County Report for Disability Prevalence

Acknowledgement

Special thanks to the following individuals who have contributed to the success of this effort: Deb Brucker, Erin Dame, Adam Lavoie, Rachel Coleman, Kate Filanoski, and Karen Volle. 

Funding for this publication is made possible by:

The Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Disability Statistics and Demographics (StatsRRTC), funded by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Administration for Community Living National Institute on Disability, Independent Living, and Rehabilitation Research (NIDILRR), grant number 90RT5022-02-01; and the Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Employment Policy and Measurement (EPM-RRTC), also funded by NIDILRR, grant number 90RT5037-01-00. The information developed by the StatsRRTC and EPM-RRTC does not necessarily represent the policies of the Department of Health and Human Services, and you should not assume endorsement by the Federal Government (Edgar, 75.620 (b)).

The StatsRRTC and EPM-RRTC are part of the Institute on Disability at the University of New Hampshire. The Institute on Disability/UCED (IOD) was established in 1987 to provide a university-based focus for the improvement of knowledge, policies, and practices related to the lives of people with disabilities and their families and is New Hampshire’s University Center for Excellence in Disability (UCED). Located within the University of New Hampshire, the IOD is a federally designated center authorized by the Developmental Disabilities Act. Through innovative and interdisciplinary research, academic, service, and dissemination initiatives, the IOD builds local, state, and national capacities to respond to the needs of individuals with disabilities and their families.

 

 

 
 
 
 

Institute on Disability / UCED
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www.iod.unh.edu

2015 Arkansas Report for County-level Data: Prevalence

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on
Disability Statistics and Demographics
A NIDILRR-Funded Center

   NIDILIRR.jpg

 

Introduction

The State Reports for County-Level Data on Prevalence are designed to provide the users of disability statistics with the number of people with disabilities for any given state and county in the United States (U.S.). This report is intended to be an online compliment to Section 1: Population and Prevalence of the Annual Disability Statistics Compendium and Annual Disability Statistics Supplement, providing greater detail within each state. The State Reports for County-Level Data on Prevalence can be used to compare county-level statistics between counties in any given state or states. The following report provides county-level statistics for Arkansas.

The proportions of people with disabilities, sometimes called prevalence, presented in the State Reports for County-Level Data is a useful tool for advocates, researchers, and policy-makers to plan and provide services and supports for people with disabilities. In this report, the prevalence of people with disabilities is presented as the number of people with disabilities in a given state and county per total state and county populations, respectively. Counts and percentages are provided in tables and maps.

The data for this report comes from the American Community Survey 5-year data. The American Community Survey (ACS) is a national survey developed by the U.S. Census Bureau to provide information on a number of topics about social, economic, and demographic characteristics of the U.S. population. ACS 5-year data is collected over a longer period of time than 1-year data, providing larger sample sizes and increased reliability for less populated areas and small population subgroups. All of the statistics in this report use the ACS 5-year data which includes data from 2015, the year of the report, and data from the four previous years.

In the ACS, people are identified as having a disability based on responses to a series of six questions asking about having difficulties with vision, hearing, ambulation, cognition, self-care, and independent living. These questions are:

  • Are you blind or do you have serious difficulty seeing, even when wearing glasses?

  • Are you deaf or do you have serious difficulty hearing?

  • Do you have serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs?

 
  • Because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition, do you have serious difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions?

  • Do you have difficulty dressing or bathing?

  • Because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition, do you have difficulty doing errands alone such as visiting a doctor's office or shopping?

A response of ‘yes’ to any one of these six questions identifies an individual as having a disability in the ACS. Specific to Arkansas, the state chosen for this report, sentences providing interpretation and context for prevalence statistics are included below. A short glossary of terms is also provided at the end of the report explaining the statistics that are illustrated in each sentence.

Interpretation

The following statements are designed to help understand the 2015 county-level statistics from Arkansas that are presented:

  • For people with and without disabilities: 

    • The range of total people across Arkansas counties, also known as the difference between the largest and smallest counts of people across Arkansas counties, was 2,900,007.

      • The county with the greatest number of total people was Pulaski (384,831 people).

      • The county with the least number of total people was Calhoun (5,186 people).

    • The average number of total people across all counties was 76,452.

    • The median, also known as the middle-most number, of total people across Arkansas counties was 19,349.

 
  • For people with disabilities: 

    • The range of people with disabilities across Arkansas counties, also known as the difference between the largest and smallest counts of people with disabilities across Arkansas counties, was 488,835.

      • The county with the greatest number of people with disabilities was Pulaski (52,806 people).

      • The county with the least number of people with disabilities was Calhoun (1,533 people).

    • The average number of people with disabilities across all counties was 12,904.

    • The median, also known as the middle-most number, of people with disabilities across Arkansas counties was 4,037.

  • For people without disabilities: 

    • The range of people without disabilities across Arkansas counties, also known as the difference between the largest and smallest counts of people without disabilities across Arkansas counties, was 2,411,172.

      • The county with the greatest number of people without disabilities was Pulaski (332,025 people).

      • The county with the leastnumber of people without disabilities was Calhoun (3,653 people).

    • The average number of people without disabilities across all counties was 63,548.

    • The median, also known as the middle-most number, of people without disabilities across Arkansas counties was 14,998.

 

Prevalence of People with and without Disabilities for Arkansas, by County: 2015

County Total Disability No Disability   County Total Disability No Disability
Count % Count % Count % Count %
Arkansas     2,905,193 490,368 16.9 2,414,825 83.1 Garland         95,661  18,539 19.4    77,122 80.6
Arkansas        18,492   4,018 21.7    14,474 78.3 Grant           17,897   3,176 17.7    14,721 82.3
Ashley          21,054   4,718 22.4    16,336 77.6 Greene          42,896   8,652 20.2    34,244 79.8
Baxter          40,572   8,933 22.0    31,639 78.0 Hempstead       22,092   4,553 20.6    17,539 79.4
Benton         236,524  21,905  9.3   214,619 90.7 Hot Spring      31,416   7,657 24.4    23,759 75.6
Boone           36,802   7,321 19.9    29,481 80.1 Howard          13,377   2,365 17.7    11,012 82.3
Bradley         11,113   2,506 22.6     8,607 77.4 Independence    36,451   7,031 19.3    29,420 80.7
Calhoun          5,186   1,533 29.6     3,653 70.4 Izard           12,687   2,941 23.2     9,746 76.8
Carroll         27,422   4,781 17.4    22,641 82.6 Jackson         14,285   3,119 21.8    11,166 78.2
Chicot          10,686   2,634 24.6     8,052 75.4 Jefferson       69,255  12,799 18.5    56,456 81.5
Clark           22,411   4,033 18.0    18,378 82.0 Johnson         25,728   4,317 16.8    21,411 83.2
Clay            15,266   3,475 22.8    11,791 77.2 Lafayette        7,138   1,651 23.1     5,487 76.9
Cleburne        25,351   4,679 18.5    20,672 81.5 Lawrence        16,715   3,277 19.6    13,438 80.4
Cleveland        8,432   1,892 22.4     6,540 77.6 Lee              8,457   2,164 25.6     6,293 74.4
Columbia        23,904   4,486 18.8    19,418 81.2 Lincoln          9,818   2,092 21.3     7,726 78.7
Conway          20,933   4,163 19.9    16,770 80.1 Little River    12,559   2,519 20.1    10,040 79.9
Craighead      100,428  15,866 15.8    84,562 84.2 Logan           21,753   4,439 20.4    17,314 79.6
Crawford        61,194  11,106 18.1    50,088 81.9 Lonoke          69,105  10,373 15.0    58,732 85.0
Crittenden      49,204   8,258 16.8    40,946 83.2 Madison         15,631   2,870 18.4    12,761 81.6
Cross           17,256   3,682 21.3    13,574 78.7 Marion          16,304   4,041 24.8    12,263 75.2
Dallas           7,340   1,808 24.6     5,532 75.4 Miller          42,456   7,609 17.9    34,847 82.1
Desha           12,306   2,550 20.7     9,756 79.3 Mississippi     44,030   9,369 21.3    34,661 78.7
Drew            18,348   3,809 20.8    14,539 79.2 Monroe           7,636   1,875 24.6     5,761 75.4
Faulkner       118,057  14,425 12.2   103,632 87.8 Montgomery       9,056   2,832 31.3     6,224 68.7
Franklin        17,580   3,240 18.4    14,340 81.6 Nevada           8,594   1,939 22.6     6,655 77.4
Fulton          12,040   2,967 24.6     9,073 75.4 Newton           7,996   1,870 23.4     6,126 76.6
County Total Disability No Disability   County Total Disability No Disability
Count % Count % Count % Count %
Ouachita        24,648   5,161 20.9    19,487 79.1                                                   
Perry           10,178   2,196 21.6     7,982 78.4                                                   
Phillips        20,206   4,863 24.1    15,343 75.9                                                   
Pike            10,934   2,959 27.1     7,975 72.9                                                   
Poinsett        23,888   5,390 22.6    18,498 77.4                                                   
Polk            20,226   4,992 24.7    15,234 75.3                                                   
Pope            62,188   9,980 16.0    52,208 84.0                                                   
Prairie          8,252   1,950 23.6     6,302 76.4                                                   
Pulaski        384,831  52,806 13.7   332,025 86.3                                                   
Randolph        17,350   3,648 21.0    13,702 79.0                                                   
Saline         112,566  19,831 17.6    92,735 82.4                                                   
Scott           10,797   2,029 18.8     8,768 81.2                                                   
Searcy           7,876   1,838 23.3     6,038 76.7                                                   
Sebastian      126,151  22,552 17.9   103,599 82.1                                                   
Sevier          17,080   2,318 13.6    14,762 86.4                                                   
Sharp           16,877   3,626 21.5    13,251 78.5                                                   
St. Francis     23,723   4,878 20.6    18,845 79.4                                                   
Stone           12,406   3,024 24.4     9,382 75.6                                                   
Union           40,232   8,152 20.3    32,080 79.7                                                   
Van Buren       16,806   3,698 22.0    13,108 78.0                                                   
Washington     214,640  22,181 10.3   192,459 89.7                                                   
White           78,043  13,016 16.7    65,027 83.3                                                   
Woodruff         6,863   1,715 25.0     5,148 75.0                                                   
Yell            21,538   4,708 21.9    16,830 78.1                                                   
                                                                                                     
                                                                                                     

Count of People with Disabilities for Arkansas, by County: 2015

Percentage of People with Disabilities for Arkansas, by County: 2015

Discussion

There are a number of concepts and factors which complicate the interpretation of the estimates presented in this report. These concerns affect all statistics from population-based surveys. The estimates included in this document should be interpreted the following limitations in mind and generalized with caution. In each point, a link to the U.S. Census Bureau website describing the limitation or concept in greater detail in the ACS has been provided (www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/).

  • Statistics are based on a sample and subject to sample variation (a discussion of this topic can be found here).

  • Statistics based on a sample may not fully represent the total U.S. population (a discussion of this topic can be found here).

  • People responding to the ACS may be different than people not responding (a discussion of this topic can be found here).

  • When people do not respond to all ACS questions their responses are created based on assignment or allocation (a discussion of this topic can be found here).

Additional resources for the ACS:

  • Information on the disability questions can be found here.

  • The ACS design and methodology can be found here.

  • The ACS questionnaire and instructions can be found here.

Definitions

Average—The sum of all of the values in a sample divided by the number of values in the sample.
Median—The middlemost value of a sample that separates the upper half of the values from the lower half of the values.
Prevalence—The proportion of the population with a particular status or condition. Prevalence is usually expressed as a percentage or a number of people per unit of the population.
Population—The total number of inhabitants in a defined geographic area including all races, classes, and groups.
Range—The difference between the largest and smallest values in a sample. In a sample, when the smallest value is subtracted from the largest value the resulting value is called the range.

Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Disability Statistics and Demographics

Policymakers, program administrators, service providers, researchers, advocates for people with disabilities, and people with disabilities and their families need accessible, valid data/statistics to support their decisions related to policy improvements, program administration, service delivery, protection of civil rights, and major life activities. The StatsRRTC supports decision making through a variety of integrated research and outreach activities by (a) improving knowledge about and access to existing data, (b) generating the knowledge needed to improve future disability data collection, and (c) strengthening connections between the data from and regarding respondents, researchers, and decision makers. In this way, the Stats RRTC supports the improvement of service systems that advance the quality of life for people with disabilities.

Led by the University of New Hampshire, the StatsRRTC is a collaborative effort involving the following partners: American Association of People with Disabilities, Center for Essential Management Services, Council of State Administrators of Vocational Rehabilitation, Kessler Foundation, Mathematica Policy Research, and Public Health Institute. The StatsRRTC is funded by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Community Living, National Institute on Disability, Independent Living and Rehabilitation Research under grant number 90RT502201, from 2013–2018.

Employment Policy and Measurement Rehabilitation Research and Training Center

The EPM-RRTC generates and translates new information about disability employment policy and ways to measure the labor market experiences of people with disabilities. By improving the quality of available information about program interactions, policy options, and employment outcomes, the EPM-RRTC increases evidence-based advocacy and policymaking.

Led by the University of New Hampshire, the EPM-RRTC is a collaborative effort involving the following partners: Association of University Centers on Disability, Hunter College, Kessler Foundation, Mathematica Policy Research, and the University of Chicago. The EPM-RRTC is funded by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Community Living, National Institute on Disability, Independent Living and Rehabilitation Research under grant number 90RT503701, from 2015–2020.