2017 Annual Disability Statistics Compendium

Earnings

Section 4: Earnings

This section presents statistics on earnings in the United States. The statistics describe the earnings of individuals with and without disabilities in the past 12 months, as well as the difference in percentage earned (earnings gap) between these two populations. The principal source of these data is the U.S. Census Bureau, specifically the American Community Survey. Statistics for people with disabilities (disability status) are based on having responded ‘yes’ to a series of questions within the American Community Survey (see the glossary for more details). In addition, in the American Community Survey people are asked about their total income for the past 12 months. This information is used to calculate earnings. When presenting earnings data, the median earnings (or middlemost) value is used rather than the average earnings because people’s incomes are heavily skewed—the higher the salary, the fewer people who earn that respective salary—the average does not represent the population as well as the median.

Tables

Table 4.1: In 2016, for the individuals with disabilities ages 16 years and over living in the community that had earnings from work, median earnings were $22,047. In contrast, among individuals without disabilities ages 16 years and over living in the community that had earnings from work, median earnings were $32,479—an earnings gap of $10,432. This earnings gap is smallest (meaning the earnings of people with disabilities are closest to the earnings of people without disabilities) in Idaho ($5,242) and largest (meaning the earnings of people with disabilities are furthest from the earnings of people without disabilities) in the District of Columbia ($23,144).

Table 4.1 Earnings—Median Earnings of Civilians Ages 16 Years and Over in the Past 12 Months for the United States and States, by Disability Status (in 2016 inflation-adjusted dollars): 2016

StateTotal ($)Disability ($)No Disability ($)Gap ($) [1]
U.S.32,04822,04732,47910,432
AL29,25720,94230,2069,264
AK36,40830,55936,8406,281
AZ30,77821,91731,1119,194
AR27,82121,10528,9127,807
CA32,75423,72833,96610,238
CO35,34824,00835,86111,853
CT40,48525,70741,05415,347
DE35,42325,71135,85310,142
DC50,48428,15851,30223,144
FL29,57221,17930,1468,967
GA31,10923,87431,4047,530
HI35,48226,83435,8929,058
ID27,06322,18927,4315,242
IL34,99522,08935,50613,417
IN31,00120,96431,53010,566
IA31,77020,50532,26511,760
KS31,18220,93731,69810,761
KY30,17320,10030,79710,697
LA30,32121,48630,7369,250
ME30,61519,17531,32412,149
MD41,29130,21341,72611,513
MA40,59623,85841,18717,329
MI30,54719,16131,09711,936
MN36,31519,76737,14217,375
MS27,47520,98628,3687,382
MO30,90120,58931,47810,889
StateTotal ($)Disability ($)No Disability ($)Gap ($) [1]
MT27,23218,77928,4299,650
NE31,47821,93631,8989,962
NV31,18725,85431,4355,581
NH36,17421,99336,80214,809
NJ40,96827,35241,39514,043
NM26,96820,03927,5317,492
NY36,31122,89436,84713,953
NC30,55821,29830,9449,646
ND35,20725,22035,83110,611
OH31,36320,16431,93111,767
OK30,34022,30330,8438,540
OR30,95921,07431,49310,419
PA32,70421,01234,68213,670
RI35,31323,03735,88812,851
SC29,87521,63330,3058,672
SD31,17220,18031,69011,510
TN30,19022,16430,5868,422
TX31,35723,09331,7338,640
UT30,23220,89330,6199,726
VT32,06920,65333,02712,374
VA36,34225,73436,79811,064
WA36,50325,18337,19212,009
WV27,79617,48029,96612,486
WI32,11219,43532,84313,408
WY31,71322,73532,4529,717
PR16,89815,38617,0381,652