County Report for Disability Prevalence

Acknowledgement

Special thanks to the following individuals who have contributed to the success of this effort: Deb Brucker, Erin Dame, Adam Lavoie, Rachel Coleman, Kate Filanoski, and Karen Volle. 

Funding for this publication is made possible by:

The Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Disability Statistics and Demographics (StatsRRTC), funded by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Administration for Community Living National Institute on Disability, Independent Living, and Rehabilitation Research (NIDILRR), grant number 90RT5022-02-01; and the Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Employment Policy and Measurement (EPM-RRTC), also funded by NIDILRR, grant number 90RT5037-01-00. The information developed by the StatsRRTC and EPM-RRTC does not necessarily represent the policies of the Department of Health and Human Services, and you should not assume endorsement by the Federal Government (Edgar, 75.620 (b)).

The StatsRRTC and EPM-RRTC are part of the Institute on Disability at the University of New Hampshire. The Institute on Disability/UCED (IOD) was established in 1987 to provide a university-based focus for the improvement of knowledge, policies, and practices related to the lives of people with disabilities and their families and is New Hampshire’s University Center for Excellence in Disability (UCED). Located within the University of New Hampshire, the IOD is a federally designated center authorized by the Developmental Disabilities Act. Through innovative and interdisciplinary research, academic, service, and dissemination initiatives, the IOD builds local, state, and national capacities to respond to the needs of individuals with disabilities and their families.

 

 

 
 
 
 

Institute on Disability / UCED
10 West Edge Drive, Suite 101
Durham, NH 03284
603.862.4320 | relay: 711 | contact.iod@unh.edu
www.iod.unh.edu

2015 Florida Report for County-level Data: Prevalence

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on
Disability Statistics and Demographics
A NIDILRR-Funded Center

   NIDILIRR.jpg

 

Introduction

The State Reports for County-Level Data on Prevalence are designed to provide the users of disability statistics with the number of people with disabilities for any given state and county in the United States (U.S.). This report is intended to be an online compliment to Section 1: Population and Prevalence of the Annual Disability Statistics Compendium and Annual Disability Statistics Supplement, providing greater detail within each state. The State Reports for County-Level Data on Prevalence can be used to compare county-level statistics between counties in any given state or states. The following report provides county-level statistics for Florida.

The proportions of people with disabilities, sometimes called prevalence, presented in the State Reports for County-Level Data is a useful tool for advocates, researchers, and policy-makers to plan and provide services and supports for people with disabilities. In this report, the prevalence of people with disabilities is presented as the number of people with disabilities in a given state and county per total state and county populations, respectively. Counts and percentages are provided in tables and maps.

The data for this report comes from the American Community Survey 5-year data. The American Community Survey (ACS) is a national survey developed by the U.S. Census Bureau to provide information on a number of topics about social, economic, and demographic characteristics of the U.S. population. ACS 5-year data is collected over a longer period of time than 1-year data, providing larger sample sizes and increased reliability for less populated areas and small population subgroups. All of the statistics in this report use the ACS 5-year data which includes data from 2015, the year of the report, and data from the four previous years.

In the ACS, people are identified as having a disability based on responses to a series of six questions asking about having difficulties with vision, hearing, ambulation, cognition, self-care, and independent living. These questions are:

  • Are you blind or do you have serious difficulty seeing, even when wearing glasses?

  • Are you deaf or do you have serious difficulty hearing?

  • Do you have serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs?

 
  • Because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition, do you have serious difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions?

  • Do you have difficulty dressing or bathing?

  • Because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition, do you have difficulty doing errands alone such as visiting a doctor's office or shopping?

A response of ‘yes’ to any one of these six questions identifies an individual as having a disability in the ACS. Specific to Florida, the state chosen for this report, sentences providing interpretation and context for prevalence statistics are included below. A short glossary of terms is also provided at the end of the report explaining the statistics that are illustrated in each sentence.

Interpretation

The following statements are designed to help understand the 2015 county-level statistics from Florida that are presented:

  • For people with and without disabilities: 

    • The range of total people across Florida counties, also known as the difference between the largest and smallest counts of people across Florida counties, was 2,605,429.

      • The county with the greatest number of total people was Miami-Dade (2,612,203 people).

      • The county with the least number of total people was Liberty (6,774 people).

    • The average number of total people across all counties was 288,586.

    • The median, also known as the middle-most number, of total people across Florida counties was 100,410.

 
  • For people with disabilities: 

    • The range of people with disabilities across Florida counties, also known as the difference between the largest and smallest counts of people with disabilities across Florida counties, was 270,210.

      • The county with the greatest number of people with disabilities was Miami-Dade (271,588 people).

      • The county with the least number of people with disabilities was Lafayette (1,378 people).

    • The average number of people with disabilities across all counties was 38,114.

    • The median, also known as the middle-most number, of people with disabilities across Florida counties was 19,467.

  • For people without disabilities: 

    • The range of people without disabilities across Florida counties, also known as the difference between the largest and smallest counts of people without disabilities across Florida counties, was 2,335,251.

      • The county with the greatest number of people without disabilities was Miami-Dade (2,340,615 people).

      • The county with the leastnumber of people without disabilities was Liberty (5,364 people).

    • The average number of people without disabilities across all counties was 250,472.

    • The median, also known as the middle-most number, of people without disabilities across Florida counties was 83,526.

 

Prevalence of People with and without Disabilities for Florida, by County: 2015

County Total Disability No Disability   County Total Disability No Disability
Count % Count % Count % Count %
Florida      19,335,250 2,553,636 13.2 16,781,614 86.8 Hernando        172,961    33,341 19.3    139,620 80.7
Alachua         251,519    25,585 10.2    225,934 89.8 Highlands        97,283    18,050 18.6     79,233 81.4
Baker            24,631     3,965 16.1     20,666 83.9 Hillsborough  1,290,830   151,374 11.7  1,139,456 88.3
Bay             171,019    29,448 17.2    141,571 82.8 Holmes           17,718     3,990 22.5     13,728 77.5
Bradford         23,903     4,730 19.8     19,173 80.2 Indian River    141,532    22,339 15.8    119,193 84.2
Brevard         548,302    81,938 14.9    466,364 85.1 Jackson          41,347     8,723 21.1     32,624 78.9
Broward       1,832,097   206,318 11.3  1,625,779 88.7 Jefferson        11,742     2,188 18.6      9,554 81.4
Calhoun          12,585     2,850 22.6      9,735 77.4 Lafayette         7,014     1,378 19.6      5,636 80.4
Charlotte       162,538    33,268 20.5    129,270 79.5 Lake            307,095    46,849 15.3    260,246 84.7
Citrus          137,765    28,165 20.4    109,600 79.6 Lee             658,174    91,436 13.9    566,738 86.1
Clay            194,380    26,000 13.4    168,380 86.6 Leon            279,510    27,821 10.0    251,689 90.0
Collier         339,234    39,156 11.5    300,078 88.5 Levy             39,380     8,497 21.6     30,883 78.4
Columbia         63,166    11,453 18.1     51,713 81.9 Liberty           6,774     1,410 20.8      5,364 79.2
DeSoto           33,136     4,929 14.9     28,207 85.1 Madison          16,683     3,797 22.8     12,886 77.2
Dixie            14,574     3,542 24.3     11,032 75.7 Manatee         340,989    46,262 13.6    294,727 86.4
Duval           872,854   115,883 13.3    756,971 86.7 Marion          328,847    59,516 18.1    269,331 81.9
Escambia        290,220    43,247 14.9    246,973 85.1 Martin          148,755    22,636 15.2    126,119 84.8
Flagler         100,410    16,884 16.8     83,526 83.2 Miami-Dade    2,612,203   271,588 10.4  2,340,615 89.6
Franklin          9,782     2,223 22.7      7,559 77.3 Monroe           74,196     9,441 12.7     64,755 87.3
Gadsden          43,969     7,597 17.3     36,372 82.7 Nassau           75,138    12,016 16.0     63,122 84.0
Gilchrist        15,808     3,428 21.7     12,380 78.3 Okaloosa        181,098    25,047 13.8    156,051 86.2
Glades           11,922     2,533 21.2      9,389 78.8 Okeechobee       36,234     5,445 15.0     30,789 85.0
Gulf             13,459     2,635 19.6     10,824 80.4 Orange        1,217,194   123,673 10.2  1,093,521 89.8
Hamilton         11,047     2,562 23.2      8,485 76.8 Osceola         298,835    41,490 13.9    257,345 86.1
Hardee           25,794     2,619 10.2     23,175 89.8 Palm Beach    1,366,048   162,354 11.9  1,203,694 88.1
Hendry           36,827     5,276 14.3     31,551 85.7 Pasco           473,431    77,846 16.4    395,585 83.6
County Total Disability No Disability   County Total Disability No Disability
Count % Count % Count % Count %
Pinellas        920,233   136,302 14.8    783,931 85.2                                                       
Polk            617,100    93,076 15.1    524,024 84.9                                                       
Putnam           71,452    12,360 17.3     59,092 82.7                                                       
Santa Rosa      152,107    22,514 14.8    129,593 85.2                                                       
Sarasota        388,233    59,904 15.4    328,329 84.6                                                       
Seminole        434,616    44,465 10.2    390,151 89.8                                                       
St. Johns       208,644    23,263 11.1    185,381 88.9                                                       
St. Lucie       285,832    45,683 16.0    240,149 84.0                                                       
Sumter           99,400    19,467 19.6     79,933 80.4                                                       
Suwannee         42,115     7,689 18.3     34,426 81.7                                                       
Taylor           18,600     3,914 21.0     14,686 79.0                                                       
Union            10,019     1,517 15.1      8,502 84.9                                                       
Volusia         497,974    79,927 16.1    418,047 83.9                                                       
Wakulla          27,517     4,796 17.4     22,721 82.6                                                       
Walton           57,405     9,779 17.0     47,626 83.0                                                       
Washington       22,051     4,239 19.2     17,812 80.8                                                       
                                                                                                             
                                                                                                             
                                                                                                             
                                                                                                             
                                                                                                             
                                                                                                             
                                                                                                             
                                                                                                             
                                                                                                             
                                                                                                             

Count of People with Disabilities for Florida, by County: 2015

Percentage of People with Disabilities for Florida, by County: 2015

Discussion

There are a number of concepts and factors which complicate the interpretation of the estimates presented in this report. These concerns affect all statistics from population-based surveys. The estimates included in this document should be interpreted the following limitations in mind and generalized with caution. In each point, a link to the U.S. Census Bureau website describing the limitation or concept in greater detail in the ACS has been provided (www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/).

  • Statistics are based on a sample and subject to sample variation (a discussion of this topic can be found here).

  • Statistics based on a sample may not fully represent the total U.S. population (a discussion of this topic can be found here).

  • People responding to the ACS may be different than people not responding (a discussion of this topic can be found here).

  • When people do not respond to all ACS questions their responses are created based on assignment or allocation (a discussion of this topic can be found here).

Additional resources for the ACS:

  • Information on the disability questions can be found here.

  • The ACS design and methodology can be found here.

  • The ACS questionnaire and instructions can be found here.

Definitions

Average—The sum of all of the values in a sample divided by the number of values in the sample.
Median—The middlemost value of a sample that separates the upper half of the values from the lower half of the values.
Prevalence—The proportion of the population with a particular status or condition. Prevalence is usually expressed as a percentage or a number of people per unit of the population.
Population—The total number of inhabitants in a defined geographic area including all races, classes, and groups.
Range—The difference between the largest and smallest values in a sample. In a sample, when the smallest value is subtracted from the largest value the resulting value is called the range.

Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Disability Statistics and Demographics

Policymakers, program administrators, service providers, researchers, advocates for people with disabilities, and people with disabilities and their families need accessible, valid data/statistics to support their decisions related to policy improvements, program administration, service delivery, protection of civil rights, and major life activities. The StatsRRTC supports decision making through a variety of integrated research and outreach activities by (a) improving knowledge about and access to existing data, (b) generating the knowledge needed to improve future disability data collection, and (c) strengthening connections between the data from and regarding respondents, researchers, and decision makers. In this way, the Stats RRTC supports the improvement of service systems that advance the quality of life for people with disabilities.

Led by the University of New Hampshire, the StatsRRTC is a collaborative effort involving the following partners: American Association of People with Disabilities, Center for Essential Management Services, Council of State Administrators of Vocational Rehabilitation, Kessler Foundation, Mathematica Policy Research, and Public Health Institute. The StatsRRTC is funded by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Community Living, National Institute on Disability, Independent Living and Rehabilitation Research under grant number 90RT502201, from 2013–2018.

Employment Policy and Measurement Rehabilitation Research and Training Center

The EPM-RRTC generates and translates new information about disability employment policy and ways to measure the labor market experiences of people with disabilities. By improving the quality of available information about program interactions, policy options, and employment outcomes, the EPM-RRTC increases evidence-based advocacy and policymaking.

Led by the University of New Hampshire, the EPM-RRTC is a collaborative effort involving the following partners: Association of University Centers on Disability, Hunter College, Kessler Foundation, Mathematica Policy Research, and the University of Chicago. The EPM-RRTC is funded by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Community Living, National Institute on Disability, Independent Living and Rehabilitation Research under grant number 90RT503701, from 2015–2020.