Disability Prevalence Report

Acknowledgement

Special thanks to the following individuals who have contributed to the success of this effort: Deb Brucker, Erin Dame, Adam Lavoie, Rachel Coleman, Kate Filanoski, and Karen Volle. 

Funding for this publication is made possible by:

The Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Disability Statistics and Demographics (StatsRRTC), funded by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Administration for Community Living National Institute on Disability, Independent Living, and Rehabilitation Research (NIDILRR), grant number 90RT5022-02-01; and the Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Employment Policy and Measurement (EPM-RRTC), also funded by NIDILRR, grant number 90RT5037-01-00. The information developed by the StatsRRTC and EPM-RRTC does not necessarily represent the policies of the Department of Health and Human Services, and you should not assume endorsement by the Federal Government (Edgar, 75.620 (b)).

The StatsRRTC and EPM-RRTC are part of the Institute on Disability at the University of New Hampshire. The Institute on Disability/UCED (IOD) was established in 1987 to provide a university-based focus for the improvement of knowledge, policies, and practices related to the lives of people with disabilities and their families and is New Hampshire’s University Center for Excellence in Disability (UCED). Located within the University of New Hampshire, the IOD is a federally designated center authorized by the Developmental Disabilities Act. Through innovative and interdisciplinary research, academic, service, and dissemination initiatives, the IOD builds local, state, and national capacities to respond to the needs of individuals with disabilities and their families.

 

 

 
 
 
 

Institute on Disability / UCED
10 West Edge Drive, Suite 101
Durham, NH 03284
603.862.4320 | relay: 711 | contact.iod@unh.edu
www.iod.unh.edu

2015 New York Report for County-level Data: Prevalence

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on
Disability Statistics and Demographics
A NIDILRR-Funded Center

   NIDILIRR.jpg

 

Introduction

The State Reports for County-Level Data on Prevalence are designed to provide the users of disability statistics with the number of people with disabilities for any given state and county in the United States (U.S.). This report is intended to be an online compliment to Section 1: Population and Prevalence of the Annual Disability Statistics Compendium and Annual Disability Statistics Supplement, providing greater detail within each state. The State Reports for County-Level Data on Prevalence can be used to compare county-level statistics between counties in any given state or states. The following report provides county-level statistics for New York.

The proportions of people with disabilities, sometimes called prevalence, presented in the State Reports for County-Level Data is a useful tool for advocates, researchers, and policy-makers to plan and provide services and supports for people with disabilities. In this report, the prevalence of people with disabilities is presented as the number of people with disabilities in a given state and county per total state and county populations, respectively. Counts and percentages are provided in tables and maps.

The data for this report comes from the American Community Survey 5-year data. The American Community Survey (ACS) is a national survey developed by the U.S. Census Bureau to provide information on a number of topics about social, economic, and demographic characteristics of the U.S. population. ACS 5-year data is collected over a longer period of time than 1-year data, providing larger sample sizes and increased reliability for less populated areas and small population subgroups. All of the statistics in this report use the ACS 5-year data which includes data from 2015, the year of the report, and data from the four previous years.

In the ACS, people are identified as having a disability based on responses to a series of six questions asking about having difficulties with vision, hearing, ambulation, cognition, self-care, and independent living. These questions are:

  • Are you blind or do you have serious difficulty seeing, even when wearing glasses?

  • Are you deaf or do you have serious difficulty hearing?

  • Do you have serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs?

 
  • Because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition, do you have serious difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions?

  • Do you have difficulty dressing or bathing?

  • Because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition, do you have difficulty doing errands alone such as visiting a doctor's office or shopping?

A response of ‘yes’ to any one of these six questions identifies an individual as having a disability in the ACS. Specific to New York, the state chosen for this report, sentences providing interpretation and context for prevalence statistics are included below. A short glossary of terms is also provided at the end of the report explaining the statistics that are illustrated in each sentence.

Interpretation

The following statements are designed to help understand the 2015 county-level statistics from New York that are presented:

  • For people with and without disabilities: 

    • The range of total people across New York counties, also known as the difference between the largest and smallest counts of people across New York counties, was 2,580,312.

      • The county with the greatest number of total people was Kings (2,585,048 people).

      • The county with the least number of total people was Hamilton (4,736 people).

    • The average number of total people across all counties was 313,344.

    • The median, also known as the middle-most number, of total people across New York counties was 87,665.

 
  • For people with disabilities: 

    • The range of people with disabilities across New York counties, also known as the difference between the largest and smallest counts of people with disabilities across New York counties, was 255,218.

      • The county with the greatest number of people with disabilities was Kings (256,027 people).

      • The county with the least number of people with disabilities was Hamilton (809 people).

    • The average number of people with disabilities across all counties was 34,830.

    • The median, also known as the middle-most number, of people with disabilities across New York counties was 11,539.

  • For people without disabilities: 

    • The range of people without disabilities across New York counties, also known as the difference between the largest and smallest counts of people without disabilities across New York counties, was 2,325,094.

      • The county with the greatest number of people without disabilities was Kings (2,329,021 people).

      • The county with the leastnumber of people without disabilities was Hamilton (3,927 people).

    • The average number of people without disabilities across all counties was 278,514.

    • The median, also known as the middle-most number, of people without disabilities across New York counties was 75,565.

 

Prevalence of People with and without Disabilities for New York, by County: 2015

County Total Disability No Disability   County Total Disability No Disability
Count % Count % Count % Count %
New York     19,427,310 2,159,439 11.1 17,267,871 88.9 Livingston       62,337     7,932 12.7     54,405 87.3
Albany          303,811    34,159 11.2    269,652 88.8 Madison          71,788     8,161 11.4     63,627 88.6
Allegany         47,597     7,257 15.2     40,340 84.8 Monroe          742,169    93,814 12.6    648,355 87.4
Bronx         1,406,091   190,871 13.6  1,215,220 86.4 Montgomery       49,025     7,603 15.5     41,422 84.5
Broome          195,125    28,132 14.4    166,993 85.6 Nassau        1,344,466   113,159  8.4  1,231,307 91.6
Cattaraugus      78,228    11,803 15.1     66,425 84.9 New York      1,618,623   159,003  9.8  1,459,620 90.2
Cayuga           75,997    10,532 13.9     65,465 86.1 Niagara         212,045    28,458 13.4    183,587 86.6
Chautauqua      130,012    19,771 15.2    110,241 84.8 Oneida          225,782    35,211 15.6    190,571 84.4
Chemung          83,978    11,374 13.5     72,604 86.5 Onondaga        463,030    55,925 12.1    407,105 87.9
Chenango         48,980     8,673 17.7     40,307 82.3 Ontario         108,183    12,895 11.9     95,288 88.1
Clinton          77,192    11,570 15.0     65,622 85.0 Orange          365,674    43,513 11.9    322,161 88.1
Columbia         60,471     9,470 15.7     51,001 84.3 Orleans          39,378     6,734 17.1     32,644 82.9
Cortland         48,573     6,288 12.9     42,285 87.1 Oswego          120,399    17,448 14.5    102,951 85.5
Delaware         46,366     7,708 16.6     38,658 83.4 Otsego           60,741     7,739 12.7     53,002 87.3
Dutchess        289,320    37,945 13.1    251,375 86.9 Putnam           98,830    10,131 10.3     88,699 89.7
Erie            909,999   119,315 13.1    790,684 86.9 Queens        2,286,325   216,809  9.5  2,069,516 90.5
Essex            36,689     5,891 16.1     30,798 83.9 Rensselaer      158,130    19,778 12.5    138,352 87.5
Franklin         46,449     6,772 14.6     39,677 85.4 Richmond        468,626    46,358  9.9    422,268 90.1
Fulton           53,767     8,667 16.1     45,100 83.9 Rockland        318,078    28,633  9.0    289,445 91.0
Genesee          58,923     7,919 13.4     51,004 86.6 Saratoga        220,444    24,560 11.1    195,884 88.9
Greene           45,396     7,144 15.7     38,252 84.3 Schenectady     153,072    19,997 13.1    133,075 86.9
Hamilton          4,736       809 17.1      3,927 82.9 Schoharie        31,801     5,021 15.8     26,780 84.2
Herkimer         63,372     8,782 13.9     54,590 86.1 Schuyler         18,089     2,691 14.9     15,398 85.1
Jefferson       106,421    14,244 13.4     92,177 86.6 Seneca           32,465     5,139 15.8     27,326 84.2
Kings         2,585,048   256,027  9.9  2,329,021 90.1 St. Lawrence    108,388    16,814 15.5     91,574 84.5
Lewis            26,772     3,757 14.0     23,015 86.0 Steuben          97,509    15,320 15.7     82,189 84.3
County Total Disability No Disability   County Total Disability No Disability
Count % Count % Count % Count %
Suffolk       1,486,195   138,837  9.3  1,347,358 90.7                                                       
Sullivan         74,047    11,507 15.5     62,540 84.5                                                       
Tioga            49,835     6,658 13.4     43,177 86.6                                                       
Tompkins        102,995     9,832  9.5     93,163 90.5                                                       
Ulster          176,979    24,501 13.8    152,478 86.2                                                       
Warren           64,588     9,104 14.1     55,484 85.9                                                       
Washington       59,719     8,561 14.3     51,158 85.7                                                       
Wayne            91,351    12,825 14.0     78,526 86.0                                                       
Westchester     954,315    85,667  9.0    868,648 91.0                                                       
Wyoming          37,747     4,944 13.1     32,803 86.9                                                       
Yates            24,829     3,277 13.2     21,552 86.8                                                       
                                                                                                             
                                                                                                             
                                                                                                             
                                                                                                             
                                                                                                             
                                                                                                             
                                                                                                             
                                                                                                             
                                                                                                             
                                                                                                             
                                                                                                             
                                                                                                             
                                                                                                             
                                                                                                             
                                                                                                             

Count of People with Disabilities for New York, by County: 2015

Percentage of People with Disabilities for New York, by County: 2015

Discussion

There are a number of concepts and factors which complicate the interpretation of the estimates presented in this report. These concerns affect all statistics from population-based surveys. The estimates included in this document should be interpreted the following limitations in mind and generalized with caution. In each point, a link to the U.S. Census Bureau website describing the limitation or concept in greater detail in the ACS has been provided (www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/).

  • Statistics are based on a sample and subject to sample variation (a discussion of this topic can be found here).

  • Statistics based on a sample may not fully represent the total U.S. population (a discussion of this topic can be found here).

  • People responding to the ACS may be different than people not responding (a discussion of this topic can be found here).

  • When people do not respond to all ACS questions their responses are created based on assignment or allocation (a discussion of this topic can be found here).

Additional resources for the ACS:

  • Information on the disability questions can be found here.

  • The ACS design and methodology can be found here.

  • The ACS questionnaire and instructions can be found here.

Definitions

Average—The sum of all of the values in a sample divided by the number of values in the sample.
Median—The middlemost value of a sample that separates the upper half of the values from the lower half of the values.
Prevalence—The proportion of the population with a particular status or condition. Prevalence is usually expressed as a percentage or a number of people per unit of the population.
Population—The total number of inhabitants in a defined geographic area including all races, classes, and groups.
Range—The difference between the largest and smallest values in a sample. In a sample, when the smallest value is subtracted from the largest value the resulting value is called the range.

Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Disability Statistics and Demographics

Policymakers, program administrators, service providers, researchers, advocates for people with disabilities, and people with disabilities and their families need accessible, valid data/statistics to support their decisions related to policy improvements, program administration, service delivery, protection of civil rights, and major life activities. The StatsRRTC supports decision making through a variety of integrated research and outreach activities by (a) improving knowledge about and access to existing data, (b) generating the knowledge needed to improve future disability data collection, and (c) strengthening connections between the data from and regarding respondents, researchers, and decision makers. In this way, the Stats RRTC supports the improvement of service systems that advance the quality of life for people with disabilities.

Led by the University of New Hampshire, the StatsRRTC is a collaborative effort involving the following partners: American Association of People with Disabilities, Center for Essential Management Services, Council of State Administrators of Vocational Rehabilitation, Kessler Foundation, Mathematica Policy Research, and Public Health Institute. The StatsRRTC is funded by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Community Living, National Institute on Disability, Independent Living and Rehabilitation Research under grant number 90RT502201, from 2013–2018.

Employment Policy and Measurement Rehabilitation Research and Training Center

The EPM-RRTC generates and translates new information about disability employment policy and ways to measure the labor market experiences of people with disabilities. By improving the quality of available information about program interactions, policy options, and employment outcomes, the EPM-RRTC increases evidence-based advocacy and policymaking.

Led by the University of New Hampshire, the EPM-RRTC is a collaborative effort involving the following partners: Association of University Centers on Disability, Hunter College, Kessler Foundation, Mathematica Policy Research, and the University of Chicago. The EPM-RRTC is funded by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Community Living, National Institute on Disability, Independent Living and Rehabilitation Research under grant number 90RT503701, from 2015–2020.