Disability Prevalence Report

Acknowledgement

Special thanks to the following individuals who have contributed to the success of this effort: Deb Brucker, Erin Dame, Adam Lavoie, Rachel Coleman, Kate Filanoski, and Karen Volle. 

Funding for this publication is made possible by:

The Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Disability Statistics and Demographics (StatsRRTC), funded by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Administration for Community Living National Institute on Disability, Independent Living, and Rehabilitation Research (NIDILRR), grant number 90RT5022-02-01; and the Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Employment Policy and Measurement (EPM-RRTC), also funded by NIDILRR, grant number 90RT5037-01-00. The information developed by the StatsRRTC and EPM-RRTC does not necessarily represent the policies of the Department of Health and Human Services, and you should not assume endorsement by the Federal Government (Edgar, 75.620 (b)).

The StatsRRTC and EPM-RRTC are part of the Institute on Disability at the University of New Hampshire. The Institute on Disability/UCED (IOD) was established in 1987 to provide a university-based focus for the improvement of knowledge, policies, and practices related to the lives of people with disabilities and their families and is New Hampshire’s University Center for Excellence in Disability (UCED). Located within the University of New Hampshire, the IOD is a federally designated center authorized by the Developmental Disabilities Act. Through innovative and interdisciplinary research, academic, service, and dissemination initiatives, the IOD builds local, state, and national capacities to respond to the needs of individuals with disabilities and their families.

 

 

 
 
 
 

Institute on Disability / UCED
10 West Edge Drive, Suite 101
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603.862.4320 | relay: 711 | contact.iod@unh.edu
www.iod.unh.edu

2015 Alabama Report for County-level Data: Prevalence

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on
Disability Statistics and Demographics
A NIDILRR-Funded Center

   NIDILIRR.jpg

 

Introduction

The State Reports for County-Level Data on Prevalence are designed to provide the users of disability statistics with the number of people with disabilities for any given state and county in the United States (U.S.). This report is intended to be an online compliment to Section 1: Population and Prevalence of the Annual Disability Statistics Compendium and Annual Disability Statistics Supplement, providing greater detail within each state. The State Reports for County-Level Data on Prevalence can be used to compare county-level statistics between counties in any given state or states. The following report provides county-level statistics for Alabama.

The proportions of people with disabilities, sometimes called prevalence, presented in the State Reports for County-Level Data is a useful tool for advocates, researchers, and policy-makers to plan and provide services and supports for people with disabilities. In this report, the prevalence of people with disabilities is presented as the number of people with disabilities in a given state and county per total state and county populations, respectively. Counts and percentages are provided in tables and maps.

The data for this report comes from the American Community Survey 5-year data. The American Community Survey (ACS) is a national survey developed by the U.S. Census Bureau to provide information on a number of topics about social, economic, and demographic characteristics of the U.S. population. ACS 5-year data is collected over a longer period of time than 1-year data, providing larger sample sizes and increased reliability for less populated areas and small population subgroups. All of the statistics in this report use the ACS 5-year data which includes data from 2015, the year of the report, and data from the four previous years.

In the ACS, people are identified as having a disability based on responses to a series of six questions asking about having difficulties with vision, hearing, ambulation, cognition, self-care, and independent living. These questions are:

  • Are you blind or do you have serious difficulty seeing, even when wearing glasses?

  • Are you deaf or do you have serious difficulty hearing?

  • Do you have serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs?

 
  • Because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition, do you have serious difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions?

  • Do you have difficulty dressing or bathing?

  • Because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition, do you have difficulty doing errands alone such as visiting a doctor's office or shopping?

A response of ‘yes’ to any one of these six questions identifies an individual as having a disability in the ACS. Specific to Alabama, the state chosen for this report, sentences providing interpretation and context for prevalence statistics are included below. A short glossary of terms is also provided at the end of the report explaining the statistics that are illustrated in each sentence.

Interpretation

The following statements are designed to help understand the 2015 county-level statistics from Alabama that are presented:

  • For people with and without disabilities: 

    • The range of total people across Alabama counties, also known as the difference between the largest and smallest counts of people across Alabama counties, was 642,951.

      • The county with the greatest number of total people was Jefferson (651,597 people).

      • The county with the least number of total people was Greene (8,646 people).

    • The average number of total people across all counties was 70,892.

    • The median, also known as the middle-most number, of total people across Alabama counties was 33,733.

 
  • For people with disabilities: 

    • The range of people with disabilities across Alabama counties, also known as the difference between the largest and smallest counts of people with disabilities across Alabama counties, was 93,801.

      • The county with the greatest number of people with disabilities was Jefferson (95,686 people).

      • The county with the least number of people with disabilities was Bullock (1,885 people).

    • The average number of people with disabilities across all counties was 11,530.

    • The median, also known as the middle-most number, of people with disabilities across Alabama counties was 7,127.

  • For people without disabilities: 

    • The range of people without disabilities across Alabama counties, also known as the difference between the largest and smallest counts of people without disabilities across Alabama counties, was 549,678.

      • The county with the greatest number of people without disabilities was Jefferson (555,911 people).

      • The county with the leastnumber of people without disabilities was Greene (6,233 people).

    • The average number of people without disabilities across all counties was 59,363.

    • The median, also known as the middle-most number, of people without disabilities across Alabama counties was 27,703.

 

Prevalence of People with and without Disabilities for Alabama, by County: 2015

County Total Disability No Disability   County Total Disability No Disability
Count % Count % Count % Count %
Alabama    4,749,786 772,482 16.3 3,977,304 83.7 Elmore        75,501  12,921 17.1    62,580 82.9
Autauga       54,425   9,400 17.3    45,025 82.7 Escambia      35,607   7,132 20.0    28,475 80.0
Baldwin      192,770  26,550 13.8   166,220 86.2 Etowah       102,735  20,903 20.3    81,832 79.7
Barbour       24,060   5,526 23.0    18,534 77.0 Fayette       16,708   4,332 25.9    12,376 74.1
Bibb          20,770   3,008 14.5    17,762 85.5 Franklin      31,374   6,003 19.1    25,371 80.9
Blount        57,210   9,291 16.2    47,919 83.8 Geneva        26,476   5,742 21.7    20,734 78.3
Bullock       10,107   1,885 18.7     8,222 81.3 Greene         8,646   2,413 27.9     6,233 72.1
Butler        20,070   4,099 20.4    15,971 79.6 Hale          14,998   3,060 20.4    11,938 79.6
Calhoun      115,195  23,041 20.0    92,154 80.0 Henry         17,026   3,347 19.7    13,679 80.3
Chambers      33,733   6,366 18.9    27,367 81.1 Houston      102,646  18,173 17.7    84,473 82.3
Cherokee      25,672   5,741 22.4    19,931 77.6 Jackson       52,366   8,934 17.1    43,432 82.9
Chilton       43,499   7,342 16.9    36,157 83.1 Jefferson    651,597  95,686 14.7   555,911 85.3
Choctaw       13,266   3,296 24.8     9,970 75.2 Lamar         13,989   3,376 24.1    10,613 75.9
Clarke        24,799   3,830 15.4    20,969 84.6 Lauderdale    91,962  14,567 15.8    77,395 84.2
Clay          13,265   2,386 18.0    10,879 82.0 Lawrence      33,344   6,872 20.6    26,472 79.4
Cleburne      14,846   2,994 20.2    11,852 79.8 Lee          149,037  17,506 11.7   131,531 88.3
Coffee        48,929   8,588 17.6    40,341 82.4 Limestone     84,805  11,832 14.0    72,973 86.0
Colbert       54,022  10,819 20.0    43,203 80.0 Lowndes       10,604   2,159 20.4     8,445 79.6
Conecuh       12,818   3,166 24.7     9,652 75.3 Macon         19,809   3,528 17.8    16,281 82.2
Coosa         10,750   2,378 22.1     8,372 77.9 Madison      342,206  43,509 12.7   298,697 87.3
Covington     37,370   8,025 21.5    29,345 78.5 Marengo       20,079   4,735 23.6    15,344 76.4
Crenshaw      13,763   2,511 18.2    11,252 81.8 Marion        29,729   7,210 24.3    22,519 75.7
Cullman       80,200  12,641 15.8    67,559 84.2 Marshall      93,431  16,438 17.6    76,993 82.4
Dale          47,170   9,458 20.1    37,712 79.9 Mobile       406,218  61,814 15.2   344,404 84.8
Dallas        41,839   8,155 19.5    33,684 80.5 Monroe        22,002   3,112 14.1    18,890 85.9
DeKalb        70,374  10,778 15.3    59,596 84.7 Montgomery   222,787  36,125 16.2   186,662 83.8
County Total Disability No Disability   County Total Disability No Disability
Count % Count % Count % Count %
Morgan       118,084  19,679 16.7    98,405 83.3                                                 
Perry          9,888   2,499 25.3     7,389 74.7                                                 
Pickens       19,254   4,680 24.3    14,574 75.7                                                 
Pike          32,947   5,244 15.9    27,703 84.1                                                 
Randolph      22,412   3,742 16.7    18,670 83.3                                                 
Russell       56,373  10,179 18.1    46,194 81.9                                                 
Shelby       201,820  22,274 11.0   179,546 89.0                                                 
St. Clair     84,001  14,721 17.5    69,280 82.5                                                 
Sumter        13,204   2,725 20.6    10,479 79.4                                                 
Talladega     78,682  15,046 19.1    63,636 80.9                                                 
Tallapoosa    40,616   7,127 17.5    33,489 82.5                                                 
Tuscaloosa   199,008  23,353 11.7   175,655 88.3                                                 
Walker        65,219  16,324 25.0    48,895 75.0                                                 
Washington    16,869   4,095 24.3    12,774 75.7                                                 
Wilcox        10,976   1,947 17.7     9,029 82.3                                                 
Winston       23,829   6,144 25.8    17,685 74.2                                                 
                                                                                                 
                                                                                                 
                                                                                                 
                                                                                                 
                                                                                                 
                                                                                                 
                                                                                                 
                                                                                                 
                                                                                                 
                                                                                                 

Count of People with Disabilities for Alabama, by County: 2015

Percentage of People with Disabilities for Alabama, by County: 2015

Discussion

There are a number of concepts and factors which complicate the interpretation of the estimates presented in this report. These concerns affect all statistics from population-based surveys. The estimates included in this document should be interpreted the following limitations in mind and generalized with caution. In each point, a link to the U.S. Census Bureau website describing the limitation or concept in greater detail in the ACS has been provided (www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/).

  • Statistics are based on a sample and subject to sample variation (a discussion of this topic can be found here).

  • Statistics based on a sample may not fully represent the total U.S. population (a discussion of this topic can be found here).

  • People responding to the ACS may be different than people not responding (a discussion of this topic can be found here).

  • When people do not respond to all ACS questions their responses are created based on assignment or allocation (a discussion of this topic can be found here).

Additional resources for the ACS:

  • Information on the disability questions can be found here.

  • The ACS design and methodology can be found here.

  • The ACS questionnaire and instructions can be found here.

Definitions

Average—The sum of all of the values in a sample divided by the number of values in the sample.
Median—The middlemost value of a sample that separates the upper half of the values from the lower half of the values.
Prevalence—The proportion of the population with a particular status or condition. Prevalence is usually expressed as a percentage or a number of people per unit of the population.
Population—The total number of inhabitants in a defined geographic area including all races, classes, and groups.
Range—The difference between the largest and smallest values in a sample. In a sample, when the smallest value is subtracted from the largest value the resulting value is called the range.

Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Disability Statistics and Demographics

Policymakers, program administrators, service providers, researchers, advocates for people with disabilities, and people with disabilities and their families need accessible, valid data/statistics to support their decisions related to policy improvements, program administration, service delivery, protection of civil rights, and major life activities. The StatsRRTC supports decision making through a variety of integrated research and outreach activities by (a) improving knowledge about and access to existing data, (b) generating the knowledge needed to improve future disability data collection, and (c) strengthening connections between the data from and regarding respondents, researchers, and decision makers. In this way, the Stats RRTC supports the improvement of service systems that advance the quality of life for people with disabilities.

Led by the University of New Hampshire, the StatsRRTC is a collaborative effort involving the following partners: American Association of People with Disabilities, Center for Essential Management Services, Council of State Administrators of Vocational Rehabilitation, Kessler Foundation, Mathematica Policy Research, and Public Health Institute. The StatsRRTC is funded by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Community Living, National Institute on Disability, Independent Living and Rehabilitation Research under grant number 90RT502201, from 2013–2018.

Employment Policy and Measurement Rehabilitation Research and Training Center

The EPM-RRTC generates and translates new information about disability employment policy and ways to measure the labor market experiences of people with disabilities. By improving the quality of available information about program interactions, policy options, and employment outcomes, the EPM-RRTC increases evidence-based advocacy and policymaking.

Led by the University of New Hampshire, the EPM-RRTC is a collaborative effort involving the following partners: Association of University Centers on Disability, Hunter College, Kessler Foundation, Mathematica Policy Research, and the University of Chicago. The EPM-RRTC is funded by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Community Living, National Institute on Disability, Independent Living and Rehabilitation Research under grant number 90RT503701, from 2015–2020.