2016 Annual Disability Statistics Compendium

Health

Section 7: Health

This section presents statistics on health in the United States, especially the health of people with disabilities. Specifically, the data address the prevalence of disabilities, health behaviors such as smoking, binge drinking, obesity, and health insurance coverage by disability status. These statistics were generated by the authors using the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance Survey. See the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s Disability and Health Data System for more detailed information on the health of the population with disabilities. Statistics for people with disabilities (disability status) are based on having responded ‘yes’ to either of two questions within the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance Survey (see the glossary for more details).

Tables

Tables 7.1: In 2015, there were 239,294,799 individuals ages 18 and over living in the community, and 53,776,731 had a disability (22.5 percent). The state with the largest number of individuals with disabilities was California, with 5,965,603 individuals with disabilities, while the state with the smallest number of individuals with disabilities was Wyoming, with 105,404 individuals with disabilities.

Table 7.2: In 2015, individuals (ages 18 years and over) with disabilities were more likely to smoke (23.4 percent) than adults without disabilities (14.9 percent). Adults with disabilities were most likely to smoke in Kentucky (32.7 percent) and least likely to smoke in Utah (13.5 percent).

Table 7.3: In 2015, individuals (ages 18 years and over) with disabilities were more likely to be obese (39.9 percent) than adults without disabilities (25.4 percent). Adults with disabilities were most likely to be obese in Alaska (45.9 percent) and least likely to be obese in Colorado (30.0 percent).

Table 7.4: In 2015, individuals (ages 18 years and over) with disabilities were less likely to binge drink (11.3 percent) than adults without disabilities (17.8 percent). Adults with disabilities were most likely to binge drink in Delaware (17.5 percent) and least likely to binge drink in Missouri and Wisconsin (7.3 percent).

Table 7.5: In 2017, individuals ages 18 and over with disabilities in the District of Columbia were most likely to have health insurance coverage (95.5 percent), while individuals ages 18 and over with disabilities in Texas were least likely to have health insurance coverage (77.5 percent).

Table 7.1 Persons Ages 18 and Over Living in the Community, by Disability Status: 2015
State Total Disability No Disability   State Total Disability No Disability
Count % [1] Count % [1] Count % [1] Count % [1]
U.S. 239,294,799 53,776,731 22.5 185,518,069 77.5 MO  2,218,238   600,390   27.1  1,617,848  72.9
AL   539,999    120,764   22.4   419,235   77.6 MT   792,288    206,187   26.0   586,102   74.0
AK  3,672,200  1,106,175  30.1  2,566,025  69.9 NE  7,611,832  1,846,225  24.3  5,765,606  75.7
AZ  2,204,506   654,581   29.7  1,549,925  70.3 NV   570,445    109,554   19.2   460,891   80.8
AR  5,010,345  1,137,344  22.7  3,873,001  77.3 NH  1,396,505   278,596   19.9  1,117,909  80.1
CA 28,428,258  5,965,603  21.0 22,462,655  79.0 NJ  1,033,838   226,650   21.9   807,187   78.1
CO  3,927,113   849,229   21.6  3,077,884  78.4 NM  6,709,872  1,304,836  19.4  5,405,036  80.6
CT  2,734,410   598,241   21.9  2,136,168  78.1 NY  1,534,641   377,594   24.6  1,157,047  75.4
DE   536,647    111,933   20.9   424,714   79.1 NC  2,176,404   472,666   21.7  1,703,738  78.3
DC   725,067    161,195   22.2   563,872   77.8 ND 14,882,088  3,187,161  21.4 11,694,928  78.6
FL 15,481,736  3,503,185  22.6 11,978,551  77.4 OH  8,810,419  2,006,730  22.8  6,803,690  77.2
GA  7,441,340  1,668,610  22.4  5,772,730  77.6 OK  2,882,835   805,205   27.9  2,077,631  72.1
HI  1,079,859   191,267   17.7   888,592   82.3 OR  3,011,557   841,467   27.9  2,170,090  72.1
ID  2,336,524   480,398   20.6  1,856,125  79.4 PA  9,835,977  2,225,883  22.6  7,610,094  77.4
IL  1,188,082   287,053   24.2   901,029   75.8 RI   816,091    188,788   23.1   627,303   76.9
IN  9,665,056  1,917,866  19.8  7,747,191  80.2 SC  3,716,671   963,238   25.9  2,753,433  74.1
IA  4,903,311  1,117,782  22.8  3,785,529  77.2 SD   640,370    146,741   22.9   493,630   77.1
KS  2,095,751   458,529   21.9  1,637,222  78.1 TN  4,930,386  1,320,314  26.8  3,610,072  73.2
KY  3,352,781   973,997   29.1  2,378,784  70.9 TX 19,460,671  3,620,700  18.6 15,839,970  81.4
LA  3,404,980   880,843   25.9  2,524,137  74.1 UT  2,029,090   384,292   18.9  1,644,798  81.1
ME  5,123,332  1,145,031  22.3  3,978,301  77.7 VT  6,395,086  1,256,789  19.7  5,138,297  80.3
MD  4,551,834   891,329   19.6  3,660,505  80.4 VA   492,349    113,283   23.0   379,066   77.0
MA  1,053,379   275,499   26.2   777,880   73.8 WA  5,381,061  1,364,960  25.4  4,016,101  74.6
MI  7,512,468  1,887,459  25.1  5,625,009  74.9 WV  4,358,113   907,683   20.8  3,450,430  79.2
MN  4,135,888   801,387   19.4  3,334,502  80.6 WI  1,449,789   451,173   31.1   998,616   68.9
MS  4,613,365  1,278,921  27.7  3,334,444  72.3 WY   439,952    105,404   24.0   334,548   76.0
Table 7.2 Health Behavior—Smoking among Persons Ages 18 and Over by Disability Status: 2015
State Smoking (%) [1] Gap (% pts) [2]   State Smoking (%) [2] Gap (% pts) [2]
Disability No Disability Disability No Disability
U.S. 23.4 14.9 8.5  MO 26.0 21.1 4.8 
AL 26.6 17.2 9.3  MT 24.6 16.8 7.8 
AK 28.0 18.5 9.5  NE 23.3 17.6 5.7 
AZ 30.2 22.5 7.7  NV 25.6 17.1 8.5 
AR 22.0 11.7 10.2 NH 21.9 15.9 6.0 
CA 16.3 10.5 5.8  NJ 24.1 13.7 10.4
CO 21.0 14.2 6.8  NM 19.5 12.1 7.4 
CT 21.8 11.2 10.6 NY 23.4 15.6 7.7 
DE 25.1 13.4 11.7 NC 25.8 15.1 10.7
DC 25.6 14.9 10.7 ND 20.4 13.8 6.6 
FL 23.5 13.4 10.2 OH 28.1 19.7 8.4 
GA 26.7 15.1 11.6 OK 28.2 19.7 8.5 
HI 18.7 13.1 5.6  OR 24.7 14.2 10.5
ID 23.3 16.7 6.6  PA 24.6 16.2 8.4 
IL 20.1 11.8 8.3  RI 22.4 13.5 8.9 
IN 19.1 14.1 5.0  SC 27.2 17.0 10.2
IA 28.1 18.4 9.7  SD 26.3 18.3 8.0 
KS 24.6 15.7 8.9  TN 30.0 19.0 11.0
KY 32.7 23.1 9.6  TX 20.7 14.0 6.7 
LA 27.7 19.8 7.8  UT 13.5 8.0  5.5 
ME 21.5 11.8 9.7  VT 25.8 14.3 11.5
MD 22.2 13.4 8.8  VA 22.4 14.0 8.4 
MA 26.6 16.9 9.7  WA 21.4 12.6 8.8 
MI 27.0 18.5 8.5  WV 21.9 16.2 5.8 
MN 23.8 14.4 9.4  WI 30.8 23.4 7.4 
MS 31.1 18.9 12.2 WY 22.9 17.8 5.2 
Table 7.3 Health Behavior—Obesity among Persons 18 and Over by Disability Status: 2015
State Obesity (%) [1] Gap (% pts) [2]   State Obesity (%) [2] Gap (% pts) [2]
Disability No Disability Disability No Disability
U.S. 39.9 25.4 14.5 MO 40.6 33.2 7.4 
AL 39.1 27.1 12.0 MT 30.9 20.7 10.2
AK 45.9 30.8 15.1 NE 40.6 26.5 14.1
AZ 43.6 30.7 12.9 NV 42.0 28.2 13.7
AR 38.7 25.2 13.5 NH 42.8 28.4 14.4
CA 32.8 22.0 10.8 NJ 38.6 22.6 16.0
CO 30.0 17.2 12.8 NM 40.0 22.1 17.8
CT 36.3 22.2 14.1 NY 36.8 26.1 10.7
DE 38.9 17.7 21.2 NC 34.3 24.1 10.3
DC 39.1 26.4 12.7 ND 36.7 21.7 15.0
FL 38.2 23.2 14.9 OH 41.5 26.3 15.2
GA 42.0 26.7 15.3 OK 45.5 28.9 16.6
HI 35.3 20.2 15.1 OR 42.1 25.3 16.8
ID 43.7 29.0 14.8 PA 43.3 25.9 17.4
IL 35.3 26.7 8.6  RI 36.3 22.8 13.6
IN 42.1 27.8 14.2 SC 40.5 28.5 11.9
IA 43.5 27.9 15.5 SD 39.3 28.5 10.7
KS 42.1 27.4 14.7 TN 42.7 30.2 12.5
KY 44.6 30.3 14.3 TX 43.5 29.3 14.1
LA 43.8 33.3 10.5 UT 36.4 21.6 14.8
ME 35.6 20.8 14.8 VT 40.3 26.3 14.1
MD 44.4 25.0 19.4 VA 36.4 21.8 14.6
MA 41.8 25.5 16.3 WA 38.5 22.1 16.4
MI 43.3 26.9 16.4 WV 43.3 27.3 16.0
MN 39.2 22.9 16.3 WI 45.4 31.0 14.4
MS 41.5 28.4 13.1 WY 40.0 25.4 14.6
Table 7.4 Health Behavior—Binge Drinking among Persons Ages 18 and Over by Disability Status: 2015
State Binge Drinking (%) [1] Gap (% pts) [2]   State Binge Drinking (%) [2] Gap (% pts) [2]
Disability No Disability Disability No Disability
U.S. 11.3 17.8 -6.5  MO 7.3  13.6 -6.2 
AL 15.1 21.2 -6.1  MT 13.3 22.1 -8.8 
AK 7.9  13.2 -5.3  NE 7.7  15.8 -8.1 
AZ 11.0 15.4 -4.4  NV 13.5 26.5 -13.0
AR 10.4 15.4 -4.9  NH 12.3 21.3 -9.0 
CA 13.1 17.5 -4.4  NJ 11.2 18.1 -6.9 
CO 11.9 19.2 -7.3  NM 12.1 17.0 -4.9 
CT 12.5 18.2 -5.7  NY 9.4  14.0 -4.6 
DE 17.5 29.8 -12.4 NC 10.9 15.1 -4.3 
DC 13.5 15.3 -1.9  ND 10.2 18.5 -8.4 
FL 10.4 17.1 -6.7  OH 13.3 19.8 -6.5 
GA 11.5 16.2 -4.7  OK 9.0  14.8 -5.8 
HI 13.5 20.1 -6.6  OR 11.9 18.6 -6.7 
ID 12.4 21.7 -9.3  PA 11.5 18.6 -7.1 
IL 10.7 15.3 -4.6  RI 11.4 17.4 -6.0 
IN 13.2 21.9 -8.7  SC 10.0 17.1 -7.0 
IA 8.8  17.8 -9.0  SD 11.9 18.4 -6.5 
KS 9.8  17.3 -7.5  TN 8.2  11.2 -3.0 
KY 8.7  18.0 -9.4  TX 12.3 16.7 -4.4 
LA 10.7 19.6 -8.9  UT 9.5  12.1 -2.6 
ME 13.7 18.7 -4.9  VT 11.4 17.6 -6.1 
MD 10.0 15.2 -5.2  VA 11.4 19.0 -7.5 
MA 10.7 20.2 -9.5  WA 12.6 17.3 -4.6 
MI 11.2 21.0 -9.8  WV 16.3 24.6 -8.3 
MN 13.1 21.1 -8.0  WI 7.3  12.1 -4.8 
MS 11.4 18.7 -7.3  WY 11.3 17.3 -6.0 
Table 7.5 Health Care Coverage—Among Persons Ages 18 and Over by Disability Services: 2015
State Health Care Coverage (%) [1] Gap (% pts) [2]   State Health Care Coverage (%) [2] Gap (% pts) [2]
Disability No Disability Disability No Disability
U.S. 87.8 88.2 -0.3 MO 87.1 87.8 -0.7
AL 85.1 87.0 -1.9 MT 91.3 89.5 1.8 
AK 85.7 90.0 -4.3 NE 87.4 88.8 -1.4
AZ 88.5 87.0 1.5  NV 86.6 82.9 3.8 
AR 90.2 89.8 0.4  NH 92.9 92.7 0.2 
CA 90.5 89.6 0.8  NJ 87.3 90.4 -3.2
CO 86.7 89.6 -2.9 NM 90.2 87.8 2.4 
CT 91.2 92.4 -1.2 NY 90.6 90.0 0.6 
DE 89.3 90.4 -1.1 NC 83.7 85.8 -2.1
DC 95.5 94.8 0.7  ND 90.0 92.0 -2.0
FL 84.5 83.7 0.8  OH 93.4 91.8 1.6 
GA 82.0 83.0 -0.9 OK 86.1 84.5 1.6 
HI 92.7 94.2 -1.5 OR 90.7 90.1 0.5 
ID 83.2 84.7 -1.5 PA 93.5 93.4 0.1 
IL 87.7 90.3 -2.6 RI 94.1 92.9 1.2 
IN 89.9 89.8 0.1  SC 86.2 86.3 -0.1
IA 92.6 93.2 -0.6 SD 88.4 89.8 -1.4
KS 87.0 88.3 -1.3 TN 83.5 86.8 -3.3
KY 94.2 91.7 2.6  TX 77.5 75.8 1.7 
LA 91.2 88.6 2.6  UT 84.7 88.5 -3.8
ME 89.1 91.5 -2.4 VT 94.5 93.7 0.7 
MD 88.8 92.4 -3.7 VA 85.9 90.4 -4.6
MA 92.9 95.1 -2.2 WA 90.9 91.3 -0.4
MI 93.7 91.1 2.6  WV 93.0 90.2 2.8 
MN 91.0 92.1 -1.1 WI 92.4 92.7 -0.4
MS 79.8 84.6 -4.7 WY 83.5 87.0 -3.5