2016 Annual Disability Statistics Compendium

Earnings

Section 4: Earnings

This section presents statistics on earnings in the United States. The statistics describe the earnings of individuals with and without disabilities in the past 12 months, as well as the difference in percentage earned (earnings gap) between these two populations. The principal source of these data is the U.S. Census Bureau, specifically the American Community Survey. Statistics for people with disabilities (disability status) are based on having responded ‘yes’ to a series of questions within the American Community Survey (see the glossary for more details). In addition, in the American Community Survey people are asked about their total income for the past 12 months. This information is used to calculate earnings. When presenting earnings data, the median earnings (or middlemost) value is used rather than the average earnings because people’s incomes are heavily skewed—the higher the salary, the fewer people who earn that respective salary—the average does not represent the population as well as the median.

Tables

Tables 4.1: In 2015, for the individuals with disabilities ages 16 years and over living in the community that had earnings from work, median earnings were $21,572. In contrast, among individuals without disabilities ages 16 years and over living in the community that had earnings from work, median earnings were $31,872, an earnings gap of $10,300. This earnings gap is smallest (meaning the earnings of people with disabilities are closest to the earnings of people without disabilities) in the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico ($980) and largest (meaning the earnings of people with disabilities are furthest from the earnings of people without disabilities) in the District of Columbia ($24,828).

Table 4.1 Earnings—Median Earnings of Civilians Ages 16 Years and Over in the Past 12 Months for the United States and States, by Disability Status (in 2015 inflation-adjusted dollars): 2015
State Total ($) Disability ($) No Disability ($) Gap ($) [1]   State Total ($) Disability ($) No Disability ($) Gap ($) [1]
U.S. 31,457 21,572 31,872 10,300 MT 27,427 17,969 28,481 10,512
AL 28,443 21,473 29,436 7,963  NE 31,080 22,513 31,424 8,911 
AK 35,563 30,268 35,922 5,654  NV 30,828 26,309 31,012 4,703 
AZ 30,191 21,252 30,535 9,283  NH 36,569 21,170 37,339 16,169
AR 26,851 20,284 27,342 7,058  NJ 39,569 26,158 40,281 14,123
CA 31,789 22,453 32,068 9,615  NM 26,294 19,605 26,790 7,185 
CO 33,626 23,158 34,907 11,749 NY 35,642 22,871 36,179 13,308
CT 40,141 24,281 40,681 16,400 NC 29,330 20,075 30,120 10,045
DE 35,222 20,598 35,864 15,266 ND 34,661 22,486 35,393 12,907
DC 50,070 25,818 50,646 24,828 OH 30,725 19,734 31,255 11,521
FL 28,417 21,199 29,117 7,918  OK 29,268 22,370 30,081 7,711 
GA 30,361 21,797 30,684 8,887  OR 29,058 18,248 30,241 11,993
HI 34,151 28,895 34,765 5,870  PA 32,035 21,517 32,696 11,179
ID 25,732 15,938 26,487 10,549 RI 34,842 24,478 35,447 10,969
IL 33,102 22,108 34,313 12,205 SC 27,997 18,964 29,138 10,174
IN 30,316 20,156 30,780 10,624 SD 30,094 19,213 30,720 11,507
IA 30,964 19,607 31,464 11,857 TN 28,532 21,301 29,484 8,183 
KS 31,042 20,877 31,563 10,686 TX 31,108 22,999 31,464 8,465 
KY 27,997 19,151 29,444 10,293 UT 29,359 19,887 30,110 10,223
LA 30,326 21,406 30,767 9,361  VT 31,012 19,671 31,512 11,841
ME 29,408 17,322 30,502 13,180 VA 35,398 24,874 35,959 11,085
MD 40,905 29,541 41,308 11,767 WA 35,535 22,445 36,217 13,772
MA 38,807 21,939 40,144 18,205 WV 27,737 20,246 28,962 8,716 
MI 29,887 18,433 30,471 12,038 WI 31,564 20,453 32,026 11,573
MN 35,246 19,681 35,986 16,305 WY 31,575 22,664 32,046 9,382 
MS 27,009 21,612 27,379 5,767  PR 16,800 15,895 16,875  980  
MO 30,228 20,546 30,733 10,187