2020 Annual Disability Statistics Compendium

Veterans

Section 8: Veterans

This section presents statistics on veterans in the United States. Specifically, the data address service connected to disability rating; the prevalence of disabilities in the veteran population; the portion of the veteran population that experiences poverty (as well as the difference between the poverty rates of veterans with and without disabilities (poverty gap)), by disability status. The principal sources of these data are the U.S. Census Bureau, specifically the American Community Survey and the Veterans Benefits Administration’s Annual Benefits Report. For these tables, statistics for people with disabilities (disability status) are based on having responded ‘yes’ to a series of questions within the American Community Survey (see the glossary for more details). Poverty is defined by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget and set as a dollar threshold by the U.S. Census Bureau in all sources (see the glossary for more details).

Tables

Table 8.1: In 2019, according to the American Community Survey, 1,698,714 individuals ages 18 and over living in the community reported having a military service-connected disability rating of 70 percent or more.

Table 8.2: In 2019, there were 17,123,137 civilian veterans ages 18-64 years living in the community, 1,619,887 of which were individuals with disabilities—a prevalence rate of 18.9 percent. Minnesota had the lowest prevalence rate (13.3 percent) while Arkansas had the highest prevalence rate (27.5 percent).

Tables 8.3 and 8.4: In 2019, of the 1,619,887 civilian veterans with disabilities ages 18-64 years living in the community, 247,410 individuals lived in poverty—a poverty rate of 15.2 percent. In contrast, of the 6,918,708 civilian veterans without disabilities ages 18-64 years living in the community, 415,704 civilian veterans lived in poverty—a poverty rate of 6.0 percent. The poverty rate for civilian veterans with disabilities was highest in South Dakota (31.0 percent) and lowest in North Dakota (4.0 percent).

 

 

 

 

 

Table 8.5: In 2019, the poverty rate of civilian veterans with disabilities ages 18-64 years living in the community was 15.3 percent, while the poverty rate of individuals without disabilities ages 18-64 years living in the community was 6.0 percent—a poverty gap of 9.3 percentage points. The poverty gap was smallest in North Dakota (-4.2 percentage points) and greatest in South Dakota (27.4 percentage points).

Table 8.6: In the Federal Fiscal Year 2019, the United States spent a total of $97,637,686 on compensation and pension benefits paid to disabled veterans.

Table 8.1 Service-Connected Disability Rating — Civilian Veterans Ages 18 Years and Over Living in the Community, by Disability Status: 2019
State Total Veterans Has a Rating Percent Rating Not Reported   State Total Veterans Has a Rating Percent Rating Not Reported
0 10-60 70 Higher 0 10-60 70 Higher
U.S. 17,123,137 4,372,043 190,030 2,483,299 1,698,714 218,572 MO    378,159    93,898   3,791    53,228    36,879   5,393
AL    312,390    97,604   2,781    51,540    43,283   5,874 MT     83,821    20,108     943    12,967     6,198   3,646
AK     58,064    20,941     255    13,544     7,142   1,908 NE    113,885    36,865   1,784    26,524     8,557   1,370
AZ    474,669   108,870   4,696    67,028    37,146   5,758 NV    207,775    53,198   1,971    28,894    22,333   5,009
AR    179,828    45,749   1,476    21,988    22,285   1,975 NH     90,933    20,239   1,241    12,334     6,664     815
CA  1,456,678   363,660  20,581   204,665   138,414  23,932 NJ    295,384    52,625   3,171    26,071    23,383   2,792
CO    363,032   106,538   3,026    59,935    43,577   3,685 NM    133,215    34,745   1,733    15,961    17,051   1,823
CT    148,721    26,377   1,022    16,198     9,157   1,667 NY    643,771   116,346   8,077    65,100    43,169   6,558
DE     69,415    12,543     886     6,528     5,129     917 NC    628,166   186,545   4,760    91,855    89,930   7,639
DC     24,300     7,060     164     5,152     1,744     442 ND     45,492    12,741     724     7,025     4,992     368
FL  1,380,644   356,867  17,824   209,555   129,488  14,441 OH    646,364   125,714   5,886    77,749    42,079   6,948
GA    606,891   179,569   5,668    87,990    85,911  10,289 OK    256,146    88,513   3,475    41,628    43,410   3,701
HI     92,063    22,574   1,623    13,289     7,662   1,409 OR    258,658    72,471   2,854    42,440    27,177   3,147
ID    120,663    29,526   1,609    17,908    10,009   1,562 PA    703,577   129,452   7,284    70,888    51,280   5,905
IL    517,231    86,202   5,627    47,100    33,475   5,995 RI     47,905    11,398     281     6,581     4,536     536
IN    360,996    87,008   3,496    58,729    24,783   3,911 SC    346,539   100,710   4,292    54,794    41,624   4,634
IA    171,888    40,584   1,964    27,200    11,420   2,000 SD     58,885    18,614   1,810    11,062     5,742   1,398
KS    165,501    37,430   2,184    21,676    13,570   1,459 TN    409,381   123,531   4,169    70,903    48,459   7,534
KY    245,285    63,477   3,361    38,041    22,075   2,617 TX  1,378,943   435,621  15,473   229,375   190,773  18,596
LA    224,848    55,365   2,446    31,990    20,929   3,753 UT    112,791    31,301   1,539    18,333    11,429     613
ME     97,421    27,643     700    15,157    11,786   1,904 VT     32,307     7,363     312     4,677     2,374     349
MD    346,675    86,668   3,526    49,800    33,342   2,749 VA    650,939   192,786   7,755   109,747    75,284   6,935
MA    271,874    58,856   2,550    37,053    19,253   4,562 WA    508,635   130,104   5,088    77,252    47,764   5,913
MI    515,517   102,353   3,363    61,847    37,143   4,244 WV    120,502    35,534     946    20,771    13,817   2,769
MN    268,346    83,814   2,033    62,054    19,727   1,840 WI    305,983    79,891   4,485    51,681    23,725   3,480
MS    150,514    42,599   2,613    22,053    17,933   1,278 WY     41,527    11,853     712     7,439     3,702     530
Table 8.2 Civilian Veterans Ages 18-64 Years Living in the Community for the United States and States, by Disability Status: 2019
State Total Disability No Disability   State Total Disability No Disability
Count % [1] Count % [1] Count % [1] Count % [1]
U.S. 17,123,137 1,619,887 18.9 6,918,708 81.0 MO    378,159    40,157 22.0   142,318 77.9
AL    312,390    41,781 25.1   124,664 74.8 MT     83,821     5,891 14.3    35,059 85.6
AK     58,064     7,172 18.8    30,912 81.1 NE    113,885    10,161 18.2    45,398 81.7
AZ    474,669    40,874 18.7   177,650 81.2 NV    207,775    16,500 15.0    92,835 84.9
AR    179,828    24,451 27.5    64,153 72.4 NH     90,933     8,681 20.0    34,586 79.9
CA  1,456,678   128,289 18.3   571,163 81.6 NJ    295,384    19,441 16.3    99,486 83.6
CO    363,032    36,787 17.4   173,603 82.5 NM    133,215    13,622 21.2    50,388 78.7
CT    148,721     8,257 13.5    52,857 86.4 NY    643,771    43,888 15.7   235,009 84.2
DE     69,415     6,457 19.7    26,313 80.2 NC    628,166    67,547 20.0   268,977 79.9
DC     24,300     2,019 14.5    11,860 85.4 ND     45,492     3,548 14.2    21,391 85.7
FL  1,380,644   119,291 18.9   510,890 81.0 OH    646,364    52,950 16.9   260,231 83.0
GA    606,891    72,354 20.6   278,453 79.3 OK    256,146    31,674 23.6   102,021 76.3
HI     92,063     7,440 15.9    39,167 84.0 OR    258,658    26,565 22.0    93,827 77.9
ID    120,663    12,799 21.4    46,916 78.5 PA    703,577    65,265 20.6   251,173 79.3
IL    517,231    39,356 16.6   196,443 83.3 RI     47,905     3,219 17.3    15,381 82.6
IN    360,996    36,806 20.1   145,467 79.8 SC    346,539    36,677 20.4   142,614 79.5
IA    171,888    13,580 16.6    67,980 83.3 SD     58,885     6,979 24.3    21,694 75.6
KS    165,501    18,419 22.7    62,704 77.2 TN    409,381    46,644 22.1   163,798 77.8
KY    245,285    27,517 22.5    94,718 77.4 TX  1,378,943   153,555 19.2   645,795 80.7
LA    224,848    24,721 21.8    88,248 78.1 UT    112,791     8,750 16.4    44,490 83.5
ME     97,421     9,097 20.3    35,610 79.6 VT     32,307     2,081 13.6    13,198 86.3
MD    346,675    29,408 14.9   167,269 85.0 VA    650,939    54,979 13.8   342,959 86.1
MA    271,874    19,342 16.5    97,473 83.4 WA    508,635    51,157 18.8   219,958 81.1
MI    515,517    46,897 20.4   182,718 79.5 WV    120,502    15,395 26.9    41,745 73.0
MN    268,346    14,874 13.3    96,577 86.6 WI    305,983    25,728 18.8   110,761 81.1
MS    150,514    17,056 21.5    61,963 78.4 WY     41,527     3,789 17.5    17,845 82.4
Table 8.3 Poverty — Civilian Veterans with Disabilities Ages 18-64 Years Living in the Community for the United States and States: 2019
State Total Poverty % [1]   State Total Poverty % [1]
Count Count
U.S. 1,619,887 247,410 15.2 MO    40,157   6,339 15.7
AL    41,781   6,954 16.6 MT     5,891     510  8.6
AK     7,172     799 11.1 NE    10,161   1,142 11.2
AZ    40,874   4,720 11.5 NV    16,500   2,685 16.2
AR    24,451   4,944 20.2 NH     8,681   1,001 11.5
CA   128,289  21,900 17.0 NJ    19,441   2,382 12.2
CO    36,787   3,918 10.6 NM    13,622   2,243 16.4
CT     8,257   1,664 20.1 NY    43,888  11,302 25.7
DE     6,457   1,411 21.8 NC    67,547   8,636 12.7
DC     2,019     173  8.5 ND     3,548     142  4.0
FL   119,291  17,563 14.7 OH    52,950   9,427 17.8
GA    72,354   7,046  9.7 OK    31,674   4,659 14.7
HI     7,440   1,155 15.5 OR    26,565   6,235 23.4
ID    12,799   1,406 10.9 PA    65,265  10,296 15.7
IL    39,356   7,289 18.5 RI     3,219     767 23.8
IN    36,806   6,197 16.8 SC    36,677   4,166 11.3
IA    13,580   2,404 17.7 SD     6,979   2,170 31.0
KS    18,419   4,006 21.7 TN    46,644   7,825 16.7
KY    27,517   4,568 16.6 TX   153,555  19,987 13.0
LA    24,721   4,889 19.7 UT     8,750     751  8.5
ME     9,097   1,553 17.0 VT     2,081     150  7.2
MD    29,408   4,937 16.7 VA    54,979   5,853 10.6
MA    19,342   2,081 10.7 WA    51,157   6,268 12.2
MI    46,897   8,916 19.0 WV    15,395   3,357 21.8
MN    14,874   1,674 11.2 WI    25,728   3,204 12.4
MS    17,056   3,146 18.4 WY     3,789     600 15.8
Table 8.4 Poverty — Civilian Veterans without Disabilities Ages 18-64 Years Living in the Community for the United States and States: 2019
State Total Poverty % [1]   State Total Poverty % [1]
Count Count
U.S. 6,918,708 415,704 6.0 MO   142,318   8,496 5.9
AL   124,664   9,861 7.9 MT    35,059   1,751 4.9
AK    30,912   1,869 6.0 NE    45,398   2,011 4.4
AZ   177,650   9,972 5.6 NV    92,835   6,829 7.3
AR    64,153   5,235 8.1 NH    34,586     910 2.6
CA   571,163  36,169 6.3 NJ    99,486   5,197 5.2
CO   173,603   7,716 4.4 NM    50,388   3,785 7.5
CT    52,857   3,753 7.1 NY   235,009  16,950 7.2
DE    26,313     758 2.8 NC   268,977  15,795 5.8
DC    11,860     563 4.7 ND    21,391   1,760 8.2
FL   510,890  35,989 7.0 OH   260,231  12,717 4.8
GA   278,453  15,298 5.4 OK   102,021   7,420 7.2
HI    39,167   1,667 4.2 OR    93,827   4,817 5.1
ID    46,916   2,848 6.0 PA   251,173  15,012 5.9
IL   196,443  14,469 7.3 RI    15,381     845 5.4
IN   145,467   7,745 5.3 SC   142,614   6,387 4.4
IA    67,980   5,100 7.5 SD    21,694     791 3.6
KS    62,704   3,052 4.8 TN   163,798  11,654 7.1
KY    94,718   8,288 8.7 TX   645,795  44,337 6.8
LA    88,248   7,558 8.5 UT    44,490   2,614 5.8
ME    35,610   1,203 3.3 VT    13,198     580 4.3
MD   167,269   6,794 4.0 VA   342,959  15,246 4.4
MA    97,473   4,818 4.9 WA   219,958   9,824 4.4
MI   182,718  12,426 6.8 WV    41,745   2,243 5.3
MN    96,577   3,299 3.4 WI   110,761   5,087 4.5
MS    61,963   4,997 8.0 WY    17,845   1,199 6.7
Table 8.5 Poverty Gap — Civilian Veterans Ages 18-64 Years Living in the Community for the United States and States, by Disability Status: 2019
State Poverty Rate (%) Gap (% pts) [3]   State Poverty Rate (%) Gap (% pts) [3]
Disability [1] No Disability [2] Disability [1] No Disability [2]
U.S. 15.3 6.0  9.3 MO 15.8 6.0  9.8
AL 16.6 7.9  8.7 MT  8.7 5.0  3.7
AK 11.1 6.0  5.1 NE 11.2 4.4  6.8
AZ 11.5 5.6  5.9 NV 16.3 7.4  8.9
AR 20.2 8.2 12.1 NH 11.5 2.6  8.9
CA 17.1 6.3 10.7 NJ 12.3 5.2  7.0
CO 10.7 4.4  6.2 NM 16.5 7.5  9.0
CT 20.2 7.1 13.1 NY 25.8 7.2 18.5
DE 21.9 2.9 19.0 NC 12.8 5.9  6.9
DC  8.6 4.7  3.8 ND  4.0 8.2 -4.2
FL 14.7 7.0  7.7 OH 17.8 4.9 12.9
GA  9.7 5.5  4.2 OK 14.7 7.3  7.4
HI 15.5 4.3 11.3 OR 23.5 5.1 18.3
ID 11.0 6.1  4.9 PA 15.8 6.0  9.8
IL 18.5 7.4 11.2 RI 23.8 5.5 18.3
IN 16.8 5.3 11.5 SC 11.4 4.5  6.9
IA 17.7 7.5 10.2 SD 31.1 3.6 27.4
KS 21.7 4.9 16.9 TN 16.8 7.1  9.7
KY 16.6 8.8  7.9 TX 13.0 6.9  6.2
LA 19.8 8.6 11.2 UT  8.6 5.9  2.7
ME 17.1 3.4 13.7 VT  7.2 4.4  2.8
MD 16.8 4.1 12.7 VA 10.6 4.4  6.2
MA 10.8 4.9  5.8 WA 12.3 4.5  7.8
MI 19.0 6.8 12.2 WV 21.8 5.4 16.4
MN 11.3 3.4  7.8 WI 12.5 4.6  7.9
MS 18.4 8.1 10.4 WY 15.8 6.7  9.1
Table 8.6 Veterans Benefits Administration — Compensation and Pension Benefits Paid to Disabled Veterans and their Survivors: Federal Fiscal Year 2019
State Total ($) [1]   State Total ($) [1]
U.S. 97,637,686 MO  1,965,143
AL  2,419,342 MT    404,725
AK    333,061 NE    645,761
AZ  2,227,963 NV  1,190,463
AR  1,242,636 NH    391,717
CA  8,354,915 NJ  1,254,480
CO  2,000,760 NM    921,513
CT    532,796 NY  2,791,812
DE    282,154 NC  4,772,645
DC    107,723 ND    212,542
FL  7,608,440 OH  2,759,809
GA  4,383,902 OK  2,241,743
HI    521,143 OR  1,526,268
ID    574,423 PA  2,877,076
IL  2,136,548 RI    253,652
IN  1,517,487 SC  2,561,625
IA    714,665 SD    291,448
KS    793,767 TN  2,675,981
KY  1,421,468 TX 10,261,180
LA  1,501,914 UT    603,120
ME    614,740 VT    159,808
MD  1,721,262 VA  3,846,120
MA  1,325,036 WA  2,646,996
MI  2,355,197 WV    830,072
MN  1,323,170 WI  1,354,386
MS  1,026,348 WY    203,048