2017 Annual Disability Statistics Compendium

Veterans

Section 5: Veterans

This section presents statistics on Veterans in the United States. Specifically, the data address service connected to disability rating; the prevalence of disabilities in the Veteran population; the portion of the Veteran population that experiences poverty (as well as the difference between the poverty rates (poverty gap) of Veterans with and without disabilities), by disability status; and Veterans’ benefits, by disability status. The principal sources of these data are the U.S. Census Bureau, specifically the American Community Survey and the Veterans Benefits Administration’s Annual Benefits Report. For these tables, statistics for people with disabilities (disability status) are based on having responded ‘yes’ to a series of questions within the American Community Survey (see the glossary for more details). Poverty is defined by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget and set as a dollar threshold by the U.S. Census Bureau in all sources (see the glossary for details).

Tables

Table 5.1: In 2016, according to the American Community Survey, 1,276,730 individuals ages 18 and over living in the community reported having a military service-connected disability rating of 70 percent or more.

Table 5.2: In 2016, there were 9,129,782 civilian veterans ages 18 to 64 years living in the community, 1,698,848 of which were individuals with disabilities—a prevalence rate of 18.6 percent. West Virginia had the highest prevalence rate, 29.2 percent, while Maryland had the lowest prevalence rate, 12.5 percent.

Tables 5.3 and 5.4: In 2016, of the 1,698,848 civilian veterans with disabilities ages 18 to 64 years living in the community, 299,237 individuals lived in poverty—a poverty rate of 17.6 percent. In contrast, of the 7,430,934 civilian veterans without disabilities ages 18 to 64 years living in the community, 481,222 civilian veterans lived in poverty—a poverty rate of 6.5 percent. The poverty rate for civilian veterans with disabilities was highest in the District of Columbia (47.0 percent) and lowest in Alaska (5.8 percent).

Table 5.5: In 2016, the poverty rate of civilian veterans with disabilities ages 18 to 64 years living in the community was 17.6 percent, while the poverty rate of individuals without disabilities ages 18 to 64 years living in the community was 6.5 percent—a poverty gap of 11.1 percentage points. The poverty gap was smallest in Alaska (-0.4 percentage points), meaning the poverty rate of individuals without disabilities was higher than that of individuals with disabilities) and greatest in the District of Columbia (38.2 percentage points).

Table 5.6: In the Federal Fiscal Year 2016, the United States spent a total of $84,028,287 on compensation and pension benefits paid to disabled veterans.

Table 5.1 Service-Connected Disability Rating—Civilian Veterans Ages 18 Years and Over Living in the Community, by Disability Status: 2016

State Total Veterans Has a Rating Percent Rating Not Reported
0 10 to 60 70 Higher
U.S. 18,496,937 4,022,450 188,318 2,331,550 1,276,730 225,852
AL 331,076 87,087 3,805 50,080 27,303 5,899
AK 65,814 18,202 552 11,086 5,246 1,318
AZ 485,094 97,451 5,293 60,821 26,161 5,176
AR 197,781 44,810 1,708 22,284 18,392 2,426
CA 1,624,519 347,702 21,067 198,719 104,153 23,763
CO 376,108 90,574 4,126 52,873 28,567 5,008
CT 170,879 24,573 1,829 14,486 6,614 1,644
DE 63,316 9,492 570 5,641 2,751 530
DC 26,346 4,128 605 2,457 673 393
FL 1,429,330 315,670 16,444 191,849 93,080 14,297
GA 643,660 166,058 4,868 92,110 60,066 9,014
HI 104,719 25,489 1,134 15,488 7,132 1,735
ID 110,599 23,739 1,329 15,154 6,150 1,106
IL 583,994 90,419 6,110 50,540 27,302 6,467
IN 381,073 79,576 3,390 52,303 19,808 4,075
IA 183,822 33,085 2,013 21,016 7,915 2,141
KS 175,372 36,198 2,407 21,716 9,717 2,358
KY 272,899 62,677 2,446 35,502 21,291 3,438
LA 241,202 49,652 2,622 26,335 17,795 2,900
ME 102,948 22,913 505 12,086 9,528 794
MD 370,459 73,505 3,429 45,328 21,439 3,309
MA 311,150 56,901 2,887 32,710 18,374 2,930
MI 559,155 96,157 4,871 54,450 31,890 4,946
MN 310,786 83,415 4,158 59,023 15,938 4,296
MS 176,719 39,807 2,410 23,331 11,733 2,333
MO 420,122 84,963 2,226 49,471 28,241 5,025
State Total Veterans Has a Rating Percent Rating Not Reported
0 10 to 60 70 Higher
MT 85,461 20,429 652 13,264 5,345 1,168
NE 120,533 35,696 1,428 24,165 7,883 2,220
NV 208,263 49,535 2,530 27,909 16,181 2,915
NH 97,864 15,727 860 9,961 4,284 622
NJ 330,766 48,633 3,370 26,279 15,099 3,885
NM 142,187 35,126 1,791 18,019 13,089 2,227
NY 723,582 118,055 6,335 67,766 35,354 8,600
NC 666,425 168,941 7,118 89,595 63,856 8,372
ND 46,905 12,266 708 8,668 2,564 326
OH 729,520 120,805 6,369 73,238 34,120 7,078
OK 275,808 87,374 2,375 42,931 38,320 3,748
OR 295,845 67,853 2,550 37,852 23,960 3,491
PA 791,295 123,805 6,848 71,353 36,732 8,872
RI 55,465 8,864 609 5,640 2,341 274
SC 367,504 93,265 3,256 51,941 31,540 6,528
SD 61,405 14,605 519 10,167 3,089 830
TN 427,976 100,699 4,973 54,774 35,198 5,754
TX 1,460,627 394,396 13,108 214,690 145,795 20,803
UT 122,654 26,224 2,234 16,977 6,336 677
VT 37,412 6,648 811 3,163 2,115 559
VA 671,080 177,265 7,189 106,214 57,247 6,615
WA 537,385 121,987 4,911 72,744 37,547 6,785
WV 137,939 35,352 1,104 19,486 12,385 2,377
WI 336,559 64,137 3,507 41,019 16,516 3,095
WY 47,535 10,520 359 6,876 2,575 710
PR 79,492 21,899 839 9,512 9,368 2,180

Table 5.2 Civilian Veterans Ages 18 to 64 Years Living in the Community for the United States and States, by Disability Status: 2016

State Total Disability No Disability
Count % [1] Count % [1]
U.S. 9,129,782 1,698,848 18.6 7,430,934 81.4
AL 172,957 37,722 21.8 135,235 78.2
AK 46,211 8,005 17.3 38,206 82.7
AZ 218,783 40,274 18.4 178,509 81.6
AR 96,682 25,649 26.5 71,033 73.5
CA 780,836 130,602 16.7 650,234 83.3
CO 210,127 35,617 17.0 174,510 83.0
CT 70,269 10,341 14.7 59,928 85.3
DE 27,731 3,990 14.4 23,741 85.6
DC 14,525 2,765 19.0 11,760 81.0
FL 642,438 116,132 18.1 526,306 81.9
GA 380,293 76,732 20.2 303,561 79.8
HI 58,665 8,980 15.3 49,685 84.7
ID 51,731 9,461 18.3 42,270 81.7
IL 260,764 45,260 17.4 215,504 82.6
IN 182,923 37,734 20.6 145,189 79.4
IA 81,078 13,175 16.2 67,903 83.8
KS 86,216 16,470 19.1 69,746 80.9
KY 135,721 31,671 23.3 104,050 76.7
LA 124,062 24,185 19.5 99,877 80.5
ME 44,859 8,473 18.9 36,386 81.1
MD 203,371 25,373 12.5 177,998 87.5
MA 129,781 20,834 16.1 108,947 83.9
MI 246,513 49,931 20.3 196,582 79.7
MN 138,757 22,923 16.5 115,834 83.5
MS 97,146 18,015 18.5 79,131 81.5
MO 201,588 42,245 21.0 159,343 79.0
State Total Disability No Disability
Count % [1] Count % [1]
MT 41,658 9,880 23.7 31,778 76.3
NE 58,736 12,407 21.1 46,329 78.9
NV 105,780 18,365 17.4 87,415 82.6
NH 49,150 8,297 16.9 40,853 83.1
NJ 125,705 21,738 17.3 103,967 82.7
NM 70,377 13,358 19.0 57,019 81.0
NY 310,866 55,260 17.8 255,606 82.2
NC 362,517 72,743 20.1 289,774 79.9
ND 24,965 3,806 15.2 21,159 84.8
OH 348,603 63,729 18.3 284,874 81.7
OK 143,378 35,420 24.7 107,958 75.3
OR 138,544 29,959 21.6 108,585 78.4
PA 338,652 59,054 17.4 279,598 82.6
RI 22,200 5,086 22.9 17,114 77.1
SC 195,353 41,225 21.1 154,128 78.9
SD 32,113 5,642 17.6 26,471 82.4
TN 225,377 51,806 23.0 173,571 77.0
TX 817,203 155,947 19.1 661,256 80.9
UT 59,803 10,195 17.0 49,608 83.0
VT 16,233 3,223 19.9 13,010 80.1
VA 409,505 56,365 13.8 353,140 86.2
WA 289,331 53,827 18.6 235,504 81.4
WV 62,812 18,363 29.2 44,449 70.8
WI 150,522 25,862 17.2 124,660 82.8
WY 26,372 4,732 17.9 21,640 82.1
PR 29,784 8,563 28.8 21,221 71.2

Table 5.3 Poverty—Civilian Veterans with Disabilities Ages 18 to 64 Years Living in the Community for the United States and States: 2016

State Total Poverty
Count % [1]
U.S. 1,698,848 299,237 17.6
AL 37,722 7,116 18.9
AK 8,005 464 5.8
AZ 40,274 7,245 18.0
AR 25,649 4,729 18.4
CA 130,602 22,366 17.1
CO 35,617 6,189 17.4
CT 10,341 1,036 10.0
DE 3,990 341 8.5
DC 2,765 1,300 47.0
FL 116,132 21,930 18.9
GA 76,732 12,839 16.7
HI 8,980 1,448 16.1
ID 9,461 1,631 17.2
IL 45,260 9,562 21.1
IN 37,734 6,626 17.6
IA 13,175 1,863 14.1
KS 16,470 2,249 13.7
KY 31,671 6,038 19.1
LA 24,185 5,420 22.4
ME 8,473 1,703 20.1
MD 25,373 3,917 15.4
MA 20,834 3,874 18.6
MI 49,931 9,962 20.0
MN 22,923 2,770 12.1
MS 18,015 3,651 20.3
MO 42,245 8,211 19.4
State Total Poverty
Count % [1]
MT 9,880 1,347 13.6
NE 12,407 1,913 15.4
NV 18,365 3,058 16.7
NH 8,297 1,147 13.8
NJ 21,738 4,303 19.8
NM 13,358 2,519 18.9
NY 55,260 11,720 21.2
NC 72,743 11,618 16.0
ND 3,806 776 20.4
OH 63,729 14,411 22.6
OK 35,420 6,790 19.2
OR 29,959 5,945 19.8
PA 59,054 12,719 21.5
RI 5,086 967 19.0
SC 41,225 5,482 13.3
SD 5,642 802 14.2
TN 51,806 9,620 18.6
TX 155,947 21,211 13.6
UT 10,195 2,307 22.6
VT 3,223 461 14.3
VA 56,365 8,093 14.4
WA 53,827 9,480 17.6
WV 18,363 3,217 17.5
WI 25,862 3,659 14.1
WY 4,732 1,192 25.2
PR 8,563 2,224 26.0

Table 5.4 Poverty—Civilian Veterans without Disabilities Ages 18 to 64 Years Living in the Community for the United States and States: 2016

StateTotalPoverty% [1]
U.S.7,430,934481,2226.5
AL135,23511,3348.4
AK38,2062,3526.2
AZ178,50914,7288.3
AR71,0336,8329.6
CA650,23450,1987.7
CO174,5108,9095.1
CT59,9282,7124.5
DE23,7411,6807.1
DC11,7601,0318.8
FL526,30638,2207.3
GA303,56119,8706.5
HI49,6852,3214.7
ID42,2702,5676.1
IL215,50414,0546.5
IN145,1898,5755.9
IA67,9035,1177.5
KS69,7464,4246.3
KY104,0507,4607.2
LA99,8778,7098.7
ME36,3861,7944.9
MD177,9987,3754.1
MA108,9475,5455.1
MI196,58212,7676.5
MN115,8345,9255.1
MS79,1316,9758.8
MO159,34310,4946.6
StateTotalPoverty% [1]
MT31,7782,2137.0
NE46,3292,7235.9
NV87,4156,0867.0
NH40,8531,5143.7
NJ103,9674,1934.0
NM57,0194,1947.4
NY255,60617,9267.0
NC289,77419,0696.6
ND21,1591,2225.8
OH284,87420,5457.2
OK107,9588,1887.6
OR108,5858,3067.6
PA279,59813,8425.0
RI17,1141,2127.1
SC154,12810,1186.6
SD26,4711,2754.8
TN173,57111,2766.5
TX661,25642,9826.5
UT49,6082,0044.0
VT13,0106164.7
VA353,14015,6494.4
WA235,50411,8255.0
WV44,4493,6238.2
WI124,6607,4115.9
WY21,6401,2425.7
PR21,2213,49216.5

Table 5.5 Poverty Gap—Civilian Veterans Ages 18 to 64 Years Living in the Community for the United States and States by Disability Status: 2016

State Poverty Rate (%) Gap (% pts) [2]
Disability [1] No Disability [1]
U.S. 17.6 6.5 11.1
AL 18.9 8.4 10.5
AK 5.8 6.2 -0.4
AZ 18.0 8.3 9.7
AR 18.4 9.6 8.8
CA 17.1 7.7 9.4
CO 17.4 5.1 12.3
CT 10.0 4.5 5.5
DE 8.5 7.1 1.4
DC 47.0 8.8 38.2
FL 18.9 7.3 11.6
GA 16.7 6.5 10.2
HI 16.1 4.7 11.4
ID 17.2 6.1 11.1
IL 21.1 6.5 14.6
IN 17.6 5.9 11.7
IA 14.1 7.5 6.6
KS 13.7 6.3 7.4
KY 19.1 7.2 11.9
LA 22.4 8.7 13.7
ME 20.1 4.9 15.2
MD 15.4 4.1 11.3
MA 18.6 5.1 13.5
MI 20.0 6.5 13.5
MN 12.1 5.1 7.0
MS 20.3 8.8 11.5
MO 19.4 6.6 12.8
State Poverty Rate (%) Gap (% pts) [2]
Disability [1] No Disability [1]
MT 13.6 7.0 6.6
NE 15.4 5.9 9.5
NV 16.7 7.0 9.7
NH 13.8 3.7 10.1
NJ 19.8 4.0 15.8
NM 18.9 7.4 11.5
NY 21.2 7.0 14.2
NC 16.0 6.6 9.4
ND 20.4 5.8 14.6
OH 22.6 7.2 15.4
OK 19.2 7.6 11.6
OR 19.8 7.6 12.2
PA 21.5 5.0 16.5
RI 19.0 7.1 11.9
SC 13.3 6.6 6.7
SD 14.2 4.8 9.4
TN 18.6 6.5 12.1
TX 13.6 6.5 7.1
UT 22.6 4.0 18.6
VT 14.3 4.7 9.6
VA 14.4 4.4 10.0
WA 17.6 5.0 12.6
WV 17.5 8.2 9.3
WI 14.1 5.9 8.2
WY 25.2 5.7 19.5
PR 26.0 16.5 9.5

Table 5.6 Veterans Benefits Administration—Compensation and Pension Benefits Paid to Disabled Veterans and their Survivors: Federal Fiscal Year 2016

StateTotal ($) [1]
U.S.84,028,287
AL2,062,094
AK280,603
AZ1,833,525
AR1,129,084
CA7,252,271
CO1,683,271
CT469,393
DE231,634
DC96,502
FL6,288,593
GA3,528,819
HI438,960
ID457,871
IL1,847,960
IN1,347,665
IA628,838
KS698,221
KY1,339,620
LA1,325,975
ME569,940
MD1,412,897
MA1,236,294
MI2,148,061
MN1,225,675
MS882,755
StateTotal ($) [1]
MO1,773,038
MT353,054
NE594,498
NV944,687
NH344,688
NJ1,126,820
NM853,572
NY2,567,691
NC3,875,723
ND182,453
OH2,412,518
OK2,011,045
OR1,392,002
PA2,612,747
RI242,773
SC2,122,970
SD258,293
TN2,292,295
TX8,433,064
UT499,178
VT145,689
VA3,154,782
WA2,351,434
WV763,343
WI1,217,552
WY173,669