2017 Annual Disability Statistics Compendium

Health

Section 7: Health

This section presents statistics on health in the United States, especially the health of people with disabilities. Specifically, the data address the prevalence of disabilities, health behaviors such as smoking, binge drinking, obesity, and health insurance coverage by disability status. These statistics were generated by the authors using the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance Survey. See the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s Disability and Health Data System for more detailed information on the health of the population with disabilities. Statistics for people with disabilities (disability status) are based on having responded ‘yes’ to a series of questions within the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance Survey. See the glossary for more details.

Tables

Table 7.1: In 2016, there were 239,368,830 individuals ages 18 and over living in the community, and 61,444,813 had a disability (25.7 percent). The state with the largest number of individuals with disabilities was California, with 6,479,729 individuals with disabilities, while the state with the smallest number of individuals with disabilities was Alaska, with 100,857 individuals with disabilities.

Table 7.2: In 2016, individuals (ages 18 years and over) with disabilities were more likely to smoke (24.6 percent) than adults without disabilities (13.5 percent). Adults with disabilities were most likely to smoke in Missouri (34.0 percent) and least likely to smoke in Utah (15.0 percent).

Table 7.3: In 2016, individuals (ages 18 years and over) with disabilities were more likely to be obese (38.9 percent) than adults without disabilities (26.4 percent). Adults with disabilities were most likely to be obese in Alabama (43.8 percent) and least likely to be obese in Hawaii (29.6 percent).

Table 7.4: In 2016, individuals (ages 18 years and over) with disabilities were less likely to binge drink (13.1 percent) than adults without disabilities (18.3 percent). Adults with disabilities were most likely to binge drink in Wisconsin (21.6 percent) and least likely to binge drink in Mississippi (7.0 percent).

Table 7.5: In 2016, individuals ages 18 and over with disabilities in Kentucky were most likely to have health insurance coverage (94.9 percent), while individuals ages 18 and over with disabilities in Texas were least likely to have health insurance coverage (79.8 percent).

Table 7.1 Persons Ages 18 and Over Living in the Community, by Disability Status: 2016

State Total Disability No Disability
Count % [1] Count % [1]
U.S. 239,368,830 61,444,813 25.7 177,924,017 74.3
AL 3,640,055 1,218,125 33.5 2,421,930 66.5
AK 536,456 100,857 18.8 435,598 81.2
AZ 5,058,865 1,335,910 26.4 3,722,955 73.6
AR 2,209,009 767,548 34.7 1,441,461 65.3
CA 28,300,734 6,479,729 22.9 21,821,005 77.1
CO 3,904,017 742,860 19.0 3,161,157 81.0
CT 2,727,152 605,684 22.2 2,121,468 77.8
DE 725,097 185,501 25.6 539,596 74.4
DC 549,107 122,063 22.2 427,043 77.8
FL 15,661,693 4,744,369 30.3 10,917,323 69.7
GA 7,520,364 2,033,265 27.0 5,487,099 73.0
HI 1,082,749 236,073 21.8 846,676 78.2
ID 1,195,711 264,474 22.1 931,236 77.9
IL 9,582,566 2,025,310 21.1 7,557,255 78.9
IN 4,901,833 1,219,518 24.9 3,682,315 75.1
IA 2,344,320 531,559 22.7 1,812,761 77.3
KS 2,081,961 491,285 23.6 1,590,676 76.4
KY 3,350,108 1,176,897 35.1 2,173,212 64.9
LA 3,442,616 1,081,030 31.4 2,361,587 68.6
ME 1,049,615 259,082 24.7 790,533 75.3
MD 4,477,447 967,871 21.6 3,509,576 78.4
MA 5,139,947 1,226,532 23.9 3,913,416 76.1
MI 7,503,404 2,254,450 30.0 5,248,953 70.0
MN 4,103,681 933,297 22.7 3,170,383 77.3
MS 2,198,551 775,664 35.3 1,422,887 64.7
State Total Disability No Disability
Count % [1] Count % [1]
MO 4,585,099 1,319,633 28.8 3,265,466 71.2
MT 795,300 215,715 27.1 579,585 72.9
NE 1,409,913 309,584 22.0 1,100,329 78.0
NV 2,199,372 640,482 29.1 1,558,890 70.9
NH 1,040,213 253,885 24.4 786,328 75.6
NJ 6,677,014 1,660,706 24.9 5,016,308 75.1
NM 1,530,046 446,098 29.2 1,083,948 70.8
NY 14,489,676 3,321,032 22.9 11,168,644 77.1
NC 7,652,518 1,981,999 25.9 5,670,519 74.1
ND 564,903 114,217 20.2 450,686 79.8
OH 8,768,183 2,343,380 26.7 6,424,802 73.3
OK 2,839,606 915,771 32.2 1,923,835 67.8
OR 3,018,447 782,790 25.9 2,235,657 74.1
PA 9,847,625 2,450,613 24.9 7,397,012 75.1
RI 813,624 201,338 24.7 612,286 75.3
SC 3,750,005 1,118,059 29.8 2,631,946 70.2
SD 636,655 141,365 22.2 495,290 77.8
TN 4,966,893 1,588,738 32.0 3,378,155 68.0
TX 19,894,967 4,928,536 24.8 14,966,430 75.2
UT 2,065,191 416,818 20.2 1,648,374 79.8
VT 489,437 109,883 22.5 379,554 77.5
VA 6,352,708 1,468,686 23.1 4,884,021 76.9
WA 5,471,897 1,264,635 23.1 4,207,262 76.9
WV 1,439,271 573,424 39.8 865,847 60.2
WI 4,268,205 969,073 22.7 3,299,132 77.3
WY 438,355 111,776 25.5 326,579 74.5

Table 7.2 Health Behavior—Smoking among Persons Ages 18 and Over by Disability Status: 2016

State Smoking (%) Gap (% pts) [1]
Disability No Disability
U.S. 24.6 13.5 11.0
AL 29.2 17.6 11.6
AK 29.1 16.8 12.3
AZ 22.0 12.0 10.0
AR 32.9 18.8 14.1
CA 16.4 9.4 7.1
CO 26.4 13.1 13.2
CT 23.3 10.5 12.8
DE 25.5 15.0 10.4
DC 23.0 12.3 10.6
FL 21.9 12.7 9.3
GA 27.6 14.3 13.3
HI 19.8 11.2 8.6
ID 23.6 11.9 11.8
IL 24.1 13.6 10.5
IN 31.9 17.6 14.3
IA 25.8 14.0 11.8
KS 26.8 14.3 12.6
KY 32.4 20.2 12.1
LA 29.2 19.7 9.6
ME 30.2 16.4 13.8
MD 22.7 11.1 11.6
MA 21.2 11.3 10.0
MI 29.2 16.6 12.7
MN 24.5 12.4 12.0
MS 28.8 19.6 9.2
State Smoking (%) Gap (% pts) [1]
Disability No Disability
MO 34.0 17.4 16.6
MT 26.2 15.7 10.5
NE 26.4 14.3 12.1
NV 23.4 13.7 9.7
NH 28.4 14.7 13.6
NJ 23.1 11.0 12.1
NM 22.3 14.3 8.0
NY 20.1 12.4 7.7
NC 24.9 15.3 9.6
ND 30.4 17.1 13.3
OH 31.8 19.2 12.6
OK 27.9 15.2 12.7
OR 25.2 13.1 12.1
PA 27.9 14.7 13.2
RI 24.0 11.4 12.6
SC 29.4 16.0 13.4
SD 22.1 17.0 5.2
TN 32.1 17.4 14.8
TX 19.9 12.5 7.5
UT 15.0 7.2 7.8
VT 28.5 13.7 14.8
VA 23.8 12.8 10.9
WA 21.8 11.6 10.2
WV 29.9 21.5 8.4
WI 26.8 14.3 12.6
WY 25.0 17.0 8.0

Table 7.3 Health Behavior—Obesity among Persons 18 and Over by Disability Status: 2016

State Obesity (%) Gap (% pts) [1]
Disability No Disability
U.S. 38.9 26.4 12.6
AL 43.8 31.8 12.0
AK 39.7 30.0 9.8
AZ 40.5 25.0 15.5
AR 40.9 32.9 8.0
CA 35.2 22.0 13.2
CO 31.6 20.0 11.6
CT 37.3 23.1 14.2
DE 41.8 26.8 15.1
DC 35.3 19.0 16.2
FL 35.1 23.9 11.2
GA 39.6 28.5 11.1
HI 29.6 22.1 7.5
ID 37.0 24.6 12.4
IL 41.7 28.6 13.1
IN 40.8 29.7 11.1
IA 40.7 29.1 11.6
KS 39.7 28.5 11.2
KY 41.9 29.9 12.0
LA 40.9 33.6 7.3
ME 40.2 26.3 13.9
MD 41.1 26.9 14.2
MA 34.3 20.7 13.6
MI 40.5 29.0 11.5
MN 37.6 24.9 12.6
MS 41.5 34.2 7.3
State Obesity (%) Gap (% pts) [1]
Disability No Disability
MO 41.9 27.6 14.3
MT 34.5 22.0 12.5
NE 38.2 30.3 7.9
NV 34.0 22.5 11.5
NH 36.8 23.2 13.6
NJ 38.3 24.1 14.2
NM 34.9 25.8 9.1
NY 38.0 21.9 16.0
NC 42.5 28.3 14.2
ND 40.5 29.9 10.7
OH 42.9 27.2 15.7
OK 40.2 29.5 10.7
OR 39.4 25.1 14.4
PA 38.3 27.7 10.6
RI 39.1 22.3 16.8
SC 41.1 28.2 12.8
SD 37.6 27.6 10.0
TN 42.1 31.5 10.5
TX 40.6 31.0 9.6
UT 36.2 22.7 13.5
VT 38.6 23.4 15.2
VA 37.8 26.5 11.2
WA 39.7 25.5 14.2
WV 43.7 33.4 10.3
WI 36.6 28.5 8.1
WY 37.1 24.5 12.5

Table 7.4 Health Behavior—Binge Drinking among Persons Ages 18 and Over by Disability Status: 2016

State Binge Drinking (%) Gap (% pts) [1]
Disability No Disability
U.S. 13.1 18.3 -5.1
AL 9.7 14.6 -4.9
AK 13.7 19.3 -5.6
AZ 12.6 16.7 -4.2
AR 13.9 15.7 -1.8
CA 13.5 17.1 -3.6
CO 14.6 20.3 -5.7
CT 13.5 17.7 -4.2
DE 12.5 18.6 -6.1
DC 16.4 28.1 -11.7
FL 12.1 17.0 -4.8
GA 10.8 14.3 -3.6
HI 15.7 19.4 -3.7
ID 12.7 17.2 -4.5
IL 16.2 20.8 -4.7
IN 13.5 18.8 -5.3
IA 14.7 23.1 -8.3
KS 11.4 17.5 -6.1
KY 9.7 17.4 -7.8
LA 13.4 18.6 -5.1
ME 13.3 20.0 -6.6
MD 11.9 16.2 -4.4
MA 14.6 18.9 -4.3
MI 14.5 21.0 -6.5
MN 16.7 22.6 -6.0
MS 7.0 15.1 -8.2
State Binge Drinking (%) Gap (% pts) [1]
Disability No Disability
MO 12.6 20.8 -8.2
MT 13.9 20.9 -7.0
NE 12.4 22.2 -9.7
NV 12.1 17.4 -5.3
NH 14.3 19.3 -5.0
NJ 10.6 17.8 -7.1
NM 11.1 16.7 -5.6
NY 13.5 18.8 -5.3
NC 11.1 15.9 -4.8
ND 17.9 26.7 -8.7
OH 13.1 19.6 -6.5
OK 9.1 13.2 -4.1
OR 13.9 17.2 -3.2
PA 16.3 20.4 -4.2
RI 11.2 17.3 -6.1
SC 12.6 18.7 -6.1
SD 12.6 21.2 -8.6
TN 10.5 14.2 -3.7
TX 15.2 18.9 -3.7
UT 11.3 12.9 -1.5
VT 13.4 19.9 -6.5
VA 12.0 17.1 -5.1
WA 12.4 17.6 -5.2
WV 8.2 13.5 -5.3
WI 21.6 25.4 -3.8
WY 15.5 19.4 -3.9

Table 7.5 Health Care Coverage—Among Persons Ages 18 and Over by Disability Services: 2016

State Health Care Coverage (%) Gap (% pts) [1]
Disability No Disability
U.S. 88.1 88.8 -0.7
AL 86.7 87.6 -0.9
AK 86.4 90.3 -3.9
AZ 88.7 87.5 1.2
AR 91.1 89.3 1.8
CA 90.7 89.0 1.7
CO 91.5 89.0 2.5
CT 92.7 93.3 -0.6
DE 90.7 91.5 -0.8
DC 91.1 95.9 -4.8
FL 82.9 84.3 -1.4
GA 80.8 84.2 -3.4
HI 94.1 93.1 0.9
ID 84.5 84.9 -0.4
IL 89.3 91.6 -2.3
IN 88.1 89.3 -1.2
IA 94.1 93.4 0.8
KS 84.3 88.4 -4.0
KY 94.9 94.0 0.9
LA 85.9 86.7 -0.8
ME 89.9 91.7 -1.8
MD 93.0 91.7 1.2
MA 93.5 94.6 -1.1
MI 91.6 92.1 -0.5
MN 93.3 93.8 -0.5
MS 83.5 83.7 -0.2
State Health Care Coverage (%) Gap (% pts) [1]
Disability No Disability
MO 87.0 89.8 -2.8
MT 90.5 89.8 0.6
NE 85.4 88.5 -3.1
NV 84.9 85.5 -0.6
NH 92.4 93.8 -1.4
NJ 90.7 89.1 1.6
NM 92.3 89.6 2.6
NY 91.3 90.7 0.6
NC 83.6 87.6 -4.0
ND 89.9 93.1 -3.2
OH 93.6 93.0 0.5
OK 84.0 86.2 -2.2
OR 90.8 91.1 -0.3
PA 93.7 93.1 0.6
RI 94.0 92.5 1.6
SC 84.9 88.2 -3.2
SD 89.8 92.3 -2.5
TN 84.0 90.8 -6.9
TX 79.8 78.3 1.5
UT 86.7 89.3 -2.6
VT 94.2 95.1 -0.8
VA 83.9 90.1 -6.2
WA 92.2 91.2 1.0
WV 94.1 91.7 2.4
WI 90.8 91.5 -0.8
WY 86.3 86.0 0.3