County Report for Disability Prevalence

Acknowledgement

Special thanks to the following individuals who have contributed to the success of this effort: Deb Brucker, Erin Dame, Adam Lavoie, Rachel Coleman, Kate Filanoski, and Karen Volle. 

Funding for this publication is made possible by:

The Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Disability Statistics and Demographics (StatsRRTC), funded by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Administration for Community Living National Institute on Disability, Independent Living, and Rehabilitation Research (NIDILRR), grant number 90RT5022-02-01; and the Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Employment Policy and Measurement (EPM-RRTC), also funded by NIDILRR, grant number 90RT5037-01-00. The information developed by the StatsRRTC and EPM-RRTC does not necessarily represent the policies of the Department of Health and Human Services, and you should not assume endorsement by the Federal Government (Edgar, 75.620 (b)).

The StatsRRTC and EPM-RRTC are part of the Institute on Disability at the University of New Hampshire. The Institute on Disability/UCED (IOD) was established in 1987 to provide a university-based focus for the improvement of knowledge, policies, and practices related to the lives of people with disabilities and their families and is New Hampshire’s University Center for Excellence in Disability (UCED). Located within the University of New Hampshire, the IOD is a federally designated center authorized by the Developmental Disabilities Act. Through innovative and interdisciplinary research, academic, service, and dissemination initiatives, the IOD builds local, state, and national capacities to respond to the needs of individuals with disabilities and their families.

 

 

 
 
 
 

Institute on Disability / UCED
10 West Edge Drive, Suite 101
Durham, NH 03284
603.862.4320 | relay: 711 | contact.iod@unh.edu
www.iod.unh.edu

2015 Wisconsin Report for County-level Data: Prevalence

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on
Disability Statistics and Demographics
A NIDILRR-Funded Center

   NIDILIRR.jpg

 

Introduction

The State Reports for County-Level Data on Prevalence are designed to provide the users of disability statistics with the number of people with disabilities for any given state and county in the United States (U.S.). This report is intended to be an online compliment to Section 1: Population and Prevalence of the Annual Disability Statistics Compendium and Annual Disability Statistics Supplement, providing greater detail within each state. The State Reports for County-Level Data on Prevalence can be used to compare county-level statistics between counties in any given state or states. The following report provides county-level statistics for Wisconsin.

The proportions of people with disabilities, sometimes called prevalence, presented in the State Reports for County-Level Data is a useful tool for advocates, researchers, and policy-makers to plan and provide services and supports for people with disabilities. In this report, the prevalence of people with disabilities is presented as the number of people with disabilities in a given state and county per total state and county populations, respectively. Counts and percentages are provided in tables and maps.

The data for this report comes from the American Community Survey 5-year data. The American Community Survey (ACS) is a national survey developed by the U.S. Census Bureau to provide information on a number of topics about social, economic, and demographic characteristics of the U.S. population. ACS 5-year data is collected over a longer period of time than 1-year data, providing larger sample sizes and increased reliability for less populated areas and small population subgroups. All of the statistics in this report use the ACS 5-year data which includes data from 2015, the year of the report, and data from the four previous years.

In the ACS, people are identified as having a disability based on responses to a series of six questions asking about having difficulties with vision, hearing, ambulation, cognition, self-care, and independent living. These questions are:

  • Are you blind or do you have serious difficulty seeing, even when wearing glasses?

  • Are you deaf or do you have serious difficulty hearing?

  • Do you have serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs?

 
  • Because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition, do you have serious difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions?

  • Do you have difficulty dressing or bathing?

  • Because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition, do you have difficulty doing errands alone such as visiting a doctor's office or shopping?

A response of ‘yes’ to any one of these six questions identifies an individual as having a disability in the ACS. Specific to Wisconsin, the state chosen for this report, sentences providing interpretation and context for prevalence statistics are included below. A short glossary of terms is also provided at the end of the report explaining the statistics that are illustrated in each sentence.

Interpretation

The following statements are designed to help understand the 2015 county-level statistics from Wisconsin that are presented:

  • For people with and without disabilities: 

    • The range of total people across Wisconsin counties, also known as the difference between the largest and smallest counts of people across Wisconsin counties, was 942,328.

      • The county with the greatest number of total people was Milwaukee (946,726 people).

      • The county with the least number of total people was Menominee (4,398 people).

    • The average number of total people across all counties was 78,727.

    • The median, also known as the middle-most number, of total people across Wisconsin counties was 40,644.

 
  • For people with disabilities: 

    • The range of people with disabilities across Wisconsin counties, also known as the difference between the largest and smallest counts of people with disabilities across Wisconsin counties, was 124,986.

      • The county with the greatest number of people with disabilities was Milwaukee (125,547 people).

      • The county with the least number of people with disabilities was Menominee (561 people).

    • The average number of people with disabilities across all counties was 9,178.

    • The median, also known as the middle-most number, of people with disabilities across Wisconsin counties was 4,599.

  • For people without disabilities: 

    • The range of people without disabilities across Wisconsin counties, also known as the difference between the largest and smallest counts of people without disabilities across Wisconsin counties, was 817,641.

      • The county with the greatest number of people without disabilities was Milwaukee (821,179 people).

      • The county with the leastnumber of people without disabilities was Florence (3,538 people).

    • The average number of people without disabilities across all counties was 69,549.

    • The median, also known as the middle-most number, of people without disabilities across Wisconsin counties was 35,323.

 

Prevalence of People with and without Disabilities for Wisconsin, by County: 2015

County Total Disability No Disability   County Total Disability No Disability
Count % Count % Count % Count %
Wisconsin   5,668,363 660,830 11.7 5,007,533 88.3 Iron            5,802     970 16.7     4,832 83.3
Adams          19,253   3,892 20.2    15,361 79.8 Jackson        19,337   2,506 13.0    16,831 87.0
Ashland        15,758   2,381 15.1    13,377 84.9 Jefferson      83,864   8,801 10.5    75,063 89.5
Barron         45,096   5,886 13.1    39,210 86.9 Juneau         24,988   4,380 17.5    20,608 82.5
Bayfield       14,926   2,232 15.0    12,694 85.0 Kenosha       165,871  19,625 11.8   146,246 88.2
Brown         251,575  28,132 11.2   223,443 88.8 Kewaunee       20,343   2,551 12.5    17,792 87.5
Buffalo        13,232   1,427 10.8    11,805 89.2 La Crosse     115,788  12,621 10.9   103,167 89.1
Burnett        15,202   2,511 16.5    12,691 83.5 Lafayette      16,735   1,800 10.8    14,935 89.2
Calumet        49,491   4,488  9.1    45,003 90.9 Langlade       19,305   3,349 17.3    15,956 82.7
Chippewa       60,973   7,745 12.7    53,228 87.3 Lincoln        27,729   3,667 13.2    24,062 86.8
Clark          34,018   3,560 10.5    30,458 89.5 Manitowoc      79,942   9,847 12.3    70,095 87.7
Columbia       55,226   6,220 11.3    49,006 88.7 Marathon      134,001  14,628 10.9   119,373 89.1
Crawford       15,818   2,326 14.7    13,492 85.3 Marinette      40,738   6,230 15.3    34,508 84.7
Dane          506,157  44,714  8.8   461,443 91.2 Marquette      14,981   2,426 16.2    12,555 83.8
Dodge          83,914   9,629 11.5    74,285 88.5 Menominee       4,398     561 12.8     3,837 87.2
Door           27,422   3,533 12.9    23,889 87.1 Milwaukee     946,726 125,547 13.3   821,179 86.7
Douglas        43,205   6,169 14.3    37,036 85.7 Monroe         44,277   5,947 13.4    38,330 86.6
Dunn           43,818   4,694 10.7    39,124 89.3 Oconto         37,211   4,504 12.1    32,707 87.9
Eau Claire    100,589  11,184 11.1    89,405 88.9 Oneida         35,123   5,388 15.3    29,735 84.7
Florence        4,418     880 19.9     3,538 80.1 Outagamie     178,942  17,461  9.8   161,481 90.2
Fond du Lac   100,260  11,542 11.5    88,718 88.5 Ozaukee        86,716   7,609  8.8    79,107 91.2
Forest          8,951   1,549 17.3     7,402 82.7 Pepin           7,254     846 11.7     6,408 88.3
Grant          50,375   5,564 11.0    44,811 89.0 Pierce         40,550   3,775  9.3    36,775 90.7
Green          36,697   4,452 12.1    32,245 87.9 Polk           43,131   5,384 12.5    37,747 87.5
Green Lake     18,767   2,231 11.9    16,536 88.1 Portage        70,114   7,651 10.9    62,463 89.1
Iowa           23,589   2,947 12.5    20,642 87.5 Price          13,604   2,064 15.2    11,540 84.8
County Total Disability No Disability   County Total Disability No Disability
Count % Count % Count % Count %
Racine        190,768  23,117 12.1   167,651 87.9                                                  
Richland       17,605   2,348 13.3    15,257 86.7                                                  
Rock          159,341  22,219 13.9   137,122 86.1                                                  
Rusk           14,219   2,250 15.8    11,969 84.2                                                  
Sauk           62,264   8,363 13.4    53,901 86.6                                                  
Sawyer         16,175   2,468 15.3    13,707 84.7                                                  
Shawano        40,958   4,820 11.8    36,138 88.2                                                  
Sheboygan     112,918  12,026 10.7   100,892 89.3                                                  
St. Croix      85,357   7,453  8.7    77,904 91.3                                                  
Taylor         20,338   2,474 12.2    17,864 87.8                                                  
Trempealeau    28,984   3,149 10.9    25,835 89.1                                                  
Vernon         29,971   3,537 11.8    26,434 88.2                                                  
Vilas          21,178   3,631 17.1    17,547 82.9                                                  
Walworth      102,234  11,762 11.5    90,472 88.5                                                  
Washburn       15,513   2,493 16.1    13,020 83.9                                                  
Washington    131,975  13,019  9.9   118,956 90.1                                                  
Waukesha      391,307  38,467  9.8   352,840 90.2                                                  
Waupaca        50,642   6,730 13.3    43,912 86.7                                                  
Waushara       23,169   3,610 15.6    19,559 84.4                                                  
Winnebago     163,911  18,259 11.1   145,652 88.9                                                  
Wood           73,336   8,609 11.7    64,727 88.3                                                  
                                                                                                   
                                                                                                   
                                                                                                   
                                                                                                   
                                                                                                   

Count of People with Disabilities for Wisconsin, by County: 2015

Percentage of People with Disabilities for Wisconsin, by County: 2015

Discussion

There are a number of concepts and factors which complicate the interpretation of the estimates presented in this report. These concerns affect all statistics from population-based surveys. The estimates included in this document should be interpreted the following limitations in mind and generalized with caution. In each point, a link to the U.S. Census Bureau website describing the limitation or concept in greater detail in the ACS has been provided (www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/).

  • Statistics are based on a sample and subject to sample variation (a discussion of this topic can be found here).

  • Statistics based on a sample may not fully represent the total U.S. population (a discussion of this topic can be found here).

  • People responding to the ACS may be different than people not responding (a discussion of this topic can be found here).

  • When people do not respond to all ACS questions their responses are created based on assignment or allocation (a discussion of this topic can be found here).

Additional resources for the ACS:

  • Information on the disability questions can be found here.

  • The ACS design and methodology can be found here.

  • The ACS questionnaire and instructions can be found here.

Definitions

Average—The sum of all of the values in a sample divided by the number of values in the sample.
Median—The middlemost value of a sample that separates the upper half of the values from the lower half of the values.
Prevalence—The proportion of the population with a particular status or condition. Prevalence is usually expressed as a percentage or a number of people per unit of the population.
Population—The total number of inhabitants in a defined geographic area including all races, classes, and groups.
Range—The difference between the largest and smallest values in a sample. In a sample, when the smallest value is subtracted from the largest value the resulting value is called the range.

Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Disability Statistics and Demographics

Policymakers, program administrators, service providers, researchers, advocates for people with disabilities, and people with disabilities and their families need accessible, valid data/statistics to support their decisions related to policy improvements, program administration, service delivery, protection of civil rights, and major life activities. The StatsRRTC supports decision making through a variety of integrated research and outreach activities by (a) improving knowledge about and access to existing data, (b) generating the knowledge needed to improve future disability data collection, and (c) strengthening connections between the data from and regarding respondents, researchers, and decision makers. In this way, the Stats RRTC supports the improvement of service systems that advance the quality of life for people with disabilities.

Led by the University of New Hampshire, the StatsRRTC is a collaborative effort involving the following partners: American Association of People with Disabilities, Center for Essential Management Services, Council of State Administrators of Vocational Rehabilitation, Kessler Foundation, Mathematica Policy Research, and Public Health Institute. The StatsRRTC is funded by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Community Living, National Institute on Disability, Independent Living and Rehabilitation Research under grant number 90RT502201, from 2013–2018.

Employment Policy and Measurement Rehabilitation Research and Training Center

The EPM-RRTC generates and translates new information about disability employment policy and ways to measure the labor market experiences of people with disabilities. By improving the quality of available information about program interactions, policy options, and employment outcomes, the EPM-RRTC increases evidence-based advocacy and policymaking.

Led by the University of New Hampshire, the EPM-RRTC is a collaborative effort involving the following partners: Association of University Centers on Disability, Hunter College, Kessler Foundation, Mathematica Policy Research, and the University of Chicago. The EPM-RRTC is funded by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Community Living, National Institute on Disability, Independent Living and Rehabilitation Research under grant number 90RT503701, from 2015–2020.