2017 Annual Disability Statistics Compendium

Employment

Section 2: Employment

This section presents statistics on monthly and annual employment participation and full-time, year-round (FTYR) employment in the United States. For both categories of employment, data are presented for people with disabilities, people without disabilities, and the difference in percentage employed (employment gap) between these two populations. There are three sources of data used in this section.

The first source of these data is the American Community Survey (U.S. Census Bureau). For these tables, statistics for people with disabilities (disability status or disability type) are based on having responded ‘yes’ to a series of questions within the American Community Survey. The definition for employment status in the American Community Survey can be found in the glossary.

Monthly time trends are from the Bureau of Labor Statistics Data Retrieval System and are based on data from the Current Population Survey-Basic Monthly Survey. Annual time trends were produced by the authors using data from the Current Population Survey-Annual Social and Economic Supplement, which is fielded annually in March. For these tables, similar to the American Community Survey, statistics for people with disabilities (disability status) are based on having responded ‘yes’ to a series of questions within the Current Population Survey. In addition, the definition for employment status in both Current Population Surveys can be found in the glossary.

Tables

Tables 2.1 and 2.2: In 2016, of the 20,761,092 individuals with disabilities ages 18 to 64 years living in the community, 7,461,001 individuals were employed—35.9 percent. In contrast, of the 176,005,194 individuals without disabilities ages 18 to 64 years living in the community, 135,089,199 individuals were employed—76.8 percent. The percentage of people with disabilities employed was highest in North Dakota (54.0 percent) and lowest in West Virginia (27.4 percent).

Table 2.3: In 2016, of the 4,005,393 individuals with hearing disabilities ages 18 to 64 years living in the community, 2,071,694 individuals were employed—51.7 percent. The percentage of people with hearing disabilities employed was highest in South Dakota (72.0 percent) and lowest in West Virginia (36.4 percent).

Table 2.4: In 2016, of the 3,928,723 individuals with vision disabilities ages 18 to 64 years living in the community, 1,710,056 individuals were employed—43.5 percent. The percentage of people with vision disabilities employed was highest in Montana and North Dakota (58.6 percent) and lowest in West Virginia (26.9 percent).

Table 2.5: In 2016, of the 8,931,533 individuals with cognitive disabilities ages 18 to 64 years living in the community, 2,352,368 individuals were employed—26.3 percent. The percentage of people with cognitive disabilities employed was highest in North Dakota (42.2 percent) and lowest in Alabama (19.1 percent).

Table 2.6: In 2016, of the 10,097,156 individuals with ambulatory disabilities ages 18 to 64 years living in the community, 2,502,518 individuals were employed—24.8 percent. The percentage of people with ambulatory disabilities employed was highest in South Dakota (39.6 percent) and lowest in Alabama (19.2 percent).

Table 2.7: In 2016, of the 3,653,028 individuals with self-care disabilities ages 18 to 64 years living in the community, 564,411 individuals were employed—15.5 percent. The percentage of people with self-care disabilities employed was highest in Nevada (37.8 percent) and lowest in New Mexico (9.4 percent).

Table 2.8: In 2016, of the 7,412,570 individuals with independent living disabilities ages 18 to 64 years living in the community, 1,257,947 individuals were employed—17.0 percent. The percentage of people with independent living disabilities employed was highest in North Dakota (33.0 percent) and lowest in Alabama (9.7 percent).

Table 2.9: In 2016, 35.9 percent of people with disabilities ages 18 to 64 years living in the community were employed, while 76.8 percent of people without disabilities ages 18 to 64 years living in the community were employed—a difference of 40.9 percentage points. The difference was greatest in Rhode Island (48.6 percentage points) and smallest in Alaska (28.2 percentage points).

Table 2.10: In 2016, the difference in the percentage of people employed with and without disabilities ages 18 to 64 years living in the community was 41.2 percentage points. The gap was greatest in Maine (50.1 percentage points) and smallest in Wyoming (21.9 percentage points).

Table 2.1 Employment—Civilians with Disabilities Ages 18 to 64 Years Living in the Community for the United States and States: 2016

State Total Employed
Count % [1]
U.S. 20,761,092 7,461,001 35.9
AL 421,135 115,799 27.5
AK 50,330 24,090 47.9
AZ 432,087 150,434 34.8
AR 269,725 85,447 31.7
CA 2,023,714 701,791 34.7
CO 308,342 131,658 42.7
CT 191,687 74,715 39.0
DE 56,546 20,284 35.9
DC 44,921 15,292 34.0
FL 1,255,268 404,685 32.2
GA 698,283 236,577 33.9
HI 66,031 26,356 39.9
ID 115,652 50,090 43.3
IL 679,862 242,783 35.7
IN 485,824 175,379 36.1
IA 175,367 80,416 45.9
KS 188,671 84,262 44.7
KY 439,748 133,926 30.5
LA 384,377 120,443 31.3
ME 109,376 36,357 33.2
MD 334,505 137,517 41.1
MA 390,729 150,647 38.6
MI 764,335 254,334 33.3
MN 302,274 145,080 48.0
MS 258,824 76,078 29.4
MO 468,140 164,243 35.1
State Total Employed
Count % [1]
MT 76,169 33,419 43.9
NE 112,418 53,323 47.4
NV 198,826 83,453 42.0
NH 88,094 36,745 41.7
NJ 435,265 159,575 36.7
NM 153,667 49,084 31.9
NY 1,109,370 367,478 33.1
NC 722,636 249,230 34.5
ND 43,089 23,286 54.0
OH 851,743 304,940 35.8
OK 334,056 123,568 37.0
OR 303,115 118,914 39.2
PA 909,897 323,354 35.5
RI 76,763 23,029 30.0
SC 388,251 129,766 33.4
SD 51,003 26,323 51.6
TN 558,852 174,370 31.2
TX 1,653,862 644,181 39.0
UT 159,024 74,767 47.0
VT 49,458 20,506 41.5
VA 496,928 193,632 39.0
WA 494,903 193,792 39.2
WV 194,669 53,372 27.4
WI 344,120 143,726 41.8
WY 39,161 18,485 47.2
PR 354,695 78,826 22.2

Table 2.2 Employment—Civilians without Disabilities Ages 18 to 64 Years Living in the Community for the United States and States: 2016

State Total Employed
Count % [1]
U.S. 176,005,194 135,089,199 76.8
AL 2,500,368 1,825,440 73.0
AK 406,854 309,682 76.1
AZ 3,604,078 2,684,035 74.5
AR 1,487,791 1,111,661 74.7
CA 22,408,134 16,632,184 74.2
CO 3,153,360 2,513,698 79.7
CT 2,025,747 1,596,352 78.8
DE 515,050 390,409 75.8
DC 428,957 330,700 77.1
FL 10,882,120 8,177,300 75.1
GA 5,585,876 4,227,892 75.7
HI 766,404 602,358 78.6
ID 859,151 662,021 77.1
IL 7,212,753 5,604,115 77.7
IN 3,517,887 2,782,195 79.1
IA 1,699,838 1,401,585 82.5
KS 1,529,722 1,227,313 80.2
KY 2,239,279 1,689,336 75.4
LA 2,423,322 1,767,458 72.9
ME 703,566 566,378 80.5
MD 3,387,261 2,716,777 80.2
MA 3,933,973 3,148,274 80.0
MI 5,295,287 4,042,733 76.3
MN 3,073,390 2,576,753 83.8
MS 1,507,736 1,074,318 71.3
MO 3,185,034 2,521,381 79.2
State Total Employed
Count % [1]
MT 544,264 431,126 79.2
NE 1,019,373 855,042 83.9
NV 1,592,987 1,211,522 76.1
NH 751,005 621,838 82.8
NJ 5,089,851 3,936,933 77.3
NM 1,067,081 767,544 71.9
NY 11,289,891 8,522,611 75.5
NC 5,416,058 4,101,199 75.7
ND 420,367 354,090 84.2
OH 6,166,563 4,843,788 78.5
OK 1,982,620 1,495,651 75.4
OR 2,205,945 1,696,553 76.9
PA 6,862,533 5,330,434 77.7
RI 588,713 462,612 78.6
SC 2,563,254 1,936,360 75.5
SD 453,916 373,550 82.3
TN 3,470,733 2,640,999 76.1
TX 15,190,021 11,526,552 75.9
UT 1,630,812 1,287,144 78.9
VT 340,004 275,842 81.1
VA 4,637,080 3,647,462 78.7
WA 4,002,745 3,093,022 77.3
WV 896,775 634,749 70.8
WI 3,178,398 2,612,737 82.2
WY 311,267 247,491 79.5
PR 1,694,360 929,500 54.9

Table 2.3 Employment—Civilians with Hearing Disabilities Ages 18 to 64 Years Living in the Community for the United States and States: 2016

State Total Employed
Count % [1]
U.S. 4,005,393 2,071,694 51.7
AL 74,181 32,379 43.6
AK 17,952 11,203 62.4
AZ 88,319 44,301 50.2
AR 52,101 24,491 47.0
CA 374,830 189,194 50.5
CO 69,635 39,992 57.4
CT 33,832 19,237 56.9
DE 8,318 4,349 52.3
DC 7,094 3,070 43.3
FL 217,794 101,927 46.8
GA 131,629 63,347 48.1
HI 14,254 6,966 48.9
ID 28,900 18,884 65.3
IL 122,411 64,099 52.4
IN 95,675 49,118 51.3
IA 37,935 23,586 62.2
KS 40,826 23,651 57.9
KY 87,494 36,490 41.7
LA 71,450 31,359 43.9
ME 21,742 11,821 54.4
MD 56,425 33,035 58.5
MA 70,831 37,900 53.5
MI 134,898 69,374 51.4
MN 68,274 43,401 63.6
MS 45,442 21,962 48.3
MO 93,039 46,376 49.8
State Total Employed
Count % [1]
MT 20,086 12,763 63.5
NE 30,540 20,690 67.7
NV 54,727 33,586 61.4
NH 20,314 12,831 63.2
NJ 69,650 37,385 53.7
NM 35,188 15,537 44.2
NY 178,729 92,624 51.8
NC 139,217 66,700 47.9
ND 10,391 7,275 70.0
OH 157,471 77,209 49.0
OK 76,933 38,756 50.4
OR 65,615 34,145 52.0
PA 157,904 82,547 52.3
RI 11,946 5,933 49.7
SC 70,757 34,407 48.6
SD 14,453 10,403 72.0
TN 106,623 51,019 47.8
TX 348,121 180,127 51.7
UT 34,142 21,350 62.5
VT 10,840 7,270 67.1
VA 97,632 58,415 59.8
WA 103,201 54,395 52.7
WV 41,876 15,240 36.4
WI 72,051 41,746 57.9
WY 11,705 7,829 66.9
PR 46,669 13,160 28.2

Table 2.4 Employment—Civilians with Vision Disabilities Ages 18 to 64 Years Living in the Community for the United States and States: 2016

State Total Employed
Count % [1]
U.S. 3,928,723 1,710,056 43.5
AL 78,860 23,534 29.8
AK 7,559 3,620 47.9
AZ 77,393 33,835 43.7
AR 53,232 19,850 37.3
CA 388,050 172,206 44.4
CO 61,438 32,036 52.1
CT 30,454 13,322 43.7
DE 10,412 4,398 42.2
DC 8,385 3,277 39.1
FL 255,382 110,461 43.3
GA 148,279 62,343 42.0
HI 11,093 5,252 47.3
ID 22,346 11,095 49.7
IL 122,874 53,199 43.3
IN 84,893 33,501 39.5
IA 28,014 15,982 57.1
KS 32,420 17,090 52.7
KY 87,659 29,080 33.2
LA 86,680 33,651 38.8
ME 15,500 6,302 40.7
MD 58,094 29,497 50.8
MA 64,211 30,584 47.6
MI 115,726 47,027 40.6
MN 40,492 21,923 54.1
MS 53,197 19,590 36.8
MO 82,154 33,363 40.6
State Total Employed
Count % [1]
MT 10,531 6,171 58.6
NE 18,634 8,702 46.7
NV 53,874 30,801 57.2
NH 13,323 7,020 52.7
NJ 79,527 35,364 44.5
NM 31,750 11,734 37.0
NY 203,651 88,778 43.6
NC 149,517 65,770 44.0
ND 8,368 4,902 58.6
OH 144,757 62,393 43.1
OK 72,839 32,003 43.9
OR 52,729 24,143 45.8
PA 148,742 66,432 44.7
RI 12,348 4,353 35.3
SC 85,604 38,064 44.5
SD 8,497 4,769 56.1
TN 111,111 42,538 38.3
TX 375,931 165,951 44.1
UT 29,998 15,309 51.0
VT 7,176 3,739 52.1
VA 93,906 44,928 47.8
WA 85,838 37,920 44.2
WV 41,740 11,241 26.9
WI 55,999 26,744 47.8
WY 7,536 4,269 56.6
PR 100,121 28,911 28.9

Table 2.5 Employment—Civilians with Cognitive Disabilities Ages 18 to 64 Years Living in the Community for the United States and States: 2016

State Total Employed
Count % [1]
U.S. 8,931,533 2,352,368 26.3
AL 181,891 34,692 19.1
AK 19,554 5,989 30.6
AZ 180,679 43,039 23.8
AR 110,581 25,790 23.3
CA 867,661 205,527 23.7
CO 134,751 43,210 32.1
CT 87,313 26,922 30.8
DE 24,286 6,594 27.2
DC 18,761 4,330 23.1
FL 537,448 112,359 20.9
GA 288,776 69,413 24.0
HI 26,546 7,057 26.6
ID 53,987 16,070 29.8
IL 274,241 73,752 26.9
IN 212,928 57,340 26.9
IA 76,184 26,720 35.1
KS 79,147 27,232 34.4
KY 199,937 47,449 23.7
LA 165,139 36,844 22.3
ME 51,183 11,547 22.6
MD 143,958 45,408 31.5
MA 197,476 59,677 30.2
MI 345,680 87,175 25.2
MN 143,046 57,431 40.1
MS 107,053 21,951 20.5
MO 206,753 53,368 25.8
State Total Employed
Count % [1]
MT 32,559 11,753 36.1
NE 47,034 15,910 33.8
NV 82,023 31,082 37.9
NH 37,225 10,649 28.6
NJ 179,680 48,904 27.2
NM 71,147 15,448 21.7
NY 466,893 110,221 23.6
NC 298,362 72,530 24.3
ND 18,538 7,816 42.2
OH 381,859 110,445 28.9
OK 136,898 36,004 26.3
OR 137,092 41,348 30.2
PA 417,955 111,692 26.7
RI 39,974 8,521 21.3
SC 154,144 36,141 23.4
SD 18,920 6,350 33.6
TN 239,965 54,008 22.5
TX 657,439 184,980 28.1
UT 76,151 30,598 40.2
VT 24,689 7,320 29.6
VA 205,653 55,027 26.8
WA 220,694 65,459 29.7
WV 84,781 16,696 19.7
WI 151,534 51,785 34.2
WY 15,365 4,795 31.2
PR 154,634 21,352 13.8

Table 2.6 Employment—Civilians with Ambulatory Disabilities Ages 18 to 64 Years Living in the Community for the United States and States: 2016

State Total Employed
Employed Count % [1]
U.S. 10,097,156 2,502,518 24.8
AL 226,915 43,555 19.2
AK 20,602 6,566 31.9
AZ 215,910 51,610 23.9
AR 142,765 31,086 21.8
CA 949,853 234,559 24.7
CO 136,566 38,485 28.2
CT 84,185 21,592 25.6
DE 29,835 8,182 27.4
DC 23,272 6,152 26.4
FL 628,019 144,422 23.0
GA 363,255 85,621 23.6
HI 31,667 9,398 29.7
ID 47,757 13,025 27.3
IL 338,624 83,404 24.6
IN 240,490 60,622 25.2
IA 75,832 24,717 32.6
KS 87,941 27,974 31.8
KY 236,327 47,010 19.9
LA 190,646 39,971 21.0
ME 48,998 11,031 22.5
MD 164,336 49,253 30.0
MA 165,836 44,851 27.0
MI 382,348 86,105 22.5
MN 123,148 38,913 31.6
MS 139,341 27,223 19.5
MO 239,642 56,043 23.4
State Total Employed
Employed Count % [1]
MT 32,157 8,582 26.7
NE 45,683 14,246 31.2
NV 103,956 37,195 35.8
NH 38,747 9,707 25.1
NJ 211,045 57,455 27.2
NM 78,010 17,242 22.1
NY 546,619 126,689 23.2
NC 366,377 82,814 22.6
ND 17,056 6,527 38.3
OH 421,646 101,560 24.1
OK 170,855 43,448 25.4
OR 131,503 36,658 27.9
PA 442,930 107,739 24.3
RI 38,231 7,541 19.7
SC 200,743 46,007 22.9
SD 21,975 8,703 39.6
TN 288,826 57,763 20.0
TX 793,210 223,871 28.2
UT 61,485 19,883 32.3
VT 20,138 5,587 27.7
VA 236,929 65,027 27.4
WA 220,225 59,319 26.9
WV 107,375 21,945 20.4
WI 150,551 40,001 26.6
WY 16,774 5,639 33.6
PR 176,934 29,972 16.9

Table 2.7 Employment—Civilians with Self-Care Disabilities Ages 18 to 64 Years Living in the Community for the United States and States: 2016

State Total Employed
Count % [1]
U.S. 3,653,028 564,411 15.5
AL 68,890 8,750 12.7
AK 7,638 922 12.1
AZ 69,503 6,945 10.0
AR 46,906 4,607 9.8
CA 398,741 59,771 15.0
CO 44,860 8,150 18.2
CT 27,968 4,298 15.4
DE 11,591 1,962 16.9
DC 6,551 977 14.9
FL 225,818 33,314 14.8
GA 115,191 16,379 14.2
HI 10,250 2,249 21.9
ID 19,406 4,162 21.4
IL 124,437 18,317 14.7
IN 84,623 13,599 16.1
IA 26,653 5,609 21.0
KS 29,610 6,930 23.4
KY 75,995 8,867 11.7
LA 72,288 8,892 12.3
ME 15,844 2,574 16.2
MD 55,529 8,959 16.1
MA 65,131 9,980 15.3
MI 146,178 19,267 13.2
MN 52,006 12,690 24.4
MS 47,525 6,482 13.6
MO 74,022 9,455 12.8
State Total Employed
Count % [1]
MT 12,338 1,924 15.6
NE 13,557 3,518 25.9
NV 45,661 17,282 37.8
NH 13,412 1,764 13.2
NJ 78,771 14,082 17.9
NM 30,191 2,848 9.4
NY 205,665 29,431 14.3
NC 130,741 18,165 13.9
ND 6,558 2,081 31.7
OH 145,526 22,228 15.3
OK 56,057 10,324 18.4
OR 48,028 8,684 18.1
PA 161,746 22,918 14.2
RI 17,413 2,720 15.6
SC 71,064 10,312 14.5
SD 7,052 1,565 22.2
TN 99,533 12,719 12.8
TX 292,925 46,206 15.8
UT 22,034 4,647 21.1
VT 7,554 1,519 20.1
VA 84,677 16,153 19.1
WA 78,678 13,654 17.4
WV 32,923 3,843 11.7
WI 61,763 10,240 16.6
WY 6,007 1,477 24.6
PR 66,259 6,482 9.8

Table 2.8 Employment—Civilians with Independent Living Disabilities Ages 18 to 64 Years Living in the Community for the United States and States: 2016

State Total Employed
Count % [1]
U.S. 7,412,570 1,257,947 17.0
AL 150,400 14,640 9.7
AK 14,856 3,407 22.9
AZ 150,527 22,071 14.7
AR 90,430 12,066 13.3
CA 764,930 124,561 16.3
CO 100,064 20,139 20.1
CT 64,805 14,494 22.4
DE 19,174 3,861 20.1
DC 13,279 1,731 13.0
FL 454,834 64,562 14.2
GA 243,702 36,282 14.9
HI 23,904 4,192 17.5
ID 38,034 7,479 19.7
IL 253,679 42,089 16.6
IN 173,127 31,440 18.2
IA 57,849 15,994 27.6
KS 63,215 14,087 22.3
KY 157,463 18,433 11.7
LA 131,971 15,914 12.1
ME 42,181 6,547 15.5
MD 112,751 22,746 20.2
MA 145,714 27,671 19.0
MI 293,160 42,984 14.7
MN 109,311 32,007 29.3
MS 100,610 13,611 13.5
MO 164,319 27,035 16.5
State Total Employed
Count % [1]
MT 26,994 6,716 24.9
NE 34,290 7,958 23.2
NV 73,351 23,678 32.3
NH 30,401 6,310 20.8
NJ 164,341 32,071 19.5
NM 56,263 6,459 11.5
NY 404,037 64,021 15.8
NC 257,528 36,970 14.4
ND 12,786 4,220 33.0
OH 305,030 55,882 18.3
OK 108,916 20,303 18.6
OR 103,683 20,226 19.5
PA 337,554 57,642 17.1
RI 32,675 5,789 17.7
SC 133,981 19,098 14.3
SD 15,579 4,709 30.2
TN 207,584 24,885 12.0
TX 550,406 97,168 17.7
UT 50,695 12,786 25.2
VT 17,216 3,964 23.0
VA 176,819 33,656 19.0
WA 174,200 33,908 19.5
WV 69,009 8,703 12.6
WI 122,500 27,810 22.7
WY 12,443 2,972 23.9
PR 132,667 8,998 6.8

Table 2.9 Employment Gap—Civilians Ages 18 to 64 Years Living in the Community for the United States and States, by Disability Status: 2016

StateDisability [1]No Disability [1]Gap (% pts) [2]
U.S.35.976.840.9
AL27.573.045.5
AK47.976.128.2
AZ34.874.539.7
AR31.774.743.0
CA34.774.239.5
CO42.779.737.0
CT39.078.839.8
DE35.975.839.9
DC34.077.143.1
FL32.275.142.9
GA33.975.741.8
HI39.978.638.7
ID43.377.133.8
IL35.777.742.0
IN36.179.143.0
IA45.982.536.6
KS44.780.235.5
KY30.575.444.9
LA31.372.941.6
ME33.280.547.3
MD41.180.239.1
MA38.680.041.4
MI33.376.343.0
MN48.083.835.8
MS29.471.341.9
MO35.179.244.1
StateDisability [1]No Disability [1]Gap (% pts) [2]
MT43.979.235.3
NE47.483.936.5
NV42.076.134.1
NH41.782.841.1
NJ36.777.340.6
NM31.971.940.0
NY33.175.542.4
NC34.575.741.2
ND54.084.230.2
OH35.878.542.7
OK37.075.438.4
OR39.276.937.7
PA35.577.742.2
RI30.078.648.6
SC33.475.542.1
SD51.682.330.7
TN31.276.144.9
TX39.075.936.9
UT47.078.931.9
VT41.581.139.6
VA39.078.739.7
WA39.277.338.1
WV27.470.843.4
WI41.882.240.4
WY47.279.532.3
PR22.254.932.7

Table 2.10 Change in Employment Gap—Civilians Ages 18 to 64 Years Living in the Community for the United States and States, by Disability Status: 2015 to 2016

State Gap (Between No Disability & Disability) Gap Change (% pts) [1]
2015 (%) 2016 (%)
U.S. 41.2 40.8 -1.2
AL 44.0 45.5 6.0
AK 34.2 28.3 -4.2
AZ 38.9 39.7 1.1
AR 43.0 43.0 -3.0
CA 39.3 39.5 0.7
CO 38.5 37.0 1.5
CT 43.3 39.8 -3.3
DE 43.2 39.9 -3.2
DC 46.1 43.1 -6.1
FL 43.0 42.9 -3.0
GA 42.5 41.8 -2.5
HI 37.7 38.7 2.3
ID 38.3 33.7 -8.3
IL 41.7 42.0 -1.7
IN 42.3 43.0 -2.3
IA 36.1 36.6 3.9
KS 37.1 35.6 2.9
KY 47.4 45.0 -7.4
LA 40.0 41.6 0.0
ME 50.1 47.3 -0.1
MD 39.2 39.1 0.8
MA 44.4 41.5 -4.4
MI 44.6 43.1 -4.6
MN 36.3 35.8 3.7
MS 42.6 41.9 -2.6
MO 43.5 44.1 -3.5
State Gap (Between No Disability & Disability) Gap Change (% pts) [1]
2015 (%) 2016 (%)
MT 37.1 35.3 2.9
NE 34.8 36.4 5.2
NV 33.7 34.1 -3.7
NH 43.4 41.1 -3.4
NJ 38.6 40.7 1.4
NM 41.3 40.0 -1.3
NY 41.9 42.4 -1.9
NC 42.9 41.2 -2.9
ND 34.8 30.2 -4.8
OH 42.5 42.7 -2.5
OK 41.3 38.4 -1.3
OR 38.4 37.7 1.6
PA 41.5 42.1 -1.5
RI 42.3 48.6 7.7
SC 45.6 42.1 -5.6
SD 30.9 30.7 -0.9
TN 45.6 44.9 -5.6
TX 36.9 36.9 3.1
UT 32.5 31.9 -2.5
VT 40.0 39.7 0.0
VA 40.8 39.7 -0.8
WA 39.6 38.1 0.4
WV 44.3 43.4 -4.3
WI 41.1 40.4 -1.1
WY 21.9 32.3 8.1
PR 32.2 32.6 -2.2