2017 Annual Disability Statistics Compendium

Poverty

Section 3: Poverty

This section presents statistics on poverty in the United States. The statistics describe the number and percentage of people with and without disabilities who experience poverty as well as the difference between the poverty rates (poverty gap) of people with and without disabilities. The principal source of these data is the American Community Survey. For these tables, statistics for people with disabilities (disability status) are based on having responded ‘yes’ to a series of questions within the American Community Survey (see the glossary for details). Annual time trends were produced by the authors using data from the Current Population SurveyAnnual Social and Economic Supplement. Similar to the American Community Survey, statistics for people with disabilities (disability status) are based on having responded ‘yes’ to a series of questions within the Current Population Survey. Poverty is defined by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget and set as a dollar threshold by the U.S. Census Bureau (see the glossary for details).

Tables

Tables 3.1 and 3.2: In 2016, of the 20,637,289 individuals with disabilities ages 18 to 64 years who were living in the community, 5,500,125 individuals lived in poverty—a poverty rate of 26.7 percent. In contrast, of the 173,476,170 individuals without disabilities ages 18 to 64 years living in the community, 20,207,984 individuals lived in poverty—a poverty rate of 11.6 percent. The poverty rate for people with disabilities was highest in the District of Columbia (40.1 percent) and lowest in Delaware (17.8 percent).

Table 3.3: In 2016, the poverty rate of individuals with disabilities ages 18 to 64 years living in the community was 26.7 percent, while the poverty rate of individuals without disabilities ages 18 to 64 years living in the community was 11.6 percent—a difference of 15.1 percentage points. The poverty gap was smallest in Delaware (a difference of 7.5 percentage points) and greatest in the District of Columbia (a difference of 24.9 percentage points).

Table 3.4: In 2014, the poverty gap between individuals with and without disabilities ages 18 to 64 years living in the community was 14.8 percent. In 2016, the poverty gap between individuals with and without disabilities ages 18 to 64 years living in the community was 15.1 percent—a change of 2.3 percentage points. The largest percentage point increase in the poverty gap from 2014 to 2015 was in Vermont, a change of 8.8 percentage points, while the largest decrease in the poverty gap was in Iowa, a change of -9.0 percentage points.

Table 3.5: In 2016, the poverty rate among non-institutionalized civilians ages 16 to 64 was 29.9  percent for people with a work limitation and 10.9 percent for people without a work limitation. The poverty rate was 28.4 percent for people with a broad disability as compared to 11.3 percent for people without a broad disability. The poverty rate was 27.1 percent for people with a work limitation and/ or broad disability as compared to 10.6 percent for people without a work limitation and/or broad disability.

Table 3.1 Poverty—Civilians with Disabilities Ages 18 to 64 Years Living in the Community for the United States and States: 2016

StateTotalCount%
U.S.20,637,2895,500,12526.7
AL419,415114,48627.3
AK50,0578,97117.9
AZ429,679112,78026.2
AR268,17377,08928.7
CA2,014,753502,36524.9
CO306,55475,78024.7
CT188,96546,46224.6
DE56,2289,98117.8
DC43,59417,46440.1
FL1,252,777330,75526.4
GA695,359180,88326.0
HI65,80615,12023.0
ID115,19631,57727.4
IL676,629181,23826.8
IN481,120128,19926.6
IA173,24542,32524.4
KS186,71043,14023.1
KY436,351148,24634.0
LA382,231121,58031.8
ME107,95832,95530.5
MD333,14371,73721.5
MA384,740102,99326.8
MI760,520214,91128.3
MN299,91073,50224.5
MS258,05679,53230.8
MO466,403136,81929.3
StateTotalCount%
MT75,83620,36426.9
NE111,65928,35325.4
NV198,74245,95323.1
NH87,05619,49322.4
NJ434,18796,68922.3
NM153,49242,47827.7
NY1,100,819323,19329.4
NC719,097192,38526.8
ND42,4869,60722.6
OH844,412255,98330.3
OK333,55791,29027.4
OR301,37279,99626.5
PA902,127258,35428.6
RI75,54224,35532.2
SC386,30298,30225.4
SD50,64913,84127.3
TN556,324159,04728.6
TX1,647,003399,50124.3
UT157,83930,80519.5
VT48,61913,04426.8
VA491,605112,33722.9
WA492,427125,65825.5
WV193,15361,71532.0
WI340,53687,40125.7
WY38,8769,09123.4
PR354,491176,52949.8

Table 3.2 Poverty—Civilians without Disabilities Ages 18 to 64 Years Living in the Community for the United States and States: 2016

State Total Poverty
Count %
U.S. 173,476,170 20,207,984 11.6
AL 2,463,027 352,821 14.3
AK 405,212 33,251 8.2
AZ 3,567,325 511,326 14.3
AR 1,461,387 207,176 14.2
CA 22,215,027 2,695,372 12.1
CO 3,121,241 300,340 9.6
CT 1,976,973 160,835 8.1
DE 504,619 52,027 10.3
DC 406,834 61,906 15.2
FL 10,792,060 1,365,033 12.6
GA 5,507,507 721,582 13.1
HI 758,197 62,222 8.2
ID 851,539 104,245 12.2
IL 7,124,856 762,417 10.7
IN 3,446,897 402,958 11.7
IA 1,653,716 175,208 10.6
KS 1,504,063 166,176 11.0
KY 2,199,741 323,584 14.7
LA 2,400,558 397,539 16.6
ME 688,527 63,419 9.2
MD 3,343,065 256,890 7.7
MA 3,791,092 310,848 8.2
MI 5,217,053 663,683 12.7
MN 3,026,924 241,139 8.0
MS 1,478,979 258,080 17.4
MO 3,134,219 351,356 11.2
State Total Poverty
Count %
MT 536,261 65,461 12.2
NE 996,970 95,799 9.6
NV 1,589,787 188,455 11.9
NH 729,639 44,652 6.1
NJ 5,034,261 422,452 8.4
NM 1,059,552 177,941 16.8
NY 11,078,505 1,326,930 12.0
NC 5,325,728 696,352 13.1
ND 410,215 39,141 9.5
OH 6,061,064 717,403 11.8
OK 1,952,956 263,487 13.5
OR 2,182,465 260,893 12.0
PA 6,695,264 679,782 10.2
RI 565,369 55,168 9.8
SC 2,519,374 318,253 12.6
SD 443,986 47,324 10.7
TN 3,420,650 438,631 12.8
TX 15,058,412 1,900,119 12.6
UT 1,615,342 153,905 9.5
VT 324,044 31,467 9.7
VA 4,555,263 427,381 9.4
WA 3,967,630 378,295 9.5
WV 881,914 137,078 15.5
WI 3,123,751 307,218 9.8
WY 307,130 32,964 10.7
PR 1,691,582 658,548 38.9

Table 3.3 Poverty Gap—Civilians with and without Disabilities Ages 18 to 64 Years Living in the Community for the United States and States, by Disability Status: 2016

State Poverty Rate (%) Gap (% pts) [2]
Disability [1] No Disability [1]
U.S. 26.7 11.6 15.1
AL 27.3 14.3 13.0
AK 17.9 8.2 9.7
AZ 26.2 14.3 11.9
AR 28.7 14.2 14.5
CA 24.9 12.1 12.8
CO 24.7 9.6 15.1
CT 24.6 8.1 16.5
DE 17.8 10.3 7.5
DC 40.1 15.2 24.9
FL 26.4 12.6 13.8
GA 26.0 13.1 12.9
HI 23.0 8.2 14.8
ID 27.4 12.2 15.2
IL 26.8 10.7 16.1
IN 26.6 11.7 14.9
IA 24.4 10.6 13.8
KS 23.1 11.0 12.1
KY 34.0 14.7 19.3
LA 31.8 16.6 15.2
ME 30.5 9.2 21.3
MD 21.5 7.7 13.8
MA 26.8 8.2 18.6
MI 28.3 12.7 15.6
MN 24.5 8.0 16.5
MS 30.8 17.4 13.4
MO 29.3 11.2 18.1
State Poverty Rate (%) Gap (% pts) [2]
Disability [1] No Disability [1]
MT 26.9 12.2 14.7
NE 25.4 9.6 15.8
NV 23.1 11.9 11.2
NH 22.4 6.1 16.3
NJ 22.3 8.4 13.9
NM 27.7 16.8 10.9
NY 29.4 12.0 17.4
NC 26.8 13.1 13.7
ND 22.6 9.5 13.1
OH 30.3 11.8 18.5
OK 27.4 13.5 13.9
OR 26.5 12.0 14.5
PA 28.6 10.2 18.4
RI 32.2 9.8 22.4
SC 25.4 12.6 12.8
SD 27.3 10.7 16.6
TN 28.6 12.8 15.8
TX 24.3 12.6 11.7
UT 19.5 9.5 10.0
VT 26.8 9.7 17.1
VA 22.9 9.4 13.5
WA 25.5 9.5 16.0
WV 32.0 15.5 16.5
WI 25.7 9.8 15.9
WY 23.4 10.7 12.7
PR 49.8 38.9 10.9

Table 3.4 Change in Poverty Gap—Civilians with and without Disabilities Ages 18 to 64 Years Living in the Community for the United States and States: 2015 and 2016

State Gap (%) Gap Change (% pts) [1]
2015 2016
U.S. 14.8 15.1 2.3
AL 13.1 13.0 5.7
AK 8.6 9.7 -1.4
AZ 12.6 11.9 5.5
AR 14.4 14.5 6.0
CA 12.8 12.8 -6.7
CO 13.1 15.1 0.2
CT 15.0 16.5 -1.3
DE 12.7 7.5 0.5
DC 27.0 24.9 -7.0
FL 12.1 13.8 3.8
GA 12.8 12.9 4.3
HI 12.5 14.8 -0.5
ID 13.0 15.2 4.0
IL 14.2 16.1 1.5
IN 14.8 14.9 2.0
IA 15.0 13.8 -9.0
KS 15.0 12.1 -8.9
KY 17.6 19.3 4.8
LA 14.2 15.2 -4.2
ME 20.8 21.3 0.5
MD 12.6 13.8 -2.0
MA 18.5 18.6 -0.8
MI 16.6 15.6 3.3
MN 16.7 16.5 -1.7
MS 15.8 13.4 -1.7
MO 15.8 18.1 2.4
State Gap (%) Gap Change (% pts) [1]
2015 2016
MT 17.1 14.7 2.9
NE 14.6 15.8 0.7
NV 12.0 11.2 2.5
NH 17.5 16.3 -3.9
NJ 12.3 13.9 -1.2
NM 15.5 10.9 -2.2
NY 17.5 17.4 2.6
NC 14.5 13.7 3.9
ND 13.9 13.1 -0.1
OH 18.2 18.5 2.1
OK 14.3 13.9 3.5
OR 17.3 14.5 3.6
PA 17.3 18.4 0.5
RI 17.0 22.4 1.1
SC 14.7 12.8 4.1
SD 18.7 16.6 1.5
TN 17.2 15.8 3.4
TX 11.0 11.7 2.8
UT 7.5 10.0 0.5
VT 12.2 17.1 8.8
VA 13.2 13.5 -0.3
WA 16.0 16.0 0.4
WV 15.5 16.5 -4.3
WI 16.1 15.9 0.1
WY 5.1 12.7 0.5
PR 12.9 10.9 1.0

Table 3.5 Poverty—Poverty Rate among Civilians Ages 16 to 64 Years by Disability Status and Year, in March: 2000 to 2017

Year People with a Work Limitation (%) [1] People with a Broad Disability (%) [1] Either (%) [2]
Yes No Yes No Yes No
2000 26.7 9 - - - -
2001 27 8.3 - - - -
2002 26.9 8.9 - - - -
2003 28.4 9.4 - - - -
2004 28.1 9.6 - - - -
2005 27.8 10.1 - - - -
2006 28.1 9.9 - - - -
2007 28.5 9.6 - - - -
2008 28.9 9.7 - - - -
2009 28.5 10.5 25.5 10.8 25.7 10.2
2010 28.9 11.8 25 12.2 25.7 11.6
2011 31.2 12.4 27.7 12.8 28.3 12.1
2012 31 12.4 28.8 12.7 28.6 12
2013 31.2 12.4 28.5 12.7 28.8 12
2014 32.3 12 28.7 12.4 29.1 11.7
2015 30.5 12 28.5 12.4 27.6 11.7
2016 29.9 10.9 28.4 11.3 27.1 10.6
2017 28.6 10.1 26.7 10.5 25.8 9.8