County Report for Disability Prevalence

Acknowledgement

Special thanks to the following individuals who have contributed to the success of this effort: Deb Brucker, Erin Dame, Adam Lavoie, Rachel Coleman, Kate Filanoski, and Karen Volle. 

Funding for this publication is made possible by:

The Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Disability Statistics and Demographics (StatsRRTC), funded by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Administration for Community Living National Institute on Disability, Independent Living, and Rehabilitation Research (NIDILRR), grant number 90RT5022-02-01; and the Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Employment Policy and Measurement (EPM-RRTC), also funded by NIDILRR, grant number 90RT5037-01-00. The information developed by the StatsRRTC and EPM-RRTC does not necessarily represent the policies of the Department of Health and Human Services, and you should not assume endorsement by the Federal Government (Edgar, 75.620 (b)).

The StatsRRTC and EPM-RRTC are part of the Institute on Disability at the University of New Hampshire. The Institute on Disability/UCED (IOD) was established in 1987 to provide a university-based focus for the improvement of knowledge, policies, and practices related to the lives of people with disabilities and their families and is New Hampshire’s University Center for Excellence in Disability (UCED). Located within the University of New Hampshire, the IOD is a federally designated center authorized by the Developmental Disabilities Act. Through innovative and interdisciplinary research, academic, service, and dissemination initiatives, the IOD builds local, state, and national capacities to respond to the needs of individuals with disabilities and their families.

 

 

 
 
 
 

Institute on Disability / UCED
10 West Edge Drive, Suite 101
Durham, NH 03284
603.862.4320 | relay: 711 | contact.iod@unh.edu
www.iod.unh.edu

2015 Kentucky Report for County-level Data: Prevalence

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on
Disability Statistics and Demographics
A NIDILRR-Funded Center

   NIDILIRR.jpg

 

Introduction

The State Reports for County-Level Data on Prevalence are designed to provide the users of disability statistics with the number of people with disabilities for any given state and county in the United States (U.S.). This report is intended to be an online compliment to Section 1: Population and Prevalence of the Annual Disability Statistics Compendium and Annual Disability Statistics Supplement, providing greater detail within each state. The State Reports for County-Level Data on Prevalence can be used to compare county-level statistics between counties in any given state or states. The following report provides county-level statistics for Kentucky.

The proportions of people with disabilities, sometimes called prevalence, presented in the State Reports for County-Level Data is a useful tool for advocates, researchers, and policy-makers to plan and provide services and supports for people with disabilities. In this report, the prevalence of people with disabilities is presented as the number of people with disabilities in a given state and county per total state and county populations, respectively. Counts and percentages are provided in tables and maps.

The data for this report comes from the American Community Survey 5-year data. The American Community Survey (ACS) is a national survey developed by the U.S. Census Bureau to provide information on a number of topics about social, economic, and demographic characteristics of the U.S. population. ACS 5-year data is collected over a longer period of time than 1-year data, providing larger sample sizes and increased reliability for less populated areas and small population subgroups. All of the statistics in this report use the ACS 5-year data which includes data from 2015, the year of the report, and data from the four previous years.

In the ACS, people are identified as having a disability based on responses to a series of six questions asking about having difficulties with vision, hearing, ambulation, cognition, self-care, and independent living. These questions are:

  • Are you blind or do you have serious difficulty seeing, even when wearing glasses?

  • Are you deaf or do you have serious difficulty hearing?

  • Do you have serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs?

 
  • Because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition, do you have serious difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions?

  • Do you have difficulty dressing or bathing?

  • Because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition, do you have difficulty doing errands alone such as visiting a doctor's office or shopping?

A response of ‘yes’ to any one of these six questions identifies an individual as having a disability in the ACS. Specific to Kentucky, the state chosen for this report, sentences providing interpretation and context for prevalence statistics are included below. A short glossary of terms is also provided at the end of the report explaining the statistics that are illustrated in each sentence.

Interpretation

The following statements are designed to help understand the 2015 county-level statistics from Kentucky that are presented:

  • For people with and without disabilities: 

    • The range of total people across Kentucky counties, also known as the difference between the largest and smallest counts of people across Kentucky counties, was 745,422.

      • The county with the greatest number of total people was Jefferson (747,569 people).

      • The county with the least number of total people was Robertson (2,147 people).

    • The average number of total people across all counties was 35,935.

    • The median, also known as the middle-most number, of total people across Kentucky counties was 18,498.

 
  • For people with disabilities: 

    • The range of people with disabilities across Kentucky counties, also known as the difference between the largest and smallest counts of people with disabilities across Kentucky counties, was 107,673.

      • The county with the greatest number of people with disabilities was Jefferson (108,054 people).

      • The county with the least number of people with disabilities was Robertson (381 people).

    • The average number of people with disabilities across all counties was 6,118.

    • The median, also known as the middle-most number, of people with disabilities across Kentucky counties was 3,831.

  • For people without disabilities: 

    • The range of people without disabilities across Kentucky counties, also known as the difference between the largest and smallest counts of people without disabilities across Kentucky counties, was 637,749.

      • The county with the greatest number of people without disabilities was Jefferson (639,515 people).

      • The county with the leastnumber of people without disabilities was Robertson (1,766 people).

    • The average number of people without disabilities across all counties was 29,818.

    • The median, also known as the middle-most number, of people without disabilities across Kentucky counties was 15,048.

 

Prevalence of People with and without Disabilities for Kentucky, by County: 2015

County Total Disability No Disability   County Total Disability No Disability
Count % Count % Count % Count %
Kentucky     4,312,238 734,126 17.0 3,578,112 83.0 Clay            19,644   4,459 22.7    15,185 77.3
Adair           18,551   3,378 18.2    15,173 81.8 Clinton         10,036   1,553 15.5     8,483 84.5
Allen           20,168   3,632 18.0    16,536 82.0 Crittenden       9,028   1,683 18.6     7,345 81.4
Anderson        21,651   3,126 14.4    18,525 85.6 Cumberland       6,719   1,121 16.7     5,598 83.3
Ballard          8,126   1,156 14.2     6,970 85.8 Daviess         96,432  15,025 15.6    81,407 84.4
Barren          42,176   8,126 19.3    34,050 80.7 Edmonson        12,008   3,048 25.4     8,960 74.6
Bath            11,882   2,589 21.8     9,293 78.2 Elliott          6,703   1,483 22.1     5,220 77.9
Bell            27,140   8,627 31.8    18,513 68.2 Estill          14,350   3,878 27.0    10,472 73.0
Boone          123,734  13,580 11.0   110,154 89.0 Fayette        303,006  34,348 11.3   268,658 88.7
Bourbon         19,772   2,935 14.8    16,837 85.2 Fleming         14,544   2,965 20.4    11,579 79.6
Boyd            46,805   9,585 20.5    37,220 79.5 Floyd           38,090  11,306 29.7    26,784 70.3
Boyle           28,097   4,783 17.0    23,314 83.0 Franklin        48,821   8,031 16.4    40,790 83.6
Bracken          8,381   1,341 16.0     7,040 84.0 Fulton           5,992   1,270 21.2     4,722 78.8
Breathitt       13,444   4,590 34.1     8,854 65.9 Gallatin         8,457   1,327 15.7     7,130 84.3
Breckinridge    19,782   3,880 19.6    15,902 80.4 Garrard         16,873   3,416 20.2    13,457 79.8
Bullitt         76,607  10,829 14.1    65,778 85.9 Grant           24,244   3,685 15.2    20,559 84.8
Butler          12,620   2,678 21.2     9,942 78.8 Graves          37,071   5,605 15.1    31,466 84.9
Caldwell        12,700   2,287 18.0    10,413 82.0 Grayson         25,601   5,206 20.3    20,395 79.7
Calloway        37,664   5,102 13.5    32,562 86.5 Green           11,035   2,648 24.0     8,387 76.0
Campbell        90,011  10,714 11.9    79,297 88.1 Greenup         36,053   6,802 18.9    29,251 81.1
Carlisle         4,914     754 15.3     4,160 84.7 Hancock          8,614   1,617 18.8     6,997 81.2
Carroll         10,593   1,900 17.9     8,693 82.1 Hardin         101,722  16,344 16.1    85,378 83.9
Carter          27,012   5,159 19.1    21,853 80.9 Harlan          27,920   8,728 31.3    19,192 68.7
Casey           15,623   3,133 20.1    12,490 79.9 Harrison        18,444   3,362 18.2    15,082 81.8
Christian       65,166   9,049 13.9    56,117 86.1 Hart            18,187   3,874 21.3    14,313 78.7
Clark           35,232   5,957 16.9    29,275 83.1 Henderson       45,428   8,515 18.7    36,913 81.3
County Total Disability No Disability   County Total Disability No Disability
Count % Count % Count % Count %
Henry           15,377   2,509 16.3    12,868 83.7 Mason           16,989   3,028 17.8    13,961 82.2
Hickman          4,520     876 19.4     3,644 80.6 McCracken       64,261  10,527 16.4    53,734 83.6
Hopkins         45,509   7,756 17.0    37,753 83.0 McCreary        16,422   4,764 29.0    11,658 71.0
Jackson         13,205   4,259 32.3     8,946 67.7 McLean           9,416   1,655 17.6     7,761 82.4
Jefferson      747,569 108,054 14.5   639,515 85.5 Meade           28,217   4,644 16.5    23,573 83.5
Jessamine       49,750   7,843 15.8    41,907 84.2 Menifee          6,266   1,425 22.7     4,841 77.3
Johnson         22,907   6,701 29.3    16,206 70.7 Mercer          21,181   4,063 19.2    17,118 80.8
Kenton         161,457  22,927 14.2   138,530 85.8 Metcalfe         9,891   2,233 22.6     7,658 77.4
Knott           15,818   4,658 29.4    11,160 70.6 Monroe          10,595   2,500 23.6     8,095 76.4
Knox            31,463   5,621 17.9    25,842 82.1 Montgomery      26,808   5,566 20.8    21,242 79.2
Larue           13,867   2,923 21.1    10,944 78.9 Morgan          11,772   3,067 26.1     8,705 73.9
Laurel          59,011  10,781 18.3    48,230 81.7 Muhlenberg      30,283   6,251 20.6    24,032 79.4
Lawrence        15,709   3,948 25.1    11,761 74.9 Nelson          44,270   7,363 16.6    36,907 83.4
Lee              6,294   2,047 32.5     4,247 67.5 Nicholas         6,969   1,265 18.2     5,704 81.8
Leslie          10,749   3,604 33.5     7,145 66.5 Ohio            23,752   5,086 21.4    18,666 78.6
Letcher         23,480   7,109 30.3    16,371 69.7 Oldham          58,819   5,288  9.0    53,531 91.0
Lewis           13,642   3,037 22.3    10,605 77.7 Owen            10,692   2,114 19.8     8,578 80.2
Lincoln         24,287   5,074 20.9    19,213 79.1 Owsley           4,534   1,556 34.3     2,978 65.7
Livingston       9,332   1,924 20.6     7,408 79.4 Pendleton       14,418   2,360 16.4    12,058 83.6
Logan           26,580   4,293 16.2    22,287 83.8 Perry           27,391   7,404 27.0    19,987 73.0
Lyon             7,061   1,494 21.2     5,567 78.8 Pike            62,696  18,528 29.6    44,168 70.4
Madison         85,027  13,438 15.8    71,589 84.2 Powell          12,225   2,994 24.5     9,231 75.5
Magoffin        12,878   3,654 28.4     9,224 71.6 Pulaski         62,837  13,086 20.8    49,751 79.2
Marion          18,674   3,011 16.1    15,663 83.9 Robertson        2,147     381 17.7     1,766 82.3
Marshall        30,661   4,706 15.3    25,955 84.7 Rockcastle      16,644   3,977 23.9    12,667 76.1
Martin          11,131   3,509 31.5     7,622 68.5 Rowan           23,387   3,788 16.2    19,599 83.8
County Total Disability No Disability   County Total Disability No Disability
Count % Count % Count % Count %
Russell         17,525   3,617 20.6    13,908 79.4                                                   
Scott           49,941   5,926 11.9    44,015 88.1                                                   
Shelby          42,975   5,499 12.8    37,476 87.2                                                   
Simpson         17,386   2,424 13.9    14,962 86.1                                                   
Spencer         17,454   2,440 14.0    15,014 86.0                                                   
Taylor          24,638   4,448 18.1    20,190 81.9                                                   
Todd            12,292   1,899 15.4    10,393 84.6                                                   
Trigg           14,166   2,309 16.3    11,857 83.7                                                   
Trimble          8,783   1,580 18.0     7,203 82.0                                                   
Union           14,983   3,055 20.4    11,928 79.6                                                   
Warren         117,678  17,230 14.6   100,448 85.4                                                   
Washington      11,785   2,154 18.3     9,631 81.7                                                   
Wayne           20,347   5,368 26.4    14,979 73.6                                                   
Webster         13,064   2,735 20.9    10,329 79.1                                                   
Whitley         35,173   7,196 20.5    27,977 79.5                                                   
Wolfe            7,136   2,133 29.9     5,003 70.1                                                   
Woodford        25,199   3,255 12.9    21,944 87.1                                                   
                                                                                                     
                                                                                                     
                                                                                                     
                                                                                                     
                                                                                                     
                                                                                                     
                                                                                                     
                                                                                                     
                                                                                                     

Count of People with Disabilities for Kentucky, by County: 2015

Percentage of People with Disabilities for Kentucky, by County: 2015

Discussion

There are a number of concepts and factors which complicate the interpretation of the estimates presented in this report. These concerns affect all statistics from population-based surveys. The estimates included in this document should be interpreted the following limitations in mind and generalized with caution. In each point, a link to the U.S. Census Bureau website describing the limitation or concept in greater detail in the ACS has been provided (www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/).

  • Statistics are based on a sample and subject to sample variation (a discussion of this topic can be found here).

  • Statistics based on a sample may not fully represent the total U.S. population (a discussion of this topic can be found here).

  • People responding to the ACS may be different than people not responding (a discussion of this topic can be found here).

  • When people do not respond to all ACS questions their responses are created based on assignment or allocation (a discussion of this topic can be found here).

Additional resources for the ACS:

  • Information on the disability questions can be found here.

  • The ACS design and methodology can be found here.

  • The ACS questionnaire and instructions can be found here.

Definitions

Average—The sum of all of the values in a sample divided by the number of values in the sample.
Median—The middlemost value of a sample that separates the upper half of the values from the lower half of the values.
Prevalence—The proportion of the population with a particular status or condition. Prevalence is usually expressed as a percentage or a number of people per unit of the population.
Population—The total number of inhabitants in a defined geographic area including all races, classes, and groups.
Range—The difference between the largest and smallest values in a sample. In a sample, when the smallest value is subtracted from the largest value the resulting value is called the range.

Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Disability Statistics and Demographics

Policymakers, program administrators, service providers, researchers, advocates for people with disabilities, and people with disabilities and their families need accessible, valid data/statistics to support their decisions related to policy improvements, program administration, service delivery, protection of civil rights, and major life activities. The StatsRRTC supports decision making through a variety of integrated research and outreach activities by (a) improving knowledge about and access to existing data, (b) generating the knowledge needed to improve future disability data collection, and (c) strengthening connections between the data from and regarding respondents, researchers, and decision makers. In this way, the Stats RRTC supports the improvement of service systems that advance the quality of life for people with disabilities.

Led by the University of New Hampshire, the StatsRRTC is a collaborative effort involving the following partners: American Association of People with Disabilities, Center for Essential Management Services, Council of State Administrators of Vocational Rehabilitation, Kessler Foundation, Mathematica Policy Research, and Public Health Institute. The StatsRRTC is funded by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Community Living, National Institute on Disability, Independent Living and Rehabilitation Research under grant number 90RT502201, from 2013–2018.

Employment Policy and Measurement Rehabilitation Research and Training Center

The EPM-RRTC generates and translates new information about disability employment policy and ways to measure the labor market experiences of people with disabilities. By improving the quality of available information about program interactions, policy options, and employment outcomes, the EPM-RRTC increases evidence-based advocacy and policymaking.

Led by the University of New Hampshire, the EPM-RRTC is a collaborative effort involving the following partners: Association of University Centers on Disability, Hunter College, Kessler Foundation, Mathematica Policy Research, and the University of Chicago. The EPM-RRTC is funded by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Community Living, National Institute on Disability, Independent Living and Rehabilitation Research under grant number 90RT503701, from 2015–2020.