County Report for Disability Prevalence

Acknowledgement

Special thanks to the following individuals who have contributed to the success of this effort: Deb Brucker, Erin Dame, Adam Lavoie, Rachel Coleman, Kate Filanoski, and Karen Volle. 

Funding for this publication is made possible by:

The Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Disability Statistics and Demographics (StatsRRTC), funded by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Administration for Community Living National Institute on Disability, Independent Living, and Rehabilitation Research (NIDILRR), grant number 90RT5022-02-01; and the Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Employment Policy and Measurement (EPM-RRTC), also funded by NIDILRR, grant number 90RT5037-01-00. The information developed by the StatsRRTC and EPM-RRTC does not necessarily represent the policies of the Department of Health and Human Services, and you should not assume endorsement by the Federal Government (Edgar, 75.620 (b)).

The StatsRRTC and EPM-RRTC are part of the Institute on Disability at the University of New Hampshire. The Institute on Disability/UCED (IOD) was established in 1987 to provide a university-based focus for the improvement of knowledge, policies, and practices related to the lives of people with disabilities and their families and is New Hampshire’s University Center for Excellence in Disability (UCED). Located within the University of New Hampshire, the IOD is a federally designated center authorized by the Developmental Disabilities Act. Through innovative and interdisciplinary research, academic, service, and dissemination initiatives, the IOD builds local, state, and national capacities to respond to the needs of individuals with disabilities and their families.

 

 

 
 
 
 

Institute on Disability / UCED
10 West Edge Drive, Suite 101
Durham, NH 03284
603.862.4320 | relay: 711 | contact.iod@unh.edu
www.iod.unh.edu

2015 Pennsylvania Report for County-level Data: Prevalence

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on
Disability Statistics and Demographics
A NIDILRR-Funded Center

   NIDILIRR.jpg

 

Introduction

The State Reports for County-Level Data on Prevalence are designed to provide the users of disability statistics with the number of people with disabilities for any given state and county in the United States (U.S.). This report is intended to be an online compliment to Section 1: Population and Prevalence of the Annual Disability Statistics Compendium and Annual Disability Statistics Supplement, providing greater detail within each state. The State Reports for County-Level Data on Prevalence can be used to compare county-level statistics between counties in any given state or states. The following report provides county-level statistics for Pennsylvania.

The proportions of people with disabilities, sometimes called prevalence, presented in the State Reports for County-Level Data is a useful tool for advocates, researchers, and policy-makers to plan and provide services and supports for people with disabilities. In this report, the prevalence of people with disabilities is presented as the number of people with disabilities in a given state and county per total state and county populations, respectively. Counts and percentages are provided in tables and maps.

The data for this report comes from the American Community Survey 5-year data. The American Community Survey (ACS) is a national survey developed by the U.S. Census Bureau to provide information on a number of topics about social, economic, and demographic characteristics of the U.S. population. ACS 5-year data is collected over a longer period of time than 1-year data, providing larger sample sizes and increased reliability for less populated areas and small population subgroups. All of the statistics in this report use the ACS 5-year data which includes data from 2015, the year of the report, and data from the four previous years.

In the ACS, people are identified as having a disability based on responses to a series of six questions asking about having difficulties with vision, hearing, ambulation, cognition, self-care, and independent living. These questions are:

  • Are you blind or do you have serious difficulty seeing, even when wearing glasses?

  • Are you deaf or do you have serious difficulty hearing?

  • Do you have serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs?

 
  • Because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition, do you have serious difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions?

  • Do you have difficulty dressing or bathing?

  • Because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition, do you have difficulty doing errands alone such as visiting a doctor's office or shopping?

A response of ‘yes’ to any one of these six questions identifies an individual as having a disability in the ACS. Specific to Pennsylvania, the state chosen for this report, sentences providing interpretation and context for prevalence statistics are included below. A short glossary of terms is also provided at the end of the report explaining the statistics that are illustrated in each sentence.

Interpretation

The following statements are designed to help understand the 2015 county-level statistics from Pennsylvania that are presented:

  • For people with and without disabilities: 

    • The range of total people across Pennsylvania counties, also known as the difference between the largest and smallest counts of people across Pennsylvania counties, was 1,537,096.

      • The county with the greatest number of total people was Philadelphia (1,540,765 people).

      • The county with the least number of total people was Forest (3,669 people).

    • The average number of total people across all counties was 187,688.

    • The median, also known as the middle-most number, of total people across Pennsylvania counties was 86,342.

 
  • For people with disabilities: 

    • The range of people with disabilities across Pennsylvania counties, also known as the difference between the largest and smallest counts of people with disabilities across Pennsylvania counties, was 244,263.

      • The county with the greatest number of people with disabilities was Philadelphia (245,219 people).

      • The county with the least number of people with disabilities was Cameron (956 people).

    • The average number of people with disabilities across all counties was 25,317.

    • The median, also known as the middle-most number, of people with disabilities across Pennsylvania counties was 13,155.

  • For people without disabilities: 

    • The range of people without disabilities across Pennsylvania counties, also known as the difference between the largest and smallest counts of people without disabilities across Pennsylvania counties, was 1,293,026.

      • The county with the greatest number of people without disabilities was Philadelphia (1,295,546 people).

      • The county with the leastnumber of people without disabilities was Forest (2,520 people).

    • The average number of people without disabilities across all counties was 162,371.

    • The median, also known as the middle-most number, of people without disabilities across Pennsylvania counties was 74,105.

 

Prevalence of People with and without Disabilities for Pennsylvania, by County: 2015

County Total Disability No Disability   County Total Disability No Disability
Count % Count % Count % Count %
Pennsylvania   12,575,088 1,696,250 13.5 10,878,838 86.5 Fayette           131,487    23,738 18.1    107,749 81.9
Adams             100,449    13,155 13.1     87,294 86.9 Forest              3,669     1,149 31.3      2,520 68.7
Allegheny       1,217,037   159,272 13.1  1,057,765 86.9 Franklin          150,972    18,577 12.3    132,395 87.7
Armstrong          67,441    12,689 18.8     54,752 81.2 Fulton             14,650     2,234 15.2     12,416 84.8
Beaver            168,481    25,124 14.9    143,357 85.1 Greene             34,534     6,502 18.8     28,032 81.2
Bedford            48,542     8,465 17.4     40,077 82.6 Huntingdon         42,051     6,598 15.7     35,453 84.3
Berks             409,151    53,598 13.1    355,553 86.9 Indiana            86,342    11,969 13.9     74,373 86.1
Blair             124,863    20,393 16.3    104,470 83.7 Jefferson          44,211     6,925 15.7     37,286 84.3
Bradford           61,608     9,147 14.8     52,461 85.2 Juniata            24,561     3,565 14.5     20,996 85.5
Bucks             620,447    64,799 10.4    555,648 89.6 Lackawanna        209,690    31,450 15.0    178,240 85.0
Butler            183,650    21,895 11.9    161,755 88.1 Lancaster         523,210    59,294 11.3    463,916 88.7
Cambria           134,825    24,439 18.1    110,386 81.9 Lawrence           88,121    14,016 15.9     74,105 84.1
Cameron             4,824       956 19.8      3,868 80.2 Lebanon           134,099    16,883 12.6    117,216 87.4
Carbon             63,824    11,026 17.3     52,798 82.7 Lehigh            351,921    49,510 14.1    302,411 85.9
Centre            154,387    15,356  9.9    139,031 90.1 Luzerne           312,373    48,429 15.5    263,944 84.5
Chester           504,927    41,212  8.2    463,715 91.8 Lycoming          113,522    16,883 14.9     96,639 85.1
Clarion            39,031     6,343 16.3     32,688 83.7 McKean             40,779     6,988 17.1     33,791 82.9
Clearfield         75,991    12,827 16.9     63,164 83.1 Mercer            111,383    17,833 16.0     93,550 84.0
Clinton            39,007     5,696 14.6     33,311 85.4 Mifflin            46,117     7,923 17.2     38,194 82.8
Columbia           66,142     8,224 12.4     57,918 87.6 Monroe            166,883    23,394 14.0    143,489 86.0
Crawford           85,757    13,963 16.3     71,794 83.7 Montgomery        799,584    76,857  9.6    722,727 90.4
Cumberland        235,088    26,439 11.2    208,649 88.8 Montour            17,899     2,537 14.2     15,362 85.8
Dauphin           267,726    36,081 13.5    231,645 86.5 Northampton       296,646    37,487 12.6    259,159 87.4
Delaware          554,295    65,198 11.8    489,097 88.2 Northumberland     89,465    14,010 15.7     75,455 84.3
Elk                31,047     4,915 15.8     26,132 84.2 Perry              45,172     5,681 12.6     39,491 87.4
Erie              274,610    40,148 14.6    234,462 85.4 Philadelphia    1,540,765   245,219 15.9  1,295,546 84.1
County Total Disability No Disability   County Total Disability No Disability
Count % Count % Count % Count %
Pike               56,218     8,953 15.9     47,265 84.1                                                         
Potter             17,146     3,194 18.6     13,952 81.4                                                         
Schuylkill        139,640    23,922 17.1    115,718 82.9                                                         
Snyder             39,724     4,642 11.7     35,082 88.3                                                         
Somerset           71,889    11,616 16.2     60,273 83.8                                                         
Sullivan            6,191     1,261 20.4      4,930 79.6                                                         
Susquehanna        42,064     7,132 17.0     34,932 83.0                                                         
Tioga              41,871     6,562 15.7     35,309 84.3                                                         
Union              39,395     4,802 12.2     34,593 87.8                                                         
Venango            53,146     9,228 17.4     43,918 82.6                                                         
Warren             40,254     6,951 17.3     33,303 82.7                                                         
Washington        206,574    30,269 14.7    176,305 85.3                                                         
Wayne              48,062     8,259 17.2     39,803 82.8                                                         
Westmoreland      356,931    52,062 14.6    304,869 85.4                                                         
Wyoming            27,903     3,969 14.2     23,934 85.8                                                         
York              434,824    56,417 13.0    378,407 87.0                                                         
                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                 

Count of People with Disabilities for Pennsylvania, by County: 2015

Percentage of People with Disabilities for Pennsylvania, by County: 2015

Discussion

There are a number of concepts and factors which complicate the interpretation of the estimates presented in this report. These concerns affect all statistics from population-based surveys. The estimates included in this document should be interpreted the following limitations in mind and generalized with caution. In each point, a link to the U.S. Census Bureau website describing the limitation or concept in greater detail in the ACS has been provided (www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/).

  • Statistics are based on a sample and subject to sample variation (a discussion of this topic can be found here).

  • Statistics based on a sample may not fully represent the total U.S. population (a discussion of this topic can be found here).

  • People responding to the ACS may be different than people not responding (a discussion of this topic can be found here).

  • When people do not respond to all ACS questions their responses are created based on assignment or allocation (a discussion of this topic can be found here).

Additional resources for the ACS:

  • Information on the disability questions can be found here.

  • The ACS design and methodology can be found here.

  • The ACS questionnaire and instructions can be found here.

Definitions

Average—The sum of all of the values in a sample divided by the number of values in the sample.
Median—The middlemost value of a sample that separates the upper half of the values from the lower half of the values.
Prevalence—The proportion of the population with a particular status or condition. Prevalence is usually expressed as a percentage or a number of people per unit of the population.
Population—The total number of inhabitants in a defined geographic area including all races, classes, and groups.
Range—The difference between the largest and smallest values in a sample. In a sample, when the smallest value is subtracted from the largest value the resulting value is called the range.

Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Disability Statistics and Demographics

Policymakers, program administrators, service providers, researchers, advocates for people with disabilities, and people with disabilities and their families need accessible, valid data/statistics to support their decisions related to policy improvements, program administration, service delivery, protection of civil rights, and major life activities. The StatsRRTC supports decision making through a variety of integrated research and outreach activities by (a) improving knowledge about and access to existing data, (b) generating the knowledge needed to improve future disability data collection, and (c) strengthening connections between the data from and regarding respondents, researchers, and decision makers. In this way, the Stats RRTC supports the improvement of service systems that advance the quality of life for people with disabilities.

Led by the University of New Hampshire, the StatsRRTC is a collaborative effort involving the following partners: American Association of People with Disabilities, Center for Essential Management Services, Council of State Administrators of Vocational Rehabilitation, Kessler Foundation, Mathematica Policy Research, and Public Health Institute. The StatsRRTC is funded by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Community Living, National Institute on Disability, Independent Living and Rehabilitation Research under grant number 90RT502201, from 2013–2018.

Employment Policy and Measurement Rehabilitation Research and Training Center

The EPM-RRTC generates and translates new information about disability employment policy and ways to measure the labor market experiences of people with disabilities. By improving the quality of available information about program interactions, policy options, and employment outcomes, the EPM-RRTC increases evidence-based advocacy and policymaking.

Led by the University of New Hampshire, the EPM-RRTC is a collaborative effort involving the following partners: Association of University Centers on Disability, Hunter College, Kessler Foundation, Mathematica Policy Research, and the University of Chicago. The EPM-RRTC is funded by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Community Living, National Institute on Disability, Independent Living and Rehabilitation Research under grant number 90RT503701, from 2015–2020.