2016 Annual Disability Statistics Compendium

Vocational Rehabilitation

Section 10: Vocational Rehabilitation

This section presents statistics on Vocational Rehabilitation programs, administered by the Rehabilitation Services Administration in the United States. These data concern the number of individuals with disabilities who apply for services, receive services, and find employment (are successfully rehabilitated). Presented here categorically, vocational rehabilitation agencies often provide services through both state and private rehabilitation agencies (combined), broad state-based services for people (general), and specialized services to people with visual impairments (blind). The tables also address the expenditures associated with vocational rehabilitation, as well as whether vocational rehabilitation agencies are on order of selection. The principal source of this data is the Rehabilitation Services Administration’s Management Information System. Please note: The statistics presented in this section may vary from those provided by state agencies due to varying methods and analytic procedures.

Tables

Table 10.1: In the Federal Fiscal Year 2015 state vocational rehabilitation agencies processed 506,489 applicants.

Table 10.2: In the Federal Fiscal Year 2015, state vocational rehabilitation agencies closed 320,155 cases of individuals who either initiated or completed services.

Table 10.3: In the Federal Fiscal Year 2015, state vocational rehabilitation agencies closed 181,008 cases of individuals who either initiated or completed services in which the individuals entered successful employment.

Table 10.4: In the Federal Fiscal Year 2015, of 320,155 closed cases of individuals who either initiated or completed services, 56.5 percent achieved successful employment, i.e., a rehabilitation rate of 56.5 percent.

Table 10.5: In Federal Fiscal Year 2015, thirty-five agencies were on Order of Selection. Over the period from 2011 to 2015, nineteen states have never had any agency on Order of Selection. Over the period from 2011 to 2015, seventeen states have always had all of their agencies on Order of Selection.

Table 10.6: From 2014 to 2015, the number of Vocational Rehabilitation applicants in the U.S. changed by -2.4 percent.

Table 10.7: From 2014 to 2015, the rehabilitation rate in the U.S. changed by -0.3 percentage points.

Table 10.1 Vocational Rehabilitation—Applicants: Federal Fiscal Year 2015

StateAgency TypeApplicants
U.S.-506,489
ALCombined9,646
AKCombined1,749
AZCombined5,969
ARGeneral6,690
CACombined36,326
COCombined5,597
CTGeneral3,871
DEGeneral2,860
DCCombined3,128
FLGeneral24,273
GACombined11,353
HICombined1,215
IDGeneral6,071
ILCombined14,722
INCombined12,044
IAGeneral6,067
KSCombined4,507
KYGeneral12,673
LACombined7,577
MEGeneral4,115
MDCombined7,435
MAGeneral9,612
MIGeneral17,032
MNGeneral7,349
MSCombined7,518
StateAgency TypeApplicants
MOGeneral13,657
MTCombined3,098
NEGeneral5,413
NVCombined2,980
NHCombined2,313
NJGeneral11,897
NMGeneral3,395
NYGeneral36,167
NCGeneral20,141
NDCombined1,390
OHCombined19,753
OKCombined7,181
ORGeneral1,872
PACombined20,626
RICombined2,459
SCGeneral14,906
SDGeneral2,151
TNCombined6,787
TXGeneral37,750
UTCombined7,553
VTGeneral3,978
VAGeneral9,645
WAGeneral9,459
WVCombined4,947
WICombined13,927
WYCombined1,881

Table 10.2 Vocational Rehabilitation—Closures after Services Initiated or Completed: Federal Fiscal Year 2015

StateAgency TypeClosures
U.S.-320,155
ALCombined6,986
AKCombined975
AZCombined2,621
ARGeneral4,250
CACombined26,905
COCombined2,873
CTGeneral2,341
DEGeneral2,143
DCCombined2,311
FLGeneral13,478
GACombined4,420
HICombined600
IDGeneral3,863
ILCombined11,751
INCombined7,003
IAGeneral4,047
KSCombined3,142
KYGeneral7,437
LACombined3,667
MEGeneral1,951
MDCombined4,290
MAGeneral7,725
MIGeneral11,482
MNGeneral5,018
MSCombined7,537
StateAgency TypeClosures
MOGeneral8,301
MTCombined1,945
NEGeneral3,260
NVCombined1,652
NHCombined2,545
NJGeneral6,094
NMGeneral2,019
NYGeneral18,997
NCGeneral11,470
NDCombined744
OHCombined12,039
OKCombined4,644
ORGeneral1,131
PACombined15,076
RICombined931
SCGeneral11,123
SDGeneral1,122
TNCombined4,369
TXGeneral20,127
UTCombined5,951
VTGeneral3,719
VAGeneral7,034
WAGeneral4,832
WVCombined3,605
WICombined8,319
WYCombined1,128

Table 10.3 Vocational Rehabilitation—Closures with Successful Employment Outcomes: Federal Fiscal Year 2015

StateAgency TypeSuccessful Closures
U.S.-181,008
ALCombined4,602
AKCombined576
AZCombined1,339
ARGeneral3,077
CACombined13,416
COCombined1,686
CTGeneral1,460
DEGeneral1,138
DCCombined670
FLGeneral5,034
GACombined2,926
HICombined266
IDGeneral2,186
ILCombined5,923
INCombined4,103
IAGeneral2,321
KSCombined1,345
KYGeneral4,497
LACombined2,347
MEGeneral1,132
MDCombined2,559
MAGeneral3,789
MIGeneral6,653
MNGeneral3,104
MSCombined4,607
StateAgency TypeSuccessful Closures
MOGeneral5,063
MTCombined729
NEGeneral2,168
NVCombined886
NHCombined1,042
NJGeneral3,822
NMGeneral778
NYGeneral11,284
NCGeneral6,317
NDCombined531
OHCombined5,562
OKCombined2,300
ORGeneral760
PACombined8,778
RICombined643
SCGeneral6,706
SDGeneral769
TNCombined2,358
TXGeneral13,241
UTCombined3,502
VTGeneral1,922
VAGeneral4,032
WAGeneral3,191
WVCombined2,090
WICombined4,875
WYCombined663

Table 10.4 Vocational Rehabilitation—Rehabilitation Rate: Federal Fiscal Year 2015

StateAgency TypeRehabilitation Rate [1]
U.S.-56.5
ALCombined65.9
AKCombined59.1
AZCombined51.1
ARGeneral72.4
CACombined49.9
COCombined58.7
CTGeneral62.4
DEGeneral53.1
DCCombined29.0
FLGeneral37.3
GACombined66.2
HICombined44.3
IDGeneral56.6
ILCombined50.4
INCombined58.6
IAGeneral57.4
KSCombined42.8
KYGeneral60.5
LACombined64.0
MEGeneral58.0
MDCombined59.7
MAGeneral49.0
MIGeneral57.9
MNGeneral61.9
MSCombined61.1
StateAgency TypeRehabilitation Rate [1]
MOGeneral61.0
MTCombined37.5
NEGeneral66.5
NVCombined53.6
NHCombined40.9
NJGeneral62.7
NMGeneral38.5
NYGeneral59.4
NCGeneral55.1
NDCombined71.4
OHCombined46.2
OKCombined49.5
ORGeneral67.2
PACombined58.2
RICombined69.1
SCGeneral60.3
SDGeneral68.5
TNCombined54.0
TXGeneral65.8
UTCombined58.8
VTGeneral51.7
VAGeneral57.3
WAGeneral66.0
WVCombined58.0
WICombined58.6
WYCombined58.8

Table 10.5 Vocational Rehabilitation—State Agencies with Individuals on Order of Selection at Fiscal Year-End: 2011 through 2015

State Agency Type Federal Fiscal Year
11 12 13 14 15
AL Combined No No No No No
AK Combined No No No No No
AZ Combined Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
AR Blind No No No No No
AR General Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
CA Combined Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
CO Combined Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
CT Blind No No No No No
CT General Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
DE Blind No No No No No
DE General Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
DC Combined Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
FL Blind No No No No No
FL General Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
GA Combined Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
HI Combined Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
ID Blind No No No No No
ID General No No No No No
IL Combined Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
IN Combined No No No No No
IA Blind No No No No No
IA General Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
KS Combined Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
KY Blind Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
KY General Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
LA Combined Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
ME Blind No No No No No
ME General Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
MD Combined Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
MA Blind No No No No No
MA General No No No No No
MI Blind No No No No No
MI General No No No No No
MN Blind No No No No No
MN General Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
MS Combined No No No No No
MO Blind No No No No No
MO General Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
State Agency Type Federal Fiscal Year
11 12 13 14 15
MT Combined No No No No No
NE Blind No No No No No
NE General Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
NV Combined No No No No No
NH Combined No No No No No
NJ Blind No No No No No
NJ General Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
NM Blind No No No No No
NM General Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
NY Blind No No No No No
NY General No No No No No
NC Blind No No No No No
NC General No No No No No
ND Combined No No No No No
OH Combined Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
OK Combined Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
OR Blind Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
OR General Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
PA Combined Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
RI Combined Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
SC Blind No No No No No
SC General No No No No No
SD Blind No No No No No
SD General Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
TN Combined Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
TX Blind No No No No No
TX General No No No No No
UT Combined No No No No No
VT Blind No No No No No
VT General Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
VA Blind Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
VA General Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
WA Blind No No No No No
WA General No No No No No
WV Combined No No No No No
WI Combined Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
WY Combined No No No No No

Table 10.6 Vocational Rehabilitation—Change in the Number of Applicants: 2014 to 2015

State Agency Type Applicants % [1]
2014 2015
U.S. - 519,060 506,489 -2.4
AL Combined 19,640 9,646 -50.9
AK Combined 1,689 1,749 3.6
AZ Combined 5,744 5,969 3.9
AR General 6,546 6,690 2.2
CA Combined 36,563 36,326 -0.6
CO Combined 4,861 5,597 15.1
CT General 3,628 3,871 6.7
DE General 2,615 2,860 9.4
DC Combined 3,358 3,128 -6.8
FL General 25,575 24,273 -5.1
GA Combined 8,086 11,353 40.4
HI Combined 1,025 1,215 18.5
ID General 5,584 6,071 8.7
IL Combined 15,709 14,722 -6.3
IN Combined 12,238 12,044 -1.6
IA General 6,036 6,067 0.5
KS Combined 5,144 4,507 -12.4
KY General 11,861 12,673 6.8
LA Combined 7,383 7,577 2.6
ME General 4,126 4,115 -0.3
MD Combined 7,919 7,435 -6.1
MA General 9,659 9,612 -0.5
MI General 16,920 17,032 0.7
MN General 7,317 7,349 0.4
MS Combined 8,220 7,518 -8.5
State Agency Type Applicants % [1]
2014 2015
MO General 13,046 13,657 4.7
MT Combined 3,249 3,098 -4.6
NE General 5,558 5,413 -2.6
NV Combined 2,933 2,980 1.6
NH Combined 2,717 2,313 -14.9
NJ General 12,464 11,897 -4.5
NM General 3,420 3,395 -0.7
NY General 32,810 36,167 10.2
NC General 20,714 20,141 -2.8
ND Combined 1,165 1,390 19.3
OH Combined 19,197 19,753 2.9
OK Combined 6,646 7,181 8.0
OR General 7,679 1,872 -75.6
PA Combined 21,264 20,626 -3.0
RI Combined 2,960 2,459 -16.9
SC General 13,955 14,906 6.8
SD General 2,214 2,151 -2.8
TN Combined 7,692 6,787 -11.8
TX General 34,524 37,750 9.3
UT Combined 9,658 7,553 -21.8
VT General 4,118 3,978 -3.4
VA General 10,704 9,645 -9.9
WA General 9,728 9,459 -2.8
WV Combined 5,107 4,947 -3.1
WI Combined 12,929 13,927 7.7
WY Combined 1,818 1,881 3.5

Table 10.7 Vocational Rehabilitation—Change in the Rehabilitation Rate: 2014 to 2015

State Agency Type Rehabilitation Rate (%) Change (% pts) [1]
2014 2015
U.S. - 56.8 56.5 -0.3
AL Combined 69.1 65.9 -3.2
AK Combined 62.4 59.1 -3.3
AZ Combined 49.3 51.1 1.8
AR General 65.8 72.4 6.6
CA Combined 58.1 49.9 -8.3
CO Combined 43.6 58.7 15.1
CT General 61.4 62.4 0.9
DE General 65.5 53.1 -12.4
DC Combined 58.1 29.0 -29.1
FL General 29.9 37.3 7.5
GA Combined 64.7 66.2 1.5
HI Combined 30.0 44.3 14.4
ID General 58.2 56.6 -1.6
IL Combined 51.8 50.4 -1.4
IN Combined 59.5 58.6 -0.9
IA General 59.7 57.4 -2.3
KS Combined 40.6 42.8 2.2
KY General 53.8 60.5 6.7
LA Combined 65.5 64.0 -1.5
ME General 56.4 58.0 1.6
MD Combined 59.1 59.7 0.6
MA General 59.8 49.0 -10.8
MI General 56.0 57.9 1.9
MN General 61.4 61.9 0.4
MS Combined 73.4 61.1 -12.3
State Agency Type Rehabilitation Rate (%) Change (% pts) [1]
2014 2015
MO General 61.7 61.0 -0.7
MT Combined 42.2 37.5 -4.7
NE General 66.3 66.5 0.2
NV Combined 56.2 53.6 -2.6
NH Combined 57.8 40.9 -16.8
NJ General 64.4 62.7 -1.7
NM General 40.9 38.5 -2.4
NY General 58.6 59.4 0.8
NC General 58.1 55.1 -3.0
ND Combined 62.9 71.4 8.4
OH Combined 43.0 46.2 3.2
OK Combined 54.8 49.5 -5.3
OR General 62.4 67.2 4.8
PA Combined 56.1 58.2 2.1
RI Combined 59.6 69.1 9.5
SC General 56.1 60.3 4.2
SD General 70.6 68.5 -2.1
TN Combined 58.1 54.0 -4.2
TX General 66.3 65.8 -0.5
UT Combined 52.4 58.8 6.5
VT General 57.9 51.7 -6.2
VA General 61.8 57.3 -4.4
WA General 62.1 66.0 3.9
WV Combined 68.1 58.0 -10.1
WI Combined 60.9 58.6 -2.3
WY Combined 60.1 58.8 -1.3