2020 Annual Disability Statistics Compendium

Health

Section 11: Health

This section presents statistics on health in the United States, especially the health of people with disabilities. The data address the prevalence of disabilities, health behaviors such as smoking, obesity, and binge drinking by disability status. These statistics were generated by the authors using the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance Survey. See the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s Disability and Health Data System for additional information on the health of the population with disabilities. Statistics for people with disabilities (disability status) are based on having responded ‘yes’ to a series of questions within the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance Survey (see glossary for greater detail). The data for the state of New Jersey is not available for 2019. 

Tables

Table 11.1: In 2019, there were 236,226,630 individuals ages 18 and over living in the community, and 66,016,874 had a disability (27.9 percent). The state with the largest number of individuals with disabilities was California, with 7,090,015 individuals with disabilities, while the state with the smallest number was Vermont, with 114,332 individuals with disabilities.

Table 11.2: In 2019, individuals ages 18 years and over (adults) with disabilities were more likely to smoke (23.1 percent) than adults without disabilities (12.3 percent). Adults with disabilities were most likely to smoke in Kentucky (32.7 percent) and least likely to smoke in Utah (12.7 percent).

Table 11.3: In 2019, individuals ages 18 years and over (adults) with disabilities were more likely to be obese (40.0 percent) than adults without disabilities (28.0 percent). Adults with disabilities were most likely to be obese in Wisconsin (45.7 percent) and least likely to be obese in Colorado (31.8 percent).

Table 11.4: In 2019, individuals ages 18 years and over (adults) with disabilities were less likely to binge drink (14.0 percent) than adults without disabilities (17.8 percent). Adults with disabilities were most likely to binge drink in North Dakota (19.3 percent) and least likely to binge drink in Oklahoma (10.3 percent).

Table 11.1 Health — Persons Ages 18 and Over Living in the Community, by Disability Status: 2019
State Total Disability No Disability   State Total Disability No Disability
Count % [1] Count % [1] Count % [1] Count % [1]
U.S. 236,226,630 66,016,874 27.9 170,209,757 72.1 MO   4,618,673  1,480,071 32.0   3,138,602 68.0
AL   3,626,523  1,280,509 35.3   2,346,014 64.7 MT     815,613    250,394 30.7     565,219 69.3
AK     529,751    137,688 26.0     392,062 74.0 NE   1,419,073    334,062 23.5   1,085,011 76.5
AZ   5,325,797  1,507,677 28.3   3,818,119 71.7 NV   2,321,889    775,830 33.4   1,546,058 66.6
AR   2,210,910    822,145 37.2   1,388,764 62.8 NH   1,033,742    271,433 26.3     762,309 73.7
CA  28,951,646  7,090,015 24.5  21,861,631 75.5 NJ     N/A        N/A     N/A      N/A     N/A 
CO   4,189,555    864,454 20.6   3,325,101 79.4 NM   1,559,563    460,355 29.5   1,099,208 70.5
CT   2,677,620    613,853 22.9   2,063,767 77.1 NY  14,245,936  3,725,215 26.1  10,520,721 73.9
DE     731,419    198,284 27.1     533,134 72.9 NC   7,959,633  2,521,022 31.7   5,438,611 68.3
DC     547,729    125,711 23.0     422,018 77.0 ND     573,986    141,080 24.6     432,906 75.4
FL  16,046,788  4,967,863 31.0  11,078,925 69.0 OH   8,769,905  2,626,873 30.0   6,143,032 70.0
GA   7,536,034  2,150,179 28.5   5,385,854 71.5 OK   2,864,413  1,046,594 36.5   1,817,819 63.5
HI   1,071,178    258,555 24.1     812,623 75.9 OR   3,247,484    902,226 27.8   2,345,259 72.2
ID   1,311,938    369,360 28.2     942,578 71.8 PA   9,882,966  2,677,350 27.1   7,205,616 72.9
IL   9,538,353  2,272,298 23.8   7,266,055 76.2 RI     796,120    223,588 28.1     572,532 71.9
IN   4,921,780  1,428,132 29.0   3,493,648 71.0 SC   3,851,522  1,216,011 31.6   2,635,511 68.4
IA   2,348,087    570,319 24.3   1,777,769 75.7 SD     659,405    171,471 26.0     487,934 74.0
KS   2,092,425    581,496 27.8   1,510,929 72.2 TN   5,031,532  1,705,934 33.9   3,325,598 66.1
KY   3,372,803  1,253,016 37.2   2,119,786 62.8 TX  20,504,452  5,764,167 28.1  14,740,285 71.9
LA   3,352,075  1,186,643 35.4   2,165,432 64.6 UT   2,215,303    528,356 23.9   1,686,947 76.1
ME   1,066,087    340,215 31.9     725,872 68.1 VT     483,439    114,332 23.6     369,107 76.4
MD   4,482,004  1,040,158 23.2   3,441,847 76.8 VA   6,373,654  1,606,061 25.2   4,767,593 74.8
MA   5,321,525  1,332,752 25.0   3,988,773 75.0 WA   5,574,004  1,296,016 23.3   4,277,988 76.7
MI   7,593,140  2,310,271 30.4   5,282,870 69.6 WV   1,404,695    590,961 42.1     813,734 57.9
MN   4,173,736    959,140 23.0   3,214,596 77.0 WI   4,365,772    993,009 22.7   3,372,762 77.3
MS   2,206,981    816,793 37.0   1,390,189 63.0 WY     427,970    116,936 27.3     311,035 72.7
Table 11.2 Health — Smoking among Persons Ages 18 and Over, by Disability Status: 2019
State Smoking (%) Gap (% pts) [1]   State Smoking (%) Gap (% pts) [1]
Disability No Disability Disability No Disability
U.S. 23.1 12.3 10.8 MO 27.3 16.0 11.3
AL 28.5 15.7 12.8 MT 24.8 12.9 11.9
AK 27.2 14.0 13.2 NE 21.5 12.6  8.9
AZ 22.5 12.0 10.5 NV 24.3 11.3 13.0
AR 28.8 15.1 13.7 NH 25.3 12.5 12.8
CA 15.4  8.2  7.2 NJ N/A  N/A 
CO 20.5 11.6  8.9 NM 23.4 12.9 10.5
CT 21.6  9.3 12.3 NY 19.7 10.2  9.5
DE 24.1 12.9 11.2 NC 25.6 15.2 10.4
DC 24.7  9.3 15.4 ND 25.6 14.1 11.5
FL 21.3 11.9  9.4 OH 28.7 17.6 11.1
GA 24.2 13.2 11.0 OK 25.1 15.3  9.8
HI 15.8 11.2  4.6 OR 22.7 11.4 11.3
ID 20.6 13.3  7.3 PA 27.3 13.6 13.7
IL 21.6 12.3  9.3 RI 20.6 10.5 10.1
IN 28.3 15.5 12.8 SC 23.9 14.6  9.3
IA 24.1 13.9 10.2 SD 25.9 15.8 10.1
KS 26.9 12.2 14.7 TN 28.7 15.4 13.3
KY 32.7 18.2 14.5 TX 21.1 12.1  9.0
LA 30.7 17.1 13.6 UT 12.7  6.2  6.5
ME 26.2 13.5 12.7 VT 24.8 12.1 12.7
MD 19.8 10.6  9.2 VA 23.0 11.0 12.0
MA 19.1  9.7  9.4 WA 20.5 10.2 10.3
MI 27.8 14.8 13.0 WV 29.3 19.8  9.5
MN 22.1 12.4  9.7 WI 23.3 13.0 10.3
MS 26.6 16.8  9.8 WY 26.5 15.3 11.2
Table 11.3 Health — Obesity among Persons 18 and Over, by Disability Status: 2019
State Obesity (%) Gap (% pts) [1]   State Obesity (%) Gap (% pts) [1]
Disability No Disability Disability No Disability
U.S. 40.0 28.0 12.0 MO 41.2 31.8  9.4
AL 44.7 31.0 13.7 MT 38.9 23.7 15.2
AK 37.7 27.0 10.7 NE 42.9 31.2 11.7
AZ 38.4 28.2 10.2 NV 36.6 27.8  8.8
AR 42.6 34.5  8.1 NH 41.6 28.3 13.3
CA 35.7 23.0 12.7 NJ N/A  N/A 
CO 31.8 22.0  9.8 NM 35.5 30.0  5.5
CT 38.2 26.6 11.6 NY 37.0 23.8 13.2
DE 43.4 31.0 12.4 NC 41.5 30.1 11.4
DC 38.6 19.8 18.8 ND 41.9 32.4  9.5
FL 34.2 23.4 10.8 OH 44.2 30.9 13.3
GA 42.1 29.3 12.8 OK 43.2 32.8 10.4
HI 33.7 22.6 11.1 OR 36.7 25.9 10.8
ID 36.4 26.4 10.0 PA 43.0 29.5 13.5
IL 40.7 28.9 11.8 RI 41.9 25.9 16.0
IN 42.9 32.1 10.8 SC 41.1 32.1  9.0
IA 43.2 31.0 12.2 SD 38.4 30.8  7.6
KS 42.9 31.7 11.2 TN 43.2 32.9 10.3
KY 43.4 32.3 11.1 TX 42.2 31.0 11.2
LA 39.9 33.6  6.3 UT 36.9 27.0  9.9
ME 39.2 28.1 11.1 VT 35.6 23.8 11.8
MD 43.4 29.1 14.3 VA 42.6 28.3 14.3
MA 34.2 22.3 11.9 WA 37.8 25.7 12.1
MI 45.3 31.9 13.4 WV 44.2 35.9  8.3
MN 38.5 27.5 11.0 WI 45.7 30.7 15.0
MS 45.0 38.2  6.8 WY 37.8 26.3 11.5
Table 11.4 Health — Binge Drinking among Persons Ages 18 and Over, by Disability Status: 2019
State Binge Drinking (%) Gap (% pts) [1]   State Binge Drinking (%) Gap (% pts) [1]
Disability No Disability Disability No Disability
U.S. 14.0 17.8 -3.7 MO 13.6 18.3 -4.6
AL 10.4 13.5 -3.1 MT 17.1 22.4 -5.3
AK 14.5 16.6 -2.0 NE 14.9 22.7 -7.8
AZ 12.5 16.1 -3.6 NV 15.0 17.9 -3.0
AR 10.9 15.2 -4.4 NH 14.2 17.7 -3.5
CA 14.9 17.4 -2.6 NJ N/A  N/A 
CO 15.2 19.1 -3.8 NM 12.7 15.7 -3.0
CT 13.1 16.5 -3.4 NY 14.6 17.5 -2.9
DE 17.0 17.2 -0.3 NC 11.1 14.7 -3.6
DC 17.9 26.9 -9.0 ND 19.3 23.0 -3.8
FL 13.3 16.8 -3.5 OH 14.3 18.8 -4.6
GA 14.2 16.1 -1.9 OK 10.3 14.2 -3.9
HI 14.4 18.3 -4.0 OR 14.5 18.6 -4.0
ID 13.2 18.0 -4.8 PA 15.0 17.7 -2.7
IL 17.2 20.7 -3.5 RI 13.0 20.3 -7.3
IN 11.5 17.3 -5.7 SC 13.5 17.0 -3.4
IA 15.5 23.6 -8.1 SD 18.2 22.3 -4.1
KS 12.9 19.1 -6.3 TN 12.6 15.3 -2.7
KY 11.5 17.8 -6.3 TX 17.3 18.2 -0.9
LA 16.2 20.4 -4.2 UT 12.1 10.9  1.2
ME 13.9 18.4 -4.5 VT 12.9 20.0 -7.1
MD 12.3 14.2 -2.0 VA 11.5 16.6 -5.1
MA 14.1 20.9 -6.8 WA 10.8 15.2 -4.4
MI 14.5 19.5 -5.0 WV 10.7 13.6 -2.9
MN 15.4 22.3 -6.9 WI 18.0 23.0 -4.9
MS 10.4 15.2 -4.7 WY 14.2 19.1 -4.9