2020 Annual Disability Statistics Compendium
Section 15: Employment Policy
This section presents statistics relevant to disability employment policy research in the United States. Specifically, the data address state minimum wage rates, Social Security disability allowance rates, Supplemental Security Income supplementary payments, and earned income tax credit rates.
The data for state minimum wage rates are accurate as of July 2019, and were gathered from the Department of Labor. The Federal minimum wage is presented as default if a state does not have a minimum wage or if the rate is below the Federal level.
The data for Social Security disability allowance rates and Supplemental Security Income supplementary payments are from the Social Security Administration. More information about allowance rates and supplementary payments can be found in the State Assistance Programs for SSI Recipients report released in January 2011 through the Social Security Administration.
The data for earned income tax credit rates were found through the Internal Revenue Service. The earned income tax credit rates are the percent of the federal earned income tax credit amount that that can be claimed on state tax returns.
Table 15.1: In 2019, the states with the highest and lowest Social Security disability allowance rates were South Dakota and Mississippi, with allowance rates of 59.3 and 28.4 percent.
Table 15.2: In 2019, the states with the highest and lowest earned income tax credits were Maryland and Montana, with credits of 50 and 3 percent.
Table 15.3: In 2011, the most recent data available, the states with the highest and lowest Supplemental Security Income Supplementary Payments were Indiana and Utah, with payments of $827.06 and $3.13 respectively.
Table 15.4: In 2019, the highest minimum wage rate was in the District of Columbia with a rate of $15. Twenty-two states have no minimum wage or one that is lower than the Federal Minimum of $7.25.