2016 Annual Disability Statistics Compendium

Poverty

Section 3: Poverty

This section presents statistics on poverty in the United States. The statistics describe the number and percentage of people with and without disabilities who experience poverty as well as the difference between the poverty rates (poverty gap) of people with and without disabilities. The principal source of these data is the U.S. Census Bureau, specifically the American Community Survey. For these tables, statistics for people with disabilities (disability status) are based on having responded ‘yes’ to a series of questions within the American Community Survey (see the glossary for more details). Annual time trends were produced by the authors using data from the Current Population Survey- Annual Social and Economic Supplement, which is fielded annually in March. Similar to the American Community Survey, statistics for people with disabilities (disability status) are based on having responded ‘yes’ to a series of questions within the Current Population Survey. Poverty is defined by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget and set as a dollar threshold by the U.S. Census Bureau in all sources (see glossary for details).

Tables

Tables 3.1 and 3.2: In 2015, of the 20,297,277 individuals with disabilities ages 18 to 64 years who were living in the community, 5,505,993 individuals lived in poverty—a poverty rate of 27.1 percent. In contrast, of the 173,591,859 individuals without disabilities ages 18 to 64 years living in the community, 21,438,189 individuals lived in poverty—a poverty rate of 12.3 percent. The poverty rate for people with disabilities was highest in the District of Columbia (40.0 percent) and lowest in Wyoming (15.6 percent).

Table 3.3: In 2015, the poverty rate of individuals with disabilities ages 18 to 64 years living in the community was 27.1 percent, while the poverty rate of individuals without disabilities ages 18 to 64 years living in the community was 12.3 percent—a difference of 14.8 percentage points. The poverty gap was smallest in Wyoming (a difference of 5.1 percentage points) and greatest in the District of Columbia (a difference of 27.0 percentage points).

Table 3.4: In 2014, the poverty gap between individuals with and without disabilities ages 18 to 64 years living in the community was 15.2 percent. In 2015, the poverty gap between individuals with and without disabilities ages 18 to 64 years living in the community was 14.8 percent, a change of 0.7 percentage points. The largest percentage point increase in the poverty gap from 2014 to 2015 was in Montana, a change of 2.0 percentage points, while the largest decrease in the poverty gap was in Minnesota and Texas, a change of -8.8 percentage points.

Table 3.5: In 2016, the poverty rate among non-institutionalized civilians ages 16 to 64 was 29.9  percent for people with a work limitation and 10.9 percent for people without a work limitation. The poverty rate was 28.4 percent for people with a broad disability as compared to 11.3 percent for people without a broad disability. The poverty rate was 27.1 percent for people with a work limitation and/ or broad disability as compared to 10.6 percent for people without a work limitation and/or broad disability.

Table 3.1 Poverty—Civilians with Disabilities Ages 18 to 64 Years Living in the Community for the United States and States: 2015

StateTotalCount%
U.S.20,297,2775,505,99327.1
AL433,842125,02028.8
AK47,0398,11017.2
AZ414,452116,60928.1
AR263,44579,98730.4
CA2,009,893525,34926.1
CO285,08566,55023.3
CT188,58444,78023.7
DE54,79912,71223.2
DC43,57217,40840.0
FL1,184,756307,06225.9
GA655,147177,81827.1
HI63,76014,03422.0
ID117,46731,68927.0
IL663,584170,21225.7
IN473,211126,68726.8
IA177,57746,14726.0
KS182,60747,73326.1
KY418,723135,71832.4
LA370,502111,06030.0
ME113,83135,59031.3
MD326,77167,16520.6
MA387,804107,54927.7
MI756,510226,41129.9
MN296,27274,05025.0
MS258,39088,03934.1
MO461,916130,09128.2
StateTotalCount%
MT71,56121,43530.0
NE101,02025,52825.3
NV203,00749,70624.5
NH88,71320,90623.6
NJ427,67090,17921.1
NM155,31951,68933.3
NY1,088,241327,88430.1
NC726,436206,34828.4
ND37,7268,97823.8
OH841,821255,18030.3
OK319,49488,95327.8
OR319,39798,74430.9
PA876,057243,16027.8
RI72,51720,39928.1
SC369,256106,18428.8
SD50,62615,28930.2
TN548,729168,14330.6
TX1,618,604384,58123.8
UT154,87327,91218.0
VT46,4839,74821.0
VA476,403109,20122.9
WA481,229127,04426.4
WV186,32158,08131.2
WI348,88991,32626.2
WY37,3465,81515.6
PR370,400199,71353.9

Table 3.2 Poverty—Civilians without Disabilities Ages 18 to 64 Years Living in the Community for the United States and States: 2015

State Total Poverty
Count %
U.S. 173,591,859 21,438,189 12.3
AL 2,459,044 386,455 15.7
AK 408,075 35,270 8.6
AZ 3,540,403 548,715 15.5
AR 1,468,618 235,395 16.0
CA 22,243,919 2,957,364 13.3
CO 3,097,423 314,828 10.2
CT 1,992,626 173,416 8.7
DE 505,115 52,910 10.5
DC 402,375 52,196 13.0
FL 10,712,681 1,478,386 13.8
GA 5,518,637 789,502 14.3
HI 759,523 72,013 9.5
ID 836,356 117,374 14.0
IL 7,203,854 824,984 11.5
IN 3,466,342 417,223 12.0
IA 1,650,439 182,064 11.0
KS 1,513,796 168,538 11.1
KY 2,224,519 329,202 14.8
LA 2,425,501 384,432 15.8
ME 685,327 72,171 10.5
MD 3,362,573 267,999 8.0
MA 3,793,972 349,225 9.2
MI 5,239,439 697,558 13.3
MN 3,031,758 253,146 8.3
MS 1,485,423 271,210 18.3
MO 3,153,333 391,584 12.4
State Total Poverty
Count %
MT 538,224 69,531 12.9
NE 1,006,509 108,024 10.7
NV 1,564,446 196,044 12.5
NH 729,282 44,777 6.1
NJ 5,069,883 445,343 8.8
NM 1,062,721 188,690 17.8
NY 11,172,851 1,410,799 12.6
NC 5,280,335 734,792 13.9
ND 419,055 41,611 9.9
OH 6,090,814 734,557 12.1
OK 1,964,696 265,725 13.5
OR 2,137,577 289,854 13.6
PA 6,759,221 710,330 10.5
RI 570,327 63,286 11.1
SC 2,523,141 356,136 14.1
SD 443,837 50,901 11.5
TN 3,415,849 457,140 13.4
TX 14,903,251 1,909,777 12.8
UT 1,585,670 167,031 10.5
VT 330,789 29,089 8.8
VA 4,569,729 440,980 9.7
WA 3,922,431 408,340 10.4
WV 906,641 142,021 15.7
WI 3,128,055 317,220 10.1
WY 315,454 33,031 10.5
PR 1,718,713 704,556 41.0

Table 3.3 Poverty Gap—Civilians with and without Disabilities Ages 18 to 64 Years Living in the Community for the United States and States, by Disability Status: 2015

State Poverty Rate (%) Gap (% pts) [2]
Disability [1] No Disability [1]
U.S. 27.1 12.3 14.8
AL 28.8 15.7 13.1
AK 17.2 8.6 8.6
AZ 28.1 15.5 12.6
AR 30.4 16.0 14.4
CA 26.1 13.3 12.8
CO 23.3 10.2 13.1
CT 23.7 8.7 15.0
DE 23.2 10.5 12.7
DC 40.0 13.0 27.0
FL 25.9 13.8 12.1
GA 27.1 14.3 12.8
HI 22.0 9.5 12.5
ID 27.0 14.0 13.0
IL 25.7 11.5 14.2
IN 26.8 12.0 14.8
IA 26.0 11.0 15.0
KS 26.1 11.1 15.0
KY 32.4 14.8 17.6
LA 30.0 15.8 14.2
ME 31.3 10.5 20.8
MD 20.6 8.0 12.6
MA 27.7 9.2 18.5
MI 29.9 13.3 16.6
MN 25.0 8.3 16.7
MS 34.1 18.3 15.8
MO 28.2 12.4 15.8
State Poverty Rate (%) Gap (% pts) [2]
Disability [1] No Disability [1]
MT 30.0 12.9 17.1
NE 25.3 10.7 14.6
NV 24.5 12.5 12.0
NH 23.6 6.1 17.5
NJ 21.1 8.8 12.3
NM 33.3 17.8 15.5
NY 30.1 12.6 17.5
NC 28.4 13.9 14.5
ND 23.8 9.9 13.9
OH 30.3 12.1 18.2
OK 27.8 13.5 14.3
OR 30.9 13.6 17.3
PA 27.8 10.5 17.3
RI 28.1 11.1 17.0
SC 28.8 14.1 14.7
SD 30.2 11.5 18.7
TN 30.6 13.4 17.2
TX 23.8 12.8 11.0
UT 18.0 10.5 7.5
VT 21.0 8.8 12.2
VA 22.9 9.7 13.2
WA 26.4 10.4 16.0
WV 31.2 15.7 15.5
WI 26.2 10.1 16.1
WY 15.6 10.5 5.1
PR 53.9 41.0 12.9

Table 3.4 Change in Poverty Gap—Civilians with and without Disabilities Ages 18 to 64 Years Living in the Community for the United States and States: 2014 and 2015

State Gap (%) [1] Gap Change (% pts) [2]
2014 2015
U.S. 15.2 14.8 0.7
AL 15.3 13.1 0.2
AK 9.5 8.6 1.1
AZ 12.0 12.6 0.9
AR 14.3 14.4 -0.2
CA 12.8 12.8 1.0
CO 13.5 13.1 0.4
CT 15.6 15.0 0.0
DE 12.7 12.7 0.2
DC 27.0 27.0 0.5
FL 13.5 12.1 0.8
GA 14.6 12.8 0.8
HI 13.1 12.5 0.7
ID 12.9 13.0 -0.9
IL 15.0 14.2 0.6
IN 13.8 14.8 1.0
IA 14.5 15.0 -0.1
KS 14.7 15.0 0.5
KY 18.9 17.6 0.5
LA 14.4 14.2 0.6
ME 22.8 20.8 0.4
MD 13.8 12.6 0.5
MA 18.4 18.5 0.1
MI 16.9 16.6 0.4
MN 18.1 16.7 -8.8
MS 14.8 15.8 -0.2
MO 17.6 15.8 0.2
State Gap (%) [1] Gap Change (% pts) [2]
2014 2015
MT 12.9 17.1 2.0
NE 17.1 14.6 -0.3
NV 10.1 12.0 0.7
NH 14.1 17.5 1.4
NJ 12.3 12.3 0.2
NM 13.9 15.5 0.6
NY 16.6 17.5 0.6
NC 15.6 14.5 0.7
ND 14.2 13.9 0.0
OH 18.8 18.2 0.8
OK 15.2 14.3 0.5
OR 16.0 17.3 1.1
PA 17.6 17.3 0.6
RI 18.0 17.0 0.5
SC 15.0 14.7 0.9
SD 15.7 18.7 0.4
TN 17.0 17.2 1.7
TX 11.6 11.0 -8.8
UT 12.0 7.5 0.3
VT 18.3 12.2 -8.7
VA 14.5 13.2 0.3
WA 15.0 16.0 0.7
WV 17.4 15.5 -0.1
WI 15.9 16.1 1.0
WY 9.9 5.1 0.2
PR 11.7 12.9 0.4

Table 3.5 Poverty Rate among Civilians Ages 16 to 64 Years by Disability Status and Year, in March: 2000 to 2016

Year People with a Work Limitation (%) [1] People with a Broad Disability (%) [1] Either (%) [2]
Yes No Yes No Yes No
2000 26.7 9 - - - -
2001 27 8.3 - - - -
2002 26.9 8.9 - - - -
2003 28.4 9.4 - - - -
2004 28.1 9.6 - - - -
2005 27.8 10.1 - - - -
2006 28.1 9.9 - - - -
2007 28.5 9.6 - - - -
2008 28.9 9.7 - - - -
2009 28.5 10.5 25.5 10.8 25.7 10.2
2010 28.9 11.8 25 12.2 25.7 11.6
2011 31.2 12.4 27.7 12.8 28.3 12.1
2012 31 12.4 28.8 12.7 28.6 12
2013 31.2 12.4 28.5 12.7 28.8 12
2014 32.3 12 28.7 12.4 29.1 11.7
2015 30.5 12 28.5 12.4 27.6 11.7
2016 29.9 10.9 28.4 11.3 27.1 10.6
2017 28.6 10.1 26.7 10.5 25.8 9.8