2016 Annual Disability Statistics Compendium

Poverty

Section 3: Poverty

This section presents statistics on poverty in the United States. The statistics describe the number and percentage of people with and without disabilities who experience poverty as well as the difference between the poverty rates (poverty gap) of people with and without disabilities. The principal source of these data is the U.S. Census Bureau, specifically the American Community Survey. For these tables, statistics for people with disabilities (disability status) are based on having responded ‘yes’ to a series of questions within the American Community Survey (see the glossary for more details). Annual time trends were produced by the authors using data from the Current Population Survey- Annual Social and Economic Supplement, which is fielded annually in March. Similar to the American Community Survey, statistics for people with disabilities (disability status) are based on having responded ‘yes’ to a series of questions within the Current Population Survey. Poverty is defined by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget and set as a dollar threshold by the U.S. Census Bureau in all sources (see glossary for details).

Tables

Tables 3.1 and 3.2: In 2015, of the 20,297,277 individuals with disabilities ages 18 to 64 years who were living in the community, 5,505,993 individuals lived in poverty—a poverty rate of 27.1 percent. In contrast, of the 173,591,859 individuals without disabilities ages 18 to 64 years living in the community, 21,438,189 individuals lived in poverty—a poverty rate of 12.3 percent. The poverty rate for people with disabilities was highest in the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico (53.9 percent) and lowest in Wyoming (15.6 percent).

Table 3.3: In 2015, the poverty rate of individuals with disabilities ages 18 to 64 years living in the community was 27.1 percent, while the poverty rate of individuals without disabilities ages 18 to 64 years living in the community was 12.3 percent—a difference of 14.8 percentage points. The poverty gap was smallest in Wyoming (a difference of 5.1 percentage points) and greatest in the District of Columbia (a difference of 27.0 percentage points).

Table 3.4: In 2014, the poverty gap between individuals with and without disabilities ages 18 to 64 years living in the community was 15.2 percent. In 2015, the poverty gap between individuals with and without disabilities ages 18 to 64 years living in the community was 14.8 percent, a change of 0.7 percentage points. The largest percentage point increase in the poverty gap from 2014 to 2015 was in Montana, a change of 2.0 percentage points, while the largest decrease in the poverty gap was in Minnesota and Texas, a change of -8.8 percentage points.

Table 3.5: In 2016, the poverty rate among non-institutionalized civilians ages 16 to 64 was 29.9  percent for people with a work limitation and 10.9 percent for people without a work limitation. The poverty rate was 28.4 percent for people with a broad disability as compared to 11.3 percent for people without a broad disability. The poverty rate was 27.1 percent for people with a work limitation and/ or broad disability as compared to 10.6 percent for people without a work limitation and/or broad disability.

Table 3.1 Poverty—Civilians with Disabilities Ages 18 to 64 Years Living in the Community for the United States and States: 2015
State Total Count %   State Total Count %
U.S. 20,297,277 5,505,993 27.1 MT   71,561    21,435   30.0
AL  433,842    125,020  28.8 NE  101,020    25,528   25.3
AK   47,039     8,110   17.2 NV  203,007    49,706   24.5
AZ  414,452    116,609  28.1 NH   88,713    20,906   23.6
AR  263,445    79,987   30.4 NJ  427,670    90,179   21.1
CA 2,009,893   525,349  26.1 NM  155,319    51,689   33.3
CO  285,085    66,550   23.3 NY 1,088,241   327,884  30.1
CT  188,584    44,780   23.7 NC  726,436    206,348  28.4
DE   54,799    12,712   23.2 ND   37,726     8,978   23.8
DC   43,572    17,408   40.0 OH  841,821    255,180  30.3
FL 1,184,756   307,062  25.9 OK  319,494    88,953   27.8
GA  655,147    177,818  27.1 OR  319,397    98,744   30.9
HI   63,760    14,034   22.0 PA  876,057    243,160  27.8
ID  117,467    31,689   27.0 RI   72,517    20,399   28.1
IL  663,584    170,212  25.7 SC  369,256    106,184  28.8
IN  473,211    126,687  26.8 SD   50,626    15,289   30.2
IA  177,577    46,147   26.0 TN  548,729    168,143  30.6
KS  182,607    47,733   26.1 TX 1,618,604   384,581  23.8
KY  418,723    135,718  32.4 UT  154,873    27,912   18.0
LA  370,502    111,060  30.0 VT   46,483     9,748   21.0
ME  113,831    35,590   31.3 VA  476,403    109,201  22.9
MD  326,771    67,165   20.6 WA  481,229    127,044  26.4
MA  387,804    107,549  27.7 WV  186,321    58,081   31.2
MI  756,510    226,411  29.9 WI  348,889    91,326   26.2
MN  296,272    74,050   25.0 WY   37,346     5,815   15.6
MS  258,390    88,039   34.1 PR  370,400    199,713  53.9
MO  461,916    130,091  28.2                          
Table 3.2 Poverty—Civilians without Disabilities Ages 18 to 64 Years Living in the Community for the United States and States: 2015
State Total Poverty   State Total Poverty
Count % Count %
U.S. 173,591,859 21,438,189 12.3 MT   538,224     69,531   12.9
AL  2,459,044   386,455   15.7 NE  1,006,509   108,024   10.7
AK   408,075     35,270   8.6  NV  1,564,446   196,044   12.5
AZ  3,540,403   548,715   15.5 NH   729,282     44,777   6.1 
AR  1,468,618   235,395   16.0 NJ  5,069,883   445,343   8.8 
CA 22,243,919  2,957,364  13.3 NM  1,062,721   188,690   17.8
CO  3,097,423   314,828   10.2 NY 11,172,851  1,410,799  12.6
CT  1,992,626   173,416   8.7  NC  5,280,335   734,792   13.9
DE   505,115     52,910   10.5 ND   419,055     41,611   9.9 
DC   402,375     52,196   13.0 OH  6,090,814   734,557   12.1
FL 10,712,681  1,478,386  13.8 OK  1,964,696   265,725   13.5
GA  5,518,637   789,502   14.3 OR  2,137,577   289,854   13.6
HI   759,523     72,013   9.5  PA  6,759,221   710,330   10.5
ID   836,356    117,374   14.0 RI   570,327     63,286   11.1
IL  7,203,854   824,984   11.5 SC  2,523,141   356,136   14.1
IN  3,466,342   417,223   12.0 SD   443,837     50,901   11.5
IA  1,650,439   182,064   11.0 TN  3,415,849   457,140   13.4
KS  1,513,796   168,538   11.1 TX 14,903,251  1,909,777  12.8
KY  2,224,519   329,202   14.8 UT  1,585,670   167,031   10.5
LA  2,425,501   384,432   15.8 VT   330,789     29,089   8.8 
ME   685,327     72,171   10.5 VA  4,569,729   440,980   9.7 
MD  3,362,573   267,999   8.0  WA  3,922,431   408,340   10.4
MA  3,793,972   349,225   9.2  WV   906,641    142,021   15.7
MI  5,239,439   697,558   13.3 WI  3,128,055   317,220   10.1
MN  3,031,758   253,146   8.3  WY   315,454     33,031   10.5
MS  1,485,423   271,210   18.3 PR  1,718,713   704,556   41.0
MO  3,153,333   391,584   12.4                            
Table 3.3 Poverty Gap—Civilians with and without Disabilities Ages 18 to 64 Years Living in the Community for the United States and States, by Disability Status: 2015
State Poverty Rate (%) Gap (% pts) [2]   State Poverty Rate (%) Gap (% pts) [2]
Disability [1] No Disability [1] Disability [1] No Disability [1]
U.S. 27.1 12.3 14.8 MT 30.0 12.9 17.1
AL 28.8 15.7 13.1 NE 25.3 10.7 14.6
AK 17.2 8.6  8.6  NV 24.5 12.5 12.0
AZ 28.1 15.5 12.6 NH 23.6 6.1  17.5
AR 30.4 16.0 14.4 NJ 21.1 8.8  12.3
CA 26.1 13.3 12.8 NM 33.3 17.8 15.5
CO 23.3 10.2 13.1 NY 30.1 12.6 17.5
CT 23.7 8.7  15.0 NC 28.4 13.9 14.5
DE 23.2 10.5 12.7 ND 23.8 9.9  13.9
DC 40.0 13.0 27.0 OH 30.3 12.1 18.2
FL 25.9 13.8 12.1 OK 27.8 13.5 14.3
GA 27.1 14.3 12.8 OR 30.9 13.6 17.3
HI 22.0 9.5  12.5 PA 27.8 10.5 17.3
ID 27.0 14.0 13.0 RI 28.1 11.1 17.0
IL 25.7 11.5 14.2 SC 28.8 14.1 14.7
IN 26.8 12.0 14.8 SD 30.2 11.5 18.7
IA 26.0 11.0 15.0 TN 30.6 13.4 17.2
KS 26.1 11.1 15.0 TX 23.8 12.8 11.0
KY 32.4 14.8 17.6 UT 18.0 10.5 7.5 
LA 30.0 15.8 14.2 VT 21.0 8.8  12.2
ME 31.3 10.5 20.8 VA 22.9 9.7  13.2
MD 20.6 8.0  12.6 WA 26.4 10.4 16.0
MA 27.7 9.2  18.5 WV 31.2 15.7 15.5
MI 29.9 13.3 16.6 WI 26.2 10.1 16.1
MN 25.0 8.3  16.7 WY 15.6 10.5 5.1 
MS 34.1 18.3 15.8 PR 53.9 41.0 12.9
MO 28.2 12.4 15.8               
Table 3.4 Change in Poverty Gap—Civilians with and without Disabilities Ages 18 to 64 Years Living in the Community for the United States and States: 2014 and 2015
State Gap (%) [1] Gap Change (% pts) [2]   State Gap (%) [2] Gap Change (% pts) [2]
2014 2015 2014 2015
U.S. 15.2 14.8 0.7  MT 12.9 17.1 2.0 
AL 15.3 13.1 0.2  NE 17.1 14.6 -0.3
AK 9.5  8.6  1.1  NV 10.1 12.0 0.7 
AZ 12.0 12.6 0.9  NH 14.1 17.5 1.4 
AR 14.3 14.4 -0.2 NJ 12.3 12.3 0.2 
CA 12.8 12.8 1.0  NM 13.9 15.5 0.6 
CO 13.5 13.1 0.4  NY 16.6 17.5 0.6 
CT 15.6 15.0 0.0  NC 15.6 14.5 0.7 
DE 12.7 12.7 0.2  ND 14.2 13.9 0.0 
DC 27.0 27.0 0.5  OH 18.8 18.2 0.8 
FL 13.5 12.1 0.8  OK 15.2 14.3 0.5 
GA 14.6 12.8 0.8  OR 16.0 17.3 1.1 
HI 13.1 12.5 0.7  PA 17.6 17.3 0.6 
ID 12.9 13.0 -0.9 RI 18.0 17.0 0.5 
IL 15.0 14.2 0.6  SC 15.0 14.7 0.9 
IN 13.8 14.8 1.0  SD 15.7 18.7 0.4 
IA 14.5 15.0 -0.1 TN 17.0 17.2 1.7 
KS 14.7 15.0 0.5  TX 11.6 11.0 -8.8
KY 18.9 17.6 0.5  UT 12.0 7.5  0.3 
LA 14.4 14.2 0.6  VT 18.3 12.2 -8.7
ME 22.8 20.8 0.4  VA 14.5 13.2 0.3 
MD 13.8 12.6 0.5  WA 15.0 16.0 0.7 
MA 18.4 18.5 0.1  WV 17.4 15.5 -0.1
MI 16.9 16.6 0.4  WI 15.9 16.1 1.0 
MN 18.1 16.7 -8.8 WY 9.9  5.1  0.2 
MS 14.8 15.8 -0.2 PR 11.7 12.9 0.4 
MO 17.6 15.8 0.2                
Table 3.5 Poverty Rate among Civilians Ages 16 to 64 Years by Disability Status and Year, in March: 2000 to 2016
Year People with a Work Limitation (%) [1] People with a Broad Disability (%) [1] Either (%) [2]   Year People with a Work Limitation (%) [3] People with a Broad Disability (%) [1] Either (%) [4]
Yes No Yes No Yes No Yes No Yes No Yes No
2000 26.7 9.0  - - - - 2000 26.7 9.0  - - - -
2001 27.0 8.3  - - - - 2001 27.0 8.3  - - - -
2002 26.9 8.9  - - - - 2002 26.9 8.9  - - - -
2003 28.4 9.4  - - - - 2003 28.4 9.4  - - - -
2004 28.1 9.6  - - - - 2004 28.1 9.6  - - - -
2005 27.8 10.1 - - - - 2005 27.8 10.1 - - - -
2006 28.1 9.9  - - - - 2006 28.1 9.9  - - - -
2007 28.5 9.6  - - - - 2007 28.5 9.6  - - - -
2008 28.9 9.7  - - - - 2008 28.9 9.7  - - - -
2009 28.5 10.5 25.5 10.8 25.7 10.2 2009 28.5 10.5 25.5 10.8 25.7 10.2
2010 28.9 11.8 25.0 12.2 25.7 11.6 2010 28.9 11.8 25.0 12.2 25.7 11.6
2011 31.2 12.4 27.7 12.8 28.3 12.1 2011 31.2 12.4 27.7 12.8 28.3 12.1
2012 31.0 12.4 28.8 12.7 28.6 12.0 2012 31.0 12.4 28.8 12.7 28.6 12.0
2013 31.2 12.4 28.5 12.7 28.8 12.0 2013 31.2 12.4 28.5 12.7 28.8 12.0
2014 32.3 12.0 28.7 12.4 29.1 11.7 2014 32.3 12.0 28.7 12.4 29.1 11.7
2015 30.5 12.0 28.5 12.4 27.6 11.7 2015 30.5 12.0 28.5 12.4 27.6 11.7
2016 29.9 10.9 28.4 11.3 27.1 10.6 2016 29.9 10.9 28.4 11.3 27.1 10.6
2017 28.6 10.1 26.7 10.5 25.8 9.8 2017 28.6 10.1 26.7 10.5 25.8 9.8
2018 28.3 9.8  24.9 10.3 25.0 9.5 2018 28.3 9.8  24.9 10.3 25.0 9.5