2021 Annual Disability Statistics Compendium

Earnings

Section 5: Earnings

This section presents statistics on earnings in the United States by disability status. The statistics describe the earnings of full-time, full-year workers with and without disabilities in the past 12 months, as well as the difference (earnings gap) between these two populations.  A person is considered a full-time, full-year worker if they worked 35 hours or more per week for 50 to 52 weeks in the past 12 months. Individuals who did not work in the last 12 months or who worked less than full-time, full-year are not included in these statistics. The principal source of these data is the U.S. Census Bureau, specifically the American Community Survey. Statistics for people with disabilities (disability status) are based on having responded ‘yes’ to a series of questions within the American Community Survey (see the glossary for more details). In addition, in the American Community Survey people are asked about their total income for the past 12 months. This information is used to calculate earnings. When presenting earnings data, the median earnings (or middle value) is used rather than mean (average) earnings because income tends to be heavily skewed. Because outlier cases with extremely high incomes do not impact the median the way that they impact the mean, the median is generally the preferred statistic for summarizing income.

Tables

Table 5.1: In 2020, for full-time, full-year workers with disabilities ages 18-64 years living in the community, median earnings were $42,504. In contrast, among full-time, full-year workers without disabilities ages 18-64 years and over living in the community, median earnings were $50,223—an earnings gap of $7,719. This earnings gap is smallest (meaning the difference in earnings of people with disabilities and the earnings of people without disabilities is the lowest) in Alaska ($-3,833) and largest (meaning the difference in earnings of people with disabilities and the earnings of people without disabilities is the highest) in Massachusetts ($16,258).

Table 5.1 Earnings — Annual Median Earnings of Full-time, Full-year Civilian Workers Ages 18-64 Years for the United States and States, by Disability Status (in 2020 inflation-adjusted dollars): 2020
State Total ($) [1] No Disability ($) Disability ($) Gap ($) [2]   State Total ($) [1] No Disability ($) Disability ($) Gap ($) [2]
U.S. 49,810 50,223 42,504  7,719 MO 45,216 45,241 38,677  6,564
AL 43,186 43,986 36,082  7,904 MT 41,144 42,011 35,963  6,048
AK 57,315 56,330 60,163 -3,833 NE 46,110 46,250 39,839  6,411
AZ 45,262 45,860 39,399  6,461 NV 45,167 45,171 44,510    661
AR 40,216 40,232 34,175  6,057 NH 57,226 58,161 48,936  9,225
CA 54,836 55,045 48,240  6,805 NJ 62,297 62,872 54,373  8,499
CO 54,733 54,996 42,247 12,749 NM 44,115 45,184 35,821  9,363
CT 60,127 60,283 49,971 10,312 NY 59,368 59,526 47,530 11,996
DE 50,259 50,285 41,468  8,817 NC 45,220 45,242 37,084  8,158
DC 85,080 85,213 73,969 11,244 ND 45,048 45,072 40,022  5,050
FL 43,192 43,253 38,685  4,568 OH 49,212 50,212 39,761 10,451
GA 47,238 48,200 40,016  8,184 OK 40,245 41,221 37,874  3,347
HI 50,288 50,291 49,991    300 OR 50,281 50,295 44,582  5,713
ID 43,185 44,221 35,575  8,646 PA 50,293 50,386 40,152 10,234
IL 52,211 53,115 43,149  9,966 RI 52,660 54,434 45,400  9,034
IN 45,277 46,277 40,136  6,141 SC 43,223 43,263 38,228  5,035
IA 45,267 46,219 38,768  7,451 SD 43,641 44,171 34,748  9,423
KS 45,198 45,857 35,211 10,646 TN 43,216 44,226 35,181  9,045
KY 43,428 44,774 39,589  5,185 TX 47,220 47,709 40,239  7,470
LA 45,249 45,268 40,781  4,487 UT 50,235 50,247 40,105 10,142
ME 47,240 48,110 44,419  3,691 VT 50,084 50,105 40,246  9,859
MD 62,207 62,894 53,249  9,645 VA 54,912 55,294 42,954 12,340
MA 65,199 66,019 49,761 16,258 WA 60,123 60,272 51,844  8,428
MI 50,242 50,259 40,218 10,041 WV 43,185 43,206 41,055  2,151
MN 53,875 54,425 45,015  9,410 WI 50,224 50,232 42,224  8,008
MS 40,069 40,085 35,140  4,945 WY 50,248 49,886 34,950 14,936