2016 Annual Disability Statistics Compendium

Veterans

Section 5: Veterans

This section presents statistics on Veterans in the United States. Specifically, the data address service connected to disability rating; the prevalence of disabilities in the Veteran population; the portion of the Veteran population that experiences poverty (a swell as the difference between the poverty rates (poverty gap) of Veterans with and without disabilities), by disability status; and Veterans’ benefits, by disability status. The principal sources of these data are the U.S. Census Bureau, specifically the American Community Survey and the Veterans Benefits Administration’s Annual Benefits Report. For these tables, statistics for people with disabilities (disability status) are based on having responded ‘yes’ to a series of questions within the American Community Survey (see the glossary for more details). Poverty is defined by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget and set as a dollar threshold by the U.S. Census Bureau in all sources (see the glossary for details).

Tables

Table 5.1: In 2015, according to the American Community Survey, 1,164,138 individuals ages 18 and over living in the community reported having a military service-connected disability rating of 70 percent or more.

Table 5.2: In 2015, there were 9,370,349 civilian veterans ages 18 to 64 years living in the community, 1,702,562 of which were individuals with disabilities—a prevalence rate of 18.2 percent. Oregon had the highest prevalence rate, 24.6 percent, while Virginia had the lowest prevalence rate, 12.8 percent.

Tables 5.3 and 5.4: In 2015, of the 1,702,562 civilian veterans with disabilities ages 18 to 64 years living in the community, 296,399 individuals lived in poverty—a poverty rate of 17.4 percent. In contrast, of the 7,667,787 civilian veterans without disabilities ages 18 to 64 years living in the community, 530,677 civilian veterans lived in poverty—a poverty rate of 6.9 percent. The poverty rate for civilian veterans with disabilities was highest in the District of Columbia (42.0 percent) and lowest in Nebraska (8.2 percent).

Table 5.5: In 2015, the poverty rate of civilian veterans with disabilities ages 18 to 64 years living in the community was 17.4 percent, while the poverty rate of individuals without disabilities ages 18 to 64 years living in the community was 6.9 percent—a poverty gap of 10.5 percentage points. The poverty gap was smallest in Nebraska (4.5 percentage points), meaning the poverty rate of individuals without disabilities was higher than that of individuals with disabilities) and greatest in the District of Columbia (36.0 percentage points).

Table 5.6: In the Federal Fiscal Year 2015, the United States spent a total of $75,787,356 on compensation and pension benefits paid to disabled veterans.

Table 5.1 Service-Connected Disability Rating—Civilian Veterans Ages 18 Years and Over Living in the Community, by Disability Status: 2015

State Total Veterans Has a Rating Percent Rating Not Reported
0 10 to 60 70 Higher
U.S. 18,830,450 3,870,236 202,874 2,281,597 1,164,138 221,627
AL 331,505 81,694 3,202 46,951 25,961 5,580
AK 66,785 16,847 1,334 9,846 4,780 887
AZ 488,758 100,330 6,817 58,944 28,296 6,273
AR 206,940 46,035 2,298 23,976 17,279 2,482
CA 1,644,215 320,441 20,806 183,095 95,772 20,768
CO 375,904 85,751 4,332 53,485 24,101 3,833
CT 175,063 23,564 1,730 14,656 6,123 1,055
DE 64,274 11,750 379 7,911 2,731 729
DC 25,963 3,574 246 1,638 1,261 429
FL 1,460,919 309,195 21,367 186,206 88,518 13,104
GA 641,267 156,318 5,765 87,365 53,979 9,209
HI 107,469 21,968 963 12,689 6,769 1,547
ID 119,406 24,508 2,511 15,187 5,333 1,477
IL 598,924 88,171 6,052 51,228 25,188 5,703
IN 389,897 76,419 3,853 50,262 17,773 4,531
IA 196,754 33,855 1,941 22,527 7,362 2,025
KS 184,891 34,739 2,166 20,519 10,460 1,594
KY 281,460 56,985 2,710 31,146 19,259 3,870
LA 259,811 52,260 2,073 29,695 17,303 3,189
ME 107,088 25,687 1,512 13,872 8,768 1,535
MD 369,801 67,996 3,529 42,205 18,176 4,086
MA 327,990 53,722 2,904 32,316 14,901 3,601
MI 579,197 95,846 4,835 55,527 29,451 6,033
MN 322,059 86,132 3,518 61,102 18,097 3,415
MS 164,805 33,802 1,898 18,856 10,778 2,270
MO 418,271 85,449 4,043 52,094 24,617 4,695
State Total Veterans Has a Rating Percent Rating Not Reported
0 10 to 60 70 Higher
MT 85,487 20,111 622 13,138 5,174 1,177
NE 123,271 38,278 1,145 25,600 9,167 2,366
NV 209,941 45,216 2,882 26,288 14,354 1,692
NH 101,593 18,130 560 11,728 4,636 1,206
NJ 340,107 46,457 3,486 26,305 13,198 3,468
NM 150,538 36,455 2,070 17,122 15,486 1,777
NY 748,258 116,296 7,344 68,696 30,761 9,495
NC 657,203 159,348 6,298 88,298 56,037 8,715
ND 46,507 10,879 587 6,767 3,344 181
OH 760,898 121,769 6,633 76,628 28,696 9,812
OK 281,276 82,040 2,304 43,283 31,047 5,406
OR 295,959 64,810 2,985 38,467 20,168 3,190
PA 802,586 114,626 7,217 66,293 33,174 7,942
RI 60,614 10,724 923 6,886 2,584 331
SC 370,893 87,448 3,142 46,522 32,202 5,582
SD 57,865 14,545 672 9,229 3,842 802
TN 438,865 105,731 4,955 62,071 33,519 5,186
TX 1,469,981 370,399 14,964 212,417 126,158 16,860
UT 119,344 24,138 1,241 13,867 7,209 1,821
VT 40,244 7,141 502 4,234 2,179 226
VA 687,876 163,405 8,244 100,616 47,075 7,470
WA 536,658 117,853 6,279 72,107 33,289 6,178
WV 134,370 29,613 737 16,076 10,731 2,069
WI 355,166 63,386 3,498 40,881 15,071 3,936
WY 45,534 8,400 800 4,780 2,001 819
PR 83,847 23,388 992 10,492 9,743 2,161

Table 5.2 Civilian Veterans Ages 18 to 64 Years Living in the Community for the United States and States, by Disability Status: 2015

State Total Disability No Disability
Count % [1] Count % [1]
U.S. 9,370,349 1,702,562 18.2 7,667,787 81.8
AL 173,443 39,412 22.7 134,031 77.3
AK 46,487 7,574 16.3 38,913 83.7
AZ 225,869 40,282 17.8 185,587 82.2
AR 103,867 24,654 23.7 79,213 76.3
CA 782,945 132,626 16.9 650,319 83.1
CO 209,163 33,997 16.3 175,166 83.7
CT 69,627 9,474 13.6 60,153 86.4
DE 27,722 4,346 15.7 23,376 84.3
DC 14,503 2,069 14.3 12,434 85.7
FL 656,385 118,381 18.0 538,004 82.0
GA 377,553 69,524 18.4 308,029 81.6
HI 56,823 7,775 13.7 49,048 86.3
ID 62,446 13,704 21.9 48,742 78.1
IL 270,693 40,653 15.0 230,040 85.0
IN 199,879 40,539 20.3 159,340 79.7
IA 88,084 15,014 17.0 73,070 83.0
KS 95,691 19,609 20.5 76,082 79.5
KY 146,242 34,470 23.6 111,772 76.4
LA 141,056 28,283 20.1 112,773 79.9
ME 49,969 12,003 24.0 37,966 76.0
MD 206,318 27,460 13.3 178,858 86.7
MA 141,188 21,954 15.5 119,234 84.5
MI 264,508 54,425 20.6 210,083 79.4
MN 144,440 25,780 17.8 118,660 82.2
MS 84,058 19,115 22.7 64,943 77.3
MO 203,442 43,749 21.5 159,693 78.5
State Total Disability No Disability
Count % [1] Count % [1]
MT 41,925 7,929 18.9 33,996 81.1
NE 61,322 10,470 17.1 50,852 82.9
NV 107,346 20,632 19.2 86,714 80.8
NH 47,362 7,792 16.5 39,570 83.5
NJ 128,661 17,982 14.0 110,679 86.0
NM 73,680 14,104 19.1 59,576 80.9
NY 319,188 53,355 16.7 265,833 83.3
NC 355,550 71,716 20.2 283,834 79.8
ND 25,263 4,012 15.9 21,251 84.1
OH 375,376 66,776 17.8 308,600 82.2
OK 146,789 34,115 23.2 112,674 76.8
OR 137,699 33,937 24.6 103,762 75.4
PA 345,757 57,968 16.8 287,789 83.2
RI 25,030 4,485 17.9 20,545 82.1
SC 191,248 36,732 19.2 154,516 80.8
SD 28,807 5,335 18.5 23,472 81.5
TN 230,005 51,119 22.2 178,886 77.8
TX 844,973 151,341 17.9 693,632 82.1
UT 57,844 10,194 17.6 47,650 82.4
VT 18,479 4,098 22.2 14,381 77.8
VA 424,000 54,312 12.8 369,688 87.2
WA 291,779 53,247 18.2 238,532 81.8
WV 61,959 14,984 24.2 46,975 75.8
WI 162,428 25,618 15.8 136,810 84.2
WY 25,478 3,437 13.5 22,041 86.5
PR 33,359 10,079 30.2 23,280 69.8

Table 5.3 Poverty—Civilian Veterans with Disabilities Ages 18 to 64 Years Living in the Community for the United States and States: 2015

State Total Poverty
Count % [1]
U.S. 1,702,562 296,399 17.4
AL 39,412 5,977 15.2
AK 7,574 927 12.2
AZ 40,282 7,145 17.7
AR 24,654 4,592 18.6
CA 132,626 23,089 17.4
CO 33,997 5,234 15.4
CT 9,474 1,183 12.5
DE 4,346 416 9.6
DC 2,069 868 42.0
FL 118,381 20,121 17.0
GA 69,524 11,710 16.8
HI 7,775 998 12.8
ID 13,704 2,820 20.6
IL 40,653 8,016 19.7
IN 40,539 6,138 15.1
IA 15,014 2,305 15.4
KS 19,609 3,373 17.2
KY 34,470 6,166 17.9
LA 28,283 5,477 19.4
ME 12,003 2,523 21.0
MD 27,460 2,988 10.9
MA 21,954 4,895 22.3
MI 54,425 14,186 26.1
MN 25,780 2,673 10.4
MS 19,115 4,078 21.3
MO 43,749 8,311 19.0
State Total Poverty
Count % [1]
MT 7,929 1,355 17.1
NE 10,470 855 8.2
NV 20,632 3,527 17.1
NH 7,792 1,261 16.2
NJ 17,982 3,310 18.4
NM 14,104 2,997 21.2
NY 53,355 11,673 21.9
NC 71,716 11,374 15.9
ND 4,012 495 12.3
OH 66,776 15,547 23.3
OK 34,115 7,414 21.7
OR 33,937 6,366 18.8
PA 57,968 12,007 20.7
RI 4,485 1,289 28.7
SC 36,732 5,561 15.1
SD 5,335 750 14.1
TN 51,119 10,686 20.9
TX 151,341 18,260 12.1
UT 10,194 1,110 10.9
VT 4,098 468 11.4
VA 54,312 5,602 10.3
WA 53,247 9,408 17.7
WV 14,984 3,515 23.5
WI 25,618 4,832 18.9
WY 3,437 528 15.4
PR 10,079 1,977 19.6

Table 5.4 Poverty—Civilian Veterans without Disabilities Ages 18 to 64 Years Living in the Community for the United States and States: 2015

StateTotalPoverty% [1]
U.S.7,667,787530,6776.9
AL134,0319,9987.5
AK38,9131,2453.2
AZ185,58714,2077.7
AR79,2139,88412.5
CA650,31949,1837.6
CO175,16610,8196.2
CT60,1533,4945.8
DE23,3761,0424.5
DC12,4347496.0
FL538,00444,1778.2
GA308,02923,6617.7
HI49,0482,9836.1
ID48,7424,0068.2
IL230,04017,1987.5
IN159,34011,1597.0
IA73,0703,9815.4
KS76,0826,0297.9
KY111,7729,0508.1
LA112,77310,5459.4
ME37,9662,3846.3
MD178,8587,0013.9
MA119,2347,3026.1
MI210,08316,6687.9
MN118,6605,3444.5
MS64,9436,1409.5
MO159,69310,7956.8
StateTotalPoverty% [1]
MT33,9962,6287.7
NE50,8521,8933.7
NV86,7146,3647.3
NH39,5701,2073.1
NJ110,6796,4765.9
NM59,5765,0238.4
NY265,83319,4827.3
NC283,83419,8327.0
ND21,2511,0234.8
OH308,60021,2636.9
OK112,6749,3468.3
OR103,7629,1858.9
PA287,78917,5216.1
RI20,5451,3986.8
SC154,51611,1977.2
SD23,4721,1715.0
TN178,88613,9877.8
TX693,63242,1796.1
UT47,6502,3895.0
VT14,3815663.9
VA369,68816,6164.5
WA238,53215,4796.5
WV46,9755,08310.8
WI136,8109,1746.7
WY22,0411,1515.2
PR23,2804,70520.2

Table 5.5 Poverty Gap—Civilian Veterans Ages 18 to 64 Years Living in the Community for the United States and States by Disability Status: 2015

State Poverty Rate (%) Gap (% pts) [2]
Disability [1] No Disability [1]
U.S. 17.4 6.9 10.5
AL 15.2 7.5 7.7
AK 12.2 3.2 9.0
AZ 17.7 7.7 10.0
AR 18.6 12.5 6.1
CA 17.4 7.6 9.8
CO 15.4 6.2 9.2
CT 12.5 5.8 6.7
DE 9.6 4.5 5.1
DC 42.0 6.0 36.0
FL 17.0 8.2 8.8
GA 16.8 7.7 9.1
HI 12.8 6.1 6.7
ID 20.6 8.2 12.4
IL 19.7 7.5 12.2
IN 15.1 7.0 8.1
IA 15.4 5.4 10.0
KS 17.2 7.9 9.3
KY 17.9 8.1 9.8
LA 19.4 9.4 10.0
ME 21.0 6.3 14.7
MD 10.9 3.9 7.0
MA 22.3 6.1 16.2
MI 26.1 7.9 18.2
MN 10.4 4.5 5.9
MS 21.3 9.5 11.8
MO 19.0 6.8 12.2
State Poverty Rate (%) Gap (% pts) [2]
Disability [1] No Disability [1]
MT 17.1 7.7 9.4
NE 8.2 3.7 4.5
NV 17.1 7.3 9.8
NH 16.2 3.1 13.1
NJ 18.4 5.9 12.5
NM 21.2 8.4 12.8
NY 21.9 7.3 14.6
NC 15.9 7.0 8.9
ND 12.3 4.8 7.5
OH 23.3 6.9 16.4
OK 21.7 8.3 13.4
OR 18.8 8.9 9.9
PA 20.7 6.1 14.6
RI 28.7 6.8 21.9
SC 15.1 7.2 7.9
SD 14.1 5.0 9.1
TN 20.9 7.8 13.1
TX 12.1 6.1 6.0
UT 10.9 5.0 5.9
VT 11.4 3.9 7.5
VA 10.3 4.5 5.8
WA 17.7 6.5 11.2
WV 23.5 10.8 12.7
WI 18.9 6.7 12.2
WY 15.4 5.2 10.2
PR 19.6 20.2 -0.6

Table 5.6 Veterans Benefits Administration—Compensation and Pension Benefits Paid to Disabled Veterans and their Survivors: Federal Fiscal Year 2015

StateTotal ($) [1]
U.S.75,787,356
AL1,856,515
AK247,524
AZ1,652,047
AR1,037,492
CA6,552,100
CO1,490,936
CT435,226
DE204,297
DC88,498
FL5,626,995
GA3,112,295
HI394,010
ID405,841
IL1,687,260
IN1,233,530
IA581,556
KS631,885
KY1,231,438
LA1,211,260
ME519,582
MD1,279,895
MA1,141,560
MI1,959,410
MN1,123,595
MS791,716
StateTotal ($) [1]
MO1,627,460
MT324,329
NE546,459
NV818,843
NH313,725
NJ1,036,506
NM782,081
NY2,377,227
NC3,436,154
ND167,895
OH2,192,679
OK1,812,031
OR1,281,055
PA2,402,975
RI223,371
SC1,909,398
SD236,224
TN2,046,342
TX7,447,454
UT440,335
VT134,177
VA2,775,627
WA2,140,766
WV705,355
WI1,118,396
WY156,163