County Report for Disability Prevalence

Acknowledgement

Special thanks to the following individuals who have contributed to the success of this effort: Deb Brucker, Erin Dame, Adam Lavoie, Rachel Coleman, Kate Filanoski, and Karen Volle. 

Funding for this publication is made possible by:

The Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Disability Statistics and Demographics (StatsRRTC), funded by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Administration for Community Living National Institute on Disability, Independent Living, and Rehabilitation Research (NIDILRR), grant number 90RT5022-02-01; and the Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Employment Policy and Measurement (EPM-RRTC), also funded by NIDILRR, grant number 90RT5037-01-00. The information developed by the StatsRRTC and EPM-RRTC does not necessarily represent the policies of the Department of Health and Human Services, and you should not assume endorsement by the Federal Government (Edgar, 75.620 (b)).

The StatsRRTC and EPM-RRTC are part of the Institute on Disability at the University of New Hampshire. The Institute on Disability/UCED (IOD) was established in 1987 to provide a university-based focus for the improvement of knowledge, policies, and practices related to the lives of people with disabilities and their families and is New Hampshire’s University Center for Excellence in Disability (UCED). Located within the University of New Hampshire, the IOD is a federally designated center authorized by the Developmental Disabilities Act. Through innovative and interdisciplinary research, academic, service, and dissemination initiatives, the IOD builds local, state, and national capacities to respond to the needs of individuals with disabilities and their families.

 

 

 
 
 
 

Institute on Disability / UCED
10 West Edge Drive, Suite 101
Durham, NH 03284
603.862.4320 | relay: 711 | contact.iod@unh.edu
www.iod.unh.edu

2015 Texas Report for County-level Data: Prevalence

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on
Disability Statistics and Demographics
A NIDILRR-Funded Center

   NIDILIRR.jpg

 

Introduction

The State Reports for County-Level Data on Prevalence are designed to provide the users of disability statistics with the number of people with disabilities for any given state and county in the United States (U.S.). This report is intended to be an online compliment to Section 1: Population and Prevalence of the Annual Disability Statistics Compendium and Annual Disability Statistics Supplement, providing greater detail within each state. The State Reports for County-Level Data on Prevalence can be used to compare county-level statistics between counties in any given state or states. The following report provides county-level statistics for Texas.

The proportions of people with disabilities, sometimes called prevalence, presented in the State Reports for County-Level Data is a useful tool for advocates, researchers, and policy-makers to plan and provide services and supports for people with disabilities. In this report, the prevalence of people with disabilities is presented as the number of people with disabilities in a given state and county per total state and county populations, respectively. Counts and percentages are provided in tables and maps.

The data for this report comes from the American Community Survey 5-year data. The American Community Survey (ACS) is a national survey developed by the U.S. Census Bureau to provide information on a number of topics about social, economic, and demographic characteristics of the U.S. population. ACS 5-year data is collected over a longer period of time than 1-year data, providing larger sample sizes and increased reliability for less populated areas and small population subgroups. All of the statistics in this report use the ACS 5-year data which includes data from 2015, the year of the report, and data from the four previous years.

In the ACS, people are identified as having a disability based on responses to a series of six questions asking about having difficulties with vision, hearing, ambulation, cognition, self-care, and independent living. These questions are:

  • Are you blind or do you have serious difficulty seeing, even when wearing glasses?

  • Are you deaf or do you have serious difficulty hearing?

  • Do you have serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs?

 
  • Because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition, do you have serious difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions?

  • Do you have difficulty dressing or bathing?

  • Because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition, do you have difficulty doing errands alone such as visiting a doctor's office or shopping?

A response of ‘yes’ to any one of these six questions identifies an individual as having a disability in the ACS. Specific to Texas, the state chosen for this report, sentences providing interpretation and context for prevalence statistics are included below. A short glossary of terms is also provided at the end of the report explaining the statistics that are illustrated in each sentence.

Interpretation

The following statements are designed to help understand the 2015 county-level statistics from Texas that are presented:

  • For people with and without disabilities: 

    • The range of total people across Texas counties, also known as the difference between the largest and smallest counts of people across Texas counties, was 4,335,714.

      • The county with the greatest number of total people was Harris (4,335,831 people).

      • The county with the least number of total people was Loving (117 people).

    • The average number of total people across all counties was 102,608.

    • The median, also known as the middle-most number, of total people across Texas counties was 17,840.

 
  • For people with disabilities: 

    • The range of people with disabilities across Texas counties, also known as the difference between the largest and smallest counts of people with disabilities across Texas counties, was 402,946.

      • The county with the greatest number of people with disabilities was Harris (402,965 people).

      • The county with the least number of people with disabilities was King (19 people).

    • The average number of people with disabilities across all counties was 11,922.

    • The median, also known as the middle-most number, of people with disabilities across Texas counties was 2,890.

  • For people without disabilities: 

    • The range of people without disabilities across Texas counties, also known as the difference between the largest and smallest counts of people without disabilities across Texas counties, was 3,932,771.

      • The county with the greatest number of people without disabilities was Harris (3,932,866 people).

      • The county with the leastnumber of people without disabilities was Loving (95 people).

    • The average number of people without disabilities across all counties was 90,686.

    • The median, also known as the middle-most number, of people without disabilities across Texas counties was 14,595.

 

Prevalence of People with and without Disabilities for Texas, by County: 2015

County Total Disability No Disability   County Total Disability No Disability
Count % Count % Count % Count %
Texas         26,062,431 3,028,251 11.6 23,034,180 88.4 Burleson          17,120     2,860 16.7     14,260 83.3
Anderson          44,901     5,814 12.9     39,087 87.1 Burnet            43,830     8,252 18.8     35,578 81.2
Andrews           16,683     1,908 11.4     14,775 88.6 Caldwell          37,433     5,661 15.1     31,772 84.9
Angelina          85,572    15,925 18.6     69,647 81.4 Calhoun           21,472     3,895 18.1     17,577 81.9
Aransas           23,866     5,477 22.9     18,389 77.1 Callahan          13,451     2,341 17.4     11,110 82.6
Archer             8,708     1,303 15.0      7,405 85.0 Cameron          415,215    55,382 13.3    359,833 86.7
Armstrong          1,878       341 18.2      1,537 81.8 Camp              12,448     2,088 16.8     10,360 83.2
Atascosa          46,593     5,645 12.1     40,948 87.9 Carson             6,020       744 12.4      5,276 87.6
Austin            28,641     3,542 12.4     25,099 87.6 Cass              29,920     5,316 17.8     24,604 82.2
Bailey             6,996       997 14.3      5,999 85.7 Castro             7,858       775  9.9      7,083 90.1
Bandera           20,602     3,796 18.4     16,806 81.6 Chambers          37,046     5,136 13.9     31,910 86.1
Bastrop           74,866    10,171 13.6     64,695 86.4 Cherokee          48,955     6,724 13.7     42,231 86.3
Baylor             3,555       688 19.4      2,867 80.6 Childress          5,823       946 16.2      4,877 83.8
Bee               25,088     4,567 18.2     20,521 81.8 Clay              10,403     1,930 18.6      8,473 81.4
Bell             303,696    41,992 13.8    261,704 86.2 Cochran            2,949       486 16.5      2,463 83.5
Bexar          1,793,642   241,574 13.5  1,552,068 86.5 Coke               3,121       515 16.5      2,606 83.5
Blanco            10,611     1,764 16.6      8,847 83.4 Coleman            8,499     1,168 13.7      7,331 86.3
Borden               705       118 16.7        587 83.3 Collin           859,074    56,954  6.6    802,120 93.4
Bosque            17,623     2,906 16.5     14,717 83.5 Collingsworth      2,996       517 17.3      2,479 82.7
Bowie             87,842    13,055 14.9     74,787 85.1 Colorado          20,417     2,742 13.4     17,675 86.6
Brazoria         321,393    31,129  9.7    290,264 90.3 Comal            118,666    16,234 13.7    102,432 86.3
Brazos           201,420    17,190  8.5    184,230 91.5 Comanche          13,429     2,430 18.1     10,999 81.9
Brewster           9,153     1,915 20.9      7,238 79.1 Concho             2,685       286 10.7      2,399 89.3
Briscoe            1,670       180 10.8      1,490 89.2 Cooke             38,252     5,829 15.2     32,423 84.8
Brooks             6,898     1,344 19.5      5,554 80.5 Coryell           58,975     8,087 13.7     50,888 86.3
Brown             36,802     5,033 13.7     31,769 86.3 Cottle             1,510       297 19.7      1,213 80.3
County Total Disability No Disability   County Total Disability No Disability
Count % Count % Count % Count %
Crane              4,636       402  8.7      4,234 91.3 Foard              1,164       323 27.7        841 72.3
Crockett           3,619       403 11.1      3,216 88.9 Fort Bend        653,193    51,082  7.8    602,111 92.2
Crosby             5,916     1,094 18.5      4,822 81.5 Franklin          10,485     2,342 22.3      8,143 77.7
Culberson          2,283       516 22.6      1,767 77.4 Freestone         18,067     3,145 17.4     14,922 82.6
Dallam             6,975       961 13.8      6,014 86.2 Frio              15,055     2,558 17.0     12,497 83.0
Dallas         2,464,732   235,503  9.6  2,229,229 90.4 Gaines            18,808     2,338 12.4     16,470 87.6
Dawson            11,622     1,762 15.2      9,860 84.8 Galveston        303,734    39,860 13.1    263,874 86.9
DeWitt            18,776     3,226 17.2     15,550 82.8 Garza              4,154       522 12.6      3,632 87.4
Deaf Smith        19,058     1,985 10.4     17,073 89.6 Gillespie         25,005     4,015 16.1     20,990 83.9
Delta              5,152       945 18.3      4,207 81.7 Glasscock          1,180        56  4.7      1,124 95.3
Denton           727,409    57,435  7.9    669,974 92.1 Goliad             7,293     1,334 18.3      5,959 81.7
Dickens            2,077       405 19.5      1,672 80.5 Gonzales          19,883     4,022 20.2     15,861 79.8
Dimmit            10,587     2,274 21.5      8,313 78.5 Gray              21,337     3,326 15.6     18,011 84.4
Donley             3,540       681 19.2      2,859 80.8 Grayson          121,443    19,769 16.3    101,674 83.7
Duval             11,046     2,968 26.9      8,078 73.1 Gregg            121,269    17,864 14.7    103,405 85.3
Eastland          18,060     4,111 22.8     13,949 77.2 Grimes            23,710     3,400 14.3     20,310 85.7
Ector            148,173    19,476 13.1    128,697 86.9 Guadalupe        141,235    17,703 12.5    123,532 87.5
Edwards            1,894       321 16.9      1,573 83.1 Hale              33,432     3,685 11.0     29,747 89.0
El Paso          804,897   106,925 13.3    697,972 86.7 Hall               3,145       635 20.2      2,510 79.8
Ellis            155,792    18,219 11.7    137,573 88.3 Hamilton           8,032     1,949 24.3      6,083 75.7
Erath             39,547     4,245 10.7     35,302 89.3 Hansford           5,489       683 12.4      4,806 87.6
Falls             15,532     2,810 18.1     12,722 81.9 Hardeman           3,980       879 22.1      3,101 77.9
Fannin            30,827     5,101 16.5     25,726 83.5 Hardin            54,935     8,390 15.3     46,545 84.7
Fayette           24,428     3,239 13.3     21,189 86.7 Harris         4,335,831   402,965  9.3  3,932,866 90.7
Fisher             3,834       585 15.3      3,249 84.7 Harrison          65,766     8,330 12.7     57,436 87.3
Floyd              6,129       872 14.2      5,257 85.8 Hartley            4,624       488 10.6      4,136 89.4
County Total Disability No Disability   County Total Disability No Disability
Count % Count % Count % Count %
Haskell            5,021     1,364 27.2      3,657 72.8 Kendall           36,902     5,450 14.8     31,452 85.2
Hays             175,818    16,958  9.6    158,860 90.4 Kenedy               565        74 13.1        491 86.9
Hemphill           4,063       388  9.5      3,675 90.5 Kent                 771       187 24.3        584 75.7
Henderson         78,125    13,677 17.5     64,448 82.5 Kerr              49,209     9,286 18.9     39,923 81.1
Hidalgo          811,347   109,136 13.5    702,211 86.5 Kimble             4,427       802 18.1      3,625 81.9
Hill              34,256     6,142 17.9     28,114 82.1 King                 267        19  7.1        248 92.9
Hockley           23,173     3,448 14.9     19,725 85.1 Kinney             3,223       528 16.4      2,695 83.6
Hood              52,422     7,846 15.0     44,576 85.0 Kleberg           31,362     4,844 15.4     26,518 84.6
Hopkins           35,207     6,070 17.2     29,137 82.8 Knox               3,667       684 18.7      2,983 81.3
Houston           19,766     3,685 18.6     16,081 81.4 La Salle           6,290     1,120 17.8      5,170 82.2
Howard            30,882     5,449 17.6     25,433 82.4 Lamar             48,900     8,677 17.7     40,223 82.3
Hudspeth           2,959       749 25.3      2,210 74.7 Lamb              13,540     1,737 12.8     11,803 87.2
Hunt              87,220    15,081 17.3     72,139 82.7 Lampasas          19,729     3,282 16.6     16,447 83.4
Hutchinson        21,700     3,637 16.8     18,063 83.2 Lavaca            19,114     3,633 19.0     15,481 81.0
Irion              1,642       168 10.2      1,474 89.8 Lee               16,176     2,629 16.3     13,547 83.7
Jack               7,733     1,509 19.5      6,224 80.5 Leon              16,720     2,421 14.5     14,299 85.5
Jackson           14,249     2,270 15.9     11,979 84.1 Liberty           71,431    12,982 18.2     58,449 81.8
Jasper            34,866     7,510 21.5     27,356 78.5 Limestone         22,481     3,879 17.3     18,602 82.7
Jeff Davis         2,169       516 23.8      1,653 76.2 Lipscomb           3,438       388 11.3      3,050 88.7
Jefferson        239,027    33,428 14.0    205,599 86.0 Live Oak          10,284     1,670 16.2      8,614 83.8
Jim Hogg           5,216     1,070 20.5      4,146 79.5 Llano             19,070     4,216 22.1     14,854 77.9
Jim Wells         41,061     6,863 16.7     34,198 83.3 Loving               117        22 18.8         95 81.2
Johnson          152,853    17,341 11.3    135,512 88.7 Lubbock          286,551    40,773 14.2    245,778 85.8
Jones             12,532     2,456 19.6     10,076 80.4 Lynn               5,733     1,050 18.3      4,683 81.7
Karnes            12,189     2,314 19.0      9,875 81.0 Madison            9,649     1,687 17.5      7,962 82.5
Kaufman          108,297    13,841 12.8     94,456 87.2 Marion            10,100     2,298 22.8      7,802 77.2
County Total Disability No Disability   County Total Disability No Disability
Count % Count % Count % Count %
Martin             5,187       589 11.4      4,598 88.6 Palo Pinto        27,642     5,020 18.2     22,622 81.8
Mason              4,057       576 14.2      3,481 85.8 Panola            23,702     4,077 17.2     19,625 82.8
Matagorda         36,183     5,360 14.8     30,823 85.2 Parker           118,993    14,804 12.4    104,189 87.6
Maverick          55,840     9,377 16.8     46,463 83.2 Parmer             9,922     1,278 12.9      8,644 87.1
McCulloch          8,146     1,392 17.1      6,754 82.9 Pecos             13,766     1,607 11.7     12,159 88.3
McLennan         237,186    29,682 12.5    207,504 87.5 Polk              42,098     9,909 23.5     32,189 76.5
McMullen             778       193 24.8        585 75.2 Potter           115,824    13,795 11.9    102,029 88.1
Medina            44,775     7,287 16.3     37,488 83.7 Presidio           7,304     1,661 22.7      5,643 77.3
Menard             2,135       533 25.0      1,602 75.0 Rains             10,970     2,142 19.5      8,828 80.5
Midland          150,249    16,487 11.0    133,762 89.0 Randall          125,914    13,649 10.8    112,265 89.2
Milam             23,890     5,162 21.6     18,728 78.4 Reagan             3,566       388 10.9      3,178 89.1
Mills              4,719       769 16.3      3,950 83.7 Real               3,265       657 20.1      2,608 79.9
Mitchell           6,741     1,121 16.6      5,620 83.4 Red River         12,360     2,756 22.3      9,604 77.7
Montague          19,179     3,600 18.8     15,579 81.2 Reeves            11,364     1,546 13.6      9,818 86.4
Montgomery       499,565    52,535 10.5    447,030 89.5 Refugio            7,118     1,632 22.9      5,486 77.1
Moore             22,083     2,828 12.8     19,255 87.2 Roberts              931       135 14.5        796 85.5
Morris            12,559     2,991 23.8      9,568 76.2 Robertson         16,336     2,632 16.1     13,704 83.9
Motley             1,071       247 23.1        824 76.9 Rockwall          84,784     6,708  7.9     78,076 92.1
Nacogdoches       64,677     9,197 14.2     55,480 85.8 Runnels           10,236     1,276 12.5      8,960 87.5
Navarro           47,382     9,016 19.0     38,366 81.0 Rusk              48,869     7,802 16.0     41,067 84.0
Newton            13,874     2,987 21.5     10,887 78.5 Sabine            10,357     2,265 21.9      8,092 78.1
Nolan             14,875     2,853 19.2     12,022 80.8 San Augustine      8,487     2,322 27.4      6,165 72.6
Nueces           347,131    49,873 14.4    297,258 85.6 San Jacinto       26,876     5,234 19.5     21,642 80.5
Ochiltree         10,582     1,024  9.7      9,558 90.3 San Patricio      65,254    10,248 15.7     55,006 84.3
Oldham             1,637       265 16.2      1,372 83.8 San Saba           5,240       903 17.2      4,337 82.8
Orange            82,514    13,791 16.7     68,723 83.3 Schleicher         3,224       361 11.2      2,863 88.8
County Total Disability No Disability   County Total Disability No Disability
Count % Count % Count % Count %
Scurry            15,754     2,218 14.1     13,536 85.9 Van Zandt         52,072     9,606 18.4     42,466 81.6
Shackelford        3,333       573 17.2      2,760 82.8 Victoria          89,003    13,607 15.3     75,396 84.7
Shelby            25,545     4,217 16.5     21,328 83.5 Walker            52,158     4,883  9.4     47,275 90.6
Sherman            3,023       542 17.9      2,481 82.1 Waller            45,592     6,036 13.2     39,556 86.8
Smith            215,234    28,213 13.1    187,021 86.9 Ward              11,095     1,745 15.7      9,350 84.3
Somervell          8,420     1,009 12.0      7,411 88.0 Washington        33,578     5,180 15.4     28,398 84.6
Starr             62,096    11,460 18.5     50,636 81.5 Webb             260,902    32,141 12.3    228,761 87.7
Stephens           8,781     1,323 15.1      7,458 84.9 Wharton           40,954     6,108 14.9     34,846 85.1
Sterling           1,308       143 10.9      1,165 89.1 Wheeler            5,548       775 14.0      4,773 86.0
Stonewall          1,363       279 20.5      1,084 79.5 Wichita          117,339    17,395 14.8     99,944 85.2
Sutton             3,941       307  7.8      3,634 92.2 Wilbarger         12,994     2,534 19.5     10,460 80.5
Swisher            7,104     1,153 16.2      5,951 83.8 Willacy           19,512     3,507 18.0     16,005 82.0
Tarrant        1,899,050   193,845 10.2  1,705,205 89.8 Williamson       469,711    43,354  9.2    426,357 90.8
Taylor           129,730    20,600 15.9    109,130 84.1 Wilson            44,857     5,799 12.9     39,058 87.1
Terrell              921       140 15.2        781 84.8 Winkler            7,469     1,079 14.4      6,390 85.6
Terry             11,613     1,985 17.1      9,628 82.9 Wise              60,270    10,080 16.7     50,190 83.3
Throckmorton       1,534       276 18.0      1,258 82.0 Wood              41,903     9,311 22.2     32,592 77.8
Titus             32,259     4,673 14.5     27,586 85.5 Yoakum             8,202       978 11.9      7,224 88.1
Tom Green        109,946    15,814 14.4     94,132 85.6 Young             18,056     2,873 15.9     15,183 84.1
Travis         1,114,221    96,046  8.6  1,018,175 91.4 Zapata            14,274     2,195 15.4     12,079 84.6
Trinity           14,331     3,807 26.6     10,524 73.4 Zavala            11,806     2,825 23.9      8,981 76.1
Tyler             19,038     4,566 24.0     14,472 76.0                                                        
Upshur            39,602     7,525 19.0     32,077 81.0                                                        
Upton              3,347       473 14.1      2,874 85.9                                                        
Uvalde            26,595     3,503 13.2     23,092 86.8                                                        
Val Verde         46,360     5,658 12.2     40,702 87.8                                                        

Count of People with Disabilities for Texas, by County: 2015

Percentage of People with Disabilities for Texas, by County: 2015

Discussion

There are a number of concepts and factors which complicate the interpretation of the estimates presented in this report. These concerns affect all statistics from population-based surveys. The estimates included in this document should be interpreted the following limitations in mind and generalized with caution. In each point, a link to the U.S. Census Bureau website describing the limitation or concept in greater detail in the ACS has been provided (www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/).

  • Statistics are based on a sample and subject to sample variation (a discussion of this topic can be found here).

  • Statistics based on a sample may not fully represent the total U.S. population (a discussion of this topic can be found here).

  • People responding to the ACS may be different than people not responding (a discussion of this topic can be found here).

  • When people do not respond to all ACS questions their responses are created based on assignment or allocation (a discussion of this topic can be found here).

Additional resources for the ACS:

  • Information on the disability questions can be found here.

  • The ACS design and methodology can be found here.

  • The ACS questionnaire and instructions can be found here.

Definitions

Average—The sum of all of the values in a sample divided by the number of values in the sample.
Median—The middlemost value of a sample that separates the upper half of the values from the lower half of the values.
Prevalence—The proportion of the population with a particular status or condition. Prevalence is usually expressed as a percentage or a number of people per unit of the population.
Population—The total number of inhabitants in a defined geographic area including all races, classes, and groups.
Range—The difference between the largest and smallest values in a sample. In a sample, when the smallest value is subtracted from the largest value the resulting value is called the range.

Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Disability Statistics and Demographics

Policymakers, program administrators, service providers, researchers, advocates for people with disabilities, and people with disabilities and their families need accessible, valid data/statistics to support their decisions related to policy improvements, program administration, service delivery, protection of civil rights, and major life activities. The StatsRRTC supports decision making through a variety of integrated research and outreach activities by (a) improving knowledge about and access to existing data, (b) generating the knowledge needed to improve future disability data collection, and (c) strengthening connections between the data from and regarding respondents, researchers, and decision makers. In this way, the Stats RRTC supports the improvement of service systems that advance the quality of life for people with disabilities.

Led by the University of New Hampshire, the StatsRRTC is a collaborative effort involving the following partners: American Association of People with Disabilities, Center for Essential Management Services, Council of State Administrators of Vocational Rehabilitation, Kessler Foundation, Mathematica Policy Research, and Public Health Institute. The StatsRRTC is funded by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Community Living, National Institute on Disability, Independent Living and Rehabilitation Research under grant number 90RT502201, from 2013–2018.

Employment Policy and Measurement Rehabilitation Research and Training Center

The EPM-RRTC generates and translates new information about disability employment policy and ways to measure the labor market experiences of people with disabilities. By improving the quality of available information about program interactions, policy options, and employment outcomes, the EPM-RRTC increases evidence-based advocacy and policymaking.

Led by the University of New Hampshire, the EPM-RRTC is a collaborative effort involving the following partners: Association of University Centers on Disability, Hunter College, Kessler Foundation, Mathematica Policy Research, and the University of Chicago. The EPM-RRTC is funded by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Community Living, National Institute on Disability, Independent Living and Rehabilitation Research under grant number 90RT503701, from 2015–2020.