2016 Annual Disability Statistics Compendium

Veterans

Section 5: Veterans

This section presents statistics on Veterans in the United States. Specifically, the data address service connected to disability rating; the prevalence of disabilities in the Veteran population; the portion of the Veteran population that experiences poverty (a swell as the difference between the poverty rates (poverty gap) of Veterans with and without disabilities), by disability status; and Veterans’ benefits, by disability status. The principal sources of these data are the U.S. Census Bureau, specifically the American Community Survey and the Veterans Benefits Administration’s Annual Benefits Report. For these tables, statistics for people with disabilities (disability status) are based on having responded ‘yes’ to a series of questions within the American Community Survey (see the glossary for more details). Poverty is defined by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget and set as a dollar threshold by the U.S. Census Bureau in all sources (see the glossary for details).

Tables

Table 5.1: In 2015, according to the American Community Survey, 1,164,138 individuals ages 18 and over living in the community reported having a military service-connected disability rating of 70 percent or more.

Table 5.2: In 2015, there were 9,370,349 civilian veterans ages 18 to 64 years living in the community, 1,702,562 of which were individuals with disabilities—a prevalence rate of 18.2 percent. the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico had the highest prevalence rate, 30.2 percent, while Virginia had the lowest prevalence rate, 12.8 percent.

Tables 5.3 and 5.4: In 2015, of the 1,702,562 civilian veterans with disabilities ages 18 to 64 years living in the community, 296,399 individuals lived in poverty—a poverty rate of 17.4 percent. In contrast, of the 7,667,787 civilian veterans without disabilities ages 18 to 64 years living in the community, 530,677 civilian veterans lived in poverty—a poverty rate of 6.9 percent. The poverty rate for civilian veterans with disabilities was highest in the District of Columbia (42.0 percent) and lowest in Nebraska (8.2 percent).

Table 5.5: In 2015, the poverty rate of civilian veterans with disabilities ages 18 to 64 years living in the community was 17.4 percent, while the poverty rate of individuals without disabilities ages 18 to 64 years living in the community was 6.9 percent—a poverty gap of 10.5 percentage points. The poverty gap was smallest in the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico (-0.6 percentage points), meaning the poverty rate of individuals without disabilities was higher than that of individuals with disabilities) and greatest in the District of Columbia (36.0 percentage points).

Table 5.6: In the Federal Fiscal Year 2015, the United States spent a total of $75,787,356 on compensation and pension benefits paid to disabled veterans.

Table 5.1 Service-Connected Disability Rating—Civilian Veterans Ages 18 Years and Over Living in the Community, by Disability Status: 2015
State Total Veterans Has a Rating Percent Rating Not Reported   State Total Veterans Has a Rating Percent Rating Not Reported
0 10 to 60 70 Higher 0 10 to 60 70 Higher
U.S. 18,830,450 3,870,236 202,874 2,281,597 1,164,138 221,627 MT   85,487    20,111     622    13,138     5,174    1,177 
AL  331,505    81,694    3,202   46,951    25,961    5,580  NE  123,271    38,278    1,145   25,600     9,167    2,366 
AK   66,785    16,847    1,334    9,846     4,780     887   NV  209,941    45,216    2,882   26,288    14,354    1,692 
AZ  488,758    100,330   6,817   58,944    28,296    6,273  NH  101,593    18,130     560    11,728     4,636    1,206 
AR  206,940    46,035    2,298   23,976    17,279    2,482  NJ  340,107    46,457    3,486   26,305    13,198    3,468 
CA 1,644,215   320,441  20,806   183,095   95,772   20,768  NM  150,538    36,455    2,070   17,122    15,486    1,777 
CO  375,904    85,751    4,332   53,485    24,101    3,833  NY  748,258    116,296   7,344   68,696    30,761    9,495 
CT  175,063    23,564    1,730   14,656     6,123    1,055  NC  657,203    159,348   6,298   88,298    56,037    8,715 
DE   64,274    11,750     379     7,911     2,731     729   ND   46,507    10,879     587     6,767     3,344     181  
DC   25,963     3,574     246     1,638     1,261     429   OH  760,898    121,769   6,633   76,628    28,696    9,812 
FL 1,460,919   309,195  21,367   186,206   88,518   13,104  OK  281,276    82,040    2,304   43,283    31,047    5,406 
GA  641,267    156,318   5,765   87,365    53,979    9,209  OR  295,959    64,810    2,985   38,467    20,168    3,190 
HI  107,469    21,968     963    12,689     6,769    1,547  PA  802,586    114,626   7,217   66,293    33,174    7,942 
ID  119,406    24,508    2,511   15,187     5,333    1,477  RI   60,614    10,724     923     6,886     2,584     331  
IL  598,924    88,171    6,052   51,228    25,188    5,703  SC  370,893    87,448    3,142   46,522    32,202    5,582 
IN  389,897    76,419    3,853   50,262    17,773    4,531  SD   57,865    14,545     672     9,229     3,842     802  
IA  196,754    33,855    1,941   22,527     7,362    2,025  TN  438,865    105,731   4,955   62,071    33,519    5,186 
KS  184,891    34,739    2,166   20,519    10,460    1,594  TX 1,469,981   370,399  14,964   212,417   126,158  16,860 
KY  281,460    56,985    2,710   31,146    19,259    3,870  UT  119,344    24,138    1,241   13,867     7,209    1,821 
LA  259,811    52,260    2,073   29,695    17,303    3,189  VT   40,244     7,141     502     4,234     2,179     226  
ME  107,088    25,687    1,512   13,872     8,768    1,535  VA  687,876    163,405   8,244   100,616   47,075    7,470 
MD  369,801    67,996    3,529   42,205    18,176    4,086  WA  536,658    117,853   6,279   72,107    33,289    6,178 
MA  327,990    53,722    2,904   32,316    14,901    3,601  WV  134,370    29,613     737    16,076    10,731    2,069 
MI  579,197    95,846    4,835   55,527    29,451    6,033  WI  355,166    63,386    3,498   40,881    15,071    3,936 
MN  322,059    86,132    3,518   61,102    18,097    3,415  WY   45,534     8,400     800     4,780     2,001     819  
MS  164,805    33,802    1,898   18,856    10,778    2,270  PR   83,847    23,388     992    10,492     9,743    2,161 
MO  418,271    85,449    4,043   52,094    24,617    4,695                                                          
Table 5.2 Civilian Veterans Ages 18 to 64 Years Living in the Community for the United States and States, by Disability Status: 2015
State Total Disability No Disability   State Total Disability No Disability
Count % [1] Count % [1] Count % [1] Count % [1]
U.S. 9,370,349 1,702,562 18.2 7,667,787 81.8 MT  41,925     7,929   18.9  33,996   81.1
AL  173,443   39,412   22.7  134,031  77.3 NE  61,322    10,470   17.1  50,852   82.9
AK  46,487     7,574   16.3  38,913   83.7 NV  107,346   20,632   19.2  86,714   80.8
AZ  225,869   40,282   17.8  185,587  82.2 NH  47,362     7,792   16.5  39,570   83.5
AR  103,867   24,654   23.7  79,213   76.3 NJ  128,661   17,982   14.0  110,679  86.0
CA  782,945   132,626  16.9  650,319  83.1 NM  73,680    14,104   19.1  59,576   80.9
CO  209,163   33,997   16.3  175,166  83.7 NY  319,188   53,355   16.7  265,833  83.3
CT  69,627     9,474   13.6  60,153   86.4 NC  355,550   71,716   20.2  283,834  79.8
DE  27,722     4,346   15.7  23,376   84.3 ND  25,263     4,012   15.9  21,251   84.1
DC  14,503     2,069   14.3  12,434   85.7 OH  375,376   66,776   17.8  308,600  82.2
FL  656,385   118,381  18.0  538,004  82.0 OK  146,789   34,115   23.2  112,674  76.8
GA  377,553   69,524   18.4  308,029  81.6 OR  137,699   33,937   24.6  103,762  75.4
HI  56,823     7,775   13.7  49,048   86.3 PA  345,757   57,968   16.8  287,789  83.2
ID  62,446    13,704   21.9  48,742   78.1 RI  25,030     4,485   17.9  20,545   82.1
IL  270,693   40,653   15.0  230,040  85.0 SC  191,248   36,732   19.2  154,516  80.8
IN  199,879   40,539   20.3  159,340  79.7 SD  28,807     5,335   18.5  23,472   81.5
IA  88,084    15,014   17.0  73,070   83.0 TN  230,005   51,119   22.2  178,886  77.8
KS  95,691    19,609   20.5  76,082   79.5 TX  844,973   151,341  17.9  693,632  82.1
KY  146,242   34,470   23.6  111,772  76.4 UT  57,844    10,194   17.6  47,650   82.4
LA  141,056   28,283   20.1  112,773  79.9 VT  18,479     4,098   22.2  14,381   77.8
ME  49,969    12,003   24.0  37,966   76.0 VA  424,000   54,312   12.8  369,688  87.2
MD  206,318   27,460   13.3  178,858  86.7 WA  291,779   53,247   18.2  238,532  81.8
MA  141,188   21,954   15.5  119,234  84.5 WV  61,959    14,984   24.2  46,975   75.8
MI  264,508   54,425   20.6  210,083  79.4 WI  162,428   25,618   15.8  136,810  84.2
MN  144,440   25,780   17.8  118,660  82.2 WY  25,478     3,437   13.5  22,041   86.5
MS  84,058    19,115   22.7  64,943   77.3 PR  33,359    10,079   30.2  23,280   69.8
MO  203,442   43,749   21.5  159,693  78.5                                        
Table 5.3 Poverty—Civilian Veterans with Disabilities Ages 18 to 64 Years Living in the Community for the United States and States: 2015
State Total Poverty   State Total Poverty
Count % [1] Count % [1]
U.S. 1,702,562 296,399 17.4 MT   7,929    1,355  17.1
AL  39,412    5,977  15.2 NE  10,470     855   8.2 
AK   7,574     927   12.2 NV  20,632    3,527  17.1
AZ  40,282    7,145  17.7 NH   7,792    1,261  16.2
AR  24,654    4,592  18.6 NJ  17,982    3,310  18.4
CA  132,626  23,089  17.4 NM  14,104    2,997  21.2
CO  33,997    5,234  15.4 NY  53,355   11,673  21.9
CT   9,474    1,183  12.5 NC  71,716   11,374  15.9
DE   4,346     416   9.6  ND   4,012     495   12.3
DC   2,069     868   42.0 OH  66,776   15,547  23.3
FL  118,381  20,121  17.0 OK  34,115    7,414  21.7
GA  69,524   11,710  16.8 OR  33,937    6,366  18.8
HI   7,775     998   12.8 PA  57,968   12,007  20.7
ID  13,704    2,820  20.6 RI   4,485    1,289  28.7
IL  40,653    8,016  19.7 SC  36,732    5,561  15.1
IN  40,539    6,138  15.1 SD   5,335     750   14.1
IA  15,014    2,305  15.4 TN  51,119   10,686  20.9
KS  19,609    3,373  17.2 TX  151,341  18,260  12.1
KY  34,470    6,166  17.9 UT  10,194    1,110  10.9
LA  28,283    5,477  19.4 VT   4,098     468   11.4
ME  12,003    2,523  21.0 VA  54,312    5,602  10.3
MD  27,460    2,988  10.9 WA  53,247    9,408  17.7
MA  21,954    4,895  22.3 WV  14,984    3,515  23.5
MI  54,425   14,186  26.1 WI  25,618    4,832  18.9
MN  25,780    2,673  10.4 WY   3,437     528   15.4
MS  19,115    4,078  21.3 PR  10,079    1,977  19.6
MO  43,749    8,311  19.0                       
Table 5.4 Poverty—Civilian Veterans without Disabilities Ages 18 to 64 Years Living in the Community for the United States and States: 2015
State Total Poverty % [1]   State Total Poverty % [1]
U.S. 7,667,787 530,677 6.9  MT  33,996    2,628  7.7 
AL  134,031   9,998  7.5  NE  50,852    1,893  3.7 
AK  38,913    1,245  3.2  NV  86,714    6,364  7.3 
AZ  185,587  14,207  7.7  NH  39,570    1,207  3.1 
AR  79,213    9,884  12.5 NJ  110,679   6,476  5.9 
CA  650,319  49,183  7.6  NM  59,576    5,023  8.4 
CO  175,166  10,819  6.2  NY  265,833  19,482  7.3 
CT  60,153    3,494  5.8  NC  283,834  19,832  7.0 
DE  23,376    1,042  4.5  ND  21,251    1,023  4.8 
DC  12,434     749   6.0  OH  308,600  21,263  6.9 
FL  538,004  44,177  8.2  OK  112,674   9,346  8.3 
GA  308,029  23,661  7.7  OR  103,762   9,185  8.9 
HI  49,048    2,983  6.1  PA  287,789  17,521  6.1 
ID  48,742    4,006  8.2  RI  20,545    1,398  6.8 
IL  230,040  17,198  7.5  SC  154,516  11,197  7.2 
IN  159,340  11,159  7.0  SD  23,472    1,171  5.0 
IA  73,070    3,981  5.4  TN  178,886  13,987  7.8 
KS  76,082    6,029  7.9  TX  693,632  42,179  6.1 
KY  111,772   9,050  8.1  UT  47,650    2,389  5.0 
LA  112,773  10,545  9.4  VT  14,381     566   3.9 
ME  37,966    2,384  6.3  VA  369,688  16,616  4.5 
MD  178,858   7,001  3.9  WA  238,532  15,479  6.5 
MA  119,234   7,302  6.1  WV  46,975    5,083  10.8
MI  210,083  16,668  7.9  WI  136,810   9,174  6.7 
MN  118,660   5,344  4.5  WY  22,041    1,151  5.2 
MS  64,943    6,140  9.5  PR  23,280    4,705  20.2
MO  159,693  10,795  6.8                        
Table 5.5 Poverty Gap—Civilian Veterans Ages 18 to 64 Years Living in the Community for the United States and States by Disability Status: 2015
State Poverty Rate (%) Gap (% pts) [2]   State Poverty Rate (%) Gap (% pts) [2]
Disability [1] No Disability [1] Disability [1] No Disability [1]
U.S. 17.4 6.9  10.5 MT 17.1 7.7  9.4 
AL 15.2 7.5  7.7  NE 8.2  3.7  4.5 
AK 12.2 3.2  9.0  NV 17.1 7.3  9.8 
AZ 17.7 7.7  10.0 NH 16.2 3.1  13.1
AR 18.6 12.5 6.1  NJ 18.4 5.9  12.5
CA 17.4 7.6  9.8  NM 21.2 8.4  12.8
CO 15.4 6.2  9.2  NY 21.9 7.3  14.6
CT 12.5 5.8  6.7  NC 15.9 7.0  8.9 
DE 9.6  4.5  5.1  ND 12.3 4.8  7.5 
DC 42.0 6.0  36.0 OH 23.3 6.9  16.4
FL 17.0 8.2  8.8  OK 21.7 8.3  13.4
GA 16.8 7.7  9.1  OR 18.8 8.9  9.9 
HI 12.8 6.1  6.7  PA 20.7 6.1  14.6
ID 20.6 8.2  12.4 RI 28.7 6.8  21.9
IL 19.7 7.5  12.2 SC 15.1 7.2  7.9 
IN 15.1 7.0  8.1  SD 14.1 5.0  9.1 
IA 15.4 5.4  10.0 TN 20.9 7.8  13.1
KS 17.2 7.9  9.3  TX 12.1 6.1  6.0 
KY 17.9 8.1  9.8  UT 10.9 5.0  5.9 
LA 19.4 9.4  10.0 VT 11.4 3.9  7.5 
ME 21.0 6.3  14.7 VA 10.3 4.5  5.8 
MD 10.9 3.9  7.0  WA 17.7 6.5  11.2
MA 22.3 6.1  16.2 WV 23.5 10.8 12.7
MI 26.1 7.9  18.2 WI 18.9 6.7  12.2
MN 10.4 4.5  5.9  WY 15.4 5.2  10.2
MS 21.3 9.5  11.8 PR 19.6 20.2 -0.6
MO 19.0 6.8  12.2               
Table 5.6 Veterans Benefits Administration—Compensation and Pension Benefits Paid to Disabled Veterans and their Survivors: Federal Fiscal Year 2015
State Total ($) [1]   State Total ($) [1]
U.S. 75,787,356 MO 1,627,460 
AL 1,856,515  MT  324,329  
AK  247,524   NE  546,459  
AZ 1,652,047  NV  818,843  
AR 1,037,492  NH  313,725  
CA 6,552,100  NJ 1,036,506 
CO 1,490,936  NM  782,081  
CT  435,226   NY 2,377,227 
DE  204,297   NC 3,436,154 
DC   88,498   ND  167,895  
FL 5,626,995  OH 2,192,679 
GA 3,112,295  OK 1,812,031 
HI  394,010   OR 1,281,055 
ID  405,841   PA 2,402,975 
IL 1,687,260  RI  223,371  
IN 1,233,530  SC 1,909,398 
IA  581,556   SD  236,224  
KS  631,885   TN 2,046,342 
KY 1,231,438  TX 7,447,454 
LA 1,211,260  UT  440,335  
ME  519,582   VT  134,177  
MD 1,279,895  VA 2,775,627 
MA 1,141,560  WA 2,140,766 
MI 1,959,410  WV  705,355  
MN 1,123,595  WI 1,118,396 
MS  791,716   WY  156,163