2021 Annual Disability Statistics Compendium

Employment

Section 3: Employment

This section presents statistics on employment in the United States. Data are presented for people with disabilities, people without disabilities, and the difference in percentage employed (employment gap) between these two populations

The source of these data is the American Community Survey (U.S. Census Bureau). For these tables, statistics for people with disabilities (disability status or disability type) are based on having responded ‘yes’ to a series of questions within the American Community Survey. The definition for employment status in the American Community Survey can be found in the glossary.

Tables

Tables 3.1 and 3.2: In 2020, of the 21,523,050 individuals with disabilities ages 18-64 years living in the community, 7,975,590 individuals were employed—37.0 percent. In contrast, of the 178,475,229 individuals without disabilities ages 18-64 years living in the community, 133,949,072 individuals were employed—75.0 percent. The percentage of people with disabilities employed was highest in North Dakota (52.1 percent) and lowest in West Virginia (27.6 percent).

Table 3.3: In 2020, of the 3,892,160 individuals with hearing disabilities ages 18-64 years living in the community, 2,041,592 individuals were employed—52.4 percent. The percentage of people with hearing disabilities employed was highest in North Dakota (74.4 percent) and lowest in the District of Columbia (32.9 percent).

Table 3.4: In 2020, of the 4,001,765 individuals with vision disabilities ages 18-64 years living in the community, 1,823,152 individuals were employed—45.5 percent. The percentage of people with vision disabilities employed was highest in New Hampshire (75.4 percent) and lowest in Vermont (33.3 percent).

Table 3.5: In 2020, of the 9,849,570 individuals with cognitive disabilities ages 18-64 years living in the community, 2,875,776 individuals were employed—29.1 percent. The percentage of people with cognitive disabilities employed was highest in South Dakota (42.9 percent) and lowest in Arkansas (19.9 percent).

Table 3.6: In 2020, of the 9,304,426 individuals with ambulatory disabilities ages 18-64 years living in the community, 2,231,962 individuals were employed—23.9 percent. The percentage of people with ambulatory disabilities employed was highest in North Dakota (40.3 percent) and lowest in West Virginia (15.6 percent).

Table 3.7: In 2020, of the 3,533,797 individuals with self-care disabilities ages 18-64 years living in the community, 497,108 individuals were employed—14.0 percent. The percentage of people with self-care disabilities employed was highest in South Dakota (27.2 percent) and lowest in Oregon (8.9 percent).

Table 3.8: In 2020, of the 7,794,788 individuals with independent living disabilities ages 18-64 years living in the community, 1,381,112 individuals were employed—17.7 percent. The percentage of people with independent living disabilities employed was highest in Utah (27.9 percent) and lowest in Arkansas (7.9 percent).

Table 3.9: In 2020, 37.0 percent of people with disabilities ages 18-64 years living in the community were employed, while 75.0 percent of people without disabilities ages 18-64 years living in the community were employed—a difference of 37.9 percentage points. The difference was greatest in Vermont (47.8 percentage points) and smallest in North Dakota (30.7 percentage points).

Table 3.1 Employment — Civilians with Disabilities Ages 18-64 Years Living in the Community for the United States and States: 2020
State Total Employed   State Total Employed
Count % [1] Count % [1]
U.S. 21,523,050 7,975,590 37.0 MO    452,325   165,594 36.6
AL    434,220   134,813 31.0 MT     73,328    30,570 41.6
AK     40,730    15,943 39.1 NE     98,096    47,190 48.1
AZ    488,802   185,961 38.0 NV    208,600    75,984 36.4
AR    297,304    90,963 30.5 NH     87,215    38,586 44.2
CA  2,064,229   754,024 36.5 NJ    451,856   184,429 40.8
CO    338,603   140,975 41.6 NM    180,015    55,210 30.6
CT    198,105    75,629 38.1 NY  1,092,557   369,415 33.8
DE     69,127    29,882 43.2 NC    745,123   247,881 33.2
DC     46,410    13,990 30.1 ND     37,939    19,783 52.1
FL  1,345,230   473,940 35.2 OH    874,248   322,005 36.8
GA    757,956   273,580 36.0 OK    373,359   141,445 37.8
HI     67,460    30,070 44.5 OR    315,368   115,612 36.6
ID    130,917    55,265 42.2 PA    883,490   319,732 36.1
IL    716,876   280,534 39.1 RI     78,954    31,881 40.3
IN    514,248   200,603 39.0 SC    380,650   131,970 34.6
IA    197,212    88,714 44.9 SD     49,716    23,178 46.6
KS    206,067    90,996 44.1 TN    557,495   187,386 33.6
KY    447,045   144,725 32.3 TX  1,809,900   735,016 40.6
LA    395,171   131,928 33.3 UT    187,415    89,131 47.5
ME    109,097    37,563 34.4 VT     43,494    13,600 31.2
MD    335,712   135,066 40.2 VA    511,784   206,152 40.2
MA    413,228   157,271 38.0 WA    529,586   205,993 38.8
MI    759,317   255,465 33.6 WV    176,780    48,905 27.6
MN    307,760   132,435 43.0 WI    335,325   145,765 43.4
MS    269,622    77,077 28.5 WY     37,984    15,765 41.5
Table 3.2 Employment — Civilians without Disabilities Ages 18-64 Years Living in the Community for the United States and States: 2020
State Total Employed   State Total Employed
Count % [1] Count % [1]
U.S. 178,475,229 133,949,072 75.0 MO   3,226,772   2,509,999 77.7
AL   2,516,017   1,829,058 72.6 MT     553,646     431,340 77.9
AK     395,524     284,271 71.8 NE   1,026,166     837,282 81.5
AZ   3,900,699   2,858,690 73.2 NV   1,710,089   1,234,255 72.1
AR   1,478,506   1,089,012 73.6 NH     762,360     607,616 79.7
CA  22,364,711  16,186,174 72.3 NJ   4,969,902   3,746,983 75.3
CO   3,307,379   2,594,672 78.4 NM   1,058,682     739,019 69.8
CT   1,988,949   1,531,669 77.0 NY  10,863,050   7,878,359 72.5
DE     510,792     384,148 75.2 NC   5,662,705   4,230,313 74.7
DC     443,787     335,428 75.5 ND     406,661     337,439 82.9
FL  11,459,108   8,551,983 74.6 OH   6,148,772   4,705,417 76.5
GA   5,823,262   4,277,124 73.4 OK   2,005,129   1,492,061 74.4
HI     727,711     551,080 75.7 OR   2,271,151   1,722,123 75.8
ID     941,857     730,164 77.5 PA   6,840,367   5,206,072 76.1
IL   6,984,533   5,310,745 76.0 RI     584,159     445,139 76.2
IN   3,574,075   2,757,682 77.1 SC   2,701,777   1,991,650 73.7
IA   1,674,271   1,358,117 81.1 SD     470,935     387,308 82.2
KS   1,508,097   1,209,026 80.1 TN   3,651,972   2,748,163 75.2
KY   2,244,032   1,677,545 74.7 TX  16,151,018  11,931,351 73.8
LA   2,378,364   1,655,184 69.5 UT   1,757,473   1,393,824 79.3
ME     689,847     549,307 79.6 VT     336,815     266,731 79.1
MD   3,346,635   2,601,681 77.7 VA   4,666,601   3,594,038 77.0
MA   3,943,738   3,049,824 77.3 WA   4,208,860   3,212,277 76.3
MI   5,307,054   3,936,053 74.1 WV     878,406     620,238 70.6
MN   3,084,851   2,526,218 81.8 WI   3,191,886   2,562,566 80.2
MS   1,477,260   1,044,734 70.7 WY     298,816     237,920 79.6
Table 3.3 Employment — Civilians with Hearing Disabilities Ages 18-64 Years Living in the Community for the United States and States: 2020
State Total Employed   State Total Employed
Count % [1] Count % [1]
U.S. 3,892,160 2,041,592 52.4 MO    83,736    43,003 51.3
AL    78,335    40,258 51.3 MT    15,522     8,805 56.7
AK    10,938     5,751 52.5 NE    23,572    15,849 67.2
AZ    94,116    49,896 53.0 NV    47,397    22,670 47.8
AR    54,745    25,177 45.9 NH    17,803    11,346 63.7
CA   354,809   177,668 50.0 NJ    74,168    42,421 57.1
CO    73,967    40,715 55.0 NM    36,469    14,841 40.6
CT    32,611    17,518 53.7 NY   157,252    75,887 48.2
DE     9,494     5,626 59.2 NC   132,998    66,992 50.3
DC     5,564     1,835 32.9 ND    10,289     7,658 74.4
FL   219,303   112,200 51.1 OH   153,063    75,533 49.3
GA   120,130    64,996 54.1 OK    88,825    47,046 52.9
HI    13,013     8,184 62.8 OR    62,064    29,805 48.0
ID    27,364    16,555 60.4 PA   140,841    73,632 52.2
IL   130,344    68,989 52.9 RI    16,031     8,716 54.3
IN    98,230    56,090 57.1 SC    68,861    35,132 51.0
IA    41,213    26,001 63.0 SD    10,248     5,841 56.9
KS    42,717    22,649 53.0 TN   109,927    51,366 46.7
KY    80,821    35,567 44.0 TX   359,165   201,081 55.9
LA    63,721    31,896 50.0 UT    35,381    22,875 64.6
ME    23,824    12,390 52.0 VT    10,337     5,431 52.5
MD    49,298    28,166 57.1 VA    97,911    54,788 55.9
MA    72,827    38,406 52.7 WA   102,759    57,531 55.9
MI   124,812    64,447 51.6 WV    36,541    14,362 39.3
MN    63,589    38,318 60.2 WI    61,018    37,337 61.1
MS    45,163    17,398 38.5 WY     9,034     4,948 54.7
Table 3.4 Employment — Civilians with Vision Disabilities Ages 18-64 Years Living in the Community for the United States and States: 2020
State Total Employed   State Total Employed
Count % [1] Count % [1]
U.S. 4,001,765 1,823,152 45.5 MO    80,522    36,604 45.4
AL    77,960    28,425 36.4 MT    12,229     6,188 50.6
AK     8,519     3,582 42.0 NE    16,481    10,460 63.4
AZ    93,680    46,328 49.4 NV    43,016    17,675 41.0
AR    54,374    21,712 39.9 NH    13,324    10,051 75.4
CA   399,073   184,676 46.2 NJ    92,214    51,771 56.1
CO    64,421    33,492 51.9 NM    38,719    15,774 40.7
CT    34,562    16,755 48.4 NY   186,845    85,920 45.9
DE     9,941     6,608 66.4 NC   139,827    55,212 39.4
DC     7,272     2,798 38.4 ND     5,197     3,057 58.8
FL   256,657   121,230 47.2 OH   142,230    64,117 45.0
GA   148,627    67,244 45.2 OK    79,447    31,997 40.2
HI    12,668     7,289 57.5 OR    50,231    21,191 42.1
ID    22,722     9,316 40.9 PA   145,494    64,715 44.4
IL   130,572    65,983 50.5 RI    11,258     4,435 39.3
IN    87,596    40,909 46.7 SC    81,307    34,422 42.3
IA    28,725    15,992 55.6 SD     6,161     3,463 56.2
KS    37,620    19,785 52.5 TN   123,565    47,625 38.5
KY    91,077    35,610 39.0 TX   401,256   185,800 46.3
LA    94,157    40,737 43.2 UT    35,265    19,524 55.3
ME    13,744     5,462 39.7 VT     7,200     2,399 33.3
MD    53,577    25,172 46.9 VA    96,694    42,813 44.2
MA    62,098    26,632 42.8 WA    95,070    44,650 46.9
MI   113,933    49,000 43.0 WV    31,827    12,373 38.8
MN    41,257    20,691 50.1 WI    53,424    28,676 53.6
MS    60,798    22,356 36.7 WY     7,332     4,456 60.7
Table 3.5 Employment — Civilians with Cognitive Disabilities Ages 18-64 Years Living in the Community for the United States and States: 2020
State Total Employed   State Total Employed
Count % [1] Count % [1]
U.S. 9,849,570 2,875,776 29.1 MO   205,196    59,746 29.1
AL   192,265    45,699 23.7 MT    34,068    11,461 33.6
AK    15,956     3,553 22.2 NE    44,371    15,473 34.8
AZ   219,667    60,201 27.4 NV    84,260    26,144 31.0
AR   130,636    26,019 19.9 NH    41,169    14,427 35.0
CA   919,852   253,169 27.5 NJ   196,560    61,397 31.2
CO   161,903    55,950 34.5 NM    83,607    19,094 22.8
CT    96,654    29,432 30.4 NY   495,885   137,256 27.6
DE    32,117    10,970 34.1 NC   328,710    83,170 25.3
DC    27,694     8,165 29.4 ND    17,453     7,159 41.0
FL   605,236   167,633 27.6 OH   408,289   127,689 31.2
GA   357,918    99,007 27.6 OK   162,084    45,491 28.0
HI    29,038     8,212 28.2 OR   161,926    48,786 30.1
ID    63,533    21,225 33.4 PA   428,476   122,586 28.6
IL   326,990    97,937 29.9 RI    41,006    13,238 32.2
IN   237,153    75,243 31.7 SC   159,580    40,239 25.2
IA    91,886    34,557 37.6 SD    20,531     8,812 42.9
KS    93,165    37,007 39.7 TN   245,767    67,826 27.5
KY   203,496    51,802 25.4 TX   781,028   244,409 31.2
LA   179,537    41,513 23.1 UT    92,752    37,224 40.1
ME    60,211    15,983 26.5 VT    25,317     5,855 23.1
MD   154,837    50,890 32.8 VA   225,121    72,699 32.2
MA   220,624    70,617 32.0 WA   262,226    77,661 29.6
MI   360,622    96,806 26.8 WV    76,493    16,092 21.0
MN   164,045    62,403 38.0 WI   152,783    57,240 37.4
MS   114,184    25,474 22.3 WY    15,693     5,135 32.7
Table 3.6 Employment — Civilians with Ambulatory Disabilities Ages 18-64 Years Living in the Community for the United States and States: 2020
State Total Employed   State Total Employed
Count % [1] Count % [1]
U.S. 9,304,426 2,231,962 23.9 MO   212,648    46,989 22.0
AL   213,213    39,986 18.7 MT    28,431     7,451 26.2
AK    12,711     3,350 26.3 NE    37,649    10,060 26.7
AZ   204,359    49,039 23.9 NV    92,749    20,748 22.3
AR   148,090    31,866 21.5 NH    33,390     9,695 29.0
CA   847,093   217,626 25.6 NJ   184,855    50,049 27.0
CO   121,355    26,713 22.0 NM    81,991    16,886 20.5
CT    79,555    19,290 24.2 NY   489,832   109,354 22.3
DE    32,060    10,439 32.5 NC   346,149    76,820 22.1
DC    16,644     2,690 16.1 ND    11,098     4,478 40.3
FL   595,899   147,844 24.8 OH   378,809    85,814 22.6
GA   351,607    85,486 24.3 OK   162,722    40,273 24.7
HI    24,776     6,774 27.3 OR   121,827    27,746 22.7
ID    53,708    15,943 29.6 PA   388,037    93,690 24.1
IL   295,296    74,732 25.3 RI    30,960     8,714 28.1
IN   234,283    58,568 24.9 SC   172,933    32,575 18.8
IA    73,801    21,337 28.9 SD    19,149     5,964 31.1
KS    87,144    25,750 29.5 TN   262,920    54,386 20.6
KY   213,037    40,999 19.2 TX   776,387   204,994 26.4
LA   181,128    40,390 22.2 UT    62,541    18,309 29.2
ME    43,985     8,968 20.3 VT    14,936     3,446 23.0
MD   145,071    42,664 29.4 VA   219,233    59,366 27.0
MA   151,922    37,303 24.5 WA   205,776    49,998 24.2
MI   335,762    71,725 21.3 WV    88,775    13,906 15.6
MN   117,141    31,911 27.2 WI   148,136    38,765 26.1
MS   137,470    26,259 19.1 WY    15,383     3,834 24.9
Table 3.7 Employment — Civilians with Self-Care Disabilities Ages 18-64 Years Living in the Community for the United States and States: 2020
State Total Employed   State Total Employed
Count % [1] Count % [1]
U.S. 3,533,797 497,108 14.0 MO    85,185  11,176 13.1
AL    71,247   8,335 11.6 MT    11,211   1,803 16.0
AK     5,669   1,195 21.0 NE    15,501   2,481 16.0
AZ    71,184  10,028 14.0 NV    33,200   7,238 21.8
AR    48,855   5,131 10.5 NH    11,115   2,189 19.6
CA   352,197  44,417 12.6 NJ    80,649  15,630 19.3
CO    44,897   7,051 15.7 NM    31,483   4,863 15.4
CT    31,576   3,460 10.9 NY   190,755  25,600 13.4
DE     9,891   1,735 17.5 NC   125,254  18,211 14.5
DC     5,859     906 15.4 ND     3,969     725 18.2
FL   215,745  37,594 17.4 OH   133,012  19,828 14.9
GA   128,478  16,330 12.7 OK    53,858   6,974 12.9
HI    10,892   1,605 14.7 OR    56,499   5,038  8.9
ID    19,329   1,791  9.2 PA   144,718  20,573 14.2
IL   118,986  18,554 15.5 RI    14,966   2,335 15.6
IN    78,669  11,065 14.0 SC    67,946   6,581  9.6
IA    30,786   7,203 23.3 SD     6,928   1,889 27.2
KS    30,334   5,223 17.2 TN    90,385   9,410 10.4
KY    77,294   9,618 12.4 TX   291,484  37,806 12.9
LA    71,344   8,772 12.2 UT    25,987   4,979 19.1
ME    16,227   1,518  9.3 VT     6,741     917 13.6
MD    50,532   7,186 14.2 VA    81,771  14,785 18.0
MA    61,919  10,504 16.9 WA    85,577  12,830 14.9
MI   130,807  14,328 10.9 WV    29,763   2,852  9.5
MN    57,626   9,323 16.1 WI    64,507  10,248 15.8
MS    45,214   6,142 13.5 WY     5,776   1,133 19.6
Table 3.8 Employment — Civilians with Independent Living Disabilities Ages 18-64 Years Living in the Community for the United States and States: 2020
State Total Employed   State Total Employed
Count % [1] Count % [1]
U.S. 7,794,788 1,381,112 17.7 MO   166,104    30,514 18.3
AL   152,411    19,737 12.9 MT    28,151     6,065 21.5
AK    11,540     1,253 10.8 NE    33,094     7,153 21.6
AZ   178,940    30,415 16.9 NV    70,376    12,259 17.4
AR   102,900     8,135  7.9 NH    31,660     7,869 24.8
CA   767,722   125,885 16.3 NJ   166,623    36,105 21.6
CO   121,349    22,814 18.8 NM    63,135    11,050 17.5
CT    73,481    13,785 18.7 NY   417,950    63,812 15.2
DE    24,374     4,673 19.1 NC   255,714    35,263 13.7
DC    17,642     2,839 16.0 ND    11,788     2,607 22.1
FL   481,715    80,682 16.7 OH   309,899    60,043 19.3
GA   273,196    47,004 17.2 OK   125,016    26,179 20.9
HI    27,610     5,774 20.9 OR   120,654    21,206 17.5
ID    44,129     8,583 19.4 PA   333,211    58,876 17.6
IL   273,766    53,291 19.4 RI    29,370     5,919 20.1
IN   193,052    35,124 18.1 SC   133,245    19,466 14.6
IA    67,441    17,252 25.5 SD    15,021     3,661 24.3
KS    71,787    15,793 21.9 TN   192,586    25,207 13.0
KY   164,651    27,943 16.9 TX   612,312   114,496 18.6
LA   138,097    18,370 13.3 UT    65,604    18,307 27.9
ME    41,049     7,323 17.8 VT    14,964     2,878 19.2
MD   119,116    20,344 17.0 VA   182,451    38,829 21.2
MA   153,812    33,616 21.8 WA   194,469    40,588 20.8
MI   293,708    47,301 16.1 WV    63,758     7,986 12.5
MN   122,655    30,991 25.2 WI   129,745    31,579 24.3
MS   100,802    11,311 11.2 WY    10,943     2,957 27.0
Table 3.9 Employment Gap — Civilians Ages 18-64 Years Living in the Community for the United States and States, by Disability Status: 2020
State Disability [1] No Disability [2] Gap (% pts) [3]   State Disability [1] No Disability [2] Gap (% pts) [3]
U.S. 37.0 75.0 37.9 MO 36.6 77.7 41.0
AL 31.0 72.6 41.5 MT 41.6 77.9 36.2
AK 39.1 71.8 32.6 NE 48.1 81.5 33.3
AZ 38.0 73.2 35.1 NV 36.4 72.1 35.6
AR 30.5 73.6 43.0 NH 44.2 79.7 35.4
CA 36.5 72.3 35.7 NJ 40.8 75.3 34.4
CO 41.6 78.4 36.7 NM 30.6 69.8 39.1
CT 38.1 77.0 38.8 NY 33.8 72.5 38.6
DE 43.2 75.2 31.9 NC 33.2 74.7 41.4
DC 30.1 75.5 45.3 ND 52.1 82.9 30.7
FL 35.2 74.6 39.3 OH 36.8 76.5 39.6
GA 36.0 73.4 37.3 OK 37.8 74.4 36.5
HI 44.5 75.7 31.1 OR 36.6 75.8 39.1
ID 42.2 77.5 35.2 PA 36.1 76.1 39.9
IL 39.1 76.0 36.8 RI 40.3 76.2 35.8
IN 39.0 77.1 38.0 SC 34.6 73.7 39.0
IA 44.9 81.1 36.1 SD 46.6 82.2 35.5
KS 44.1 80.1 35.9 TN 33.6 75.2 41.5
KY 32.3 74.7 42.3 TX 40.6 73.8 33.1
LA 33.3 69.5 36.1 UT 47.5 79.3 31.7
ME 34.4 79.6 45.1 VT 31.2 79.1 47.8
MD 40.2 77.7 37.4 VA 40.2 77.0 36.7
MA 38.0 77.3 39.2 WA 38.8 76.3 37.4
MI 33.6 74.1 40.4 WV 27.6 70.6 42.9
MN 43.0 81.8 38.7 WI 43.4 80.2 36.7
MS 28.5 70.7 42.1 WY 41.5 79.6 38.0