2021 Annual Disability Statistics Compendium

Poverty

Section 6: Poverty

This section presents statistics on poverty in the United States. The statistics describe the number and percentage of people with and without disabilities who experience poverty as well as the difference between the poverty rates of people with and without disabilities (poverty gap). The principal source of these data is the American Community Survey. For these tables, statistics for people with disabilities (disability status) are based on having responded ‘yes’ to a series of questions within the American Community Survey (see the glossary for details). Poverty is defined by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget and set as a dollar threshold by the U.S. Census Bureau (see the glossary for details).

Tables

Tables 6.1 and 6.2: In 2020, of the 21,523,050 individuals with disabilities ages 18-64 years who were living in the community, 11,951,538 individuals lived in poverty—a poverty rate of 27.8 percent. In contrast, of the 178,475,229 individuals without disabilities ages 18-64 years living in the community, 42,551,532 individuals lived in poverty—a poverty rate of 11.9 percent. The poverty rate for people with disabilities was highest in the District of Columbia (49.0 percent) and lowest in Utah (19.4 percent).

Table 6.3: In 2020, the poverty rate of individuals with disabilities ages 18-64 years living in the community was 11.9 percent, while the poverty rate of individuals without disabilities ages 18-64 years living in the community was 27.8 percent—a difference of 15.9 percentage points. The poverty gap was smallest in North Dakota and Utah (a difference of 11.5 percentage points) and greatest in the District of Columbia (a difference of 33.7 percentage points).

Table 6.1 Poverty — Civilians with Disabilities Ages 18-64 Years Living in the Community for the United States and States: 2020
State Total Poverty   State Total Poverty
Count % Count %
U.S. 21,523,050 11,951,538 27.8 MO    452,325    269,570 29.8
AL    434,220    255,030 29.4 MT     73,328     43,306 29.5
AK     40,730     19,434 23.9 NE     98,096     49,346 25.2
AZ    488,802    254,944 26.1 NV    208,600    106,526 25.5
AR    297,304    180,772 30.4 NH     87,215     38,914 22.3
CA  2,064,229  1,041,502 25.2 NJ    451,856    204,146 22.6
CO    338,603    158,520 23.4 NM    180,015    119,096 33.1
CT    198,105    115,048 29.0 NY  1,092,557    667,340 30.5
DE     69,127     36,396 26.3 NC    745,123    420,034 28.2
DC     46,410     45,486 49.0 ND     37,939     19,592 25.8
FL  1,345,230    723,312 26.9 OH    874,248    555,104 31.7
GA    757,956    428,078 28.2 OK    373,359    225,908 30.3
HI     67,460     29,164 21.6 OR    315,368    175,448 27.8
ID    130,917     58,282 22.3 PA    883,490    506,716 28.7
IL    716,876    396,098 27.6 RI     78,954     43,792 27.7
IN    514,248    290,964 28.3 SC    380,650    211,482 27.8
IA    197,212     97,418 24.7 SD     49,716     31,550 31.7
KS    206,067    120,258 29.2 TN    557,495    348,210 31.2
KY    447,045    289,686 32.4 TX  1,809,900    944,836 26.1
LA    395,171    262,888 33.3 UT    187,415     72,852 19.4
ME    109,097     63,692 29.2 VT     43,494     31,500 36.2
MD    335,712    167,046 24.9 VA    511,784    242,136 23.7
MA    413,228    232,882 28.2 WA    529,586    270,568 25.5
MI    759,317    453,508 29.9 WV    176,780    120,896 34.2
MN    307,760    153,964 25.0 WI    335,325    164,892 24.6
MS    269,622    176,506 32.7 WY     37,984     16,900 22.2
Table 6.2 Poverty — Civilians without Disabilities Ages 18-64 Years Living in the Community for the United States and States: 2020
State Total Poverty   State Total Poverty
Count % Count %
U.S. 178,475,229 42,551,532 11.9 MO   3,226,772    800,618 12.4
AL   2,516,017    704,986 14.0 MT     553,646    145,654 13.2
AK     395,524     74,080  9.4 NE   1,026,166    217,386 10.6
AZ   3,900,699  1,039,764 13.3 NV   1,710,089    395,704 11.6
AR   1,478,506    459,286 15.5 NH     762,360    130,582  8.6
CA  22,364,711  5,014,182 11.2 NJ   4,969,902    927,540  9.3
CO   3,307,379    624,126  9.4 NM   1,058,682    354,738 16.8
CT   1,988,949    419,326 10.5 NY  10,863,050  2,760,490 12.7
DE     510,792    113,660 11.1 NC   5,662,705  1,436,292 12.7
DC     443,787    135,378 15.3 ND     406,661    116,548 14.3
FL  11,459,108  2,697,778 11.8 OH   6,148,772  1,549,376 12.6
GA   5,823,262  1,604,486 13.8 OK   2,005,129    600,340 15.0
HI     727,711    140,052  9.6 OR   2,271,151    506,838 11.2
ID     941,857    201,786 10.7 PA   6,840,367  1,613,092 11.8
IL   6,984,533  1,556,900 11.1 RI     584,159    130,106 11.1
IN   3,574,075    897,442 12.6 SC   2,701,777    794,398 14.7
IA   1,674,271    391,660 11.7 SD     470,935    119,710 12.7
KS   1,508,097    340,026 11.3 TN   3,651,972    934,854 12.8
KY   2,244,032    643,828 14.3 TX  16,151,018  4,039,222 12.5
LA   2,378,364    829,176 17.4 UT   1,757,473    277,908  7.9
ME     689,847    144,580 10.5 VT     336,815     85,304 12.7
MD   3,346,635    618,876  9.2 VA   4,666,601    978,802 10.5
MA   3,943,738    886,768 11.2 WA   4,208,860    771,408  9.2
MI   5,307,054  1,253,144 11.8 WV     878,406    288,858 16.4
MN   3,084,851    495,906  8.0 WI   3,191,886    689,962 10.8
MS   1,477,260    537,706 18.2 WY     298,816     60,900 10.2
Table 6.3 Poverty Gap — Civilians with and without Disabilities Ages 18-64 Years Living in the Community for the United States and States, by Disability Status: 2020
State Poverty Rate (%) Gap (% pts) [3]   State Poverty Rate (%) Gap (% pts) [3]
No Disability [1] Disability [2] No Disability [1] Disability [2]
U.S. 11.9 27.8 15.9 MO 12.4 29.8 17.4
AL 14.0 29.4 15.4 MT 13.2 29.5 16.3
AK  9.4 23.9 14.5 NE 10.6 25.2 14.6
AZ 13.3 26.1 12.8 NV 11.6 25.5 13.9
AR 15.5 30.4 14.9 NH  8.6 22.3 13.7
CA 11.2 25.2 14.0 NJ  9.3 22.6 13.3
CO  9.4 23.4 14.0 NM 16.8 33.1 16.3
CT 10.5 29.0 18.5 NY 12.7 30.5 17.8
DE 11.1 26.3 15.2 NC 12.7 28.2 15.5
DC 15.3 49.0 33.7 ND 14.3 25.8 11.5
FL 11.8 26.9 15.1 OH 12.6 31.7 19.1
GA 13.8 28.2 14.4 OK 15.0 30.3 15.3
HI  9.6 21.6 12.0 OR 11.2 27.8 16.6
ID 10.7 22.3 11.6 PA 11.8 28.7 16.9
IL 11.1 27.6 16.5 RI 11.1 27.7 16.6
IN 12.6 28.3 15.7 SC 14.7 27.8 13.1
IA 11.7 24.7 13.0 SD 12.7 31.7 19.0
KS 11.3 29.2 17.9 TN 12.8 31.2 18.4
KY 14.3 32.4 18.1 TX 12.5 26.1 13.6
LA 17.4 33.3 15.9 UT  7.9 19.4 11.5
ME 10.5 29.2 18.7 VT 12.7 36.2 23.5
MD  9.2 24.9 15.7 VA 10.5 23.7 13.2
MA 11.2 28.2 17.0 WA  9.2 25.5 16.3
MI 11.8 29.9 18.1 WV 16.4 34.2 17.8
MN  8.0 25.0 17.0 WI 10.8 24.6 13.8
MS 18.2 32.7 14.5 WY 10.2 22.2 12.0