2016 Annual Disability Statistics Compendium

Earnings

Section 4: Earnings

This section presents statistics on earnings in the United States. The statistics describe the earnings of individuals with and without disabilities in the past 12 months, as well as the difference in percentage earned (earnings gap) between these two populations. The principal source of these data is the U.S. Census Bureau, specifically the American Community Survey. Statistics for people with disabilities (disability status) are based on having responded ‘yes’ to a series of questions within the American Community Survey (see the glossary for more details). In addition, in the American Community Survey people are asked about their total income for the past 12 months. This information is used to calculate earnings. When presenting earnings data, the median earnings (or middlemost) value is used rather than the average earnings because people’s incomes are heavily skewed—the higher the salary, the fewer people who earn that respective salary—the average does not represent the population as well as the median.

Tables

Tables 4.1: In 2015, for the individuals with disabilities ages 16 years and over living in the community that had earnings from work, median earnings were $21,572. In contrast, among individuals without disabilities ages 16 years and over living in the community that had earnings from work, median earnings were $31,872, an earnings gap of $10,300. This earnings gap is smallest (meaning the earnings of people with disabilities are closest to the earnings of people without disabilities) in Nevada ($4,703) and largest (meaning the earnings of people with disabilities are furthest from the earnings of people without disabilities) in the District of Columbia ($24,828).

Table 4.1 Earnings—Median Earnings of Civilians Ages 16 Years and Over in the Past 12 Months for the United States and States, by Disability Status (in 2015 inflation-adjusted dollars): 2015

StateTotal ($)Disability ($)No Disability ($)Gap ($) [1]
U.S.31,45721,57231,87210,300
AL28,44321,47329,4367,963
AK35,56330,26835,9225,654
AZ30,19121,25230,5359,283
AR26,85120,28427,3427,058
CA31,78922,45332,0689,615
CO33,62623,15834,90711,749
CT40,14124,28140,68116,400
DE35,22220,59835,86415,266
DC50,07025,81850,64624,828
FL28,41721,19929,1177,918
GA30,36121,79730,6848,887
HI34,15128,89534,7655,870
ID25,73215,93826,48710,549
IL33,10222,10834,31312,205
IN30,31620,15630,78010,624
IA30,96419,60731,46411,857
KS31,04220,87731,56310,686
KY27,99719,15129,44410,293
LA30,32621,40630,7679,361
ME29,40817,32230,50213,180
MD40,90529,54141,30811,767
MA38,80721,93940,14418,205
MI29,88718,43330,47112,038
MN35,24619,68135,98616,305
MS27,00921,61227,3795,767
MO30,22820,54630,73310,187
StateTotal ($)Disability ($)No Disability ($)Gap ($) [1]
MT27,42717,96928,48110,512
NE31,08022,51331,4248,911
NV30,82826,30931,0124,703
NH36,56921,17037,33916,169
NJ39,56926,15840,28114,123
NM26,29419,60526,7907,185
NY35,64222,87136,17913,308
NC29,33020,07530,12010,045
ND34,66122,48635,39312,907
OH30,72519,73431,25511,521
OK29,26822,37030,0817,711
OR29,05818,24830,24111,993
PA32,03521,51732,69611,179
RI34,84224,47835,44710,969
SC27,99718,96429,13810,174
SD30,09419,21330,72011,507
TN28,53221,30129,4848,183
TX31,10822,99931,4648,465
UT29,35919,88730,11010,223
VT31,01219,67131,51211,841
VA35,39824,87435,95911,085
WA35,53522,44536,21713,772
WV27,73720,24628,9628,716
WI31,56420,45332,02611,573
WY31,57522,66432,0469,382
PR16,80015,89516,875980