing data about the American people and economy. Their primary task is to conduct the United States Census every ten years.

About the Center

Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Disability Statistics and Demographics (StatsRRTC)

Led by the University of New Hampshire, the StatsRRTC is a collaborative effort involving the following partners: American Association of People with Disabilities, Center for Essential Management Services, Council of State Administrators of Vocational Rehabilitation, Kessler Foundation, Mathematica Policy Research, and Public Health Institute.

The StatsRRTC is funded by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Community Living, National Institute on Disability, Independent Living and Rehabilitation Research under grant number 90RTGE00010100, from 2018–2023.

Employment Policy and Measurement Rehabilitation Research and Training Center (EPM-RRTC)

Led by the University of New Hampshire, the EPM-RRTC is a collaborative effort involving the following partners: Association of University Centers on Disability, Hunter College, Kessler Foundation, Mathematica Policy Research, and the University of Chicago.

The EPM-RRTC is funded by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Community Living, National Institute on Disability, Independent Living and Rehabilitation Research under grant number 90RT503701, from 2015–2020.

Contact Information
University of New Hampshire, Institute on Disability
10 West Edge Drive, Suite 101
Durham, NH 03824
Toll-Free Telephone/TTY: 866-538-9521
E-mail: Disability.Statistics@unh.edu
https://www.researchondisability.org