2019 State Report for County-Level Data: Prevalence

Acknowledgements

Special thanks to the following individuals who have contributed to the success of this effort: Deb Brucker, Erin Dame, Ferris Al Kurabi, Kate Filanoski, Kim Phillips, Karen Volle, Romy Eberle and Toni Sumner-Beebe.

Funding for this publication is made possible by:

The Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Disability Statistics and Demographics (StatsRRTC), funded by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Administration for Community Living National Institute on Disability, Independent Living, and Rehabilitation Research (NIDILRR), grant number 90RTGE0001; and the Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Employment Policy and Measurement (EPM-RRTC), also funded by NIDILRR, grant number 90RT5037. The information developed by the StatsRRTC and EPM-RRTC does not necessarily represent the policies of the Department of Health and Human Services, and you should not assume endorsement by the Federal Government (Edgar, 75.620 (b)).

The StatsRRTC and EPM-RRTC are part of the Institute on Disability at the University of New Hampshire. The Institute on Disability/UCED (IOD) was established in 1987 to provide a university-based focus for the improvement of knowledge, policies, and practices related to the lives of people with disabilities and their families and is New Hampshire’s University Center for Excellence in Disability (UCED). Located within the University of New Hampshire, the IOD is a federally designated center authorized by the Developmental Disabilities Act. Through innovative and interdisciplinary research, academic, service, and dissemination initiatives, the IOD builds local, state, and national capacities to respond to the needs of individuals with disabilities and their families.

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2019 Indiana Report for County-Level Data: Prevalence

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on

Disability Statistics and Demographics

A NIDILRR-Funded Center

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Introduction

The State Reports for County-Level Data on Prevalence are designed to provide the users of disability statistics with the number of people with disabilities for any given state and county in the United States. This report is intended to be an online complement to Section 1: Population and Prevalence of the Annual Disability Statistics Compendium and Annual Disability Statistics Supplement, providing greater detail within each state. The State Reports for County-Level Data on Prevalence can be used to compare county-level statistics between counties in any given state or states.

The following report provides county-level statistics for Indiana. The proportions of people with disabilities, sometimes called prevalence, presented in the State Reports for County-Level Data is a useful tool for advocates, researchers, and policy-makers to plan and provide services and supports for people with disabilities. In this report, the prevalence of people with disabilities is presented as the number of people with disabilities in a given state and county per total state and county populations, respectively. Counts and percentages are provided in tables and maps.

The data for this report come from the American Community Survey 5-year data. The American Community Survey (ACS) is a national survey developed by the U.S. Census Bureau to provide information on a number of topics about social, economic, and demographic characteristics of the U.S. population. ACS 5-year data is collected over a longer period of time than 1-year data, providing larger sample sizes and increased reliability for less populated areas and small population subgroups. All of the statistics in this report use the ACS 5-year data which includes data from the year of the report and data from the four previous years. In the ACS, people are identified as having a disability based on responses to a series of six questions asking about having difficulties with vision, hearing, ambulation, cognition, self-care, and independent living (see glossary for further details).

Specific to Indiana, the state chosen for this report, sentences providing interpretation and context for prevalence statistics are included below. A short glossary of terms is also provided at the end of the report explaining the statistics that are illustrated in each sentence.

 

 

Additional Resources. The Annual Disability Statistics Compendium and its complement, the Annual Disability Statistics Supplement, are summaries of statistics about people with disabilities, available both in hard copy and online at https://www.disabilitycompendium.org.

Help navigating any of the resources described here can be found in the Frequently Asked Questions section at https://www.disabilitycompendium.org/faq. Assistance interpreting and locating additional statistics is available via our toll-free number, 866-538-9521, or by email, disability.statistics@unh.edu. For more information about our research projects, please visit https://www.researchondisability.org.

Suggested Citation. Paul, S., Rafal, M., & Houtenville, A. (2020). 2019 State Report for Indiana County-Level Data: Prevalence. Durham, NH: University of New Hampshire, Institute on Disability.

Interpretation

The following statements are designed to help understand the 2019 county-level statistics from Indiana that are presented:

  • For the number of people with and without disabilities:
    • The range of total people across Indiana counties, also known as the difference between the largest and smallest counts of people across Indiana counties, was 936,084.
      • The county with the greatest number of total people was Marion (941,905 people).
      • The county with the least number of total people was Ohio (5,821 people).
    • The average number of total people across all counties was 71,376.
    • The median, also known as the middle-most number, of total people across Indiana counties was 33,460.
  • For the number of people with disabilities:
    • The range of people with disabilities across Indiana counties, also known as the difference between the largest and smallest counts of people with disabilities across Indiana counties, was 124,698.
      • The county with the greatest number of people with disabilities was Marion (125,518 people).
      • The county with the least number of people with disabilities was Ohio (820 people).
    • The average number of people with disabilities across all counties was 9,753.
    • The median, also known as the middle-most number, of people with disabilities across Indiana counties was 4,806.
  • For the percentage of people with disabilities:
    • For the entire state of Indiana, the overall percentage of people with disabilities is 13.7%.
      • The county with the highest percentage of people with disabilities was Orange (22.8%).
      • The county with the lowest percentage of people with disabilities was Hamilton (7.9%).

 

  • For the number of people without disabilities:
    • The range of people without disabilities across Indiana counties, also known as the difference between the largest and smallest counts of people without disabilities across Indiana counties, was 811,386.
      • The county with the greatest number of people without disabilities was Marion (816,387 people).
      • The county with the least number of people without disabilities was Ohio (5,001 people).
    • The average number of people without disabilities across all counties was 61,623.
    • The median, also known as the middle-most number, of people without disabilities across Indiana counties was 28,533.
  • For the percentage of people without disabilities:
    • For the entire state of Indiana, the overall percentage of people without disabilities is 86.3%.
      • The county with the highest percentage of people without disabilities was Hamilton (92.1%).
      • The county with the lowest percentage of people without disabilities was Orange (77.2%).
Prevalence of People with and without Disabilities for Indiana, by County: 2019
County Total Disability No Disability   County Total Disability No Disability
Count % Count % Count % Count %
  Indiana   6,566,575 897,234 13.7 5,669,341 86.3   Gibson       33,057   4,755 14.4    28,302 85.6
   Adams       34,932   4,024 11.5    30,908 88.5    Grant       65,606  12,669 19.3    52,937 80.7
   Allen      369,020  46,145 12.5   322,875 87.5   Greene       31,864   5,812 18.2    26,052 81.8
Bartholomew    81,610  10,583 13.0    71,027 87.0  Hamilton     321,620  25,439  7.9   296,181 92.1
  Benton        8,598   1,592 18.5     7,006 81.5   Hancock      74,466   9,280 12.5    65,186 87.5
 Blackford     11,857   2,441 20.6     9,416 79.4  Harrison      39,616   6,727 17.0    32,889 83.0
   Boone       64,836   6,240  9.6    58,596 90.4  Hendricks    161,237  16,611 10.3   144,626 89.7
   Brown       14,931   2,250 15.1    12,681 84.9    Henry       44,895   7,969 17.8    36,926 82.2
  Carroll      19,962   3,032 15.2    16,930 84.8   Howard       81,330  14,192 17.4    67,138 82.6
   Cass        37,027   5,781 15.6    31,246 84.4 Huntington     35,928   4,791 13.3    31,137 86.7
   Clark      115,007  15,387 13.4    99,620 86.6   Jackson      43,340   6,572 15.2    36,768 84.8
   Clay        25,738   4,741 18.4    20,997 81.6   Jasper       33,106   5,117 15.5    27,989 84.5
  Clinton      31,718   4,316 13.6    27,402 86.4     Jay        20,638   3,484 16.9    17,154 83.1
 Crawford      10,501   2,132 20.3     8,369 79.7  Jefferson     30,578   5,011 16.4    25,567 83.6
  Daviess      32,642   4,715 14.4    27,927 85.6  Jennings      27,428   4,555 16.6    22,873 83.4
  DeKalb       42,603   5,767 13.5    36,836 86.5   Johnson     151,655  15,874 10.5   135,781 89.5
 Dearborn      48,946   5,793 11.8    43,153 88.2    Knox        36,228   7,025 19.4    29,203 80.6
  Decatur      26,219   3,620 13.8    22,599 86.2  Kosciusko     78,271  10,553 13.5    67,718 86.5
 Delaware     113,571  19,644 17.3    93,927 82.7  LaGrange      39,040   4,105 10.5    34,935 89.5
  Dubois       41,696   4,762 11.4    36,934 88.6   LaPorte     102,327  14,179 13.9    88,148 86.1
  Elkhart     201,957  25,871 12.8   176,086 87.2    Lake       482,151  65,648 13.6   416,503 86.4
  Fayette      22,854   4,082 17.9    18,772 82.1  Lawrence      44,932   8,360 18.6    36,572 81.4
   Floyd       76,195  10,052 13.2    66,143 86.8   Madison     124,753  23,041 18.5   101,712 81.5
 Fountain      16,279   3,043 18.7    13,236 81.3   Marion      941,905 125,518 13.3   816,387 86.7
 Franklin      22,665   2,931 12.9    19,734 87.1  Marshall      45,914   6,218 13.5    39,696 86.5
  Fulton       19,898   3,172 15.9    16,726 84.1   Martin        9,926   1,859 18.7     8,067 81.3
Prevalence of People with and without Disabilities for Indiana, by County: 2019
County Total Disability No Disability   County Total Disability No Disability
Count % Count % Count % Count %
   Miami       33,568   5,542 16.5    28,026 83.5 Switzerland    10,588   1,894 17.9     8,694 82.1
  Monroe      145,376  16,163 11.1   129,213 88.9 Tippecanoe    189,817  19,605 10.3   170,212 89.7
Montgomery     37,717   5,787 15.3    31,930 84.7   Tipton       14,957   2,227 14.9    12,730 85.1
  Morgan       68,934  10,218 14.8    58,716 85.2    Union        7,057   1,104 15.6     5,953 84.4
  Newton       13,767   2,249 16.3    11,518 83.7 Vanderburgh   178,940  26,815 15.0   152,125 85.0
   Noble       46,734   6,268 13.4    40,466 86.6 Vermillion     15,322   2,784 18.2    12,538 81.8
   Ohio         5,821     820 14.1     5,001 85.9    Vigo       103,552  18,802 18.2    84,750 81.8
  Orange       19,273   4,389 22.8    14,884 77.2   Wabash       30,377   4,329 14.3    26,048 85.7
   Owen        20,684   3,768 18.2    16,916 81.8   Warren        8,147   1,276 15.7     6,871 84.3
   Parke       15,550   2,991 19.2    12,559 80.8   Warrick      61,555   7,671 12.5    53,884 87.5
   Perry       17,487   2,654 15.2    14,833 84.8 Washington     27,577   4,858 17.6    22,719 82.4
   Pike        12,168   2,170 17.8     9,998 82.2    Wayne       64,974  11,760 18.1    53,214 81.9
  Porter      166,977  18,267 10.9   148,710 89.1    Wells       27,373   3,543 12.9    23,830 87.1
   Posey       25,318   3,315 13.1    22,003 86.9    White       23,866   3,956 16.6    19,910 83.4
  Pulaski      12,453   2,113 17.0    10,340 83.0   Whitley      33,351   4,588 13.8    28,763 86.2
  Putnam       34,525   4,365 12.6    30,160 87.4                                                  
 Randolph      24,571   4,198 17.1    20,373 82.9                                                  
  Ripley       27,900   3,815 13.7    24,085 86.3                                                  
   Rush        16,452   2,596 15.8    13,856 84.2                                                  
   Scott       23,351   4,825 20.7    18,526 79.3                                                  
  Shelby       43,731   6,178 14.1    37,553 85.9                                                  
  Spencer      20,213   3,054 15.1    17,159 84.9                                                  
St. Joseph    267,710  36,954 13.8   230,756 86.2                                                  
  Starke       22,947   3,491 15.2    19,456 84.8                                                  
  Steuben      34,215   4,821 14.1    29,394 85.9                                                  
 Sullivan      18,607   3,531 19.0    15,076 81.0                                                  
Count of People with Disabilities for Indiana, by County: 2019

Percentage of People with Disabilities for Indiana, by County: 2019

Discussion

There are a number of concepts and factors which complicate the interpretation of the estimates presented in this report. These concerns affect all statistics from population-based surveys. The estimates included in this document should be interpreted the following limitations in mind and generalized with caution. In each point, a link to the U.S. Census Bureau website describing the limitation or concept in greater detail in the ACS has been provided.

Additional links to resources for the ACS:

Glossary

American Community Survey (ACS) — The American Community Survey is a large, continuous demographic survey conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau that will provide accurate and up-to-date profiles of America’s communities every year. Annual and multiyear estimates of population and housing data are generated for small areas, including tracts and population subgroups. This information is collected by mailing questionnaires to a sample of addresses. See the U.S. Census Bureau website for additional details.

The Six Disability Questions in the American Community Survey:

  1. Is this person deaf or does he/she have serious difficulty hearing? (yes or no)
  2. Is this person blind or does he/she have serious difficulty seeing even when wearing glasses? (yes or no)
  3. (If person 5 years old or over) Because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition, does this person have serious difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions? (yes or no)
  4. (If person 5 years or old over) Does this person have serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs? (yes or no)
  5. (If person 5 years old or over) Does this person have difficulty dressing or bathing? (yes or no)
  6. (If person 15 years old or over) Because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition, does this person have difficulty doing errands alone such as visiting a doctor’s office or shopping? (yes or no)

Average — The sum of all of the values in a sample divided by the number of values in the sample.

Civilian — A person not in active-duty military.

Median — The middlemost value of a sample that separates the upper half of the values from the lower half of the values. 

Non-Institutionalized Population — Describes individuals who are residing in the community and who are not living in institutions such as jails, prisons, nursing homes, hospitals, etc.

Population — The total number of inhabitants in a defined geographic area including all races, classes, and groups.

 

 

Prevalence — The proportion of the population with a particular status or condition. Prevalence is usually expressed as a percentage or a number of people per unit of the population.

Prevalence Rate — The prevalence of a particular status or condition estimated over a specific period of time.

Range — The difference between the largest and smallest values in a sample. In a sample, when the smallest value is subtracted from the largest value the resulting value is called the range. 

Sampling Variability — The variation of a statistic when estimated from repeated samples.

United States Census Bureau — An agency within the United States Federal Statistical System tasked with producing data about the American people and economy. Their primary task is to conduct the United States Census every ten years.

About the Center

Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Disability Statistics and Demographics (StatsRRTC)

Led by the University of New Hampshire, the StatsRRTC is a collaborative effort involving the following partners: American Association of People with Disabilities, Center for Essential Management Services, Council of State Administrators of Vocational Rehabilitation, Kessler Foundation, Mathematica Policy Research, and Public Health Institute.

The StatsRRTC is funded by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Community Living, National Institute on Disability, Independent Living and Rehabilitation Research under grant number 90RTGE0001, from 2018–2023.

Employment Policy and Measurement Rehabilitation Research and Training Center (EPM-RRTC)

Led by the University of New Hampshire, the EPM-RRTC is a collaborative effort involving the following partners: Association of University Centers on Disability, Hunter College, Kessler Foundation, Mathematica Policy Research, and the University of Chicago.

The EPM-RRTC is funded by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Community Living, National Institute on Disability, Independent Living and Rehabilitation Research under grant number 90RT503701, from 2015–2020.

Contact Information
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Toll-Free Telephone/TTY: 866-538-9521
E-mail: Disability.Statistics@unh.edu
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