Disability Prevalence Report

Acknowledgement

Special thanks to the following individuals who have contributed to the success of this effort: Deb Brucker, Erin Dame, Adam Lavoie, Rachel Coleman, Kate Filanoski, and Karen Volle. 

Funding for this publication is made possible by:

The Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Disability Statistics and Demographics (StatsRRTC), funded by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Administration for Community Living National Institute on Disability, Independent Living, and Rehabilitation Research (NIDILRR), grant number 90RT5022-02-01; and the Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Employment Policy and Measurement (EPM-RRTC), also funded by NIDILRR, grant number 90RT5037-01-00. The information developed by the StatsRRTC and EPM-RRTC does not necessarily represent the policies of the Department of Health and Human Services, and you should not assume endorsement by the Federal Government (Edgar, 75.620 (b)).

The StatsRRTC and EPM-RRTC are part of the Institute on Disability at the University of New Hampshire. The Institute on Disability/UCED (IOD) was established in 1987 to provide a university-based focus for the improvement of knowledge, policies, and practices related to the lives of people with disabilities and their families and is New Hampshire’s University Center for Excellence in Disability (UCED). Located within the University of New Hampshire, the IOD is a federally designated center authorized by the Developmental Disabilities Act. Through innovative and interdisciplinary research, academic, service, and dissemination initiatives, the IOD builds local, state, and national capacities to respond to the needs of individuals with disabilities and their families.

 

 

 
 
 
 

Institute on Disability / UCED
10 West Edge Drive, Suite 101
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603.862.4320 | relay: 711 | contact.iod@unh.edu
www.iod.unh.edu

2015 North Carolina Report for County-level Data: Prevalence

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on
Disability Statistics and Demographics
A NIDILRR-Funded Center

   NIDILIRR.jpg

 

Introduction

The State Reports for County-Level Data on Prevalence are designed to provide the users of disability statistics with the number of people with disabilities for any given state and county in the United States (U.S.). This report is intended to be an online compliment to Section 1: Population and Prevalence of the Annual Disability Statistics Compendium and Annual Disability Statistics Supplement, providing greater detail within each state. The State Reports for County-Level Data on Prevalence can be used to compare county-level statistics between counties in any given state or states. The following report provides county-level statistics for North Carolina.

The proportions of people with disabilities, sometimes called prevalence, presented in the State Reports for County-Level Data is a useful tool for advocates, researchers, and policy-makers to plan and provide services and supports for people with disabilities. In this report, the prevalence of people with disabilities is presented as the number of people with disabilities in a given state and county per total state and county populations, respectively. Counts and percentages are provided in tables and maps.

The data for this report comes from the American Community Survey 5-year data. The American Community Survey (ACS) is a national survey developed by the U.S. Census Bureau to provide information on a number of topics about social, economic, and demographic characteristics of the U.S. population. ACS 5-year data is collected over a longer period of time than 1-year data, providing larger sample sizes and increased reliability for less populated areas and small population subgroups. All of the statistics in this report use the ACS 5-year data which includes data from 2015, the year of the report, and data from the four previous years.

In the ACS, people are identified as having a disability based on responses to a series of six questions asking about having difficulties with vision, hearing, ambulation, cognition, self-care, and independent living. These questions are:

  • Are you blind or do you have serious difficulty seeing, even when wearing glasses?

  • Are you deaf or do you have serious difficulty hearing?

  • Do you have serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs?

 
  • Because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition, do you have serious difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions?

  • Do you have difficulty dressing or bathing?

  • Because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition, do you have difficulty doing errands alone such as visiting a doctor's office or shopping?

A response of ‘yes’ to any one of these six questions identifies an individual as having a disability in the ACS. Specific to North Carolina, the state chosen for this report, sentences providing interpretation and context for prevalence statistics are included below. A short glossary of terms is also provided at the end of the report explaining the statistics that are illustrated in each sentence.

Interpretation

The following statements are designed to help understand the 2015 county-level statistics from North Carolina that are presented:

  • For people with and without disabilities: 

    • The range of total people across North Carolina counties, also known as the difference between the largest and smallest counts of people across North Carolina counties, was 981,061.

      • The county with the greatest number of total people was Mecklenburg (984,628 people).

      • The county with the least number of total people was Tyrrell (3,567 people).

    • The average number of total people across all counties was 96,496.

    • The median, also known as the middle-most number, of total people across North Carolina counties was 53,865.

 
  • For people with disabilities: 

    • The range of people with disabilities across North Carolina counties, also known as the difference between the largest and smallest counts of people with disabilities across North Carolina counties, was 87,311.

      • The county with the greatest number of people with disabilities was Mecklenburg (88,016 people).

      • The county with the least number of people with disabilities was Tyrrell (705 people).

    • The average number of people with disabilities across all counties was 13,073.

    • The median, also known as the middle-most number, of people with disabilities across North Carolina counties was 9,438.

  • For people without disabilities: 

    • The range of people without disabilities across North Carolina counties, also known as the difference between the largest and smallest counts of people without disabilities across North Carolina counties, was 893,750.

      • The county with the greatest number of people without disabilities was Mecklenburg (896,612 people).

      • The county with the leastnumber of people without disabilities was Tyrrell (2,862 people).

    • The average number of people without disabilities across all counties was 83,423.

    • The median, also known as the middle-most number, of people without disabilities across North Carolina counties was 44,322.

 

Prevalence of People with and without Disabilities for North Carolina, by County: 2015

County Total Disability No Disability   County Total Disability No Disability
Count % Count % Count % Count %
North Carolina 9,649,606 1,307,306 13.5 8,342,300 86.5 Cumberland       296,804    44,803 15.1   252,001 84.9
Alamance         154,193    22,666 14.7   131,527 85.3 Currituck         24,191     3,069 12.7    21,122 87.3
Alexander         36,026     6,101 16.9    29,925 83.1 Dare              34,706     5,064 14.6    29,642 85.4
Alleghany         10,783     2,125 19.7     8,658 80.3 Davidson         162,109    26,758 16.5   135,351 83.5
Anson             24,351     4,826 19.8    19,525 80.2 Davie             41,057     5,537 13.5    35,520 86.5
Ashe              26,853     4,313 16.1    22,540 83.9 Duplin            58,825    10,096 17.2    48,729 82.8
Avery             15,738     3,206 20.4    12,532 79.6 Durham           283,358    28,063  9.9   255,295 90.1
Beaufort          47,198     8,870 18.8    38,328 81.2 Edgecombe         54,230     9,708 17.9    44,522 82.1
Bertie            19,281     4,062 21.1    15,219 78.9 Forsyth          358,604    38,848 10.8   319,756 89.2
Bladen            34,298     7,235 21.1    27,063 78.9 Franklin          61,238     9,050 14.8    52,188 85.2
Brunswick        114,974    19,140 16.6    95,834 83.4 Gaston           207,685    33,465 16.1   174,220 83.9
Buncombe         243,514    33,740 13.9   209,774 86.1 Gates             11,626     2,089 18.0     9,537 82.0
Burke             87,122    17,489 20.1    69,633 79.9 Graham             8,586     1,453 16.9     7,133 83.1
Cabarrus         187,015    19,674 10.5   167,341 89.5 Granville         55,041     9,939 18.1    45,102 81.9
Caldwell          80,896    15,265 18.9    65,631 81.1 Greene            19,281     4,145 21.5    15,136 78.5
Camden             9,987     1,228 12.3     8,759 87.7 Guilford         502,863    53,659 10.7   449,204 89.3
Carteret          66,448    12,786 19.2    53,662 80.8 Halifax           51,993    11,204 21.5    40,789 78.5
Caswell           22,247     4,689 21.1    17,558 78.9 Harnett          118,095    15,793 13.4   102,302 86.6
Catawba          153,148    21,449 14.0   131,699 86.0 Haywood           58,670     9,498 16.2    49,172 83.8
Chatham           66,686     9,064 13.6    57,622 86.4 Henderson        108,640    17,631 16.2    91,009 83.8
Cherokee          26,810     5,366 20.0    21,444 80.0 Hertford          22,172     4,657 21.0    17,515 79.0
Chowan            14,388     2,080 14.5    12,308 85.5 Hoke              46,879     6,853 14.6    40,026 85.4
Clay              10,595     1,742 16.4     8,853 83.6 Hyde               5,027       834 16.6     4,193 83.4
Cleveland         96,865    16,229 16.8    80,636 83.2 Iredell          163,879    20,748 12.7   143,131 87.3
Columbus          54,532    10,707 19.6    43,825 80.4 Jackson           40,485     5,505 13.6    34,980 86.4
Craven            96,957    16,697 17.2    80,260 82.8 Johnston         176,726    23,669 13.4   153,057 86.6
County Total Disability No Disability   County Total Disability No Disability
Count % Count % Count % Count %
Jones             10,063     2,504 24.9     7,559 75.1 Robeson          132,645    23,056 17.4   109,589 82.6
Lee               58,185     8,445 14.5    49,740 85.5 Rockingham        91,303    16,154 17.7    75,149 82.3
Lenoir            57,788    13,247 22.9    44,541 77.1 Rowan            135,832    21,999 16.2   113,833 83.8
Lincoln           79,010    11,838 15.0    67,172 85.0 Rutherford        65,969    14,132 21.4    51,837 78.6
Macon             33,691     5,748 17.1    27,943 82.9 Sampson           63,251    11,962 18.9    51,289 81.1
Madison           20,794     3,219 15.5    17,575 84.5 Scotland          34,137     6,897 20.2    27,240 79.8
Martin            23,591     4,443 18.8    19,148 81.2 Stanly            59,190     9,883 16.7    49,307 83.3
McDowell          44,019     9,542 21.7    34,477 78.3 Stokes            46,221     7,037 15.2    39,184 84.8
Mecklenburg      984,628    88,016  8.9   896,612 91.1 Surry             72,423    13,391 18.5    59,032 81.5
Mitchell          15,203     3,213 21.1    11,990 78.9 Swain             13,974     2,292 16.4    11,682 83.6
Montgomery        26,764     4,231 15.8    22,533 84.2 Transylvania      32,447     5,216 16.1    27,231 83.9
Moore             89,364    12,911 14.4    76,453 85.6 Tyrrell            3,567       705 19.8     2,862 80.2
Nash              93,222    14,877 16.0    78,345 84.0 Union            212,475    19,498  9.2   192,977 90.8
New Hanover      210,576    26,894 12.8   183,682 87.2 Vance             44,375    10,183 22.9    34,192 77.1
Northampton       20,251     4,676 23.1    15,575 76.9 Wake             967,390    76,501  7.9   890,889 92.1
Onslow           153,031    23,820 15.6   129,211 84.4 Warren            19,452     4,657 23.9    14,795 76.1
Orange           137,930    11,448  8.3   126,482 91.7 Washington        12,530     2,919 23.3     9,611 76.7
Pamlico           12,349     2,621 21.2     9,728 78.8 Watauga           51,957     5,431 10.5    46,526 89.5
Pasquotank        38,645     6,059 15.7    32,586 84.3 Wayne            119,784    19,726 16.5   100,058 83.5
Pender            53,499     9,378 17.5    44,121 82.5 Wilkes            68,086    12,605 18.5    55,481 81.5
Perquimans        13,381     2,486 18.6    10,895 81.4 Wilson            80,444    11,778 14.6    68,666 85.4
Person            38,833     7,142 18.4    31,691 81.6 Yadkin            37,705     6,385 16.9    31,320 83.1
Pitt             172,537    20,803 12.1   151,734 87.9 Yancey            17,426     3,394 19.5    14,032 80.5
Polk              20,057     3,233 16.1    16,824 83.9                                                       
Randolph         141,201    19,285 13.7   121,916 86.3                                                       
Richmond          44,736     8,539 19.1    36,197 80.9                                                       

Count of People with Disabilities for North Carolina, by County: 2015

Percentage of People with Disabilities for North Carolina, by County: 2015

Discussion

There are a number of concepts and factors which complicate the interpretation of the estimates presented in this report. These concerns affect all statistics from population-based surveys. The estimates included in this document should be interpreted the following limitations in mind and generalized with caution. In each point, a link to the U.S. Census Bureau website describing the limitation or concept in greater detail in the ACS has been provided (www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/).

  • Statistics are based on a sample and subject to sample variation (a discussion of this topic can be found here).

  • Statistics based on a sample may not fully represent the total U.S. population (a discussion of this topic can be found here).

  • People responding to the ACS may be different than people not responding (a discussion of this topic can be found here).

  • When people do not respond to all ACS questions their responses are created based on assignment or allocation (a discussion of this topic can be found here).

Additional resources for the ACS:

  • Information on the disability questions can be found here.

  • The ACS design and methodology can be found here.

  • The ACS questionnaire and instructions can be found here.

Definitions

Average—The sum of all of the values in a sample divided by the number of values in the sample.
Median—The middlemost value of a sample that separates the upper half of the values from the lower half of the values.
Prevalence—The proportion of the population with a particular status or condition. Prevalence is usually expressed as a percentage or a number of people per unit of the population.
Population—The total number of inhabitants in a defined geographic area including all races, classes, and groups.
Range—The difference between the largest and smallest values in a sample. In a sample, when the smallest value is subtracted from the largest value the resulting value is called the range.

Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Disability Statistics and Demographics

Policymakers, program administrators, service providers, researchers, advocates for people with disabilities, and people with disabilities and their families need accessible, valid data/statistics to support their decisions related to policy improvements, program administration, service delivery, protection of civil rights, and major life activities. The StatsRRTC supports decision making through a variety of integrated research and outreach activities by (a) improving knowledge about and access to existing data, (b) generating the knowledge needed to improve future disability data collection, and (c) strengthening connections between the data from and regarding respondents, researchers, and decision makers. In this way, the Stats RRTC supports the improvement of service systems that advance the quality of life for people with disabilities.

Led by the University of New Hampshire, the StatsRRTC is a collaborative effort involving the following partners: American Association of People with Disabilities, Center for Essential Management Services, Council of State Administrators of Vocational Rehabilitation, Kessler Foundation, Mathematica Policy Research, and Public Health Institute. The StatsRRTC is funded by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Community Living, National Institute on Disability, Independent Living and Rehabilitation Research under grant number 90RT502201, from 2013–2018.

Employment Policy and Measurement Rehabilitation Research and Training Center

The EPM-RRTC generates and translates new information about disability employment policy and ways to measure the labor market experiences of people with disabilities. By improving the quality of available information about program interactions, policy options, and employment outcomes, the EPM-RRTC increases evidence-based advocacy and policymaking.

Led by the University of New Hampshire, the EPM-RRTC is a collaborative effort involving the following partners: Association of University Centers on Disability, Hunter College, Kessler Foundation, Mathematica Policy Research, and the University of Chicago. The EPM-RRTC is funded by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Community Living, National Institute on Disability, Independent Living and Rehabilitation Research under grant number 90RT503701, from 2015–2020.