2021 Annual Disability Statistics Compendium

Health

Section 11: Health

This section presents statistics on health in the United States, especially the health of people with disabilities. The data address the prevalence of disabilities, health behaviors such as smoking, obesity, and binge drinking by disability status. These statistics were generated by the authors using the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance Survey. See the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s Disability and Health Data System for additional information on the health of the population with disabilities. Statistics for people with disabilities (disability status) are based on having responded ‘yes’ to a series of questions within the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance Survey (see glossary for greater detail). The data for the state of New Jersey is not available for 2020. 

Tables

Table 11.1: In 2020, there were 242,761,493 individuals ages 18 and over living in the community, and 63,152,941 had a disability (26.0 percent). The state with the largest number of individuals with disabilities was California, with 6,734,666 individuals with disabilities, while the state with the smallest number was Wyoming, with 107,514 individuals with disabilities.

Table 11.2: In 2020, individuals ages 18 years and over (adults) with disabilities were more likely to smoke (21.7 percent) than adults without disabilities (11.7 percent). Adults with disabilities were most likely to smoke in West Virginia (29.8 percent) and least likely to smoke in Utah (14.2 percent).

Table 11.3: In 2020, individuals ages 18 years and over (adults) with disabilities were more likely to be obese (40.4 percent) than adults without disabilities (29.0 percent). Adults with disabilities were most likely to be obese in Delaware (49.0 percent) and least likely to be obese in Massachusetts (31.0 percent).

Table 11.4: In 2020, individuals ages 18 years and over (adults) with disabilities were less likely to binge drink (13.1 percent) than adults without disabilities (16.4 percent). Adults with disabilities were most likely to binge drink in the District of Columbia (22.6 percent) and least likely to binge drink in Illinois (9.5 percent).

Table 11.1 Health — Persons Ages 18 and Over Living in the Community, by Disability Status: 2020
State Total Disability No Disability   State Total Disability No Disability
Count % [1] Count % [1] Count % [1] Count % [1]
U.S. 242,761,493 63,152,941 26.0 179,608,552 74.0 MO   4,637,316  1,406,836 30.3   3,230,480 69.7
AL   3,675,048  1,208,179 32.9   2,466,870 67.1 MT     822,878    233,169 28.3     589,709 71.7
AK     517,887    111,809 21.6     406,078 78.4 NE   1,414,606    306,192 21.6   1,108,414 78.4
AZ   5,363,322  1,382,191 25.8   3,981,131 74.2 NV   2,348,671    711,436 30.3   1,637,235 69.7
AR   2,200,716    729,258 33.1   1,471,459 66.9 NH   1,023,961    232,359 22.7     791,602 77.3
CA  28,763,879  6,734,666 23.4  22,029,214 76.6 NJ   6,388,759  1,415,625 22.2   4,973,134 77.8
CO   4,279,671    851,596 19.9   3,428,075 80.1 NM   1,557,875    440,271 28.3   1,117,604 71.7
CT   2,690,004    598,002 22.2   2,092,002 77.8 NY  14,228,003  3,273,589 23.0  10,954,415 77.0
DE     728,722    186,592 25.6     542,130 74.4 NC   7,948,755  2,198,903 27.7   5,749,852 72.3
DC     540,719    115,456 21.4     425,264 78.6 ND     564,754    142,506 25.2     422,248 74.8
FL  16,432,770  4,587,950 27.9  11,844,820 72.1 OH   8,628,856  2,322,751 26.9   6,306,104 73.1
GA   7,626,177  1,960,756 25.7   5,665,421 74.3 OK   2,836,729    990,976 34.9   1,845,752 65.1
HI   1,071,094    218,444 20.4     852,649 79.6 OR   3,222,611    885,741 27.5   2,336,870 72.5
ID   1,323,466    389,960 29.5     933,506 70.5 PA   9,738,279  2,657,064 27.3   7,081,215 72.7
IL   9,494,782  2,320,119 24.4   7,174,664 75.6 RI     792,158    197,895 25.0     594,264 75.0
IN   4,893,805  1,382,302 28.2   3,511,503 71.8 SC   3,970,569  1,304,480 32.9   2,666,089 67.1
IA   2,318,154    534,046 23.0   1,784,108 77.0 SD     649,520    161,900 24.9     487,620 75.1
KS   2,134,079    575,521 27.0   1,558,557 73.0 TN   5,044,967  1,552,858 30.8   3,492,110 69.2
KY   3,358,329  1,175,034 35.0   2,183,295 65.0 TX  20,658,256  5,435,500 26.3  15,222,756 73.7
LA   3,327,416  1,122,487 33.7   2,204,929 66.3 UT   2,228,345    497,787 22.3   1,730,558 77.7
ME   1,054,921    308,824 29.3     746,097 70.7 VT     486,233    110,014 22.6     376,219 77.4
MD   4,443,674    911,437 20.5   3,532,237 79.5 VA   6,342,202  1,437,186 22.7   4,905,016 77.3
MA   5,221,415  1,242,139 23.8   3,979,276 76.2 WA   5,608,129  1,273,876 22.7   4,334,253 77.3
MI   7,584,913  2,087,923 27.5   5,496,990 72.5 WV   1,388,802    494,529 35.6     894,273 64.4
MN   4,172,853    882,754 21.2   3,290,098 78.8 WI   4,357,976    977,277 22.4   3,380,699 77.6
MS   2,225,095    767,264 34.5   1,457,831 65.5 WY     429,370    107,514 25.0     321,856 75.0
Table 11.2 Health — Smoking among Persons Ages 18 and Over, by Disability Status: 2020
State Smoking (%) Gap (% pts) [1]   State Smoking (%) Gap (% pts) [1]
Disability No Disability Disability No Disability
U.S. 21.7 11.7 10.0 MO 26.2 14.1 12.1
AL 24.2 15.7  8.5 MT 23.7 13.6 10.1
AK 26.1 15.8 10.3 NE 20.0 12.3  7.7
AZ 19.9 10.8  9.1 NV 18.6 12.3  6.3
AR 27.4 16.9 10.5 NH 22.5 11.4 11.1
CA 14.4  7.2  7.2 NJ 17.7  8.8  8.9
CO 19.1 10.5  8.6 NM 22.3 13.6  8.7
CT 19.5  9.7  9.8 NY 17.4 10.5  6.9
DE 21.2 13.1  8.1 NC 24.9 13.3 11.6
DC 22.9  8.2 14.7 ND 26.8 14.2 12.6
FL 17.0 13.7  3.3 OH 28.8 15.7 13.1
GA 24.1 12.9 11.2 OK 28.2 14.1 14.1
HI 17.5 10.1  7.4 OR 19.6 10.7  8.9
ID 21.0 10.5 10.5 PA 26.4 11.8 14.6
IL 19.1 10.7  8.4 RI 22.6 10.4 12.2
IN 28.2 15.9 12.3 SC 25.0 14.8 10.2
IA 25.0 13.0 12.0 SD 24.9 15.5  9.4
KS 25.0 13.6 11.4 TN 29.3 15.1 14.2
KY 29.3 17.0 12.3 TX 20.1 10.9  9.2
LA 26.0 14.4 11.6 UT 14.2  6.4  7.8
ME 25.0 13.0 12.0 VT 24.7  9.9 14.8
MD 18.4  9.0  9.4 VA 21.8 11.3 10.5
MA 19.4  8.5 10.9 WA 18.1  9.6  8.5
MI 27.7 14.8 12.9 WV 29.8 18.5 11.3
MN 20.4 12.1  8.3 WI 23.6 13.2 10.4
MS 27.7 16.0 11.7 WY 25.9 16.0  9.9
Table 11.3 Health — Obesity among Persons 18 and Over, by Disability Status: 2020
State Obesity (%) Gap (% pts) [1]   State Obesity (%) Gap (% pts) [1]
Disability No Disability Disability No Disability
U.S. 40.4 29.0 11.4 MO 43.2 30.2 13.0
AL 44.6 36.2  8.4 MT 37.1 25.1 12.0
AK 42.9 29.3 13.6 NE 44.1 31.3 12.8
AZ 38.1 28.6  9.5 NV 38.5 24.3 14.2
AR 40.8 34.4  6.4 NH 40.7 26.6 14.1
CA 40.6 27.2 13.4 NJ 35.5 25.6  9.9
CO 34.7 21.6 13.1 NM 34.5 29.1  5.4
CT 39.1 26.4 12.7 NY 34.4 23.8 10.6
DE 49.0 31.8 17.2 NC 40.6 31.2  9.4
DC 35.4 21.1 14.3 ND 41.8 30.2 11.6
FL 35.3 25.8  9.5 OH 43.4 32.8 10.6
GA 43.8 30.7 13.1 OK 42.8 33.3  9.5
HI 33.3 22.4 10.9 OR 36.6 24.9 11.7
ID 37.3 28.4  8.9 PA 42.0 27.6 14.4
IL 43.9 29.0 14.9 RI 37.3 27.8  9.5
IN 44.8 33.7 11.1 SC 44.1 32.6 11.5
IA 44.8 33.8 11.0 SD 38.5 30.9  7.6
KS 41.6 33.0  8.6 TN 42.0 32.6  9.4
KY 42.1 33.4  8.7 TX 41.8 33.6  8.2
LA 40.0 37.2  2.8 UT 35.6 26.5  9.1
ME 38.2 28.1 10.1 VT 36.4 23.0 13.4
MD 39.7 28.9 10.8 VA 39.2 30.3  8.9
MA 31.0 22.4  8.6 WA 39.3 25.1 14.2
MI 43.4 32.0 11.4 WV 45.2 35.8  9.4
MN 41.1 28.1 13.0 WI 44.3 28.8 15.5
MS 45.2 36.7  8.5 WY 37.6 28.0  9.6
Table 11.4 Health — Binge Drinking among Persons Ages 18 and Over, by Disability Status: 2020
State Binge Drinking (%) Gap (% pts) [1]   State Binge Drinking (%) Gap (% pts) [1]
Disability No Disability Disability No Disability
U.S. 13.1 16.4  -3.3 MO 12.0 18.9  -6.8
AL 10.4 14.6  -4.2 MT 18.0 20.3  -2.3
AK 19.3 17.6   1.7 NE 12.4 22.7 -10.3
AZ 13.6 14.6  -1.0 NV 14.8 18.1  -3.2
AR 13.4 15.1  -1.6 NH 11.5 17.5  -6.0
CA 15.8 16.1  -0.4 NJ 13.4 15.8  -2.4
CO 13.8 19.1  -5.3 NM 10.2 15.8  -5.6
CT 11.9 14.9  -3.1 NY 10.8 15.9  -5.1
DE 12.9 14.8  -1.9 NC 11.1 15.2  -4.1
DC 22.6 22.8  -0.2 ND 16.4 22.3  -5.9
FL 10.7 14.7  -3.9 OH 12.9 17.5  -4.6
GA 13.5 14.1  -0.6 OK 10.7 12.2  -1.6
HI 14.4 16.0  -1.6 OR 13.9 17.3  -3.4
ID 13.3 15.0  -1.6 PA 12.2 18.5  -6.3
IL  9.5 14.1  -4.6 RI 13.9 15.6  -1.7
IN 14.8 16.1  -1.3 SC 14.1 16.5  -2.4
IA 15.9 23.2  -7.3 SD 13.5 19.4  -6.0
KS 12.3 18.9  -6.6 TN 11.2 15.4  -4.3
KY 10.0 16.8  -6.8 TX 15.2 16.9  -1.8
LA 15.8 20.0  -4.2 UT 12.4 11.1   1.4
ME 12.1 15.3  -3.3 VT 13.0 19.0  -6.0
MD 12.6 12.3   0.3 VA 11.6 15.9  -4.3
MA 13.8 16.4  -2.6 WA 12.9 16.2  -3.2
MI 14.7 18.6  -3.9 WV  9.9 11.8  -2.0
MN 13.0 19.8  -6.8 WI 20.1 23.6  -3.5
MS 11.5 14.4  -2.9 WY 15.3 16.8  -1.5