2016 Annual Disability Statistics Compendium

Health

Section 7: Health

This section presents statistics on health in the United States, especially the health of people with disabilities. Specifically, the data address the prevalence of disabilities, health behaviors such as smoking, binge drinking, obesity, and health insurance coverage by disability status. These statistics were generated by the authors using the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance Survey. See the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s Disability and Health Data System for more detailed information on the health of the population with disabilities. Statistics for people with disabilities (disability status) are based on having responded ‘yes’ to either of two questions within the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance Survey (see the glossary for more details).

Tables

Tables 7.1: In 2015, there were 239,294,799 individuals ages 18 and over living in the community, and 53,776,731 had a disability (22.5 percent). The state with the largest number of individuals with disabilities was California, with 5,965,603 individuals with disabilities, while the state with the smallest number of individuals with disabilities was Wyoming, with 105,404 individuals with disabilities.

Table 7.2: In 2015, individuals (ages 18 years and over) with disabilities were more likely to smoke (23.4 percent) than adults without disabilities (14.9 percent). Adults with disabilities were most likely to smoke in Kentucky (32.7 percent) and least likely to smoke in Utah (13.5 percent).

Table 7.3: In 2015, individuals (ages 18 years and over) with disabilities were more likely to be obese (39.9 percent) than adults without disabilities (25.4 percent). Adults with disabilities were most likely to be obese in Alaska (45.9 percent) and least likely to be obese in Colorado (30.0 percent).

Table 7.4: In 2015, individuals (ages 18 years and over) with disabilities were less likely to binge drink (11.3 percent) than adults without disabilities (17.8 percent). Adults with disabilities were most likely to binge drink in Delaware (17.5 percent) and least likely to binge drink in Missouri and Wisconsin (7.3 percent).

Table 7.5: In 2016, individuals ages 18 and over with disabilities in Kentucky were most likely to have health insurance coverage (94.9 percent), while individuals ages 18 and over with disabilities in Texas were least likely to have health insurance coverage (79.8 percent).

Table 7.1 Persons Ages 18 and Over Living in the Community, by Disability Status: 2015

State Total Disability No Disability
Count % [1] Count % [1]
U.S. 239,294,799 53,776,731 22.5 185,518,069 77.5
AL 539,999 120,764 22.4 419,235 77.6
AK 3,672,200 1,106,175 30.1 2,566,025 69.9
AZ 2,204,506 654,581 29.7 1,549,925 70.3
AR 5,010,345 1,137,344 22.7 3,873,001 77.3
CA 28,428,258 5,965,603 21.0 22,462,655 79.0
CO 3,927,113 849,229 21.6 3,077,884 78.4
CT 2,734,410 598,241 21.9 2,136,168 78.1
DE 536,647 111,933 20.9 424,714 79.1
DC 725,067 161,195 22.2 563,872 77.8
FL 15,481,736 3,503,185 22.6 11,978,551 77.4
GA 7,441,340 1,668,610 22.4 5,772,730 77.6
HI 1,079,859 191,267 17.7 888,592 82.3
ID 2,336,524 480,398 20.6 1,856,125 79.4
IL 1,188,082 287,053 24.2 901,029 75.8
IN 9,665,056 1,917,866 19.8 7,747,191 80.2
IA 4,903,311 1,117,782 22.8 3,785,529 77.2
KS 2,095,751 458,529 21.9 1,637,222 78.1
KY 3,352,781 973,997 29.1 2,378,784 70.9
LA 3,404,980 880,843 25.9 2,524,137 74.1
ME 5,123,332 1,145,031 22.3 3,978,301 77.7
MD 4,551,834 891,329 19.6 3,660,505 80.4
MA 1,053,379 275,499 26.2 777,880 73.8
MI 7,512,468 1,887,459 25.1 5,625,009 74.9
MN 4,135,888 801,387 19.4 3,334,502 80.6
MS 4,613,365 1,278,921 27.7 3,334,444 72.3
State Total Disability No Disability
Count % [1] Count % [1]
MO 2,218,238 600,390 27.1 1,617,848 72.9
MT 792,288 206,187 26.0 586,102 74.0
NE 7,611,832 1,846,225 24.3 5,765,606 75.7
NV 570,445 109,554 19.2 460,891 80.8
NH 1,396,505 278,596 19.9 1,117,909 80.1
NJ 1,033,838 226,650 21.9 807,187 78.1
NM 6,709,872 1,304,836 19.4 5,405,036 80.6
NY 1,534,641 377,594 24.6 1,157,047 75.4
NC 2,176,404 472,666 21.7 1,703,738 78.3
ND 14,882,088 3,187,161 21.4 11,694,928 78.6
OH 8,810,419 2,006,730 22.8 6,803,690 77.2
OK 2,882,835 805,205 27.9 2,077,631 72.1
OR 3,011,557 841,467 27.9 2,170,090 72.1
PA 9,835,977 2,225,883 22.6 7,610,094 77.4
RI 816,091 188,788 23.1 627,303 76.9
SC 3,716,671 963,238 25.9 2,753,433 74.1
SD 640,370 146,741 22.9 493,630 77.1
TN 4,930,386 1,320,314 26.8 3,610,072 73.2
TX 19,460,671 3,620,700 18.6 15,839,970 81.4
UT 2,029,090 384,292 18.9 1,644,798 81.1
VT 6,395,086 1,256,789 19.7 5,138,297 80.3
VA 492,349 113,283 23.0 379,066 77.0
WA 5,381,061 1,364,960 25.4 4,016,101 74.6
WV 4,358,113 907,683 20.8 3,450,430 79.2
WI 1,449,789 451,173 31.1 998,616 68.9
WY 439,952 105,404 24.0 334,548 76.0

Table 7.2 Health Behavior—Smoking among Persons Ages 18 and Over by Disability Status: 2015

State Smoking (%) [1] Gap (% pts) [2]
Disability No Disability
U.S. 23.4 14.9 8.5
AL 26.6 17.2 9.3
AK 28.0 18.5 9.5
AZ 30.2 22.5 7.7
AR 22.0 11.7 10.2
CA 16.3 10.5 5.8
CO 21.0 14.2 6.8
CT 21.8 11.2 10.6
DE 25.1 13.4 11.7
DC 25.6 14.9 10.7
FL 23.5 13.4 10.2
GA 26.7 15.1 11.6
HI 18.7 13.1 5.6
ID 23.3 16.7 6.6
IL 20.1 11.8 8.3
IN 19.1 14.1 5.0
IA 28.1 18.4 9.7
KS 24.6 15.7 8.9
KY 32.7 23.1 9.6
LA 27.7 19.8 7.8
ME 21.5 11.8 9.7
MD 22.2 13.4 8.8
MA 26.6 16.9 9.7
MI 27.0 18.5 8.5
MN 23.8 14.4 9.4
MS 31.1 18.9 12.2
State Smoking (%) [1] Gap (% pts) [2]
Disability No Disability
MO 26.0 21.1 4.8
MT 24.6 16.8 7.8
NE 23.3 17.6 5.7
NV 25.6 17.1 8.5
NH 21.9 15.9 6.0
NJ 24.1 13.7 10.4
NM 19.5 12.1 7.4
NY 23.4 15.6 7.7
NC 25.8 15.1 10.7
ND 20.4 13.8 6.6
OH 28.1 19.7 8.4
OK 28.2 19.7 8.5
OR 24.7 14.2 10.5
PA 24.6 16.2 8.4
RI 22.4 13.5 8.9
SC 27.2 17.0 10.2
SD 26.3 18.3 8.0
TN 30.0 19.0 11.0
TX 20.7 14.0 6.7
UT 13.5 8.0 5.5
VT 25.8 14.3 11.5
VA 22.4 14.0 8.4
WA 21.4 12.6 8.8
WV 21.9 16.2 5.8
WI 30.8 23.4 7.4
WY 22.9 17.8 5.2

Table 7.3 Health Behavior—Obesity among Persons 18 and Over by Disability Status: 2015

State Obesity (%) [1] Gap (% pts) [2]
Disability No Disability
U.S. 39.9 25.4 14.5
AL 39.1 27.1 12.0
AK 45.9 30.8 15.1
AZ 43.6 30.7 12.9
AR 38.7 25.2 13.5
CA 32.8 22.0 10.8
CO 30.0 17.2 12.8
CT 36.3 22.2 14.1
DE 38.9 17.7 21.2
DC 39.1 26.4 12.7
FL 38.2 23.2 14.9
GA 42.0 26.7 15.3
HI 35.3 20.2 15.1
ID 43.7 29.0 14.8
IL 35.3 26.7 8.6
IN 42.1 27.8 14.2
IA 43.5 27.9 15.5
KS 42.1 27.4 14.7
KY 44.6 30.3 14.3
LA 43.8 33.3 10.5
ME 35.6 20.8 14.8
MD 44.4 25.0 19.4
MA 41.8 25.5 16.3
MI 43.3 26.9 16.4
MN 39.2 22.9 16.3
MS 41.5 28.4 13.1
State Obesity (%) [1] Gap (% pts) [2]
Disability No Disability
MO 40.6 33.2 7.4
MT 30.9 20.7 10.2
NE 40.6 26.5 14.1
NV 42.0 28.2 13.7
NH 42.8 28.4 14.4
NJ 38.6 22.6 16.0
NM 40.0 22.1 17.8
NY 36.8 26.1 10.7
NC 34.3 24.1 10.3
ND 36.7 21.7 15.0
OH 41.5 26.3 15.2
OK 45.5 28.9 16.6
OR 42.1 25.3 16.8
PA 43.3 25.9 17.4
RI 36.3 22.8 13.6
SC 40.5 28.5 11.9
SD 39.3 28.5 10.7
TN 42.7 30.2 12.5
TX 43.5 29.3 14.1
UT 36.4 21.6 14.8
VT 40.3 26.3 14.1
VA 36.4 21.8 14.6
WA 38.5 22.1 16.4
WV 43.3 27.3 16.0
WI 45.4 31.0 14.4
WY 40.0 25.4 14.6

Table 7.4 Health Behavior—Binge Drinking among Persons Ages 18 and Over by Disability Status: 2015

State Binge Drinking (%) [1] Gap (% pts) [2]
Disability No Disability
U.S. 11.3 17.8 -6.5
AL 15.1 21.2 -6.1
AK 7.9 13.2 -5.3
AZ 11.0 15.4 -4.4
AR 10.4 15.4 -4.9
CA 13.1 17.5 -4.4
CO 11.9 19.2 -7.3
CT 12.5 18.2 -5.7
DE 17.5 29.8 -12.4
DC 13.5 15.3 -1.9
FL 10.4 17.1 -6.7
GA 11.5 16.2 -4.7
HI 13.5 20.1 -6.6
ID 12.4 21.7 -9.3
IL 10.7 15.3 -4.6
IN 13.2 21.9 -8.7
IA 8.8 17.8 -9.0
KS 9.8 17.3 -7.5
KY 8.7 18.0 -9.4
LA 10.7 19.6 -8.9
ME 13.7 18.7 -4.9
MD 10.0 15.2 -5.2
MA 10.7 20.2 -9.5
MI 11.2 21.0 -9.8
MN 13.1 21.1 -8.0
MS 11.4 18.7 -7.3
State Binge Drinking (%) [1] Gap (% pts) [2]
Disability No Disability
MO 7.3 13.6 -6.2
MT 13.3 22.1 -8.8
NE 7.7 15.8 -8.1
NV 13.5 26.5 -13.0
NH 12.3 21.3 -9.0
NJ 11.2 18.1 -6.9
NM 12.1 17.0 -4.9
NY 9.4 14.0 -4.6
NC 10.9 15.1 -4.3
ND 10.2 18.5 -8.4
OH 13.3 19.8 -6.5
OK 9.0 14.8 -5.8
OR 11.9 18.6 -6.7
PA 11.5 18.6 -7.1
RI 11.4 17.4 -6.0
SC 10.0 17.1 -7.0
SD 11.9 18.4 -6.5
TN 8.2 11.2 -3.0
TX 12.3 16.7 -4.4
UT 9.5 12.1 -2.6
VT 11.4 17.6 -6.1
VA 11.4 19.0 -7.5
WA 12.6 17.3 -4.6
WV 16.3 24.6 -8.3
WI 7.3 12.1 -4.8
WY 11.3 17.3 -6.0

Table 7.5 Health Care Coverage—Among Persons Ages 18 and Over by Disability Services: 2015

State Health Care Coverage (%) [1] Gap (% pts) [2]
Disability No Disability
U.S. 88.1 88.8 -0.7
AL 86.7 87.6 -0.9
AK 86.4 90.3 -3.9
AZ 88.7 87.5 1.2
AR 91.1 89.3 1.8
CA 90.7 89.0 1.7
CO 91.5 89.0 2.5
CT 92.7 93.3 -0.6
DE 90.7 91.5 -0.8
DC 91.1 95.9 -4.8
FL 82.9 84.3 -1.4
GA 80.8 84.2 -3.4
HI 94.1 93.1 0.9
ID 84.5 84.9 -0.4
IL 89.3 91.6 -2.3
IN 88.1 89.3 -1.2
IA 94.1 93.4 0.8
KS 84.3 88.4 -4.0
KY 94.9 94.0 0.9
LA 85.9 86.7 -0.8
ME 89.9 91.7 -1.8
MD 93.0 91.7 1.2
MA 93.5 94.6 -1.1
MI 91.6 92.1 -0.5
MN 93.3 93.8 -0.5
MS 83.5 83.7 -0.2
State Health Care Coverage (%) [1] Gap (% pts) [2]
Disability No Disability
MO 87.0 89.8 -2.8
MT 90.5 89.8 0.6
NE 85.4 88.5 -3.1
NV 84.9 85.5 -0.6
NH 92.4 93.8 -1.4
NJ 90.7 89.1 1.6
NM 92.3 89.6 2.6
NY 91.3 90.7 0.6
NC 83.6 87.6 -4.0
ND 89.9 93.1 -3.2
OH 93.6 93.0 0.5
OK 84.0 86.2 -2.2
OR 90.8 91.1 -0.3
PA 93.7 93.1 0.6
RI 94.0 92.5 1.6
SC 84.9 88.2 -3.2
SD 89.8 92.3 -2.5
TN 84.0 90.8 -6.9
TX 79.8 78.3 1.5
UT 86.7 89.3 -2.6
VT 94.2 95.1 -0.8
VA 83.9 90.1 -6.2
WA 92.2 91.2 1.0
WV 94.1 91.7 2.4
WI 90.8 91.5 -0.8
WY 86.3 86.0 0.3