2016 Annual Disability Statistics Compendium

Employment Policy

Section 11: Employment Policy

This section presents statistics relevant to disability employment policy research in the United States. Specifically, the data address state minimum wage rates, Social Security disability allowance rates, Supplemental Security Income supplementary payments, and earned income tax credit rates.

The data for state minimum wage rates are accurate as of August 2016, and were gathered from the Department of Labor. The Federal minimum wage is presented as default if a state does not have a minimum wage or if the rate is below the Federal level. 

The data for Social Security disability allowance rates and Supplemental Security Income supplementary payments are from the Social Security Administration. More information about allowance rates and supplementary payments can be found in the State Assistance Programs for SSI Recipients report released in January 2011 through the Social Security Administration.

The data for earned income tax credit rates were found through the Center on Budget and Policy Priorities. The Center on Budget and Policy Priorities provides information and policy recommendations about policy issues such as earned income tax credits.

Tables

Table 11.1: In 2017, the states with the highest and lowest Social Security disability allowance rates were New Hampshire and Arizona, with allowance rates of 55.50 and 25.10 percent.

Table 11.2: In 2017, the states with the highest and lowest earned income tax credits were California and Louisiana, with credits of 85.00 and 3.50 percent.

Table 11.3: In 2011, the states with the highest and lowest Supplemental Security Income Supplementary Payments were Indiana and Utah, with payments of $827.06 and $3.13.

Table 11.4: In 2017, the state with the highest minimum wage rate was the District of Columbia with a rate of $12.50. 21 states have no minimum wage or one that is lower than the Federal Minimum of $7.25.

Table 11.1 Employment Policy—Social Security Disability Insurance Allowance Rate for People Living in the United States, by State: 2016

StateSSDI Allowance Rate (%)
U.S.-
AL30.20
AK44.80
AZ25.10
AR32.50
CA33.50
CO35.20
CT35.40
DE40.20
DC46.70
FL34.20
GA32.20
HI35.00
ID38.00
IL36.90
IN30.70
IA34.10
KS52.10
KY28.10
LA38.60
ME33.60
MD32.70
MA41.40
MI36.40
MN36.90
MS26.00
StateSSDI Allowance Rate (%)
MO35.20
MT33.70
NE41.70
NV35.90
NH55.50
NJ38.80
NM31.20
NY39.10
NC26.70
ND39.30
OH34.70
OK28.90
OR35.30
PA36.70
RI35.20
SC30.80
SD36.50
TN26.70
TX36.30
UT33.70
VT40.10
VA39.70
WA38.20
WV27.30
WI35.20
WY45.20

Table 11.2 Employment Policy—State Earned Income Tax Credits for People Living in the United States: 2016

StateEarned Income Tax Credit Rates (%)
U.S.-
AL-
AK-
AZ-
AR-
CA85.00
CO10.00
CT27.50
DE20.00
DC40.00
FL-
GA-
HI-
ID-
IL10.00
IN9.00
IA15.00
KS17.00
KY-
LA3.50
ME5.00
MD27.00
MA23.00
MI6.00
MN45.00
MS-
StateEarned Income Tax Credit Rates (%)
MO-
MT-
NE10.00
NV-
NH-
NJ30.00
NM10.00
NY30.00
NC-
ND-
OH10.00
OK5.00
OR8.00
PA-
RI12.50
SC-
SD-
TN-
TX-
UT-
VT32.00
VA20.00
WA-
WV-
WI34.00
WY-

Table 11.3 Employment Policy—Monthly Supplemental Security Income Supplementary Payments for People Living in the United States, by State: 2011

StateSSI Supplementary Payments ($)Living Arrangements
U.S.-Not applicable
AL60.00Receiving independent home care in private home or personal care home, level of independence A
AK362.00Living independently
AZ-No Program
AR-No Program
CA171.00Living idependently with cooking facilities - aged and disabled
CO25.00Living independently or in the household of another
CT168.00Independent community living
DE140.00Certified adult residential care facility
DC485.00Adult foster care home (50 beds or less)
FL78.40Adult family care home
GA20.00Medicaid facility
HI651.90Foster care home
ID53.00Living independently or in the household of another
IL-No data available
IN827.06Licensed residential facility
IA22.00Living independently - blind
KS32.00Medicaid facility
KY520.00Personal care facility
LA8.00Medicaid facility
ME10.00Living alone or with others
MD66.00Care home - minimal supervision
MA114.39Living indpendently - disabled
MI14.00Living independently
MN81.00Living independently
MS-No Program
StateSSI Supplementary Payments ($)Living Arrangements
MO156.00Licensed residential care facility - level 1
MT94.00Assisted living facility
NE5.00Living independently
NV109.30Living independently - blind
NH27.00Living independently or in the household of another
NJ31.25Living alone or with others
NM100.00Licensed adult residential care home
NY87.00Living alone
NC554.00Adult care home - basic (aged, blind, and disabled)
ND-No Program
OH506.00Adult family or foster home
OK42.00Living independently
OR-No Program
PA22.10Living alone
RI39.92Living alone
SC483.00Licensed community residential care facility
SD15.00Living independently
TN-No Program
TX60.00Medicaid facility
UT3.13Living in the household of another
VT52.04Living independently
VA686.00Assisted living facility - planning district 8
WA46.00Living independently
WV-No Program
WI83.78Living independently
WY25.00Living independently

Table 11.4 Employment Policy—Minimum Wage Rates for People Living in the United States, by State: 2016

StateMinimum Wage Rate ($)
U.S.7.25
AL7.25
AK9.80
AZ10.00
AR8.50
CA10.50
CO9.30
CT10.10
DE8.25
DC12.50
FL8.10
GA7.25
HI9.25
ID7.25
IL8.25
IN7.25
IA7.25
KS7.25
KY7.25
LA7.25
ME9.00
MD9.25
MA11.00
MI8.90
MN9.50
MS7.25
StateMinimum Wage Rate ($)
MO7.70
MT8.15
NE9.00
NV8.25
NH7.25
NJ8.44
NM7.50
NY9.70
NC7.25
ND7.25
OH8.15
OK7.25
OR10.25
PA7.25
RI9.60
SC7.25
SD8.65
TN7.25
TX7.25
UT7.25
VT10.00
VA7.25
WA11.00
WV8.75
WI7.25
WY7.25