Disability Prevalence Report

Acknowledgement

Special thanks to the following individuals who have contributed to the success of this effort: Deb Brucker, Erin Dame, Adam Lavoie, Rachel Coleman, Kate Filanoski, and Karen Volle. 

Funding for this publication is made possible by:

The Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Disability Statistics and Demographics (StatsRRTC), funded by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Administration for Community Living National Institute on Disability, Independent Living, and Rehabilitation Research (NIDILRR), grant number 90RT5022-02-01; and the Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Employment Policy and Measurement (EPM-RRTC), also funded by NIDILRR, grant number 90RT5037-01-00. The information developed by the StatsRRTC and EPM-RRTC does not necessarily represent the policies of the Department of Health and Human Services, and you should not assume endorsement by the Federal Government (Edgar, 75.620 (b)).

The StatsRRTC and EPM-RRTC are part of the Institute on Disability at the University of New Hampshire. The Institute on Disability/UCED (IOD) was established in 1987 to provide a university-based focus for the improvement of knowledge, policies, and practices related to the lives of people with disabilities and their families and is New Hampshire’s University Center for Excellence in Disability (UCED). Located within the University of New Hampshire, the IOD is a federally designated center authorized by the Developmental Disabilities Act. Through innovative and interdisciplinary research, academic, service, and dissemination initiatives, the IOD builds local, state, and national capacities to respond to the needs of individuals with disabilities and their families.

 

 

 
 
 
 

Institute on Disability / UCED
10 West Edge Drive, Suite 101
Durham, NH 03284
603.862.4320 | relay: 711 | contact.iod@unh.edu
www.iod.unh.edu

2015 Louisiana Report for County-level Data: Prevalence

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on
Disability Statistics and Demographics
A NIDILRR-Funded Center

   NIDILIRR.jpg

 

Introduction

The State Reports for County-Level Data on Prevalence are designed to provide the users of disability statistics with the number of people with disabilities for any given state and county in the United States (U.S.). This report is intended to be an online compliment to Section 1: Population and Prevalence of the Annual Disability Statistics Compendium and Annual Disability Statistics Supplement, providing greater detail within each state. The State Reports for County-Level Data on Prevalence can be used to compare county-level statistics between counties in any given state or states. The following report provides county-level statistics for Louisiana.

The proportions of people with disabilities, sometimes called prevalence, presented in the State Reports for County-Level Data is a useful tool for advocates, researchers, and policy-makers to plan and provide services and supports for people with disabilities. In this report, the prevalence of people with disabilities is presented as the number of people with disabilities in a given state and county per total state and county populations, respectively. Counts and percentages are provided in tables and maps.

The data for this report comes from the American Community Survey 5-year data. The American Community Survey (ACS) is a national survey developed by the U.S. Census Bureau to provide information on a number of topics about social, economic, and demographic characteristics of the U.S. population. ACS 5-year data is collected over a longer period of time than 1-year data, providing larger sample sizes and increased reliability for less populated areas and small population subgroups. All of the statistics in this report use the ACS 5-year data which includes data from 2015, the year of the report, and data from the four previous years.

In the ACS, people are identified as having a disability based on responses to a series of six questions asking about having difficulties with vision, hearing, ambulation, cognition, self-care, and independent living. These questions are:

  • Are you blind or do you have serious difficulty seeing, even when wearing glasses?

  • Are you deaf or do you have serious difficulty hearing?

  • Do you have serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs?

 
  • Because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition, do you have serious difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions?

  • Do you have difficulty dressing or bathing?

  • Because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition, do you have difficulty doing errands alone such as visiting a doctor's office or shopping?

A response of ‘yes’ to any one of these six questions identifies an individual as having a disability in the ACS. Specific to Louisiana, the state chosen for this report, sentences providing interpretation and context for prevalence statistics are included below. A short glossary of terms is also provided at the end of the report explaining the statistics that are illustrated in each sentence.

Interpretation

The following statements are designed to help understand the 2015 county-level statistics from Louisiana that are presented:

  • For people with and without disabilities: 

    • The range of total people across Louisiana counties, also known as the difference between the largest and smallest counts of people across Louisiana counties, was 436,961.

      • The county with the greatest number of total people was East Baton Rouge (441,718 people).

      • The county with the least number of total people was Tensas (4,757 people).

    • The average number of total people across all counties was 70,658.

    • The median, also known as the middle-most number, of total people across Louisiana counties was 31,234.

 
  • For people with disabilities: 

    • The range of people with disabilities across Louisiana counties, also known as the difference between the largest and smallest counts of people with disabilities across Louisiana counties, was 56,893.

      • The county with the greatest number of people with disabilities was East Baton Rouge (57,595 people).

      • The county with the least number of people with disabilities was Tensas (702 people).

    • The average number of people with disabilities across all counties was 10,581.

    • The median, also known as the middle-most number, of people with disabilities across Louisiana counties was 5,836.

  • For people without disabilities: 

    • The range of people without disabilities across Louisiana counties, also known as the difference between the largest and smallest counts of people without disabilities across Louisiana counties, was 380,068.

      • The county with the greatest number of people without disabilities was East Baton Rouge (384,123 people).

      • The county with the leastnumber of people without disabilities was Tensas (4,055 people).

    • The average number of people without disabilities across all counties was 60,078.

    • The median, also known as the middle-most number, of people without disabilities across Louisiana counties was 24,928.

 

Prevalence of People with and without Disabilities for Louisiana, by County: 2015

County Total Disability No Disability   County Total Disability No Disability
Count % Count % Count % Count %
Louisiana            4,522,122 677,157 15.0 3,844,965 85.0 Jefferson              431,764  57,269 13.3   374,495 86.7
Acadia                  61,254  11,406 18.6    49,848 81.4 Jefferson Davis         30,863   6,051 19.6    24,812 80.4
Allen                   21,329   4,169 19.5    17,160 80.5 LaSalle                 13,656   2,158 15.8    11,498 84.2
Ascension              113,905  13,049 11.5   100,856 88.5 Lafayette              229,517  26,915 11.7   202,602 88.3
Assumption              22,862   4,212 18.4    18,650 81.6 Lafourche               96,636  16,010 16.6    80,626 83.4
Avoyelles               37,787   7,100 18.8    30,687 81.2 Lincoln                 46,735   6,600 14.1    40,135 85.9
Beauregard              35,169   7,407 21.1    27,762 78.9 Livingston             132,996  20,460 15.4   112,536 84.6
Bienville               13,653   2,888 21.2    10,765 78.8 Madison                 10,406   1,281 12.3     9,125 87.7
Bossier                118,561  14,854 12.5   103,707 87.5 Morehouse               26,211   4,214 16.1    21,997 83.9
Caddo                  249,783  36,496 14.6   213,287 85.4 Natchitoches            38,611   6,627 17.2    31,984 82.8
Calcasieu              193,522  32,747 16.9   160,775 83.1 Orleans                371,599  50,665 13.6   320,934 86.4
Caldwell                 9,512   1,471 15.5     8,041 84.5 Ouachita               149,358  17,785 11.9   131,573 88.1
Cameron                  6,694   1,149 17.2     5,545 82.8 Plaquemines             22,784   2,301 10.1    20,483 89.9
Catahoula                9,284   1,514 16.3     7,770 83.7 Pointe Coupee           22,371   3,937 17.6    18,434 82.4
Claiborne               14,706   3,039 20.7    11,667 79.3 Rapides                129,468  24,400 18.8   105,068 81.2
Concordia               18,419   2,845 15.4    15,574 84.6 Red River                8,726   1,207 13.8     7,519 86.2
De Soto                 26,808   4,751 17.7    22,057 82.3 Richland                19,926   2,652 13.3    17,274 86.7
East Baton Rouge       441,718  57,595 13.0   384,123 87.0 Sabine                  23,831   4,043 17.0    19,788 83.0
East Carroll             6,064     954 15.7     5,110 84.3 St. Bernard             42,512   5,509 13.0    37,003 87.0
East Feliciana          17,168   2,775 16.2    14,393 83.8 St. Charles             51,981   6,361 12.2    45,620 87.8
Evangeline              31,605   6,562 20.8    25,043 79.2 St. Helena              10,694   2,430 22.7     8,264 77.3
Franklin                19,107   3,344 17.5    15,763 82.5 St. James               21,427   3,482 16.3    17,945 83.7
Grant                   18,937   3,653 19.3    15,284 80.7 St. John the Baptist    43,461   6,329 14.6    37,132 85.4
Iberia                  73,113  11,704 16.0    61,409 84.0 St. Landry              82,541  10,809 13.1    71,732 86.9
Iberville               29,426   5,620 19.1    23,806 80.9 St. Martin              52,860   7,501 14.2    45,359 85.8
Jackson                 15,033   3,326 22.1    11,707 77.9 St. Mary                52,557   9,715 18.5    42,842 81.5
County Total Disability No Disability   County Total Disability No Disability
Count % Count % Count % Count %
St. Tammany            240,416  35,402 14.7   205,014 85.3                                                           
Tangipahoa             124,745  25,370 20.3    99,375 79.7                                                           
Tensas                   4,757     702 14.8     4,055 85.2                                                           
Terrebonne             111,508  16,409 14.7    95,099 85.3                                                           
Union                   22,111   3,431 15.5    18,680 84.5                                                           
Vermilion               58,654   8,884 15.1    49,770 84.9                                                           
Vernon                  46,789   8,167 17.5    38,622 82.5                                                           
Washington              44,770  10,550 23.6    34,220 76.4                                                           
Webster                 39,693   7,614 19.2    32,079 80.8                                                           
West Baton Rouge        23,987   3,325 13.9    20,662 86.1                                                           
West Carroll            10,682   1,527 14.3     9,155 85.7                                                           
West Feliciana          11,992   1,550 12.9    10,442 87.1                                                           
Winn                    13,108   2,885 22.0    10,223 78.0                                                           
                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                     

Count of People with Disabilities for Louisiana, by County: 2015

Percentage of People with Disabilities for Louisiana, by County: 2015

Discussion

There are a number of concepts and factors which complicate the interpretation of the estimates presented in this report. These concerns affect all statistics from population-based surveys. The estimates included in this document should be interpreted the following limitations in mind and generalized with caution. In each point, a link to the U.S. Census Bureau website describing the limitation or concept in greater detail in the ACS has been provided (www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/).

  • Statistics are based on a sample and subject to sample variation (a discussion of this topic can be found here).

  • Statistics based on a sample may not fully represent the total U.S. population (a discussion of this topic can be found here).

  • People responding to the ACS may be different than people not responding (a discussion of this topic can be found here).

  • When people do not respond to all ACS questions their responses are created based on assignment or allocation (a discussion of this topic can be found here).

Additional resources for the ACS:

  • Information on the disability questions can be found here.

  • The ACS design and methodology can be found here.

  • The ACS questionnaire and instructions can be found here.

Definitions

Average—The sum of all of the values in a sample divided by the number of values in the sample.
Median—The middlemost value of a sample that separates the upper half of the values from the lower half of the values.
Prevalence—The proportion of the population with a particular status or condition. Prevalence is usually expressed as a percentage or a number of people per unit of the population.
Population—The total number of inhabitants in a defined geographic area including all races, classes, and groups.
Range—The difference between the largest and smallest values in a sample. In a sample, when the smallest value is subtracted from the largest value the resulting value is called the range.

Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Disability Statistics and Demographics

Policymakers, program administrators, service providers, researchers, advocates for people with disabilities, and people with disabilities and their families need accessible, valid data/statistics to support their decisions related to policy improvements, program administration, service delivery, protection of civil rights, and major life activities. The StatsRRTC supports decision making through a variety of integrated research and outreach activities by (a) improving knowledge about and access to existing data, (b) generating the knowledge needed to improve future disability data collection, and (c) strengthening connections between the data from and regarding respondents, researchers, and decision makers. In this way, the Stats RRTC supports the improvement of service systems that advance the quality of life for people with disabilities.

Led by the University of New Hampshire, the StatsRRTC is a collaborative effort involving the following partners: American Association of People with Disabilities, Center for Essential Management Services, Council of State Administrators of Vocational Rehabilitation, Kessler Foundation, Mathematica Policy Research, and Public Health Institute. The StatsRRTC is funded by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Community Living, National Institute on Disability, Independent Living and Rehabilitation Research under grant number 90RT502201, from 2013–2018.

Employment Policy and Measurement Rehabilitation Research and Training Center

The EPM-RRTC generates and translates new information about disability employment policy and ways to measure the labor market experiences of people with disabilities. By improving the quality of available information about program interactions, policy options, and employment outcomes, the EPM-RRTC increases evidence-based advocacy and policymaking.

Led by the University of New Hampshire, the EPM-RRTC is a collaborative effort involving the following partners: Association of University Centers on Disability, Hunter College, Kessler Foundation, Mathematica Policy Research, and the University of Chicago. The EPM-RRTC is funded by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Community Living, National Institute on Disability, Independent Living and Rehabilitation Research under grant number 90RT503701, from 2015–2020.